Abstract

A novel receiver front-end is proposed for short-range optical communications over low-cost polymer optical fiber and, in particular, for home area networks. This paper focuses on the experimental verification of the IC prototype POFchip-II, implemented in a standard 0.18-<i>μ</i>m CMOS technology plus a commercial Si-PIN photodetector and a 1 mm step-index plastic optical fiber (POF) transmission channel. A 1.25 Gb/s data transmission rate is attained for POF lengths ranging from 10 to 50 m thanks to a continuous-time adaptive equalizer included in the receiver chain that compensates the limited and length-dependent speed of POF. The measured sensitivity of the receiver leads to an eye-safety approach up to almost 30 m reach.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. IEC 60793-2-40 International Standard, (2009) Edition 3.0.
  2. P. Polishuk, "Plastic optical fiber branch out," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 140-148 (2006).
  3. T. Kibler, S. Poferl, G. Böck, H.-P. Huber, E. Zeeb, "Optical data buses for automotive applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2184-2199 (2004).
  4. F. Aznar, S. Celma, B. Calvo, CMOS Receiver Front-Ends for Gigabit Short-Range Optical Communications (Springer-Verlag, 2012).
  5. A. M. J. Koonen, A. Pizzinat, E. Ortega Martinez, J. Faller, B. Lannoo, H. P. A. van den Boom, C. M. Okonkwo, Y. Shi, E. Tangdiongga, P. Guignard, B. Charbonnier, "A look into the future of in-building networks: Roadmapping the fiber invasion," Proc. 20th Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibers (2011) pp. 41-46.
  6. IEC 60825-1 International Standard, (2007) Edition 2.0.
  7. O. Ziemann, J. Kranser, P. E. Zamzow, W. Daum, POF Handbook Optical Short Range Transmission Systems (Springer-Verlag, 2008).
  8. D. Visani, C. Okonkwo, S. Loquai, H. Yang, Y. Shi, H. van den Boom, T. Ditewig, G. Tartarini, J. Lee, T. Koonen, E. Tangdiongga, "Beyond 1 Gbit/s transmission over 1 mm diameter plastic optical fiber employing DMT for in-home communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 622-628 (2011).
  9. M. Schüppert, C.-A. Bunge, "Feasibility analysis of decision feedback equalizers for Gbit/s POF transmission due to error propagation," Proc. 20th Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibers (2011) pp. 13-18.
  10. A. Nespola, S. Straullu, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, S. Abrate, D. Cárdenas, J. Ramirez, N. Campione, R. Gaudino, "First demonstration of real-time LED-based gigabit Ethernet transmission on 50 m of A4a.2 SI-POF with significant system margin," Proc. 36th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (2010) pp. 1-3.
  11. J. Sundermeyer, C. Zerna, J. Tan, "Integrated analogue adaptive equalizer for gigabit transmission over standard step index plastic optical fibre (SI-POF)," Proc. 22nd LEOS Annu. Meet. Conf. (2009) pp. 195-196.
  12. F. Aznar, W. Gaberl, H. Zimmermann, "A 0.18 μm CMOS transimpedance amplifier with 26 dB dynamic range at 2.5 Gb/s," Microelectron. J. 42, 1136-1142 (2011).
  13. J. Mateo, M. A. Losada, J. Zubia, "Frequency response in step index plastic optical fibers obtained from the generalized power flow equation," Opt. Exp. 17, 2850-2860 (2009).
  14. E. Sackinger, Broadband Circuits for Optical Fiber Communication (Wiley, 2005).
  15. J. Liu, X. Lin, "Equalization in high-speed communication systems," IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 4, 4-17 (2004).
  16. K.-H. Cheng, Y.-C. Tsai, Y.-H. Wu, Y.-F. Lin, "A 5-Gb/s inductorless CMOS adaptive equalizer for PCI express generation II applications," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, Exp. Briefs 57, 324-328 (2010).
  17. J. N. Babanezhad, "A 3.3 V analog adaptive line-equalizer for fast Ethernet data communication," Proc. IEEE Custom Integr. Circuits Conf. (1998) pp. 343-346.
  18. Y. Zhou, M. C. Y. Wah, "A wide band CMOS RF power detector," Proc. 2006 IEEE Int. Symp. Circuits Syst. (2006) pp. 4228-4231.
  19. F. Aznar, S. Celma, B. Calvo, "A 0.18 μm CMOS linear-in-dB AGC post-amplifier for optical communications," Microelectron. Reliabil. 51, 959-964 (2011).
  20. F. Aznar, S. Celma, B. Calvo, "A 0.18-μm CMOS 1.25-Gbps front-end receiver for low-cost short reach optical communications," Proc. Eur. Solid State Circuits Conf. (2010) pp. 554-557.
  21. Y. Dong, K. Martin, "Gigabit communications over plastic optical fiber," IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 3, 60-69 (2011).
  22. Y. Dong, K. Martin, "A monolithic 3.125 Gbps fiber optic receiver front-end for POF applications in 65 nm CMOS," Proc. IEEE Custom Integr. Circuits Conf. (2011) pp. 1-4.
  23. F. Tavernier, M. Steyaert, "A high-speed POF receiver with 1 mm integrated photodiode in 180 nm CMOS," Proc. 36th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (2010) pp. 1-3.
  24. C. Gimeno, C. Aldea, S. Celma, F. Aznar, "A cost-effective 1.25-Gb/s CMOS receiver for 50-m large-core SI-POF links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 485-487 (2012).
  25. M. Atef, R. Swoboda, H. Zimmermann, "1.25 Gbit/s over 50 m step-index plastic optical fiber using a fully integrated optical receiver with an integrated equalizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 118-122 (2012).

