Abstract

Propagating two-dimensional plasmon polariton modes guided by elliptical cross section silver nanoridges are investigated in this paper. Mode field profiles, dispersion curves, propagation distances, and figure-of-merits of the plasmon modes are calculated for various elliptical cross section silver nanoridges. It is found that the elliptical cross section metal nanoridge, if designed properly, can support a tightly confined plasmon mode with a longer propagation distance and a higher figure-of-merit than the flat-top nanoridge waveguide of the same width. The optimal nanoridge waveguide is obtained when the elliptical waveguide cross section becomes a semicircular cross section. When the curvature of the elliptical nanoridge is large, the nanoridge plasmon mode approaches the wedge plasmon mode.

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2012 (2)

Z. Pan, J. Guo, R. Soref, W. Buchwald, G. Sun, "Mode properties of flat-top silver nanoridge surface plasmon waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 340-345 (2012).

Z. Pan, J. Guo, R. Soref, W. Buchwald, G. Sun, "Guided plasmon modes of triangular and inverted triangular cross section silver nanoridges," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 950-958 (2012).

2011 (1)

X. Luo, J. Sun, J. Ritchie, W. Chang, W. Wang, "Deterministic fabrication of nanostructures for plasmonic lens by focused ion beam," Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 57, 1003-1009 (2011).

2010 (2)

A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, "Silicon-based plasmonic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 11791-11799 (2010).

J. W. Cleary, R. E. Peale, D. J. Shelton, G. D. Boreman, C. W. Smith, M. Ishigami, R. Soref, A. Drehman, W. R. Buchwald, "IR permittivities for silicides and doped silicon," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 27, 730-734 (2010).

2009 (3)

S.-Y. Cho, R. A. Soref, "Low-loss silicide/silicon plasmonic ribbon waveguides for mid and far-infrared applications," Opt. Lett. 34, 1759-1761 (2009).

R. Adato, J. Guo, "Modification of dispersion, localization, and attenuation of thin metal stripe symmetric surface plasmon-polariton modes by thin dielectric layers," J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034306-034311 (2009).

C. Reinhardt, A. Seidel, A. B. Evlyukhin, W. Cheng, B. N. Chichkov, "Mode-selective excitation of laser-written dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 26, B55-B60 (2009).

2008 (7)

J. Chen, G. A. Smolyakov, S. R. Brueck, K. J. Malloy, "Surface plasmon modes of finite, planar, metal-insulator-metal plasmonic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 16, 14902-14909 (2008).

T. Holmgaard, Z. Chen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, "Bend- and splitting loss of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides," Opt. Exp. 16, 13585-13592 (2008).

A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, "Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectric-loaded SPP waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 78, (2008) Art. ID 045425.

E. Moreno, S. G. Rodrigo, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, "Guiding and focusing of electromagnetic fields with wedge plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, (2008) Art. ID 023901.

E. J. R. Vesseur, R. de Waele, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, F. J. G. de Abajo, A. Polman, "Surface plasmon polariton modes in a single-crystal Au nanoresonator fabricated using focused-ion-beam milling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 083110-083113 (2008).

R. Soref, R. E. Peale, W. Buchwald, "Longwave plasmonics on doped silicon and silicides," Opt. Exp. 16, 6507-6514 (2008).

J. Guo, R. Adato, "Control of 2-D plasmon-polariton mode with dielectric nanolayers," Opt. Exp. 16, 1232-1237 (2008).

2007 (9)

Z. Sun, "Vertical dielectric-sandwiched thin metal layer for compact, low-loss long range surface plasmon waveguiding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111112-111113 (2007).

G. Veronis, S. Fan, "Modes of subwavelength plasmonic slot waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2511-2521 (2007).

R. Buckley, P. Berini, "Figures of merit for 2-D surface plasmon waveguides and application to metal stripes," Opt. Exp. 15, 12174-12182 (2007).

E. Feigenbaum, M. Orenstein, "Modeling of complementary (void) plasmon waveguiding," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2547-2562 (2007).

M. Yan, M. Qiu, "Guided plasmon polariton at 2-D metal corners," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, 2333-2342 (2007).

