Abstract

We present two key system technologies on the two ends of RF spectrum to support optical-wireless access using radio-over-fiber (RoF) based distributed antenna system (DAS) for in-building environments. The proposed technologies can enable protocol-independent, multi-carrier broadband connectivity to the end users' devices deployed in the in-door facilities by supporting existing and emerging wireless services with lower radio frequency carrier (from 500 MHz up to 3 GHz) as well as future-proof very high throughput (VHT) gigabit wireless services using 60 GHz mm-wave band. For low frequency wireless services, a broad spectrum band-shifting technique is experimentally demonstrated to simultaneously transmit multi-service multiple input multiple output (MIMO) radio signals over in-building active DAS. This approach facilitates easy upgrading of existing non-MIMO services to MIMO services or adding future MIMO services in a simple and cost-effective way. For wireless-VHT service, for the first time to our knowledge, we demonstrate simultaneous all-optical up-conversion of multiple, separate gigabit wireless services at 60 GHz and 64 GHz mm-wave band using one single lightwave transmitter. This scheme can be used to achieve seamless convergence of very high throughput wireless personal area network (VHT-WPAN) with more conventional low frequency distributed antenna based optical-wireless access system.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. G.-K. Chang, Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, "Super broadband optical-wireless access technologies," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2008 .
  2. M. J. Crisp, S. Li, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Demonstration of a radio over fibre distributed antenna network for combined in-building WLAN and 3 G coverage," OFC/NFOEC 2007 .
  3. M. J. Crisp, S. Li, A. Watts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uplink and downlink coverage improvements of 802.11g signals using a distributed antenna network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3388-3395 (2007).
  4. D. Wake, "Trends and prospects for radio over fibre picocells," Proc. MWP, IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photonics (2004) pp. 21-24.
  5. A. J. Cooper, "Fibre/radio for the provision of cordless/mobile telephony services in the access network," Electron. Lett. 26, 2054-2056 (1990).
  6. M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).
  7. P. Ritos˘a, B. Batagelj, M. Vidmar, "Optically steerable antenna array for radio over fibre transmission," Electron. Lett. 41, 47-48 (2005).
  8. I. Seto, H. Shoki, S. Ohshima, "Optical subcarrier multiplexing transmission for base station with adaptive array antenna," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2036-2041 (2001).
  9. O. Saban, I. Shapira, Y. Holtzman, D. Harel, MIMO-Adapted Distributed Antenna System U.S. Patent No. 7 483 504 B2 (2009).
  10. C.-P. Liu, A. Seeds, "Transmission of MIMO radio signals over fibre using a novel phase quadrature double sideband frequency translation technique," Proc. MWP, IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics (2008) pp. 23-26.
  11. A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, Y.-T. Hsueh, G.-K. Chang, "Advanced system technologies and field demonstration for in-building optical-wireless network with integrated broadband services," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1920-1927 (2009).
  12. T. Kuri, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Novel demultiplexer for dense wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems with optical frequency interleaving techniques," Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2018-2020 (2007).
  13. M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Simultaneous multiplexing and demultiplexing of wavelength-interleaved channels in DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3341-3352 (2006).
  14. M. J. Koonen, M. García Larrodé, "Radio-over-MMF techniques—Part II: Microwave to millimeter-wave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2396-2408 (2007).
  15. A. Das, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, I. J. Garcia, J. C. Batchelor, D. Wake, "Design of low-cost multimode fiber-fed indoor wireless networks," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 426-3432 (2006).
  16. J. Laskar, S. Pinel, D. Dawn, S. Sarkar, B. Perumana, P. Sen, "The next wireless wave is a millimeter wave," Microwave. J. 50, 22-35 (2007).
  17. High Rate 60 GHz PHY, MAC and HDMI PAL Standard ECMA-387 (2008) under ballot in JTC 1 as ISO/IEC DIS 13156.
  18. Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y.-T. Hsueh, A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, J. Buck, G.-K. Chang, "Multiband signal generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission based on photonic frequency tripling technology for 60-GHz radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1470-1472 (2008).
  19. Y.-T. Hsueh, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A novel bidirectional 60-GHz radio-over-fiber scheme with multiband signal generation using a single intensity modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1338-1340 (2009).
  20. M. Bakul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).
  21. K. Ikeda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Simultaneous three-band modulation and fiber-optic transmission of 2.5-Gb/s baseband, microwave-, and 60-GHz-band signals on a single wavelength," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3914-3202 (2003).
  22. Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).

2009 (2)

A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, Y.-T. Hsueh, G.-K. Chang, "Advanced system technologies and field demonstration for in-building optical-wireless network with integrated broadband services," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1920-1927 (2009).

Y.-T. Hsueh, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A novel bidirectional 60-GHz radio-over-fiber scheme with multiband signal generation using a single intensity modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1338-1340 (2009).

2008 (2)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y.-T. Hsueh, A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, J. Buck, G.-K. Chang, "Multiband signal generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission based on photonic frequency tripling technology for 60-GHz radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1470-1472 (2008).

Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).

2007 (5)

J. Laskar, S. Pinel, D. Dawn, S. Sarkar, B. Perumana, P. Sen, "The next wireless wave is a millimeter wave," Microwave. J. 50, 22-35 (2007).

T. Kuri, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Novel demultiplexer for dense wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems with optical frequency interleaving techniques," Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2018-2020 (2007).

M. J. Koonen, M. García Larrodé, "Radio-over-MMF techniques—Part II: Microwave to millimeter-wave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2396-2408 (2007).

M. J. Crisp, S. Li, A. Watts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uplink and downlink coverage improvements of 802.11g signals using a distributed antenna network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3388-3395 (2007).

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

2006 (3)

A. Das, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, I. J. Garcia, J. C. Batchelor, D. Wake, "Design of low-cost multimode fiber-fed indoor wireless networks," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 426-3432 (2006).

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Simultaneous multiplexing and demultiplexing of wavelength-interleaved channels in DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3341-3352 (2006).

M. Bakul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).

2005 (1)

P. Ritos˘a, B. Batagelj, M. Vidmar, "Optically steerable antenna array for radio over fibre transmission," Electron. Lett. 41, 47-48 (2005).

2003 (1)

K. Ikeda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Simultaneous three-band modulation and fiber-optic transmission of 2.5-Gb/s baseband, microwave-, and 60-GHz-band signals on a single wavelength," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3914-3202 (2003).

2001 (1)

I. Seto, H. Shoki, S. Ohshima, "Optical subcarrier multiplexing transmission for base station with adaptive array antenna," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2036-2041 (2001).

1990 (1)

A. J. Cooper, "Fibre/radio for the provision of cordless/mobile telephony services in the access network," Electron. Lett. 26, 2054-2056 (1990).

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. Ritos˘a, B. Batagelj, M. Vidmar, "Optically steerable antenna array for radio over fibre transmission," Electron. Lett. 41, 47-48 (2005).

A. J. Cooper, "Fibre/radio for the provision of cordless/mobile telephony services in the access network," Electron. Lett. 26, 2054-2056 (1990).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y.-T. Hsueh, A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, J. Buck, G.-K. Chang, "Multiband signal generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission based on photonic frequency tripling technology for 60-GHz radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1470-1472 (2008).

Y.-T. Hsueh, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A novel bidirectional 60-GHz radio-over-fiber scheme with multiband signal generation using a single intensity modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1338-1340 (2009).

M. Bakul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).

Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

I. Seto, H. Shoki, S. Ohshima, "Optical subcarrier multiplexing transmission for base station with adaptive array antenna," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2036-2041 (2001).

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

A. Das, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, I. J. Garcia, J. C. Batchelor, D. Wake, "Design of low-cost multimode fiber-fed indoor wireless networks," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 426-3432 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Simultaneous multiplexing and demultiplexing of wavelength-interleaved channels in DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3341-3352 (2006).

M. J. Koonen, M. García Larrodé, "Radio-over-MMF techniques—Part II: Microwave to millimeter-wave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2396-2408 (2007).

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, Y.-T. Hsueh, G.-K. Chang, "Advanced system technologies and field demonstration for in-building optical-wireless network with integrated broadband services," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1920-1927 (2009).

M. J. Crisp, S. Li, A. Watts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uplink and downlink coverage improvements of 802.11g signals using a distributed antenna network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3388-3395 (2007).

K. Ikeda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Simultaneous three-band modulation and fiber-optic transmission of 2.5-Gb/s baseband, microwave-, and 60-GHz-band signals on a single wavelength," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3914-3202 (2003).

Microwave. J. (1)

J. Laskar, S. Pinel, D. Dawn, S. Sarkar, B. Perumana, P. Sen, "The next wireless wave is a millimeter wave," Microwave. J. 50, 22-35 (2007).

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Kuri, H. Toda, K.-I. Kitayama, "Novel demultiplexer for dense wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems with optical frequency interleaving techniques," Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2018-2020 (2007).

Other (6)

High Rate 60 GHz PHY, MAC and HDMI PAL Standard ECMA-387 (2008) under ballot in JTC 1 as ISO/IEC DIS 13156.

D. Wake, "Trends and prospects for radio over fibre picocells," Proc. MWP, IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photonics (2004) pp. 21-24.

G.-K. Chang, Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, "Super broadband optical-wireless access technologies," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2008 .

M. J. Crisp, S. Li, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Demonstration of a radio over fibre distributed antenna network for combined in-building WLAN and 3 G coverage," OFC/NFOEC 2007 .

O. Saban, I. Shapira, Y. Holtzman, D. Harel, MIMO-Adapted Distributed Antenna System U.S. Patent No. 7 483 504 B2 (2009).

C.-P. Liu, A. Seeds, "Transmission of MIMO radio signals over fibre using a novel phase quadrature double sideband frequency translation technique," Proc. MWP, IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics (2008) pp. 23-26.

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