Abstract

We demonstrate a 60 GHz broadband picocellular Radio-over-Fiber network architecture that enables seamless connectivity for highly mobile end-users. Its seamless communication capabilities arise by the supported handover scheme that relies on a novel Moving Extended Cell (MEC) concept. MEC exploits user-centric virtual groups of adjacent cells that transmit the same data content to the user and utilizes a switch mechanism for restructuring the virtual multi-cell area according to the user's mobility pattern, so that a virtual antenna group moves together with the mobile user. We present the theoretical formulation for MEC and show that it can provide zero packet loss and call dropping probability values in high-rate wireless services for a broad range of mobile speeds up to 40 m/sec, independently of the fiber link distances. We also demonstrate the physical layer network architecture and switch mechanism both for a RoF network with a single 60 GHz radio frequency (RF) over each wavelength, as well as for a RoF configuration supporting simultaneous multi-RF channel transmission over each optical wavelength. The performance of the multi-RF-over-$\lambda$ network implementation is evaluated via simulations showing successful 100 Mb/s radio signal transmission over fiber links longer than 30 km. To this end, MEC can enable seamless connectivity and bandwidth guarantees in 60 GHz picocellular RoF networks being also capable of serving multiple users over the same wavelength in a RF frequency-division-multiplexed (FDM) approach.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. of Lightwave Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).
  2. J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Dynamic reconfigurable WDM 60-GHz millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber access network: Architectural considerations and experiment," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3374-3380 (2007).
  3. H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, K. Kim, "Transmission of multiple HD-TV signals over a wired/wireless line millimeter-wave link with 60 GHz," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3413-3418 (2007).
  4. Q. Chang, "A PON system providing triple play service based on a single dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator," 33rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) 2007 BerlinGermany (2007).
  5. Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).
  6. M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).
  7. M. Toycan, M. P. Thakur, S. D. Walker, "Optical network architecture for UWB range extension beyond a single complex of cells," 33rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) 2007 BerlinGermany (2007).
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  9. B. L. Dang, M. Garcia Larrode, R. Venkatesha Prasad, I. Niemegeers, A. M. J. Koonen, "Radio-over-Fiber based architecture for seamless wireless indoor communication in the 60 GHz band," Comput. Commun. 30, 3598-3613 (2007).
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  14. B. Lannoo, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, "Radio-over-fiber-based solution to provide broadband internet access to train passengers," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 56-62 (2007).
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  16. L. Peters, I. Moerman, B. Dhoedt, P. Demeester, "Impact of the access network topology on the handoff performance," Wireless Netw. 13, 203-220 (2007).
  17. J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).
  18. B.-L. Dang, V. Prasad, I. Niemegeers, "On the MAC protocols for radio over fiber networks," IEEE Int. Conf. Consum. Electron. (ICCE) 2006 HanoiVietnam (2006).
  19. H. Kim, "Radio-over-fiber system for TDD-based OFDMA wireless communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3419-3427 (2007).
  20. X. Zhang, B. Liu, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber system with dense wavelength-division multiplexing bus architecture," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 929-937 (2006).
  21. G. Kalfas, P. Nikolaidis, N. Pleros, G. I. Papadimitriou, "A radio-over-fiber network with MAC protocol that provides intelligent and dynamic resource allocation," IEEE/LEOS Summer Topicals 2009 Conf. Newport BeachCA (2009).
  22. A. Mattsson, "Single frequency networks in DTV," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 51, 413-422 (2005).

2008 (2)

Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).

N. Pleros, K. Tsagkaris, N. D. Tselikas, "A moving extended cell concept for seamless communication in 60 GHz radio-over-fiber networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12, 852-854 (2008).

2007 (8)

L. Peters, I. Moerman, B. Dhoedt, P. Demeester, "Impact of the access network topology on the handoff performance," Wireless Netw. 13, 203-220 (2007).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).

H. Kim, "Radio-over-fiber system for TDD-based OFDMA wireless communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3419-3427 (2007).

B. L. Dang, M. Garcia Larrode, R. Venkatesha Prasad, I. Niemegeers, A. M. J. Koonen, "Radio-over-Fiber based architecture for seamless wireless indoor communication in the 60 GHz band," Comput. Commun. 30, 3598-3613 (2007).

