Abstract

We demonstrated a novel 20-Gb/s adaptively modulated optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed (AMO OFDM) transmission scheme with separate in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q) channel baseband delivery over a 20-km single fiber link using remotely fed 1-GHz reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers (RSOAs) for a colorless optical network unit (ONU). The OFDM symbols with adaptive bit-/power-loading were applied to overcome the bandwidth limitation of RSOAs and to optimize the performance. In order to realize the baseband transmission without Hermitian symmetry, the I and Q channel data streams in the OFDM symbols were separately transmitted by optical carriers at two different wavelengths. Our proposed scheme was experimentally validated using a periodic property of free spectral range (FSR) in a wavelength multiplexer. The separate optical “dual” carriers were provided by the same port of the wavelength multiplexer to avoid wasting the number of wavelength division multiplexed channels.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
  2. C. Bock, J. Prat, "WDM/TDM PON experiments using the AWG free spectral range periodicity to transmit unicast and multicast data," Opt. Express 13, 2887-2891 (2005).
  3. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, K. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review [Invited]," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).
  4. T. Miki, H. Ishio, "Viabilities of the wavelength-division-multiplexing transmission system over an optical fiber cable," IEEE Trans. Commun. 26, 1082-1087 (1978).
  5. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, T. H. Cheng, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Characteristics of subcarrier modulation and its application in WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2069-2076 (2009).
  6. H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, "Demonstration and performance of colorless ONU for coexistence-type WDM-PON using a wavelength-tunable L-band DWDM-SFP transceiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1603-1605 (2008).
  7. H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, "Colorless and plug-and-play technologies for WDM access over existing power-splitter-based infrastructure," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 6, 830-839 (2007).
  8. R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, "Options for future optical access networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).
  9. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, T. H. Cheng, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Characteristics of subcarrier modulation and its application in WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2069-2076 (2009).
  10. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
  11. I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, "Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168-2170 (2008).
  12. Q. Guo, A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, "20 Gb/s WDM-PON system with 1 GHz RSOA using partial response equalization and optical filter detuning," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./National Fiber Optic Eng. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  13. M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, J. A. Lazaro, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, "Design optimization for 10 Gb/s full-duplex transmission using RSOA-based ONU with electrical and optical filtering and equalization," Proc. 35th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2009) pp. 1-2.
  14. I. Cano, M. Omella, J. Prat, P. Poggiolini, "Colorless 10 Gb/s extended reach WDM PON with low BW RSOA using MLSE," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./National Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2010) pp. 1-3.
  15. H. Kim, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA using a delay interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1379-1381 (2010).
  16. K. Y. Cho, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "25.78-Gb/s operation of RSOA for next-generation optical access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 495-497 (2011).
  17. G. de Valicourt, D. Make, C. Fortin, A. Enard, F. Van Dijk, R. Brenot, "10 Gbit/s modulation of reflective SOA without any electronic processing," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expos./National Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  18. B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, J. Prat, "Direct 10-Gb/s modulation of a single-section RSOA in PONs with high optical budget," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 392-394 (2010).
  19. B. Schrenk, J. Bauwelinck, J. Lazaro, C. Kazmierski, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Prat, "Dual-operability and bandwidth partitioning enabled by an ONU with tandem-modulator," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 674-682 (2011).
  20. R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, "Experimental demonstration of real-time optical OFDM transmission at 7.5 Gb/s over 25-km SSMF using a 1-GHz RSOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 745-747 (2010).
  21. W. Hwang, K. Kim, "Performance analysis of OFDM on the shadowed multipath channels," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 44, 1323-1328 (1998).
  22. J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Light. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).
  23. J. J. Martinez, I. Garces, A. Lopez, A. Villafranca, M. A. Losada, "Analysis of the influence of backscattered optical power over bidirectional PON links," Opt. Commun. 283, 2243-2250 (2010).
  24. P. S. Chow, J. M. Cioffi, J. A. C. Bingham, "A practical discrete multitone transceiver loading algorithm for data transmission over spectrally shaped channels," IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 773-775 (1995).
  25. G. D. Forney, Jr. M. V. Eyuboglu, "Combined equalization and coding using precoding," IEEE Commun. Mag. 29, 25-34 (1991).
  26. R. Chouitem, "EVM based AMC for an OFDM system," Proc. Wireless Telecommun. Symp. (2010) pp. 1-5.
  27. R. A. Shafik, Md. S. Rahman, A. H. M. R. Islam, "On the extended relationship among EVM, BER, and SNR as performance metrics," Proc. 4th Int. Conf. Electr. Comput. Eng. (2006) pp. 408-411.

2011

K. Y. Cho, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "25.78-Gb/s operation of RSOA for next-generation optical access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 495-497 (2011).

B. Schrenk, J. Bauwelinck, J. Lazaro, C. Kazmierski, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Prat, "Dual-operability and bandwidth partitioning enabled by an ONU with tandem-modulator," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 674-682 (2011).

2010

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, "Experimental demonstration of real-time optical OFDM transmission at 7.5 Gb/s over 25-km SSMF using a 1-GHz RSOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 745-747 (2010).

J. J. Martinez, I. Garces, A. Lopez, A. Villafranca, M. A. Losada, "Analysis of the influence of backscattered optical power over bidirectional PON links," Opt. Commun. 283, 2243-2250 (2010).