Y. Satuby, M. Orenstein, "Surface plasmon-polariton modes in deep metallic trenches—Measurement and analysis," Opt. Exp. 15, 4247-4252 (2007).

A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101-211103 (2007).

R. Adato, J. Guo, "Characteristics of ultra-long range surface plasmon waves at optical frequencies," Opt. Exp. 15, 5008-5017 (2007).

P. Berini, "Long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides in silica," J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053105-053108 (2007).

2006 (8)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Effective-index modeling of channel plasmon polaritons," Opt. Exp. 14, 9467-9476 (2006).

Y. Wang, R. Islam, G. V. Eleftheriades, "An ultra-short contra-directional coupler utilizing surface plasmon-polaritons at optical frequencies," Opt. Exp. 14, 7279-7290 (2006).

A. Degiron, D. Smith, "Numerical simulations of long-range plasmons," Opt. Exp. 14, 1611-1625 (2006).

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104-094103 (2006).

E. Feigenbaum, M. Orenstein, "Nano plasmon polariton modes of a wedge cross section metal waveguide," Opt. Exp. 14, 8779-8784 (2006).

J. Guo, R. Adato, "Extended long range plasmon waves in finite thickness metal film and layered dielectric materials," Opt. Exp. 14, 12409-12418 (2006).

P. Berini, "Figures of merit for surface plasmon waveguides," Opt. Exp. 14, 13030-13042 (2006).

E. Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Channel plasmon-polaritons: Modal shape, dispersion, and losses," Opt. Lett. 31, 3447-3449 (2006).

2005 (5)

R. Zia, A. Chandran, M. L. Brongersma, "Dielectric waveguide model for guided surface polaritons," Opt. Lett. 30, 1473-1475 (2005).

L. Liu, Z. Han, S. He, "Novel surface plasmon waveguide for high integration," Opt. Exp. 13, 6645-6650 (2005).

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, "Channel plasmon-polariton guiding by subwavelength metal grooves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, (2005) Art. ID 046802.

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y.-J. Hung, C. C. Davis, "Surface plasmon dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241106-241103 (2005).

D. F. P. Pile, T. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, S. Matsuo, "Theoretical and experimental investigation of strongly localized plasmons on triangular metal wedges for subwavelength waveguiding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 061106-061103 (2005).

2004 (4)

D. K. Gramotnev, D. F. P. Pile, "Single-mode subwavelength waveguide with channel plasmon-polaritons in triangular grooves on a metal surface," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6323-6325 (2004).

D. F. P. Pile, D. K. Gramotnev, "Channel plasmon-polariton in atriangular groove on a metal surface," Opt. Lett. 29, 1069-1071 (2004).

S. J. Al-Bader, "Optical transmission on metallic wires-fundamental modes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 325-329 (2004).

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, P. B. Catrysse, M. L. Brongersma, "Geometries and materials for subwavelength surface plasmon modes," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 21, 2442-2446 (2004).

2003 (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).

J. A. Sánchez-Gil, "Localized surface-plasmon polaritons in disordered nanostructured metal surfaces: Shape versus Anderson-localized resonances," Phys. Rev. B 68, (2003) Art. ID 113410.

2002 (1)

I. V. Novikov, A. A. Maradudin, "Channel polaritons," Phys. Rev. B 66, (2002) Art. ID 035403.

2001 (1)

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).

2000 (3)

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton modes guided by a metal film of finite width bounded by different dielectrics," Opt. Exp. 7, 329-335 (2000).

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).

R. Charbonneau, P. Berini, E. Berolo, E. Lisicka-Shrzek, "Experimental observation of plasmon polariton waves supported by a thin metal film of finite width," Opt. Lett. 25, 844-846 (2000).

1999 (1)

1991 (1)

F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, "Long-range surface modes supported by thin films," Phys. Rev. B 44, 5855-5872 (1991).

1990 (1)

J. Q. Lu, A. A. Maradudin, "Channel plasmons," Phys. Rev. B 42, 11159-11165 (1990).

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

L. Wendler, R. Haupt, "Long-range surface plasmon-polaritons in asymmetric layer structures," J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3289-3291 (1986).

