Abstract

The key goal of this paper consists of a theoretical and an experimental performances analysis of a photonic microwave mixer used as a signal down- and up-converter based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). We give, by a small-signal analysis approach, the analytical equations of the output optical power carrying the down- and up-converted signal. Simplified formulas are developed, relating the mixing conversion gain to the modeling parameters of the SOA. The efficiency of the photonic microwave mixer based on an SOA has been evaluated in terms of mixing conversion gain, third-order input intercept point, and electrical phase noise. In addition, a subcarrier modulated by a QPSK, a 16 quadratic-amplitude modulation (QAM) and a 64 QAM at a data rate of 270 ksymb/s has been down converted from 1 GHz to 100 MHz with a low error vector magnitude of about 3.5%.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. T. Rampone, B. Pucel, A. Sharaiha, J. Chazelas, "All-optical frequency downconversion using cross-gain modulation in SOA," presented at the Tech. Dig. SIOE'05 CardiffU.K. (2005).
  2. W. Shieh, S. X. Yao, G. Lutes, L. Maleki, "An all-optical microwave mixer with gain," Proc. Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. ThG1 (1997) pp. 263-264.
  3. Y.-K. Seo, J.-H. Seo, W.-Y. Choi, "Photonic frequency-upconversion efficiencies in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 751-753 (2003).
  4. Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, "All-optical signal up-conversion for radio-on-fiber applications using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448-1450 (2002).
  5. A. C. Bordonalli, J. A. Guimarães, J. L. Benitez, E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, "Signal generation by mixing modulated optical carriers in feed-backed semiconductor optical amplifiers," presented at the Braz. Telecommun. Symp. 2000- XVIII GramadoBrazil (2000).
  6. J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, J. Kim, "Remote optoelectronic frequency down-conversion using 60-GHz optical heterodyne signals and an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1073-1075 (2005).
  7. C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, C.-S. Park, "A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).
  8. J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, J. Kim, W.-Y. Choi, "SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bidirectional radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959-966 (2006).
  9. H.-J. Song, J. S. Lee, J.-I. Song, "Signal up-conversion by using a cross-phase-modulation in all-optical SOA-MZI wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 593-595 (2004).
  10. H.-J. Song, J.-I. Song, "Simultaneous all-optical frequency downconversion technique utilizing an SOA-MZI for WDM radio over fiber (RoF) applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3028-3034 (2006).
  11. B. Cabon, Y. Le Guennec, M. Lourdiane, G. Maury, "Photonic mixing in RF modulated optical links," Proc. IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. (2006) pp. 408-409.
  12. S. B. Constant, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, B. Cabon, "Low-cost all-optical up-conversion of digital radio signals using a directly modulated 1500-nm emitting VCSEL," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 120-122 (2008).
  13. P. Lombard, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, E. Novakov, B. Cabon, "Optical distribution and upconversion of MB-OFDM in ultrawide-band-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1072-1079 (2009).
  14. G. H. Nguyen, B. Cabon, Y. Le Guennec, "Generation of 60-GHz MB-OFDM signal-over-fiber by up-conversion using cascaded external modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1496-1502 (2009).
  15. W. A. Hamad, T. Rampone, A. Sharaiha, B. Pucel, "All-Optical microwave mixer used as a down-converter frequency, based on semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)," presented at the Int. Workshop Phys. Appl. Semicond. Lasers, Int. Workshop Instabil., Patterns Spatial Solitons MetzFrance (2007).
  16. C. Bohémond, Mélangeur de signaux hyperfréquences basé sur la modulation croisée du gain d'un amplificateur optique à semi-conducteurs Ph.D. dissertation Université de Bretagne Occidentale (2010) ED SICMA 0373.
  17. J. Capmany, E. Peral, D. Pastor, "Formula for two-carrier intermodulation distortion in wavelength converted subcarrier multiplexed signals via cross gain modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 278-280 (2000).
  18. D. Pastor, A. Martinez, J. Capmanay, S. Sales, B. Ortega, P. Munoz, "Experimental characterization of XGM-SOA-based wavelength converted SCM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 114-116 (2003).
  19. J.-H. Seo, Y.-K. Seo, W.-Y. Choi, "Spurious-free dynamic range characteristics of the photonic up-converter based on a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1591-1593 (2003).
  20. M. J. O'Mahony, "Semiconductor laser optical amplifiers for use in future fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 531-544 (1988).
  21. J. Leuthold, M. Mayer, J. Eckner, G. Guekos, H. Melchior, C. Zell-Weger, "Material gain of bulk 1.55 $\mu$m InGaAsP/InP SOA approximated by a polynomial model," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 618-620 (2000).
  22. A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, "Analysis of the sign reversal of the photodetected signal response in a multielectrode semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1185-1193 (2001).

2009 (2)

P. Lombard, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, E. Novakov, B. Cabon, "Optical distribution and upconversion of MB-OFDM in ultrawide-band-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1072-1079 (2009).

G. H. Nguyen, B. Cabon, Y. Le Guennec, "Generation of 60-GHz MB-OFDM signal-over-fiber by up-conversion using cascaded external modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1496-1502 (2009).

2008 (1)

S. B. Constant, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, B. Cabon, "Low-cost all-optical up-conversion of digital radio signals using a directly modulated 1500-nm emitting VCSEL," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 120-122 (2008).

2006 (2)

H.-J. Song, J.-I. Song, "Simultaneous all-optical frequency downconversion technique utilizing an SOA-MZI for WDM radio over fiber (RoF) applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3028-3034 (2006).

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, J. Kim, W.-Y. Choi, "SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bidirectional radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959-966 (2006).

