Abstract

Compact all-fiber all-normal dispersion Yb-doped fiber ring laser is demonstrated based on nonlinear polarization rotation technique. Dissipative solitons (DSs) with bell-shaped spectra are observed in the fiber cavity with linear chirps for the first time to our knowledge. Stable pulse width is 9.7 ps with the pulse energy of 1.2 nJ, which can be compressed to near the transformed limited pulse duration of 225 fs. The experimental result agrees well with the numerical simulations. The theoretical modeling indicates that the formation of the bell-shaped spectra is due to the combined effect of normal dispersion, nonlinearity, gain, loss, and spectral filtering effect. Different from the pulse evolution in the mode-locked fiber laser based on the wave plate and the birefringent plate, conventional DSs with rectangular-shaped spectra can be obtained by varying the polarization orientation of the cavity.

© 2012 IEEE

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  6. H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, K. Loh, "Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103-1-141103-3 (2009).
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  25. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).
  26. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, H. Zhang, "Dissipative soliton generation in Yb fiber laser with an invisible intracavity bandpass filter," Opt. Lett. 35, 2756-2758 (2010).
  27. Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. S. Yin, J. R. Liu, Q. Ye, Z. J. Fang, "Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 571-577 (2010).
  28. D. Ma, Y. Cai, C. Zhou, W. Zong, L. L. Chen, Z. G. Zhang, "37.4 fs pulse generation in an Er: Fiber laser at a 225 MHz repetition rate," Opt. Lett. 35, 2858-2560 (2010).

2012

P. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, "Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers," Nature Photon. 6, 84-92 (2012).

2011

K. Wu, P. P. Shum, S. Aditya, C. Ouyang, J. H. Wong, H. Q. Lam, K. E. K. Lee, "Characterization of the excess noise conversion from optical relative intensity noise in the photodetection of mode-locked lasers for microwave signal synthesis," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3622-3631 (2011).

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, J. H. Wong, X. Wu, H. Q. Lam, S. Aditya, "Dissipative soliton (12 nJ) from an all-fiber passively mode-locked laser with large normal dispersion," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 881-887 (2011).

Z. X. Zhang, G. X. Dai, "All-normal-dispersion dissipative soliton ytterbium fiber laser without dispersion compensation and additional filter," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1023-1029 (2011).

2010

X. M. Liu, D. Mao, "Compact all-fiber high-energy fiber laser with sub-300-fs duration," Opt. Exp. 18, 8847-8852 (2010).

K. Özgören1, F. Ö. Ilday, "All-fiber all-normal dispersion laser with a fiber-based Lyot filter," Opt. Lett. 35, 1296-1298 (2010).

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, H. Zhang, "Dissipative soliton generation in Yb fiber laser with an invisible intracavity bandpass filter," Opt. Lett. 35, 2756-2758 (2010).

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. S. Yin, J. R. Liu, Q. Ye, Z. J. Fang, "Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 571-577 (2010).

D. Ma, Y. Cai, C. Zhou, W. Zong, L. L. Chen, Z. G. Zhang, "37.4 fs pulse generation in an Er: Fiber laser at a 225 MHz repetition rate," Opt. Lett. 35, 2858-2560 (2010).

2009

J. Fekete, A. Cserteg, R. Szipöcs, "All-fiber, all-normal dispersion ytterbium ring oscillator," Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 49-53 (2009).

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, K. Loh, "Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103-1-141103-3 (2009).

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnov, S. Turitsyn, A. Latkin, "Generation of double-scale femto/pico-second optical lumps in mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 17, 20707-20713 (2009).

X. L. Tian, M. Tang, P. P. Shum, Y. D. Gong, C. L. Lin, S. N. Fu, T. S. Zhang, "High-energy laser pulse with a submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 34, 1432-1434 (2009).

2008

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, Y. Fedotov, "Ultra-low repetition rate mode-locked fiber laser with high-energy pulses," Opt. Exp. 16, 21936-21941 (2008).

M. Schultz, H. Karow, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, D. Kracht, "All-fiber ytterbium femtosecond laser without dispersion compensation," Opt. Exp. 16, 19562-19567 (2008).

