Abstract

We demonstrate optical bistability in a silicon waveguide Fabry–Pérot resonator formed by a pair of distributed Bragg reflectors. In the bistable regime, the output power of the resonator ceases to be uniquely determined by the input power because multiple powers within the cavity satisfy the resonance condition. Pulsating behavior is observed within the resonator output, and is attributed to noise within the experimental setup driving the resonator between the multiple allowed output powers.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light With Light (Academic, 1985).
  2. N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, "All-optical switching in a nonlinear periodic-waveguide structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427-1429 (1992).
  3. K. Ikeda, Y. Fainman, "Nonlinear Fabry–Perot resonator with a silicon photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Lett. 31, 3486-3488 (2006).
  4. V. R. Almeida, M. Lipson, "Optical bistability on a silicon chip," Opt. Lett. 29, 2387-2389 (2004).
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  23. F. A. Hopf, P. Meystre, P. D. Drummond, D. F. Walls, "Anomalous switching in dispersive optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 31, 245-250 (1979).
  24. M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, "Accurate measurement of scattering and absorption loss in microphotonic devices," Opt. Lett. 32, 2954-2956 (2007).
  25. M. Brunstein, R. Braive, R. Hostein, A. Beveratos, I. Robert, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, F. Raineri, V. Moreau, A. Yacomotti, R. Raj, A. Levenson, "Thermal dissipation dynamics in an optically pumped photonic crystal nano-cavity," presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt./Int. Quantum Electron. Conf. BaltimoreMD (2009) Paper CFP2.

2010 (4)

P. Sun, R. M. Reano, "Low-power optical bistability in a free-standing silicon ring resonator," Opt. Lett. 35, 1124-1126 (2010).

M. L. Cooper, G. Gupta, M. A. Schneider, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, F. Xia, Y. A. Vlasov, S. Mookherjea, "Statistics of light transport in 235-ring silicon coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 26505-26516 (2010).

M. Tien, J. F. Bauters, M. J. Heck, D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, "Ultra-low loss Si3N4 waveguides with low nonlinearity and high power handling capability," Opt. Exp. 18, 23562-23568 (2010).

S. Zamek, D. T. H. Tan, M. Khajavikhan, M. Ayache, M. P. Nezhad, Y. Fainman, "Compact chip-scale filter based on curved waveguide Bragg gratings," Opt. Lett. 35, 3477-3479 (2010).

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, "Accurate measurement of scattering and absorption loss in microphotonic devices," Opt. Lett. 32, 2954-2956 (2007).

H.-C. Kim, K. Ikeda, Y. Fainman, "Tunable transmission resonant filter and modulator with vertical gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1147-1151 (2007).

2006 (3)

K. Ikeda, Y. Fainman, "Nonlinear Fabry–Perot resonator with a silicon photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Lett. 31, 3486-3488 (2006).

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip," Nature 441, 960-963 (2006).

Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Carrier-induced optical bistability in silicon ring resonators," Opt. Lett. 31, 341-343 (2006).

2005 (1)

G. Priem, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Optical bistability and pulsating behaviour in silicon-on-insulator ring resonator structures," Opt. Exp. 13, 9623-9628 (2005).

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

Z. Tan, J. Arndt, "Temperature dependence of refractive index of glassy SiO2 in the infrared wavelength range," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61, 1315-1320 (2000).

1997 (1)

S. Li, K. T. Chan, "Optical bistability in an all-optical fiber nonlinear Fabry–Perot resonator with linear absorption," Fiber Integr. Opt. 16, 407-413 (1997).

1992 (2)

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, "All-optical switching in a nonlinear periodic-waveguide structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427-1429 (1992).

G. Cocorullo, I. Rendina, "Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 μm in silicon etalon," Electron. Lett. 28, 83-85 (1992).

1987 (1)

R. A. Soref, B. R. Bennett, "Electrooptical effects in silicon," J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 123-129 (1987).

1984 (1)

Y. Okada, Y. Tokumaru, "Precise determination of lattice parameter and thermal expansion coefficient of silicon between 300 and 1500 K," J. Appl. Phys. 56, 314-320 (1984).

1979 (1)

F. A. Hopf, P. Meystre, P. D. Drummond, D. F. Walls, "Anomalous switching in dispersive optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 31, 245-250 (1979).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, T. G. Brown, "All-optical switching in a nonlinear periodic-waveguide structure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427-1429 (1992).

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Cocorullo, I. Rendina, "Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 μm in silicon etalon," Electron. Lett. 28, 83-85 (1992).

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

S. Li, K. T. Chan, "Optical bistability in an all-optical fiber nonlinear Fabry–Perot resonator with linear absorption," Fiber Integr. Opt. 16, 407-413 (1997).

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

Z. Tan, J. Arndt, "Temperature dependence of refractive index of glassy SiO2 in the infrared wavelength range," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61, 1315-1320 (2000).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Okada, Y. Tokumaru, "Precise determination of lattice parameter and thermal expansion coefficient of silicon between 300 and 1500 K," J. Appl. Phys. 56, 314-320 (1984).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

H.-C. Kim, K. Ikeda, Y. Fainman, "Tunable transmission resonant filter and modulator with vertical gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1147-1151 (2007).

J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Soref, B. R. Bennett, "Electrooptical effects in silicon," J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 123-129 (1987).

Nature (1)

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip," Nature 441, 960-963 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (1)

M. L. Cooper, G. Gupta, M. A. Schneider, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, F. Xia, Y. A. Vlasov, S. Mookherjea, "Statistics of light transport in 235-ring silicon coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 26505-26516 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (3)

M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, O. Painter, "Accurate measurement of scattering and absorption loss in microphotonic devices," Opt. Lett. 32, 2954-2956 (2007).

K. Ikeda, Y. Fainman, "Nonlinear Fabry–Perot resonator with a silicon photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Lett. 31, 3486-3488 (2006).

P. Sun, R. M. Reano, "Low-power optical bistability in a free-standing silicon ring resonator," Opt. Lett. 35, 1124-1126 (2010).

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. A. Hopf, P. Meystre, P. D. Drummond, D. F. Walls, "Anomalous switching in dispersive optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 31, 245-250 (1979).

Opt. Exp. (2)

G. Priem, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Optical bistability and pulsating behaviour in silicon-on-insulator ring resonator structures," Opt. Exp. 13, 9623-9628 (2005).

M. Tien, J. F. Bauters, M. J. Heck, D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, "Ultra-low loss Si3N4 waveguides with low nonlinearity and high power handling capability," Opt. Exp. 18, 23562-23568 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (5)

M. Brunstein, R. Braive, R. Hostein, A. Beveratos, I. Robert, I. Sagnes, P. Monnier, F. Raineri, V. Moreau, A. Yacomotti, R. Raj, A. Levenson, "Thermal dissipation dynamics in an optically pumped photonic crystal nano-cavity," presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt./Int. Quantum Electron. Conf. BaltimoreMD (2009) Paper CFP2.

Y. Wang, A. Grieco, B. Slutsky, B. Rao, Y. Fainman, T. Nguyen, "Design and analysis of a narrowband filter for optical platform," Proc. 36th Int. Conf. Acoust., Speech Signal Process. (IEEE) (2011) pp. 1633-1636.

F. Xia, M. Rooks, L. Sekaric, Y. Vlasov, "Ultra-compact silicon WDM optical filters with flat-top response for on-chip optical interconnects," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt./Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. Conf. Photon. Appl. Syst. Technol. (2007) pp. 1-2.

H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light With Light (Academic, 1985).

Nonlinear Optics in Signal Processing (Chapman & Hall, 1993) pp. 156.

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