Abstract

We demonstrate an analytical model for calculating the saturation throughput performance of a medium transparent medium access control (MAC) protocol in 60 GHz radio-over-fiber (RoF) networks. The proposed model incorporates effectively the medium transparent MAC mechanism, assuming a finite number of terminals and ideal channel conditions. It takes into account contention both at the optical and wireless layer, ensuring seamless and dynamic capacity allocation over both transmission media. This model enables extensive saturation throughput performance analysis for the medium transparent MAC and has been applied to 60 GHz RoF network scenarios considering variable numbers of available optical wavelengths, wireless nodes and serving antenna elements and for two different data rate values, namely 155 Mbps and 1 Gbps. Comparison between the model-based throughput results and respective simulation-based outcomes reveals that our model is extremely accurate in predicting the system throughput. Moreover, it confirms that the proposed medium transparent MAC protocol can effectively operate in high-speed 60 GHz RoF LAN environments.

© 2011 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. G. M. A. Ali, G. Ellinas, H. Erkan, A. Hadjiantonis, R. Dorsinville, "On the vision of complete fixed-mobile convergence," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2343-2357 (2010).
  2. N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, C. Assi, "Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: A survey," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 160-167 (2009).
  3. M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "Simultaneous multiplexing and demultiplexing of wavelength-interleaved channels in DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3341-3352 (2006).
  4. C.-S. Choi, Y. Shoji, H. Ogawa, "Millimeter-wave fiber-fed wireless access systems based on dense wavelength-division-multiplexing networks," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56, 232-241 (2008).
  5. M. G. Larrodé, A. M. J. Koonen, "All-fiber full-duplex multimode wavelength-division-multiplexing network for radio-over-multimode-fiber distribution of broadband wireless services," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56, 248-255 (2008).
  6. Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, G.-K. Chang, "Simultaneous generation of independent wired and wireless services using a single modulator in millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1691-1693 (2007).
  7. J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Dynamic reconfigurable WDM 60-GHz millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber access network: Architectural considerations and experiment," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3374-3380 (2007).
  8. L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme for seamless integration of ROF with centralized lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2786-2791 (2009).
  9. N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, K. Tsagkaris, N. D. Tselikas, "A 60 GHz radio-over-fiber network architecture for seamless communication with high mobility," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1957-1967 (2009).
  10. N. Pleros, K. Tsagkaris, N. D. Tselikas, "A moving extended cell concept for seamless communication in 60 GHz radio-over-fiber networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12, 852-854 (2008).
  11. H. B. Kim, H. Woesner, A. Wolisz, "A medium access control protocol for radio over fiber wireless LAN operating in the 60-GHz band," Proc. 5th Eur. Pers. Mobile Commun. Conf. (2003) pp. 204-208.
  12. M. J. Crisp, S. Li, A. Watts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uplink and downlink coverage improvements of 802.11g signals using a distributed antenna network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3388-3395 (2007).
  13. M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, "Analysis of the request to send/clear to send exchange in WLAN over fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2531-2539 (2008).
  14. B. Kalantari-Sabet, M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, J. E. Mitchell, "Performance impairments in single-mode radio-over-fiber systems due to MAC constraints," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2540-2548 (2008).
  15. C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, P. Gamage, K.-L. Lee, Y. Yang, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Fiber-wireless networks and subsystem technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 390-405 (2010).
  16. A. Das, M. Mjeku, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, "Effects on IEEE 802.11 MAC throughput in wireless LAN over fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3321-3328 (2007).
  17. IEEE P802.11 ad http://www.ieee802.org/11/Reports/tgad_update.htm.
  18. IEEE 802.15 TG3c http://www.ieee802.org/15/pub/TG3c.html.
  19. C. W. Pyo, H. Harada, "Throughput analysis and improvements of hybrid multiple access in IEEE 802.15.3c mm-wave WPAN," J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1414-1424 (2009).
  20. C.-S. Sum, Z. Lan, R. Funada, J. Wang, T. Baykas, M. Rahman, H. Harada, "Virtual time-slot allocation scheme for throughput enhancement in a millimeter-wave multi-Gbps WPAN system," J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1379-1389 (2009).
  21. WirelessHD http://www.wirelesshd.org/.
  22. Wireless Gigabit Alliance http://wirelessgigabitalliance.org/.
  23. G. Kalfas, N. Pleros, "An agile and medium-transparent MAC protocol for 60 GHz radio-over-fiber local access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2315-2326 (2010).
  24. L. F. W. van Hoesel, P. J. M. Havinga, “Analysis of a Self-organizing Algorithm for Time Slot Selection in Schedule-Based Medium Access,” Centre for Telematics and Information Technology, University of Twente, Internal Rep. TR-CTI, so:65358 (2009) http://doc.utwente.nl/65358/.
  25. S. T. Choi, K. S. Yang, S. Nishi, S. Shimizu, K. Tokuda, Y. H. Kim, "A 60-GHz point-to-multipoint millimeter-wave fiber-radio communication system," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1953-1960 (2006).
  26. IEEE P802.11e http://www.ieee802.org/11/Reports/tge_update.htm.