2012

C. Gimeno, C. Aldea, S. Celma, F. Aznar, "A cost-effective 1.25-Gb/s CMOS receiver for 50-m large-core SI-POF links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 485-487 (2012).

M. Atef, R. Swoboda, H. Zimmermann, "1.25 Gbit/s over 50 m step-index plastic optical fiber using a fully integrated optical receiver with an integrated equalizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 118-122 (2012).

2011

D. Visani, C. Okonkwo, S. Loquai, H. Yang, Y. Shi, H. van den Boom, T. Ditewig, G. Tartarini, J. Lee, T. Koonen, E. Tangdiongga, "Beyond 1 Gbit/s transmission over 1 mm diameter plastic optical fiber employing DMT for in-home communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 622-628 (2011).

F. Aznar, W. Gaberl, H. Zimmermann, "A 0.18 μm CMOS transimpedance amplifier with 26 dB dynamic range at 2.5 Gb/s," Microelectron. J. 42, 1136-1142 (2011).

F. Aznar, S. Celma, B. Calvo, "A 0.18 μm CMOS linear-in-dB AGC post-amplifier for optical communications," Microelectron. Reliabil. 51, 959-964 (2011).

Y. Dong, K. Martin, "Gigabit communications over plastic optical fiber," IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 3, 60-69 (2011).

2010

K.-H. Cheng, Y.-C. Tsai, Y.-H. Wu, Y.-F. Lin, "A 5-Gb/s inductorless CMOS adaptive equalizer for PCI express generation II applications," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, Exp. Briefs 57, 324-328 (2010).

2009

J. Mateo, M. A. Losada, J. Zubia, "Frequency response in step index plastic optical fibers obtained from the generalized power flow equation," Opt. Exp. 17, 2850-2860 (2009).

2006

P. Polishuk, "Plastic optical fiber branch out," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 140-148 (2006).

2004

T. Kibler, S. Poferl, G. Böck, H.-P. Huber, E. Zeeb, "Optical data buses for automotive applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2184-2199 (2004).

J. Liu, X. Lin, "Equalization in high-speed communication systems," IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 4, 4-17 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, Exp. Briefs

K.-H. Cheng, Y.-C. Tsai, Y.-H. Wu, Y.-F. Lin, "A 5-Gb/s inductorless CMOS adaptive equalizer for PCI express generation II applications," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II, Exp. Briefs 57, 324-328 (2010).

IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag.

J. Liu, X. Lin, "Equalization in high-speed communication systems," IEEE Circuits Syst. Mag. 4, 4-17 (2004).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

P. Polishuk, "Plastic optical fiber branch out," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 140-148 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. Gimeno, C. Aldea, S. Celma, F. Aznar, "A cost-effective 1.25-Gb/s CMOS receiver for 50-m large-core SI-POF links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 485-487 (2012).

IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag.

