Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, "Evaluation of four-dimensional
nonbinary LDPC-coded modulation for next-generation long-haul optical transport
networks," Opt. Exp. 20, 9296-9301 (2012).

I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Statistical physics inspired energy-efficient coded-modulation
for optical communications," Opt. Lett. 37, 1340-1342 (2012).

I. Djordjevic, H. G. Batshon, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Four-dimensional optical multiband-OFDM for beyond 1.4 Tb/s
serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 876-882 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Generalized OFDM (GOFDM) for ultra-high-speed optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6969-6979 (2011).

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, P. Demeester, "Power consumption in telecommunication networks: Overview
and reduction strategies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 62-69 (2011).

S. Aleksi?, "Energy efficiency of electronic
and optical network elements," IEEE J. Sel.
Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 296-308 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Energy-efficient spatial-domain-based
hybrid multidimensional coded-modulations enabling multi-Tb/s optical transport," Opt. Exp. 19, 16708-16714 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Heterogeneous transparent optical
networking based on coded OAM modulation," IEEE
Photon. J. 3, 531-537 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Spatial-domain-based multidimensional modulation for multi-Tb/s
serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6845-6857 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional hybrid modulations for ultra-high-speed
optical transport," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1030-1038 (2011).

K.-P. Ho, J. M. Kahn, "Frequency diversity in mode-division
multiplexing systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3719-3726 (2011).

M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. M. Marcoccia, "Polarization-multiplexed rate-adaptive
non-binary-LDPC-coded multilevel modulation with coherent detection for optical
transport networks," Opt. Exp. 18, 1820-1832 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding
for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J.
Opt. Comput. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Iterative polar quantization based modulation to achieve
channel capacity in ultra-high-speed optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 593-599 (2010).

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical
fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, T. Schmidt, "Ultra high speed optical transmission
using subcarrier-multiplexed four-dimensional LDPC-coded modulation," Opt. Exp. 18, 20546-20551 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Modified hybrid subcarrier/amplitude/phase/polarization
LDPC-coded modulation for 400 Gb/s optical transmission and beyond," Opt. Exp. 18, 14108-14113 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding
for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J.
Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional LDPC-coded modulation for beyond 400 Gb/s
per wavelength transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol.
Lett. 21, 1139-1141 (2009).

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, W. Shieh, "1-Tb/s
single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission over 600-km SSMF fiber with
subwavelength bandwidth access," Opt. Exp. 17, 9421-9427 (2009).

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, "Coherent optical OFDM transmission up to
1 Tb/s per channel," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3511-3517 (2009).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Minkov, "Next generation FEC for high-capacity
communication in optical transport networks," J.
Lightw. Technol. 27, 3518-3530 (2009).

I. B. Djordjevic, G. T. Djordjevic, "On the communication over strong
atmospheric turbulence channels by adaptive modulation and coding," Opt. Exp. 17, 18250-18262 (2009).

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, L. L. Buhl, "Terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s on 50-GHz
grid using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80 km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed
ROADMs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 85-90 (2008).

J. McDonough, "Moving standards to 100 GbE
and beyond," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 6-9 (2007).

S. Melle, J. Jaeger, D. Perkins, V. Vusirikala, "Market drivers and implementation
options for 100-GbE transport over the WAN," IEEE
Commun. Mag. 45, 18-24 (2007).

D. F. Welch, F. A. Kish, S. Melle, R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. P. Schneider, J. Back, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Hurtt, A. Mathur, M. L. Mitchell, M. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, S. Melle, R. A. Salvatore, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, S. G. Grubb, D. Perkins, M. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, "Large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits: Enabling efficient
scaling of optical transport networks," IEEE
J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 22-31 (2007).

C. Gunn, "CMOS photonics for high-speed
interconnects," IEEE Micro 26, 58-66 (2006).

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s
DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).

B. Razavi, "A 60-GHz CMOS receiver front-end," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 17-22 (2006).

C. Doan, S. Emami, A. M. Niknejad, R. W. Brodersen, "Millimeter-wave CMOS design," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 144-155 (2005).

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, Jr., J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, D. F. Welch, "Large-scale photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 50-65 (2005).

