Abstract

Beat-note power spectral density (PSD) of a dispersive semiconductor laser field in the delayed self-heterodyne test is derived by combining the effect of fiber's chromatic dispersion with differential time delay, taking laser's intensity noise (IN) into account, and assuming standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) as an optical channel. This generalized PSD, as it is proven, has asymmetric spectrum due to the high correlation between the dispersive phase noise and the induced IN that is introduced due to channel response. This paper expands our knowledge of the interaction between laser fields with optical channel as well as improving penalty analyses in pilot-aided multicarrier systems such as optical OFDM.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, H. Wakabayashi, "Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1716-1722 (1990).
  2. M. Nakazawa, High Spectral Density Optical Communication Technologies (Springer-Verlag, 2010).
  3. X. Yi, W. Shieh, Y. Ma, "Phase noise effects on high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1309-1316 (2008).
  4. G. M. Smith, J. S. Hughes, R. M. Lammert, M. L. Osowski, G. C. Papen, J. T. Verdeyen, J. J. Coleman, "Very narrow linewidth asymmetric cladding InGaAs-GaAs ridge waveguide distributed Bragg reflector lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 476-487 (1996).
  5. D. Zhou, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, "A widely tunable narrow linewidth semiconductor fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 781-783 (1998).
  6. M. Bagheri, F. Aflatouni, A. Imani, A. Goel, H. Hashemi, "Semiconductor laser phase-noise cancellation using an electrical feed-forward scheme," Opt. Lett. 34, 2979-2981 (2009).
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  9. O. Ishida, "Delayed-self-heterodyne measurement of laser frequency fluctuations," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1528-1533 (1991).
  10. C. Poole, R. Tkach, A. Charplyvy, A. Fishman, "Fading in lightwave systems due to polarisation-mode dispersion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68-70 (1991).
  11. H. Tsuchida, "Simple technique for improving the resolution of the delayed self-heterodyne method," Opt. Lett. 11, 640-642 (1990).
  12. R. N. Bracewell, The Fourier Transform and Its Applications (McGraw-Hill, 2000).
  13. C. H. Henry, "Phase noise in semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 298-310 (1986).
  14. K. Peterman, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer, 1988).
  15. A. Yariv, Optical Electronic in Modern Communications (Oxford Univ. Press, 1997).
  16. L. B. Mercer, "1/f frequency noise effects on self-heterodyne linewidth measurements," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 485-493 (1991).
  17. A. D. Polyanin, A. V. Manzhirov, Handbook of Integral Equations (Taylor & Francis, 2008).
  18. L. G. Richter, H. I. Mandelburg, M. S. Kruger, P. A. McGrath, "Linewidth determination from self-heterodyne measurements with subcoherence delay times," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2070-2074 (1986).
  19. K.-P. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer-Verlag, 2005).
  20. B. J. C. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "100 Gbit/s transmission using single-band direct-detection optical OFDM," Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun. (2009) pp. 1-3.
  21. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "Coherent optical 25.8 Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 6-15 (2008).
  22. S. Wu, Y. Bar-Ness, "A phase noise suppression algorithm for OFDM-based WLANs," IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 535-537 (2002).

2009

2008

X. Yi, W. Shieh, Y. Ma, "Phase noise effects on high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1309-1316 (2008).

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "Coherent optical 25.8 Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 6-15 (2008).

2002

S. Wu, Y. Bar-Ness, "A phase noise suppression algorithm for OFDM-based WLANs," IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 535-537 (2002).

F. H. Raab, P. Asbeck, S. Cripps, P. B. Kenington, Z. B. Popovic, N. Pothecary, J. F. Sevic, N. O. Sokal, "Power amplifiers and transmitters for RF and microwave," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50, 814-826 (2002).

1998

D. Zhou, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, "A widely tunable narrow linewidth semiconductor fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 781-783 (1998).