Y. Dong, K. Martin, "Gigabit communications over plastic optical fiber," IEEE Solid-State Circuits Mag. 3, 60-69 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol.

D. Visani, C. Okonkwo, S. Loquai, H. Yang, Y. Shi, H. van den Boom, T. Ditewig, G. Tartarini, J. Lee, T. Koonen, E. Tangdiongga, "Beyond 1 Gbit/s transmission over 1 mm diameter plastic optical fiber employing DMT for in-home communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 622-628 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol.

T. Kibler, S. Poferl, G. Böck, H.-P. Huber, E. Zeeb, "Optical data buses for automotive applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2184-2199 (2004).

M. Atef, R. Swoboda, H. Zimmermann, "1.25 Gbit/s over 50 m step-index plastic optical fiber using a fully integrated optical receiver with an integrated equalizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 118-122 (2012).

Microelectron. J.

F. Aznar, W. Gaberl, H. Zimmermann, "A 0.18 μm CMOS transimpedance amplifier with 26 dB dynamic range at 2.5 Gb/s," Microelectron. J. 42, 1136-1142 (2011).

Microelectron. Reliabil.

F. Aznar, S. Celma, B. Calvo, "A 0.18 μm CMOS linear-in-dB AGC post-amplifier for optical communications," Microelectron. Reliabil. 51, 959-964 (2011).

Opt. Exp.

J. Mateo, M. A. Losada, J. Zubia, "Frequency response in step index plastic optical fibers obtained from the generalized power flow equation," Opt. Exp. 17, 2850-2860 (2009).

Other

E. Sackinger, Broadband Circuits for Optical Fiber Communication (Wiley, 2005).

IEC 60793-2-40 International Standard, (2009) Edition 3.0.

F. Aznar, S. Celma, B. Calvo, "A 0.18-μm CMOS 1.25-Gbps front-end receiver for low-cost short reach optical communications," Proc. Eur. Solid State Circuits Conf. (2010) pp. 554-557.

J. N. Babanezhad, "A 3.3 V analog adaptive line-equalizer for fast Ethernet data communication," Proc. IEEE Custom Integr. Circuits Conf. (1998) pp. 343-346.

Y. Zhou, M. C. Y. Wah, "A wide band CMOS RF power detector," Proc. 2006 IEEE Int. Symp. Circuits Syst. (2006) pp. 4228-4231.

F. Aznar, S. Celma, B. Calvo, CMOS Receiver Front-Ends for Gigabit Short-Range Optical Communications (Springer-Verlag, 2012).

A. M. J. Koonen, A. Pizzinat, E. Ortega Martinez, J. Faller, B. Lannoo, H. P. A. van den Boom, C. M. Okonkwo, Y. Shi, E. Tangdiongga, P. Guignard, B. Charbonnier, "A look into the future of in-building networks: Roadmapping the fiber invasion," Proc. 20th Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibers (2011) pp. 41-46.

IEC 60825-1 International Standard, (2007) Edition 2.0.

O. Ziemann, J. Kranser, P. E. Zamzow, W. Daum, POF Handbook Optical Short Range Transmission Systems (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

M. Schüppert, C.-A. Bunge, "Feasibility analysis of decision feedback equalizers for Gbit/s POF transmission due to error propagation," Proc. 20th Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibers (2011) pp. 13-18.

A. Nespola, S. Straullu, P. Savio, D. Zeolla, S. Abrate, D. Cárdenas, J. Ramirez, N. Campione, R. Gaudino, "First demonstration of real-time LED-based gigabit Ethernet transmission on 50 m of A4a.2 SI-POF with significant system margin," Proc. 36th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (2010) pp. 1-3.

J. Sundermeyer, C. Zerna, J. Tan, "Integrated analogue adaptive equalizer for gigabit transmission over standard step index plastic optical fibre (SI-POF)," Proc. 22nd LEOS Annu. Meet. Conf. (2009) pp. 195-196.

Y. Dong, K. Martin, "A monolithic 3.125 Gbps fiber optic receiver front-end for POF applications in 65 nm CMOS," Proc. IEEE Custom Integr. Circuits Conf. (2011) pp. 1-4.

F. Tavernier, M. Steyaert, "A high-speed POF receiver with 1 mm integrated photodiode in 180 nm CMOS," Proc. 36th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. (2010) pp. 1-3.

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