Abstract

We report an Er-doped, actively Q-switched, fiber laser, generating transform-limited pulses based on single-frequency fiber laser seeded ring cavity. The output pulsewidth can be tuned from hundreds of nanoseconds to several microseconds by changing the repetition rate or the open time of the electrical pulse trigger. This injection-seeded, Q-switched ring cavity fiber laser can be operated over the whole C-band. In addition, a theoretical model is developed to numerically study the pulse characteristics by changing the acousto-optic modulator transmission as well as several cavity parameters, such as the cavity length and loss. The numerical results are in good agreement with the experimental results.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, R. J. DeYoung, "Tm: Fiber laser for remote sensing," Opt. Mater. 31, 1061-1064 (2008).
  2. R. J. De Young, N. P. Barnes, "Profiling atmospheric water vapor using a fiber laser lidar system," Appl. Opt. 49, 562-567 (2010).
  3. W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, "Kilowatt-level SBS-threshold monolithic transform-limited 100 ns pulsed fiber laser at 1530 nm," Opt. Lett. 35, 2418-2420 (2010).
  4. D. A. Kliner, J. P. Koplow, R. L. Farrow, P. E. Schrader, S. W. Moore, T. A. Reichardt, A. A. Hoops, T. J. Kulp, K. M. Armstrong, R. L. Sommers, P. Schultz, L. Goldberg, J. Fève, Optical Society of America"Fiber-based laser systems for spectroscopic trace-gas detection," presented at the Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis Conf. St. PetersburgFL (2008) Tech. Dig. (CD), Paper LTuA3.
  5. E. B. Petersen, W. Shi, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, "Enhanced terahertz source based on external cavity difference-frequency generation using monolithic single-frequency pulsed fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 35, 2170-2172 (2010).
  6. E. B. Petersen, W. Shi, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, A. T. Cooney, "Efficient parametric terahertz generation in quasi-phase-matched GaP through cavity enhanced difference-frequency generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121119-1-121119-3 (2011).
  7. M. Auerbach, P. Adel, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, H. Mueller, "10 W widely tunable narrow linewidth double-clad fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 10, 139-144 (2002).
  8. Y.-X. Fan, F.-Y. Lu, S.-L. Hu, K.-C. Lu, H.-J. Wang, G.-Y. Zhang, X.-Y. Dong, "Narrow-linewidth widely tunable hybrid Q-switched double-clad fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 537-539 (2003).
  9. C. Cuadrado-Laborde, P. Pérez-Millán, M. V. Andrés, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, Yu. O. Barmenkov, "Transform-limited pulses generated by an actively Q-switched distributed fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2590-2592 (2008).
  10. R. J. Williams, N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, M. J. Withford, "All-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 18, 7714-7723 (2010).
  11. D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106-1-073106-3 (2011).
  12. P. D. Dragic, "Injection-seeded Q-switched fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1822-1824 (2004).
  13. P. D. Dragic, "Wavelength switching dynamics in injected fiber ring lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033101-1-033101-5 (2007).
  14. S. Adachi, Y. Koyamada, "Analysis and design of Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser and their application to OTDR," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1506-1511 (2002).
  15. Y. Wang, C. Q. Xu, "Actively Q-switched fiber lasers: Switching dynamics and nonlinear processes," Progr. Quantum Electron. 31, 131-216 (2007).
  16. W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, M. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, "High SBS-threshold single-mode single-frequency monolithic pulsed fiber laser in the C-band," Opt. Exp. 17, 8237-8245 (2009).
  17. J. J. Degnan, "Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 214-220 (1989).
  18. C. R. Giles, E. Desurvire, "Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 271-283 (1991).
  19. J. D. Lambert, Numerical Methods for Ordinary Differential Systems: The Initial Value Problem (Wiley, 1991).

2011 (2)

E. B. Petersen, W. Shi, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, A. T. Cooney, "Efficient parametric terahertz generation in quasi-phase-matched GaP through cavity enhanced difference-frequency generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121119-1-121119-3 (2011).

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106-1-073106-3 (2011).

2010 (4)

R. J. De Young, N. P. Barnes, "Profiling atmospheric water vapor using a fiber laser lidar system," Appl. Opt. 49, 562-567 (2010).

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, "Kilowatt-level SBS-threshold monolithic transform-limited 100 ns pulsed fiber laser at 1530 nm," Opt. Lett. 35, 2418-2420 (2010).

E. B. Petersen, W. Shi, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, "Enhanced terahertz source based on external cavity difference-frequency generation using monolithic single-frequency pulsed fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 35, 2170-2172 (2010).

R. J. Williams, N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, M. J. Withford, "All-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 18, 7714-7723 (2010).