1996

G. M. Smith, J. S. Hughes, R. M. Lammert, M. L. Osowski, G. C. Papen, J. T. Verdeyen, J. J. Coleman, "Very narrow linewidth asymmetric cladding InGaAs-GaAs ridge waveguide distributed Bragg reflector lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 476-487 (1996).

1991

O. Ishida, "Delayed-self-heterodyne measurement of laser frequency fluctuations," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1528-1533 (1991).

C. Poole, R. Tkach, A. Charplyvy, A. Fishman, "Fading in lightwave systems due to polarisation-mode dispersion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68-70 (1991).

L. B. Mercer, "1/f frequency noise effects on self-heterodyne linewidth measurements," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 485-493 (1991).

1990

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, H. Wakabayashi, "Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1716-1722 (1990).

H. Tsuchida, "Simple technique for improving the resolution of the delayed self-heterodyne method," Opt. Lett. 11, 640-642 (1990).

1986

C. H. Henry, "Phase noise in semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 298-310 (1986).

L. G. Richter, H. I. Mandelburg, M. S. Kruger, P. A. McGrath, "Linewidth determination from self-heterodyne measurements with subcoherence delay times," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2070-2074 (1986).

IEEE Commun. Lett.

S. Wu, Y. Bar-Ness, "A phase noise suppression algorithm for OFDM-based WLANs," IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 535-537 (2002).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

L. G. Richter, H. I. Mandelburg, M. S. Kruger, P. A. McGrath, "Linewidth determination from self-heterodyne measurements with subcoherence delay times," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2070-2074 (1986).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

G. M. Smith, J. S. Hughes, R. M. Lammert, M. L. Osowski, G. C. Papen, J. T. Verdeyen, J. J. Coleman, "Very narrow linewidth asymmetric cladding InGaAs-GaAs ridge waveguide distributed Bragg reflector lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 476-487 (1996).

D. Zhou, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, "A widely tunable narrow linewidth semiconductor fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 781-783 (1998).

C. Poole, R. Tkach, A. Charplyvy, A. Fishman, "Fading in lightwave systems due to polarisation-mode dispersion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68-70 (1991).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

F. H. Raab, P. Asbeck, S. Cripps, P. B. Kenington, Z. B. Popovic, N. Pothecary, J. F. Sevic, N. O. Sokal, "Power amplifiers and transmitters for RF and microwave," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50, 814-826 (2002).

J. Lightw. Technol.

L. B. Mercer, "1/f frequency noise effects on self-heterodyne linewidth measurements," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 485-493 (1991).

J. Lightw. Technol.

O. Ishida, "Delayed-self-heterodyne measurement of laser frequency fluctuations," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1528-1533 (1991).

S. Yamamoto, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, Y. Yoshida, H. Wakabayashi, "Analysis of laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by chromatic dispersion in intensity modulation and direct detection optical-fiber transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1716-1722 (1990).

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "Coherent optical 25.8 Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 6-15 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol.

C. H. Henry, "Phase noise in semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 298-310 (1986).

X. Yi, W. Shieh, Y. Ma, "Phase noise effects on high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1309-1316 (2008).

Opt. Lett.

H. Tsuchida, "Simple technique for improving the resolution of the delayed self-heterodyne method," Opt. Lett. 11, 640-642 (1990).

Opt. Lett.

Other

M. Nakazawa, High Spectral Density Optical Communication Technologies (Springer-Verlag, 2010).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2011).

K.-P. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer-Verlag, 2005).

B. J. C. Schmidt, Z. Zan, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "100 Gbit/s transmission using single-band direct-detection optical OFDM," Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun. (2009) pp. 1-3.

R. N. Bracewell, The Fourier Transform and Its Applications (McGraw-Hill, 2000).

K. Peterman, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer, 1988).

A. Yariv, Optical Electronic in Modern Communications (Oxford Univ. Press, 1997).

A. D. Polyanin, A. V. Manzhirov, Handbook of Integral Equations (Taylor & Francis, 2008).

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