2010

G. M. A. Ali, G. Ellinas, H. Erkan, A. Hadjiantonis, R. Dorsinville, "On the vision of complete fixed-mobile convergence," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2343-2357 (2010).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, P. Gamage, K.-L. Lee, Y. Yang, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Fiber-wireless networks and subsystem technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 390-405 (2010).

G. Kalfas, N. Pleros, "An agile and medium-transparent MAC protocol for 60 GHz radio-over-fiber local access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2315-2326 (2010).

2009

C. W. Pyo, H. Harada, "Throughput analysis and improvements of hybrid multiple access in IEEE 802.15.3c mm-wave WPAN," J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1414-1424 (2009).

C.-S. Sum, Z. Lan, R. Funada, J. Wang, T. Baykas, M. Rahman, H. Harada, "Virtual time-slot allocation scheme for throughput enhancement in a millimeter-wave multi-Gbps WPAN system," J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1379-1389 (2009).

N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, C. Assi, "Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: A survey," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 160-167 (2009).

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme for seamless integration of ROF with centralized lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2786-2791 (2009).

N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, K. Tsagkaris, N. D. Tselikas, "A 60 GHz radio-over-fiber network architecture for seamless communication with high mobility," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1957-1967 (2009).

2008

N. Pleros, K. Tsagkaris, N. D. Tselikas, "A moving extended cell concept for seamless communication in 60 GHz radio-over-fiber networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12, 852-854 (2008).

C.-S. Choi, Y. Shoji, H. Ogawa, "Millimeter-wave fiber-fed wireless access systems based on dense wavelength-division-multiplexing networks," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56, 232-241 (2008).

M. G. Larrodé, A. M. J. Koonen, "All-fiber full-duplex multimode wavelength-division-multiplexing network for radio-over-multimode-fiber distribution of broadband wireless services," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56, 248-255 (2008).

M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, "Analysis of the request to send/clear to send exchange in WLAN over fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2531-2539 (2008).

B. Kalantari-Sabet, M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, J. E. Mitchell, "Performance impairments in single-mode radio-over-fiber systems due to MAC constraints," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2540-2548 (2008).

2007

A. Das, M. Mjeku, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, "Effects on IEEE 802.11 MAC throughput in wireless LAN over fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3321-3328 (2007).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, G.-K. Chang, "Simultaneous generation of independent wired and wireless services using a single modulator in millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1691-1693 (2007).

J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Dynamic reconfigurable WDM 60-GHz millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber access network: Architectural considerations and experiment," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3374-3380 (2007).

M. J. Crisp, S. Li, A. Watts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uplink and downlink coverage improvements of 802.11g signals using a distributed antenna network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3388-3395 (2007).

2006

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "Simultaneous multiplexing and demultiplexing of wavelength-interleaved channels in DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3341-3352 (2006).

S. T. Choi, K. S. Yang, S. Nishi, S. Shimizu, K. Tokuda, Y. H. Kim, "A 60-GHz point-to-multipoint millimeter-wave fiber-radio communication system," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1953-1960 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

C.-S. Choi, Y. Shoji, H. Ogawa, "Millimeter-wave fiber-fed wireless access systems based on dense wavelength-division-multiplexing networks," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56, 232-241 (2008).