2005 (2)

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, J. Kim, "Remote optoelectronic frequency down-conversion using 60-GHz optical heterodyne signals and an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1073-1075 (2005).

C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, C.-S. Park, "A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).

2004 (1)

H.-J. Song, J. S. Lee, J.-I. Song, "Signal up-conversion by using a cross-phase-modulation in all-optical SOA-MZI wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 593-595 (2004).

2003 (3)

Y.-K. Seo, J.-H. Seo, W.-Y. Choi, "Photonic frequency-upconversion efficiencies in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 751-753 (2003).

D. Pastor, A. Martinez, J. Capmanay, S. Sales, B. Ortega, P. Munoz, "Experimental characterization of XGM-SOA-based wavelength converted SCM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 114-116 (2003).

J.-H. Seo, Y.-K. Seo, W.-Y. Choi, "Spurious-free dynamic range characteristics of the photonic up-converter based on a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1591-1593 (2003).

2002 (1)

Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, "All-optical signal up-conversion for radio-on-fiber applications using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448-1450 (2002).

2001 (1)

A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, "Analysis of the sign reversal of the photodetected signal response in a multielectrode semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1185-1193 (2001).

2000 (2)

J. Leuthold, M. Mayer, J. Eckner, G. Guekos, H. Melchior, C. Zell-Weger, "Material gain of bulk 1.55 $\mu$m InGaAsP/InP SOA approximated by a polynomial model," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 618-620 (2000).

J. Capmany, E. Peral, D. Pastor, "Formula for two-carrier intermodulation distortion in wavelength converted subcarrier multiplexed signals via cross gain modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 278-280 (2000).

1988 (1)

M. J. O'Mahony, "Semiconductor laser optical amplifiers for use in future fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 531-544 (1988).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (9)

Y.-K. Seo, J.-H. Seo, W.-Y. Choi, "Photonic frequency-upconversion efficiencies in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 751-753 (2003).

Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, "All-optical signal up-conversion for radio-on-fiber applications using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448-1450 (2002).

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, J. Kim, "Remote optoelectronic frequency down-conversion using 60-GHz optical heterodyne signals and an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1073-1075 (2005).

C. S. Park, C. K. Oh, C. G. Lee, D.-H. Kim, C.-S. Park, "A photonic up-converter for a WDM radio-over-fiber system using cross-absorption modulation in an EAM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1950-1952 (2005).

H.-J. Song, J. S. Lee, J.-I. Song, "Signal up-conversion by using a cross-phase-modulation in all-optical SOA-MZI wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 593-595 (2004).

S. B. Constant, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, B. Cabon, "Low-cost all-optical up-conversion of digital radio signals using a directly modulated 1500-nm emitting VCSEL," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 120-122 (2008).

J. Capmany, E. Peral, D. Pastor, "Formula for two-carrier intermodulation distortion in wavelength converted subcarrier multiplexed signals via cross gain modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 278-280 (2000).

D. Pastor, A. Martinez, J. Capmanay, S. Sales, B. Ortega, P. Munoz, "Experimental characterization of XGM-SOA-based wavelength converted SCM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 114-116 (2003).

J.-H. Seo, Y.-K. Seo, W.-Y. Choi, "Spurious-free dynamic range characteristics of the photonic up-converter based on a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1591-1593 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, J. Kim, W.-Y. Choi, "SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bidirectional radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959-966 (2006).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Leuthold, M. Mayer, J. Eckner, G. Guekos, H. Melchior, C. Zell-Weger, "Material gain of bulk 1.55 $\mu$m InGaAsP/InP SOA approximated by a polynomial model," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 618-620 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, "Analysis of the sign reversal of the photodetected signal response in a multielectrode semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1185-1193 (2001).

H.-J. Song, J.-I. Song, "Simultaneous all-optical frequency downconversion technique utilizing an SOA-MZI for WDM radio over fiber (RoF) applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3028-3034 (2006).

M. J. O'Mahony, "Semiconductor laser optical amplifiers for use in future fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 531-544 (1988).

P. Lombard, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, E. Novakov, B. Cabon, "Optical distribution and upconversion of MB-OFDM in ultrawide-band-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1072-1079 (2009).

G. H. Nguyen, B. Cabon, Y. Le Guennec, "Generation of 60-GHz MB-OFDM signal-over-fiber by up-conversion using cascaded external modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1496-1502 (2009).

Other (6)

W. A. Hamad, T. Rampone, A. Sharaiha, B. Pucel, "All-Optical microwave mixer used as a down-converter frequency, based on semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)," presented at the Int. Workshop Phys. Appl. Semicond. Lasers, Int. Workshop Instabil., Patterns Spatial Solitons MetzFrance (2007).

C. Bohémond, Mélangeur de signaux hyperfréquences basé sur la modulation croisée du gain d'un amplificateur optique à semi-conducteurs Ph.D. dissertation Université de Bretagne Occidentale (2010) ED SICMA 0373.

B. Cabon, Y. Le Guennec, M. Lourdiane, G. Maury, "Photonic mixing in RF modulated optical links," Proc. IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. (2006) pp. 408-409.

A. C. Bordonalli, J. A. Guimarães, J. L. Benitez, E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, "Signal generation by mixing modulated optical carriers in feed-backed semiconductor optical amplifiers," presented at the Braz. Telecommun. Symp. 2000- XVIII GramadoBrazil (2000).

T. Rampone, B. Pucel, A. Sharaiha, J. Chazelas, "All-optical frequency downconversion using cross-gain modulation in SOA," presented at the Tech. Dig. SIOE'05 CardiffU.K. (2005).

W. Shieh, S. X. Yao, G. Lutes, L. Maleki, "An all-optical microwave mixer with gain," Proc. Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. ThG1 (1997) pp. 263-264.

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