M. Lipson, "Guiding, modulating and emitting
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J. Chen, A. Dholakia, E. Eleftheriou, M. Fossorier, X.-Y. Hu, "Reduced-complexity decoding of LDPC codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 1288-1299 (2005).

M. P. C. Fossorier, "Quasi-cyclic low-density parity-check
codes from circulant permutation matrices," IEEE
Trans. Inf. Theory 50, 1788-1793 (2004).

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, K. R. Tamura, "1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission
using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a
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hard spheres," Discr. Comput. Geom. 14, 237-259 (1995).

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dual-mode optical fibers: 1.55 *μ*m wavelength operation," IEEE J. Quantum
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M. Cvijetic, "Dual-mode optical fibers with
zero intermodal dispersion," Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 307-317 (1984).

J. Sakai, K. Kitayama, M. Ikeda, Y. Kato, K. Tatsuya, "Design considerations of broadband dual-mode optical fibers," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 26, 658-665 (1978).

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R. E. Blahut, "Computation of channel capacity
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D. Marcuse, "Pulse propagation in two-mode
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N. J. A. Sloane, R. H. Hardin, T. S. Duff, J. H. Conway, "Minimal-energy clusters of
hard spheres," Discr. Comput. Geom. 14, 237-259 (1995).

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, K. R. Tamura, "1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission
using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a
phase modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 2027-2029 (2000).

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s
DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).

S. Melle, J. Jaeger, D. Perkins, V. Vusirikala, "Market drivers and implementation
options for 100-GbE transport over the WAN," IEEE
Commun. Mag. 45, 18-24 (2007).

D. F. Welch, F. A. Kish, S. Melle, R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. P. Schneider, J. Back, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Hurtt, A. Mathur, M. L. Mitchell, M. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, S. Melle, R. A. Salvatore, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, S. G. Grubb, D. Perkins, M. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, "Large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits: Enabling efficient
scaling of optical transport networks," IEEE
J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 22-31 (2007).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Heterogeneous transparent optical
networking based on coded OAM modulation," IEEE
Photon. J. 3, 531-537 (2011).

M. P. C. Fossorier, "Quasi-cyclic low-density parity-check
codes from circulant permutation matrices," IEEE
Trans. Inf. Theory 50, 1788-1793 (2004).

J. McDonough, "Moving standards to 100 GbE
and beyond," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 6-9 (2007).

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, P. Demeester, "Power consumption in telecommunication networks: Overview
and reduction strategies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 62-69 (2011).

M. Cvijetic, G. Lukatela, "Design considerations of dispersion-free
dual-mode optical fibers: 1.55 *μ*m wavelength operation," IEEE J. Quantum
Electron. QE-23, 469-472 (1987).

S. Aleksi?, "Energy efficiency of electronic
and optical network elements," IEEE J. Sel.
Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 296-308 (2011).

R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, Jr., J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, D. F. Welch, "Large-scale photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 50-65 (2005).

B. Razavi, "A 60-GHz CMOS receiver front-end," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 17-22 (2006).

C. Doan, S. Emami, A. M. Niknejad, R. W. Brodersen, "Millimeter-wave CMOS design," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 144-155 (2005).

C. Gunn, "CMOS photonics for high-speed
interconnects," IEEE Micro 26, 58-66 (2006).

I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional hybrid modulations for ultra-high-speed
optical transport," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1030-1038 (2011).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Iterative polar quantization based modulation to achieve
channel capacity in ultra-high-speed optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 593-599 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional LDPC-coded modulation for beyond 400 Gb/s
per wavelength transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol.
Lett. 21, 1139-1141 (2009).

R. E. Blahut, "Computation of channel capacity
and rate distortion functions," IEEE Trans.
Inf. Theory IT-18, 460-473 (1972).

J. Chen, A. Dholakia, E. Eleftheriou, M. Fossorier, X.-Y. Hu, "Reduced-complexity decoding of LDPC codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 1288-1299 (2005).