IEEE Commun. Lett.

N. Pleros, K. Tsagkaris, N. D. Tselikas, "A moving extended cell concept for seamless communication in 60 GHz radio-over-fiber networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12, 852-854 (2008).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, C. Assi, "Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: A survey," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 160-167 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, G.-K. Chang, "Simultaneous generation of independent wired and wireless services using a single modulator in millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1691-1693 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

M. G. Larrodé, A. M. J. Koonen, "All-fiber full-duplex multimode wavelength-division-multiplexing network for radio-over-multimode-fiber distribution of broadband wireless services," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56, 248-255 (2008).

S. T. Choi, K. S. Yang, S. Nishi, S. Shimizu, K. Tokuda, Y. H. Kim, "A 60-GHz point-to-multipoint millimeter-wave fiber-radio communication system," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1953-1960 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "Simultaneous multiplexing and demultiplexing of wavelength-interleaved channels in DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3341-3352 (2006).

J. Sel. Areas Commun.

C.-S. Sum, Z. Lan, R. Funada, J. Wang, T. Baykas, M. Rahman, H. Harada, "Virtual time-slot allocation scheme for throughput enhancement in a millimeter-wave multi-Gbps WPAN system," J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1379-1389 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol.

M. J. Crisp, S. Li, A. Watts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uplink and downlink coverage improvements of 802.11g signals using a distributed antenna network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3388-3395 (2007).

B. Kalantari-Sabet, M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, J. E. Mitchell, "Performance impairments in single-mode radio-over-fiber systems due to MAC constraints," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2540-2548 (2008).

A. Das, M. Mjeku, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, "Effects on IEEE 802.11 MAC throughput in wireless LAN over fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3321-3328 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol.

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, P. Gamage, K.-L. Lee, Y. Yang, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Fiber-wireless networks and subsystem technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 390-405 (2010).

M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, "Analysis of the request to send/clear to send exchange in WLAN over fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2531-2539 (2008).

J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Dynamic reconfigurable WDM 60-GHz millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber access network: Architectural considerations and experiment," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3374-3380 (2007).

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme for seamless integration of ROF with centralized lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2786-2791 (2009).

N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, K. Tsagkaris, N. D. Tselikas, "A 60 GHz radio-over-fiber network architecture for seamless communication with high mobility," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1957-1967 (2009).

G. M. A. Ali, G. Ellinas, H. Erkan, A. Hadjiantonis, R. Dorsinville, "On the vision of complete fixed-mobile convergence," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2343-2357 (2010).

G. Kalfas, N. Pleros, "An agile and medium-transparent MAC protocol for 60 GHz radio-over-fiber local access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2315-2326 (2010).

J. Sel. Areas Commun.

C. W. Pyo, H. Harada, "Throughput analysis and improvements of hybrid multiple access in IEEE 802.15.3c mm-wave WPAN," J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 1414-1424 (2009).

Other

WirelessHD http://www.wirelesshd.org/.

Wireless Gigabit Alliance http://wirelessgigabitalliance.org/.

L. F. W. van Hoesel, P. J. M. Havinga, “Analysis of a Self-organizing Algorithm for Time Slot Selection in Schedule-Based Medium Access,” Centre for Telematics and Information Technology, University of Twente, Internal Rep. TR-CTI, so:65358 (2009) http://doc.utwente.nl/65358/.

IEEE P802.11e http://www.ieee802.org/11/Reports/tge_update.htm.

H. B. Kim, H. Woesner, A. Wolisz, "A medium access control protocol for radio over fiber wireless LAN operating in the 60-GHz band," Proc. 5th Eur. Pers. Mobile Commun. Conf. (2003) pp. 204-208.

IEEE P802.11 ad http://www.ieee802.org/11/Reports/tgad_update.htm.

IEEE 802.15 TG3c http://www.ieee802.org/15/pub/TG3c.html.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.