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, "Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators," Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124-3128 (2008).

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, "Dissipative soliton resonances," Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830-1-023830-9 (2008).

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, "Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 77, 023814-1-023814-4 (2008).

2006

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, F. Wise, "All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 14, 10095-10100 (2006).

2004

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, F. W. Wise, "Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902-1-213902-4 (2004).

1997

L. E. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, E. Ippen, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).

1996

1993

D. J. Kane, R. Trebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating ," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-29, 571-579 (1993).

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. E. Nelson, "77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993).

1992

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, "Self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).

Appl. Phys. B

L. E. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, E. Ippen, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, K. Loh, "Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103-1-141103-3 (2009).

Electron. Lett.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, "Self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).

IEEE Photon. J.

C. M. Ouyang, P. P. Shum, K. Wu, J. H. Wong, X. Wu, H. Q. Lam, S. Aditya, "Dissipative soliton (12 nJ) from an all-fiber passively mode-locked laser with large normal dispersion," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 881-887 (2011).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. J. Kane, R. Trebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating ," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-29, 571-579 (1993).

IEEE Photon. J.

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. S. Yin, J. R. Liu, Q. Ye, Z. J. Fang, "Tunable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using intracavity birefringence-induced comb filter," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 571-577 (2010).

Z. X. Zhang, G. X. Dai, "All-normal-dispersion dissipative soliton ytterbium fiber laser without dispersion compensation and additional filter," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1023-1029 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol.

K. Wu, P. P. Shum, S. Aditya, C. Ouyang, J. H. Wong, H. Q. Lam, K. E. K. Lee, "Characterization of the excess noise conversion from optical relative intensity noise in the photodetection of mode-locked lasers for microwave signal synthesis," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3622-3631 (2011).

Laser Phys. Lett.

J. Fekete, A. Cserteg, R. Szipöcs, "All-fiber, all-normal dispersion ytterbium ring oscillator," Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 49-53 (2009).

Nature Photon.

P. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, "Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers," Nature Photon. 6, 84-92 (2012).

Opt. Lett.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, H. Zhang, "Dissipative soliton generation in Yb fiber laser with an invisible intracavity bandpass filter," Opt. Lett. 35, 2756-2758 (2010).

K. Özgören1, F. Ö. Ilday, "All-fiber all-normal dispersion laser with a fiber-based Lyot filter," Opt. Lett. 35, 1296-1298 (2010).

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. E. Nelson, "77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993).

X. L. Tian, M. Tang, P. P. Shum, Y. D. Gong, C. L. Lin, S. N. Fu, T. S. Zhang, "High-energy laser pulse with a submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 34, 1432-1434 (2009).

Opt. Exp.

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, F. Wise, "All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 14, 10095-10100 (2006).

X. M. Liu, D. Mao, "Compact all-fiber high-energy fiber laser with sub-300-fs duration," Opt. Exp. 18, 8847-8852 (2010).

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnov, S. Turitsyn, A. Latkin, "Generation of double-scale femto/pico-second optical lumps in mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 17, 20707-20713 (2009).

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, Y. Fedotov, "Ultra-low repetition rate mode-locked fiber laser with high-energy pulses," Opt. Exp. 16, 21936-21941 (2008).

M. Schultz, H. Karow, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, D. Kracht, "All-fiber ytterbium femtosecond laser without dispersion compensation," Opt. Exp. 16, 19562-19567 (2008).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Lett. A

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, "Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators," Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124-3128 (2008).

Phys. Rev. A

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, "Dissipative soliton resonances," Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830-1-023830-9 (2008).

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, "Dissipative solitons in normal-dispersion fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 77, 023814-1-023814-4 (2008).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, F. W. Wise, "Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902-1-213902-4 (2004).

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

S. V. Smirnov, S. M. Kobtsev, S. V. Kukarin, S. K. Turitsyn, Laser Systems for Applications (InTech, 2011) pp. 39-58.

Dissipative Solitons (Springer-Verlag, 2005).

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