J. Sakai, K. Kitayama, M. Ikeda, Y. Kato, K. Tatsuya, "Design considerations of broadband dual-mode optical fibers," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 26, 658-665 (1978).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding
for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J.
Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding
for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J.
Opt. Comput. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Minkov, "Next generation FEC for high-capacity
communication in optical transport networks," J.
Lightw. Technol. 27, 3518-3530 (2009).

M. Lipson, "Guiding, modulating and emitting
light on silicon—Challenges and opportunities," J.
Lightw. Technol. 23, 4222-4238 (2005).

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical
fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, L. L. Buhl, "Terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s on 50-GHz
grid using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80 km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed
ROADMs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 85-90 (2008).

K.-P. Ho, J. M. Kahn, "Frequency diversity in mode-division
multiplexing systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3719-3726 (2011).

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, "Coherent optical OFDM transmission up to
1 Tb/s per channel," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3511-3517 (2009).

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, W. Shieh, "1-Tb/s
single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission over 600-km SSMF fiber with
subwavelength bandwidth access," Opt. Exp. 17, 9421-9427 (2009).

I. Djordjevic, H. G. Batshon, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Four-dimensional optical multiband-OFDM for beyond 1.4 Tb/s
serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 876-882 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Generalized OFDM (GOFDM) for ultra-high-speed optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6969-6979 (2011).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, T. Schmidt, "Ultra high speed optical transmission
using subcarrier-multiplexed four-dimensional LDPC-coded modulation," Opt. Exp. 18, 20546-20551 (2010).

H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Modified hybrid subcarrier/amplitude/phase/polarization
LDPC-coded modulation for 400 Gb/s optical transmission and beyond," Opt. Exp. 18, 14108-14113 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, "Energy-efficient spatial-domain-based
hybrid multidimensional coded-modulations enabling multi-Tb/s optical transport," Opt. Exp. 19, 16708-16714 (2011).

Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, "Evaluation of four-dimensional
nonbinary LDPC-coded modulation for next-generation long-haul optical transport
networks," Opt. Exp. 20, 9296-9301 (2012).

M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. M. Marcoccia, "Polarization-multiplexed rate-adaptive
non-binary-LDPC-coded multilevel modulation with coherent detection for optical
transport networks," Opt. Exp. 18, 1820-1832 (2010).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Spatial-domain-based multidimensional modulation for multi-Tb/s
serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6845-6857 (2011).

I. B. Djordjevic, G. T. Djordjevic, "On the communication over strong
atmospheric turbulence channels by adaptive modulation and coding," Opt. Exp. 17, 18250-18262 (2009).

M. Cvijetic, "Dual-mode optical fibers with
zero intermodal dispersion," Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 307-317 (1984).

I. B. Djordjevic, T. Liu, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Optimum signal constellation design for high-speed optical
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T. Liu, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Feedback channel capacity inspired optimum signal constellation
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I. B. Djordjevic, H. G. Batshon, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Coded polarization-multiplexed iterative polar modulation
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Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, "Rate-adaptive four-dimensional
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J. Zhang, I. B. Djordjevic, "Optimum signal constellation
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X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, T. Lotz, P. Winzer, H. Haunstein, S. Randel, S. Corteselli, B. Zhu, "Generation and FEC-decoding of a 231.5-Gb/s PDM-OFDM signal
with 256-iterative-polar-modulation achieving 11.15-b/s/Hz intrachannel spectral
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I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive LDPC-coded multilevel
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M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. Marcoccia, "Non-binary LDPC-coded modulation
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J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, 1975).

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A. Li, A. Al Amin, X. Chen, W. Shieh, "Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s
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L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, J. W. Nicholson, D. Jakobsen, R. Lingle, B. Palsdottir, "Few mode transmission fiber with low DGD,
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R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, A. Gnauck, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, "Low-loss
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Amendment
to IEEE Standard for Information Technology—Telecommunications and Information
Exchange Between Systems—Local and Metropolitan Area Networks—Specific
Requirements. Part 3: Carrier Sense Multiple Access With Collision Detection
(CSMA/CD) Access Method and Physical Layer Specifications. Amendment 4: Media
Access Control Parameters, Physical Layers, and Management Parameters for
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T. J. Xia, G. Welbrock, E. Ip, Y. Kai, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, T. Aono, "Field
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