Abstract

Ultralong bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers (bulk UL-SOAs) have tremendous four-wave mixing (FWM) efficiencies so that due to two continuous wave (CW) input signals, a broad mode comb at the output of the UL-SOA can be obtained. When using tunable single mode lasers as input signals, the generated FWM mode comb is tunable in the mode spacing and the wavelength. As a result in time domain, widely tunable pulses in the repetition rate and the carrier frequency are obtained. Since the phase signature of the FWM modes is not linear over the whole mode comb, different filtering techniques can be applied for filtering modes with linear phase in order to efficiently generate short pulses. With the optimal filtering technique, pulses with full width at half maximum of less than 2 ps and a pulse repetition rate of 20 GHz can be obtained.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. H.-G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).
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  3. H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, K.-I- Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
  4. T. Inoue, N. Kumano, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, M. Sakano, "Generation of 80 nm wavelength-tunable 100 fs pulse based on comblike profiled fiber comprised of HNLF and zero dispersion-slope NZDSF," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 165-169 (2007).
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  13. P. Runge, R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, K. Petermann, M. Schlak, W. Brinker, B. Sartorius, "Operational conditions for the extinction ratio improvement in ultralong SOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 106-108 (2009).
  14. P. Runge, R. Elschner, K. Petermann, "Time-domain modelling of ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. .
  15. F. Kerbstadt, K. Petermann, "Analysis of adaptive dispersion compensators with double-AWG structures," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1468-1477 (2005).
  16. Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, K. Yonenaga, A. Sano, H. Toba, K. Murata, O. Mitomi, "320 Gbit/s (8$\,\times\,$40 Gbit/s) WDM transmission over 367 km with 120 km repeater spacing using carrier-suppressed return-to-zero format," Electron. Lett. 35, 2041-2042 (1999).
  17. P. Runge, R. Elschner, K. Petermann, "Optimising four-wave mixing in ultralong SOAs," Proc. NUSOD'09 (2009).

2009

P. Runge, R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, K. Petermann, "Extinction ratio improvement in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 578-585 (2009).

P. Runge, R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, K. Petermann, M. Schlak, W. Brinker, B. Sartorius, "Operational conditions for the extinction ratio improvement in ultralong SOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 106-108 (2009).

2007

T. Inoue, N. Kumano, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, M. Sakano, "Generation of 80 nm wavelength-tunable 100 fs pulse based on comblike profiled fiber comprised of HNLF and zero dispersion-slope NZDSF," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 165-169 (2007).

2006

H.-G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).

2005

F. Kerbstadt, K. Petermann, "Analysis of adaptive dispersion compensators with double-AWG structures," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1468-1477 (2005).

2003

R. Kaiser, B. Hüttl, H. Heidrich, S. Fidorra, W. Rehbein, H. Stolpe, R. Stenzel, W. Ebert, G. Sahin, "Tunable monolithic mode-locked lasers on InP with low timing jitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 634-636 (2003).

2002

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, M. Pepper, "Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue," J. Phys. Med. Biol. 47, 3853-3863 (2002).

2000

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, K.-I- Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).

1999

Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, K. Yonenaga, A. Sano, H. Toba, K. Murata, O. Mitomi, "320 Gbit/s (8$\,\times\,$40 Gbit/s) WDM transmission over 367 km with 120 km repeater spacing using carrier-suppressed return-to-zero format," Electron. Lett. 35, 2041-2042 (1999).

1996

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, M. C. Nuss, "T-ray imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679-692 (1996).

1995

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).

1994

K. Sato, K. Wakita, L. Kotaka, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, "Monolithic strained-InGaAsP multiple-quantum-well lasers with integrated electroabsorption modulators for active mode locking," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1-3 (1994).

1975

A. Bogatov, P. Eliseev, B. Sverdlov, "Anomalous interaction of spectral modes in a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 510-515 (1975).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Sato, K. Wakita, L. Kotaka, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, "Monolithic strained-InGaAsP multiple-quantum-well lasers with integrated electroabsorption modulators for active mode locking," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1-3 (1994).

Electron. Lett.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, K.-I- Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).

Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, K. Yonenaga, A. Sano, H. Toba, K. Murata, O. Mitomi, "320 Gbit/s (8$\,\times\,$40 Gbit/s) WDM transmission over 367 km with 120 km repeater spacing using carrier-suppressed return-to-zero format," Electron. Lett. 35, 2041-2042 (1999).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

P. Runge, R. Elschner, K. Petermann, "Time-domain modelling of ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. .

A. Bogatov, P. Eliseev, B. Sverdlov, "Anomalous interaction of spectral modes in a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 510-515 (1975).

P. Runge, R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, K. Petermann, "Extinction ratio improvement in ultralong semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 578-585 (2009).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, M. C. Nuss, "T-ray imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679-692 (1996).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

P. Runge, R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, K. Petermann, M. Schlak, W. Brinker, B. Sartorius, "Operational conditions for the extinction ratio improvement in ultralong SOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 106-108 (2009).

R. Kaiser, B. Hüttl, H. Heidrich, S. Fidorra, W. Rehbein, H. Stolpe, R. Stenzel, W. Ebert, G. Sahin, "Tunable monolithic mode-locked lasers on InP with low timing jitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 634-636 (2003).

IEEE Quantum Electron.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).

J. Lightw. Technol.

T. Inoue, N. Kumano, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, M. Sakano, "Generation of 80 nm wavelength-tunable 100 fs pulse based on comblike profiled fiber comprised of HNLF and zero dispersion-slope NZDSF," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 165-169 (2007).

H.-G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4616-4627 (2006).

F. Kerbstadt, K. Petermann, "Analysis of adaptive dispersion compensators with double-AWG structures," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1468-1477 (2005).

J. Phys. Med. Biol.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, M. Pepper, "Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue," J. Phys. Med. Biol. 47, 3853-3863 (2002).

Other

A. Viglienzoni, "Evolution of products and enabling technologies for optical networks," Proc. Photonics in Switching'08 (2008).

P. Runge, R. Elschner, K. Petermann, "Optimising four-wave mixing in ultralong SOAs," Proc. NUSOD'09 (2009).

C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, B. Sartorius, M. Schlak, Ch. Schmidt, "Optical comb generator using pulse compression in ultra-long semiconductor amplifiers," Proc. ECOC'05 (2005).

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