Abstract

Measurement of the local temperature in transparent materials irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses is important for deep insight into light–matter interaction physics and for proper laser micronanomachining, which is, however, technically challenging. We solve the problem in this paper by using a femtosecond laser-written fiber Bragg grating that can stably work up to 1000°C as a high-sensitivity temperature sensor to monitor the thermal effect. The peak temperature of the thermal impulse is estimated as around 4800°C, which decays to around 500°C in the pulse interval for irradiation of 1.1 mJ under repetition rate of 1 kHz under 40 mm lens focusing.

© 2011 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Wu, L. G. Niu, Q. D. Chen, R. Wang, H. B. Sun, "High efficiency multilevel phase-type fractal zone plates," Opt. Lett. 33, 2913-2915 (2008).
  2. Q. D. Chen, D. Wu, L. G. Niu, J. Wang, X. F. Lin, H. Xia, H. B. Sun, "Phase lenses and mirrors created by laser micronanofabrication via two-photon photopolymerization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171105-1-171105-3 (2007).
  3. S. Kawata, H. B. Sun, T. Tanka, K. Takada, "Finer feature for functional microdevices," Nature 412, 697-698 (2001).
  4. J. Wang, H. Xia, B. B. Xu, L. G. Niu, D. Wu, Q. D. Chen, H. B. Sun, "Remote manipulation of micronanomachines containing magnetic nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 24, 581-583 (2009).
  5. Y. L. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. Y. He, H. Xia, Q. D. Chen, H. B. Sun, F. S. Xiao, "Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction," Nano Today 5, 15-20 (2010).
  6. D. Wu, Q. D. Chen, L. G. Niu, J. N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, H. B. Sun, "Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices," Lab Chip 9, 2391-2394 (2009).
  7. J. Wang, Y. He, H. Xia, L. G. Niu, R. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, Y. L. Zhang, Y. F. Li, S. J. Zeng, J. H. Qin, B. C. Lin, H. B. Sun, "Embellishment of microfluidic devices via femtosecond laser micronanofabrication for chip functionalization," Lab Chip 10, 1993-1996 (2010).
  8. E. N. Glezer, E. Mazur, "Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882-884 (1997).
  9. R. R. Gattass, E. Mazur, "Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials," Nature Photon. 2, 219-225 (2008).
  10. S. M. Eaton, H. B. Zhang, P. R. Herman, F. Yoshino, L. Shah, J. Bovatsek, A. Y. Arai, "Heat accumulation effects in femtosecond laser-written waveguides with variable repetition rate," Opt. Exp. 13, 4708-4716 (2005).
  11. C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, E. Mazur, "Bulk heating of transparent materials using a high-repetition-rate femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. A 76, 351-354 (2003).
  12. J. Rathje, M. Kristensen, J. E. Pedersen, "Continuous anneal method for characterizing the thermal stability of ultraviolet Bragg gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1050-1055 (2000).
  13. S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, R. B. Walker, P. Lu, H. M. Ding, J. Unruh, "Bragg Gratings written in All-SiO$_{2}$ and Ge-doped core fibers with 800-nm femtosecond radiation," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 94-100 (2004).
  14. J. Thomas, E. Wikszak, T. Clausnitzer, U. Fuchs, U. Zeitner, S. Nolte, A. Tunnermann, "Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a phase mask scanning technique," Appl. Phys. A 86, 153-157 (2007).
  15. C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, "Formation of type I-IR and type II-IR gratings with an ultrafast IR laser and a phase mask," Opt. Exp. 13, 5377-5386 (2005).
  16. Y. H. Li, C. R. Liao, D. N. Wang, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, "Study of spectral and annealing properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in H$_{2}$-free and H$_{2}$-loaded fibers by use of femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Exp. 16, 21239-21247 (2008).
  17. J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, "Femtosecond laser interaction with metallic tungsten and nonequilibrium electron and lattice temperatures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837-1840 (1984).
  18. A. M. Streltsov, N. F. Borrelli, "Study of femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2496-2504 (2002).

2010 (2)

Y. L. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. Y. He, H. Xia, Q. D. Chen, H. B. Sun, F. S. Xiao, "Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction," Nano Today 5, 15-20 (2010).

J. Wang, Y. He, H. Xia, L. G. Niu, R. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, Y. L. Zhang, Y. F. Li, S. J. Zeng, J. H. Qin, B. C. Lin, H. B. Sun, "Embellishment of microfluidic devices via femtosecond laser micronanofabrication for chip functionalization," Lab Chip 10, 1993-1996 (2010).

2009 (2)

D. Wu, Q. D. Chen, L. G. Niu, J. N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, H. B. Sun, "Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices," Lab Chip 9, 2391-2394 (2009).

J. Wang, H. Xia, B. B. Xu, L. G. Niu, D. Wu, Q. D. Chen, H. B. Sun, "Remote manipulation of micronanomachines containing magnetic nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 24, 581-583 (2009).

2008 (3)

Y. H. Li, C. R. Liao, D. N. Wang, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, "Study of spectral and annealing properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in H$_{2}$-free and H$_{2}$-loaded fibers by use of femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Exp. 16, 21239-21247 (2008).