2009 (1)

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, M. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, "High SBS-threshold single-mode single-frequency monolithic pulsed fiber laser in the C-band," Opt. Exp. 17, 8237-8245 (2009).

2008 (2)

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, P. Pérez-Millán, M. V. Andrés, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, Yu. O. Barmenkov, "Transform-limited pulses generated by an actively Q-switched distributed fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2590-2592 (2008).

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, R. J. DeYoung, "Tm: Fiber laser for remote sensing," Opt. Mater. 31, 1061-1064 (2008).

2007 (2)

Y. Wang, C. Q. Xu, "Actively Q-switched fiber lasers: Switching dynamics and nonlinear processes," Progr. Quantum Electron. 31, 131-216 (2007).

P. D. Dragic, "Wavelength switching dynamics in injected fiber ring lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033101-1-033101-5 (2007).

2004 (1)

P. D. Dragic, "Injection-seeded Q-switched fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1822-1824 (2004).

2003 (1)

Y.-X. Fan, F.-Y. Lu, S.-L. Hu, K.-C. Lu, H.-J. Wang, G.-Y. Zhang, X.-Y. Dong, "Narrow-linewidth widely tunable hybrid Q-switched double-clad fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 537-539 (2003).

2002 (2)

M. Auerbach, P. Adel, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, H. Mueller, "10 W widely tunable narrow linewidth double-clad fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 10, 139-144 (2002).

S. Adachi, Y. Koyamada, "Analysis and design of Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser and their application to OTDR," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1506-1511 (2002).

1991 (1)

C. R. Giles, E. Desurvire, "Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 271-283 (1991).

1989 (1)

J. J. Degnan, "Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 214-220 (1989).

Appl. Opt. (1)

R. J. De Young, N. P. Barnes, "Profiling atmospheric water vapor using a fiber laser lidar system," Appl. Opt. 49, 562-567 (2010).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 073106-1-073106-3 (2011).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. B. Petersen, W. Shi, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, A. T. Cooney, "Efficient parametric terahertz generation in quasi-phase-matched GaP through cavity enhanced difference-frequency generation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121119-1-121119-3 (2011).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. J. Degnan, "Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 214-220 (1989).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

P. D. Dragic, "Injection-seeded Q-switched fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1822-1824 (2004).

S. Adachi, Y. Koyamada, "Analysis and design of Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser and their application to OTDR," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1506-1511 (2002).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. D. Dragic, "Wavelength switching dynamics in injected fiber ring lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033101-1-033101-5 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

C. R. Giles, E. Desurvire, "Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 271-283 (1991).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Y.-X. Fan, F.-Y. Lu, S.-L. Hu, K.-C. Lu, H.-J. Wang, G.-Y. Zhang, X.-Y. Dong, "Narrow-linewidth widely tunable hybrid Q-switched double-clad fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 537-539 (2003).

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, P. Pérez-Millán, M. V. Andrés, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, Yu. O. Barmenkov, "Transform-limited pulses generated by an actively Q-switched distributed fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 33, 2590-2592 (2008).

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, "Kilowatt-level SBS-threshold monolithic transform-limited 100 ns pulsed fiber laser at 1530 nm," Opt. Lett. 35, 2418-2420 (2010).

E. B. Petersen, W. Shi, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, J. Zong, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, "Enhanced terahertz source based on external cavity difference-frequency generation using monolithic single-frequency pulsed fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 35, 2170-2172 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (3)

R. J. Williams, N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, M. J. Withford, "All-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 18, 7714-7723 (2010).

M. Auerbach, P. Adel, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, H. Mueller, "10 W widely tunable narrow linewidth double-clad fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 10, 139-144 (2002).

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, M. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, "High SBS-threshold single-mode single-frequency monolithic pulsed fiber laser in the C-band," Opt. Exp. 17, 8237-8245 (2009).

Opt. Mater. (1)

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, R. J. DeYoung, "Tm: Fiber laser for remote sensing," Opt. Mater. 31, 1061-1064 (2008).

Progr. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Wang, C. Q. Xu, "Actively Q-switched fiber lasers: Switching dynamics and nonlinear processes," Progr. Quantum Electron. 31, 131-216 (2007).

Other (2)

J. D. Lambert, Numerical Methods for Ordinary Differential Systems: The Initial Value Problem (Wiley, 1991).

D. A. Kliner, J. P. Koplow, R. L. Farrow, P. E. Schrader, S. W. Moore, T. A. Reichardt, A. A. Hoops, T. J. Kulp, K. M. Armstrong, R. L. Sommers, P. Schultz, L. Goldberg, J. Fève, Optical Society of America"Fiber-based laser systems for spectroscopic trace-gas detection," presented at the Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis Conf. St. PetersburgFL (2008) Tech. Dig. (CD), Paper LTuA3.

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