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, J. Prat, "Direct 10-Gb/s modulation of a single-section RSOA in PONs with high optical budget," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 392-394 (2010).

H. Kim, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA using a delay interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1379-1381 (2010).

2009

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, T. H. Cheng, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Characteristics of subcarrier modulation and its application in WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2069-2076 (2009).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, T. H. Cheng, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Characteristics of subcarrier modulation and its application in WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2069-2076 (2009).

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Light. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

2008

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, "Demonstration and performance of colorless ONU for coexistence-type WDM-PON using a wavelength-tunable L-band DWDM-SFP transceiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1603-1605 (2008).

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, "Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168-2170 (2008).

2007

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, "Colorless and plug-and-play technologies for WDM access over existing power-splitter-based infrastructure," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 6, 830-839 (2007).

2006

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, "Options for future optical access networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

2005

C. Bock, J. Prat, "WDM/TDM PON experiments using the AWG free spectral range periodicity to transmit unicast and multicast data," Opt. Express 13, 2887-2891 (2005).

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, K. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review [Invited]," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).

2001

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

1998

W. Hwang, K. Kim, "Performance analysis of OFDM on the shadowed multipath channels," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 44, 1323-1328 (1998).

1995

P. S. Chow, J. M. Cioffi, J. A. C. Bingham, "A practical discrete multitone transceiver loading algorithm for data transmission over spectrally shaped channels," IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 773-775 (1995).

1991

G. D. Forney, Jr. M. V. Eyuboglu, "Combined equalization and coding using precoding," IEEE Commun. Mag. 29, 25-34 (1991).

1978

T. Miki, H. Ishio, "Viabilities of the wavelength-division-multiplexing transmission system over an optical fiber cable," IEEE Trans. Commun. 26, 1082-1087 (1978).

Electron. Lett.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Y. Cho, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "25.78-Gb/s operation of RSOA for next-generation optical access networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 495-497 (2011).

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, J. Prat, "Direct 10-Gb/s modulation of a single-section RSOA in PONs with high optical budget," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 392-394 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Commun.

T. Miki, H. Ishio, "Viabilities of the wavelength-division-multiplexing transmission system over an optical fiber cable," IEEE Trans. Commun. 26, 1082-1087 (1978).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, "Options for future optical access networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).

G. D. Forney, Jr. M. V. Eyuboglu, "Combined equalization and coding using precoding," IEEE Commun. Mag. 29, 25-34 (1991).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. Kim, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA using a delay interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1379-1381 (2010).

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, "Demonstration and performance of colorless ONU for coexistence-type WDM-PON using a wavelength-tunable L-band DWDM-SFP transceiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1603-1605 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, "Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168-2170 (2008).

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, "Experimental demonstration of real-time optical OFDM transmission at 7.5 Gb/s over 25-km SSMF using a 1-GHz RSOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 745-747 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Commun.

P. S. Chow, J. M. Cioffi, J. A. C. Bingham, "A practical discrete multitone transceiver loading algorithm for data transmission over spectrally shaped channels," IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 773-775 (1995).

IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron.

W. Hwang, K. Kim, "Performance analysis of OFDM on the shadowed multipath channels," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 44, 1323-1328 (1998).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw.

B. Schrenk, J. Bauwelinck, J. Lazaro, C. Kazmierski, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Prat, "Dual-operability and bandwidth partitioning enabled by an ONU with tandem-modulator," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 674-682 (2011).

J. Light. Technol.

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Light. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol.

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, T. H. Cheng, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Characteristics of subcarrier modulation and its application in WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2069-2076 (2009).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, T. H. Cheng, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Characteristics of subcarrier modulation and its application in WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2069-2076 (2009).

Opt. Commun.

J. J. Martinez, I. Garces, A. Lopez, A. Villafranca, M. A. Losada, "Analysis of the influence of backscattered optical power over bidirectional PON links," Opt. Commun. 283, 2243-2250 (2010).

Opt. Express

OSA J. Opt. Netw.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, "Colorless and plug-and-play technologies for WDM access over existing power-splitter-based infrastructure," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 6, 830-839 (2007).

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, K. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review [Invited]," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).

Other

G. de Valicourt, D. Make, C. Fortin, A. Enard, F. Van Dijk, R. Brenot, "10 Gbit/s modulation of reflective SOA without any electronic processing," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expos./National Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.

Q. Guo, A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, "20 Gb/s WDM-PON system with 1 GHz RSOA using partial response equalization and optical filter detuning," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./National Fiber Optic Eng. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, J. A. Lazaro, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, "Design optimization for 10 Gb/s full-duplex transmission using RSOA-based ONU with electrical and optical filtering and equalization," Proc. 35th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2009) pp. 1-2.

I. Cano, M. Omella, J. Prat, P. Poggiolini, "Colorless 10 Gb/s extended reach WDM PON with low BW RSOA using MLSE," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./National Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2010) pp. 1-3.

R. Chouitem, "EVM based AMC for an OFDM system," Proc. Wireless Telecommun. Symp. (2010) pp. 1-5.

R. A. Shafik, Md. S. Rahman, A. H. M. R. Islam, "On the extended relationship among EVM, BER, and SNR as performance metrics," Proc. 4th Int. Conf. Electr. Comput. Eng. (2006) pp. 408-411.

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