R. R. Gattass, E. Mazur, "Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials," Nature Photon. 2, 219-225 (2008).

D. Wu, L. G. Niu, Q. D. Chen, R. Wang, H. B. Sun, "High efficiency multilevel phase-type fractal zone plates," Opt. Lett. 33, 2913-2915 (2008).

2007 (2)

J. Thomas, E. Wikszak, T. Clausnitzer, U. Fuchs, U. Zeitner, S. Nolte, A. Tunnermann, "Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a phase mask scanning technique," Appl. Phys. A 86, 153-157 (2007).

Q. D. Chen, D. Wu, L. G. Niu, J. Wang, X. F. Lin, H. Xia, H. B. Sun, "Phase lenses and mirrors created by laser micronanofabrication via two-photon photopolymerization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171105-1-171105-3 (2007).

2005 (2)

C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, "Formation of type I-IR and type II-IR gratings with an ultrafast IR laser and a phase mask," Opt. Exp. 13, 5377-5386 (2005).

S. M. Eaton, H. B. Zhang, P. R. Herman, F. Yoshino, L. Shah, J. Bovatsek, A. Y. Arai, "Heat accumulation effects in femtosecond laser-written waveguides with variable repetition rate," Opt. Exp. 13, 4708-4716 (2005).

2004 (1)

S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, R. B. Walker, P. Lu, H. M. Ding, J. Unruh, "Bragg Gratings written in All-SiO$_{2}$ and Ge-doped core fibers with 800-nm femtosecond radiation," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 94-100 (2004).

2003 (1)

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, E. Mazur, "Bulk heating of transparent materials using a high-repetition-rate femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. A 76, 351-354 (2003).

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

S. Kawata, H. B. Sun, T. Tanka, K. Takada, "Finer feature for functional microdevices," Nature 412, 697-698 (2001).

2000 (1)

J. Rathje, M. Kristensen, J. E. Pedersen, "Continuous anneal method for characterizing the thermal stability of ultraviolet Bragg gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1050-1055 (2000).

1997 (1)

E. N. Glezer, E. Mazur, "Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882-884 (1997).

1984 (1)

J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, "Femtosecond laser interaction with metallic tungsten and nonequilibrium electron and lattice temperatures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837-1840 (1984).

Appl. Phys. A (2)

J. Thomas, E. Wikszak, T. Clausnitzer, U. Fuchs, U. Zeitner, S. Nolte, A. Tunnermann, "Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a phase mask scanning technique," Appl. Phys. A 86, 153-157 (2007).

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, E. Mazur, "Bulk heating of transparent materials using a high-repetition-rate femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. A 76, 351-354 (2003).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Q. D. Chen, D. Wu, L. G. Niu, J. Wang, X. F. Lin, H. Xia, H. B. Sun, "Phase lenses and mirrors created by laser micronanofabrication via two-photon photopolymerization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171105-1-171105-3 (2007).

E. N. Glezer, E. Mazur, "Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882-884 (1997).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Rathje, M. Kristensen, J. E. Pedersen, "Continuous anneal method for characterizing the thermal stability of ultraviolet Bragg gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1050-1055 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, R. B. Walker, P. Lu, H. M. Ding, J. Unruh, "Bragg Gratings written in All-SiO$_{2}$ and Ge-doped core fibers with 800-nm femtosecond radiation," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 94-100 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Lab Chip (2)

D. Wu, Q. D. Chen, L. G. Niu, J. N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, H. B. Sun, "Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices," Lab Chip 9, 2391-2394 (2009).

J. Wang, Y. He, H. Xia, L. G. Niu, R. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, Y. L. Zhang, Y. F. Li, S. J. Zeng, J. H. Qin, B. C. Lin, H. B. Sun, "Embellishment of microfluidic devices via femtosecond laser micronanofabrication for chip functionalization," Lab Chip 10, 1993-1996 (2010).

Nano Today (1)

Y. L. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. Y. He, H. Xia, Q. D. Chen, H. B. Sun, F. S. Xiao, "Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction," Nano Today 5, 15-20 (2010).

Nature (1)

S. Kawata, H. B. Sun, T. Tanka, K. Takada, "Finer feature for functional microdevices," Nature 412, 697-698 (2001).

Nature Photon. (1)

R. R. Gattass, E. Mazur, "Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials," Nature Photon. 2, 219-225 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (3)

S. M. Eaton, H. B. Zhang, P. R. Herman, F. Yoshino, L. Shah, J. Bovatsek, A. Y. Arai, "Heat accumulation effects in femtosecond laser-written waveguides with variable repetition rate," Opt. Exp. 13, 4708-4716 (2005).

C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, "Formation of type I-IR and type II-IR gratings with an ultrafast IR laser and a phase mask," Opt. Exp. 13, 5377-5386 (2005).

Y. H. Li, C. R. Liao, D. N. Wang, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, "Study of spectral and annealing properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in H$_{2}$-free and H$_{2}$-loaded fibers by use of femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Exp. 16, 21239-21247 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, "Femtosecond laser interaction with metallic tungsten and nonequilibrium electron and lattice temperatures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837-1840 (1984).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.