Abstract

Future Internet and Ethernet technologies will be affected by both limited bandwidth of information infrastructure and its high energy consumption. In order to solve both problems simultaneously, in this invited paper, we describe several hybrid coded-modulation (CM) schemes enabling multiterabit optical transport including spatial-domain-based CM, mode-multiplexed 4-D CM, and mode-multiplexed generalized orthogonal frequency division multiplexing. A common property of these CM schemes is the employment of optimized signal constellations, various degrees of freedom, and rate-adaptive coding. These modulation schemes are called hybrid as all available degrees of freedom are used for transmission over optical fibers including amplitude, phase, polarization, and orbital angular momentum. Since the channel capacity is a linear function in number of dimensions, by increasing the number of basis functions, we can dramatically improve the overall system capacity. The energy-consumption problem is tackled by properly designing multidimensional signal constellations such that transinformation is maximized, while taking the energy constraint into account.

© 2012 IEEE

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2012 (2)

Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, "Evaluation of four-dimensional nonbinary LDPC-coded modulation for next-generation long-haul optical transport networks," Opt. Exp. 20, 9296-9301 (2012).

I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Statistical physics inspired energy-efficient coded-modulation for optical communications," Opt. Lett. 37, 1340-1342 (2012).

2011 (9)

I. Djordjevic, H. G. Batshon, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Four-dimensional optical multiband-OFDM for beyond 1.4 Tb/s serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 876-882 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Generalized OFDM (GOFDM) for ultra-high-speed optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6969-6979 (2011).

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, P. Demeester, "Power consumption in telecommunication networks: Overview and reduction strategies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 62-69 (2011).

S. Aleksi?, "Energy efficiency of electronic and optical network elements," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 296-308 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Energy-efficient spatial-domain-based hybrid multidimensional coded-modulations enabling multi-Tb/s optical transport," Opt. Exp. 19, 16708-16714 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Heterogeneous transparent optical networking based on coded OAM modulation," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 531-537 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Spatial-domain-based multidimensional modulation for multi-Tb/s serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6845-6857 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional hybrid modulations for ultra-high-speed optical transport," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1030-1038 (2011).

K.-P. Ho, J. M. Kahn, "Frequency diversity in mode-division multiplexing systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3719-3726 (2011).

2010 (7)

M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. M. Marcoccia, "Polarization-multiplexed rate-adaptive non-binary-LDPC-coded multilevel modulation with coherent detection for optical transport networks," Opt. Exp. 18, 1820-1832 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Comput. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Iterative polar quantization based modulation to achieve channel capacity in ultra-high-speed optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 593-599 (2010).

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, T. Schmidt, "Ultra high speed optical transmission using subcarrier-multiplexed four-dimensional LDPC-coded modulation," Opt. Exp. 18, 20546-20551 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Modified hybrid subcarrier/amplitude/phase/polarization LDPC-coded modulation for 400 Gb/s optical transmission and beyond," Opt. Exp. 18, 14108-14113 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).

2009 (5)

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional LDPC-coded modulation for beyond 400 Gb/s per wavelength transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1139-1141 (2009).

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, W. Shieh, "1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission over 600-km SSMF fiber with subwavelength bandwidth access," Opt. Exp. 17, 9421-9427 (2009).

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, "Coherent optical OFDM transmission up to 1 Tb/s per channel," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3511-3517 (2009).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Minkov, "Next generation FEC for high-capacity communication in optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3518-3530 (2009).

I. B. Djordjevic, G. T. Djordjevic, "On the communication over strong atmospheric turbulence channels by adaptive modulation and coding," Opt. Exp. 17, 18250-18262 (2009).

2008 (1)

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, L. L. Buhl, "Terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s on 50-GHz grid using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80 km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed ROADMs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 85-90 (2008).

2007 (3)

J. McDonough, "Moving standards to 100 GbE and beyond," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 6-9 (2007).

S. Melle, J. Jaeger, D. Perkins, V. Vusirikala, "Market drivers and implementation options for 100-GbE transport over the WAN," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 18-24 (2007).

D. F. Welch, F. A. Kish, S. Melle, R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. P. Schneider, J. Back, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Hurtt, A. Mathur, M. L. Mitchell, M. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, S. Melle, R. A. Salvatore, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, S. G. Grubb, D. Perkins, M. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, "Large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits: Enabling efficient scaling of optical transport networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 22-31 (2007).

2006 (3)

C. Gunn, "CMOS photonics for high-speed interconnects," IEEE Micro 26, 58-66 (2006).

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).

B. Razavi, "A 60-GHz CMOS receiver front-end," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 17-22 (2006).

2005 (4)

C. Doan, S. Emami, A. M. Niknejad, R. W. Brodersen, "Millimeter-wave CMOS design," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 144-155 (2005).

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, Jr., J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, D. F. Welch, "Large-scale photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 50-65 (2005).

M. Lipson, "Guiding, modulating and emitting light on silicon—Challenges and opportunities," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4222-4238 (2005).

J. Chen, A. Dholakia, E. Eleftheriou, M. Fossorier, X.-Y. Hu, "Reduced-complexity decoding of LDPC codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 1288-1299 (2005).

2004 (1)

M. P. C. Fossorier, "Quasi-cyclic low-density parity-check codes from circulant permutation matrices," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 50, 1788-1793 (2004).

2000 (1)

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, K. R. Tamura, "1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 2027-2029 (2000).

1995 (1)

N. J. A. Sloane, R. H. Hardin, T. S. Duff, J. H. Conway, "Minimal-energy clusters of hard spheres," Discr. Comput. Geom. 14, 237-259 (1995).

1987 (1)

M. Cvijetic, G. Lukatela, "Design considerations of dispersion-free dual-mode optical fibers: 1.55 μm wavelength operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 469-472 (1987).

1984 (1)

M. Cvijetic, "Dual-mode optical fibers with zero intermodal dispersion," Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 307-317 (1984).

1978 (1)

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