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. of Lightwave Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Dynamic reconfigurable WDM 60-GHz millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber access network: Architectural considerations and experiment," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3374-3380 (2007).

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, K. Kim, "Transmission of multiple HD-TV signals over a wired/wireless line millimeter-wave link with 60 GHz," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3413-3418 (2007).

B. Lannoo, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, "Radio-over-fiber-based solution to provide broadband internet access to train passengers," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 56-62 (2007).

2006 (2)

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).

X. Zhang, B. Liu, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber system with dense wavelength-division multiplexing bus architecture," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 929-937 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. Mattsson, "Single frequency networks in DTV," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 51, 413-422 (2005).

2002 (1)

M. Flament, A. Svensson, J. M. Cioffi, "Performance of 60 GHz virtual cellular networks using multiple receiving antennas," Wireless Pers. Commun. 23, 15-29 (2002).

1999 (1)

H. J. Kim, J. P. Linnartz, "Virtual cellular network: A new wireless communications architecture with multiple access ports," Wireless Pers. Commun. 10, 287-307 (1999).

1994 (1)

R. Ghai, S. Singh, "An architecture and communication protocol for picocellular networks," IEEE Pers. Commun. Mag. 1, 36-46 (1994).

Comput. Commun. (1)

B. L. Dang, M. Garcia Larrode, R. Venkatesha Prasad, I. Niemegeers, A. M. J. Koonen, "Radio-over-Fiber based architecture for seamless wireless indoor communication in the 60 GHz band," Comput. Commun. 30, 3598-3613 (2007).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

B. Lannoo, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, "Radio-over-fiber-based solution to provide broadband internet access to train passengers," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 56-62 (2007).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

N. Pleros, K. Tsagkaris, N. D. Tselikas, "A moving extended cell concept for seamless communication in 60 GHz radio-over-fiber networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12, 852-854 (2008).

IEEE Pers. Commun. Mag. (1)

R. Ghai, S. Singh, "An architecture and communication protocol for picocellular networks," IEEE Pers. Commun. Mag. 1, 36-46 (1994).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

X. Zhang, B. Liu, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber system with dense wavelength-division multiplexing bus architecture," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 929-937 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Broadcast. (1)

A. Mattsson, "Single frequency networks in DTV," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 51, 413-422 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

H. Kim, "Radio-over-fiber system for TDD-based OFDMA wireless communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3419-3427 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. of Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. of Lightwave Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

Wireless Netw. (1)

L. Peters, I. Moerman, B. Dhoedt, P. Demeester, "Impact of the access network topology on the handoff performance," Wireless Netw. 13, 203-220 (2007).

Wireless Pers. Commun. (1)

M. Flament, A. Svensson, J. M. Cioffi, "Performance of 60 GHz virtual cellular networks using multiple receiving antennas," Wireless Pers. Commun. 23, 15-29 (2002).

Wireless Pers. Commun. (1)

H. J. Kim, J. P. Linnartz, "Virtual cellular network: A new wireless communications architecture with multiple access ports," Wireless Pers. Commun. 10, 287-307 (1999).

Other (6)

H. B. Kim, M. Emmelmann, B. Rathke, A. Wolisz, "A radio over fiber network architecture for road vehicle communication systems," Proc. Veh. Technol. Conf. (2005) pp. 2920-2924.

Q. Chang, "A PON system providing triple play service based on a single dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator," 33rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) 2007 BerlinGermany (2007).

M. Toycan, M. P. Thakur, S. D. Walker, "Optical network architecture for UWB range extension beyond a single complex of cells," 33rd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) 2007 BerlinGermany (2007).

B. L. Dang, V. Prasad, I. Niemegeers, M. Garcia Larrode, A. Koonen, "Toward a seamless communication architecture for in-building networks at the 60 GHz band," Proc. 31st IEEE Conf. Local Comp. Networks (LCN) (2006).

G. Kalfas, P. Nikolaidis, N. Pleros, G. I. Papadimitriou, "A radio-over-fiber network with MAC protocol that provides intelligent and dynamic resource allocation," IEEE/LEOS Summer Topicals 2009 Conf. Newport BeachCA (2009).

B.-L. Dang, V. Prasad, I. Niemegeers, "On the MAC protocols for radio over fiber networks," IEEE Int. Conf. Consum. Electron. (ICCE) 2006 HanoiVietnam (2006).

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