1983 (2)

1981 (2)

D. Sarid, "Long-range surface-plasma waves on very thin metal films," Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927-1930 (1981).

A. D. Boardman, G. C. Aers, R. Teshima, "Retarded edge modes of a parabolic wedge," Phys. Rev. B 24, 5703-5712 (1981).

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).

1969 (1)

E. N. Economou, "Surface plasmons in thin films," Phys. Rev. 182, 539-554 (1969).

1960 (1)

E. A. Stern, R. A. Ferrell, "Surface plasma oscillations of a degenerate electron gas," Phys. Rev. 120, 130-136 (1960).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, "Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 094104-094103 (2006).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

I. I. Smolyaninov, Y.-J. Hung, C. C. Davis, "Surface plasmon dielectric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241106-241103 (2005).

D. F. P. Pile, T. Ogawa, D. K. Gramotnev, T. Okamoto, M. Haraguchi, M. Fukui, S. Matsuo, "Theoretical and experimental investigation of strongly localized plasmons on triangular metal wedges for subwavelength waveguiding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 061106-061103 (2005).

E. J. R. Vesseur, R. de Waele, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, F. J. G. de Abajo, A. Polman, "Surface plasmon polariton modes in a single-crystal Au nanoresonator fabricated using focused-ion-beam milling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 083110-083113 (2008).

A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, "Passive photonic elements based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101-211103 (2007).

B. Lamprecht, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, M. Salerno, N. Felidj, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, J. C. Weeber, "Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51-53 (2001).

D. K. Gramotnev, D. F. P. Pile, "Single-mode subwavelength waveguide with channel plasmon-polaritons in triangular grooves on a metal surface," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6323-6325 (2004).

Z. Sun, "Vertical dielectric-sandwiched thin metal layer for compact, low-loss long range surface plasmon waveguiding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111112-111113 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. J. Al-Bader, "Optical transmission on metallic wires-fundamental modes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 325-329 (2004).

Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. (1)

X. Luo, J. Sun, J. Ritchie, W. Chang, W. Wang, "Deterministic fabrication of nanostructures for plasmonic lens by focused ion beam," Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 57, 1003-1009 (2011).

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

P. Berini, "Long-range surface plasmon-polariton waveguides in silica," J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053105-053108 (2007).

R. Adato, J. Guo, "Modification of dispersion, localization, and attenuation of thin metal stripe symmetric surface plasmon-polariton modes by thin dielectric layers," J. Appl. Phys. 105, 034306-034311 (2009).

L. Wendler, R. Haupt, "Long-range surface plasmon-polaritons in asymmetric layer structures," J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3289-3291 (1986).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

E. Feigenbaum, M. Orenstein, "Modeling of complementary (void) plasmon waveguiding," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2547-2562 (2007).

G. Veronis, S. Fan, "Modes of subwavelength plasmonic slot waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2511-2521 (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (1)

R. Zia, M. D. Selker, P. B. Catrysse, M. L. Brongersma, "Geometries and materials for subwavelength surface plasmon modes," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 21, 2442-2446 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

Z. Pan, J. Guo, R. Soref, W. Buchwald, G. Sun, "Guided plasmon modes of triangular and inverted triangular cross section silver nanoridges," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 950-958 (2012).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (4)

Z. Pan, J. Guo, R. Soref, W. Buchwald, G. Sun, "Mode properties of flat-top silver nanoridge surface plasmon waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 340-345 (2012).

C. Reinhardt, A. Seidel, A. B. Evlyukhin, W. Cheng, B. N. Chichkov, "Mode-selective excitation of laser-written dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 26, B55-B60 (2009).

M. Yan, M. Qiu, "Guided plasmon polariton at 2-D metal corners," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, 2333-2342 (2007).

J. W. Cleary, R. E. Peale, D. J. Shelton, G. D. Boreman, C. W. Smith, M. Ishigami, R. Soref, A. Drehman, W. R. Buchwald, "IR permittivities for silicides and doped silicon," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 27, 730-734 (2010).

Nature (1)

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Opt. Exp. (6)

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