Abstract

We report on a novel design for a colorless wavelength adding-and-dropping module. The module comprises a cyclic demultiplexer and an optical cross connect and greatly reduces the insertion loss of this functionality, in comparison to other approaches. Implementation of ultralow-power-consumption thermo-optic switches simplifies the module thermal control.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. C. Dragone, Frequency routing device having a wide and substantially flat passband U.S. Patent 5 488 680 (1996).
  2. G. H. B. Thompson, R. Epworth, C. Rogers, S. Day, S. Ojha, "An original low-loss and pass-band flattened SiO2 on Si planar wavelength demultiplexer ," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Tech. Dig. (1998) pp. 73.
  3. C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss manner of waveguide grating router passband flattening and demonstration in a 64-channel blocker/multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 56-58 (2002).
  4. C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss integrated box-like passband multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 918-920 (2003).
  5. Y. Li, Optical device having low insertion loss U.S. Patent 5 745 618 (1998).
  6. K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, Y. Ohmori, "32 $\times$ 32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33, 1865-1866 (1997).
  7. C. Dragone, C. R. Doerr, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. Gomez, "Low-loss $N\times N$ wavelength router," Electron. Lett. 41, 763-764 (2005).
  8. R. Spanke, "Architectures for large non-blocking optical space switches," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 964-967 (1986).
  9. T. Goh, M. Yasu, K. Hattori, A. Himeno, M. Okuno, Y. Ohmori, "Low-loss and high-extinction-ratio silica-based strictly non-blocking 16 $ \times$ 16 thermooptic matrix switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 810-812 (1998).
  10. M. P. Earnshaw, J. B. D. Soole, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, A. Paunescu, "8 $\times$ 8 optical switch matrix using generalized Mach–Zehnder interferometers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 810-812 (2003).
  11. R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low-power thermooptic switch and its application to 8$\times$ 8 optical matrix switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).
  12. M. P. Earnshaw, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, "Ultra low power thermo-optic silicon-on-silicon waveguide membrane switch," Electron. Lett. 43, 393-394 (2007).
  13. A. Sugita, K. Jinguji, N. Takato, K. Katoh, M. Kawachi, "Bridge-suspended silica-waveguide thermo-optic phase shifter and its application to Mach–Zehnder type optical switch," Trans. IEICE 73, 105-108 (1990).
  14. C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, D. S. Levy, L. Gomez, M. Cappuzzo, J. Bailey, R. Long, A. Wong-Foy, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, S. Patel, T. Murphy, "Eight-wavelength add–drop filter with true reconfigurability," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 138-140 (2003).
  15. C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, D. S. Levy, R. Pafchek, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, E. Chen, E. Laskowski, G. Bogert, G. Richards, "Wavelength add–drop node using silica waveguide integration," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2755-2762 (2004).
  16. M. P. Earnshaw, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. Laskowski, A. Wong-Foy, J. B. D. Soole, "Planar lightwave circuit based reconfigurable optical add–drop multiplexer architectures and reusable subsystem module," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 313-322 (2005).
  17. T. Goh, A. Himeno, M. Okuno, H. Takahashi, K. Hattori, "High extinction ratio and low-loss silica-based 8 $\times$ 8 strictly nonblocking thermooptic matrix switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1192-1199 (1999).
  18. J. B. D. Soole, R. Pafchek, C. Narayanan, G. Bogert, L. Jampanaboyana, N. Chand, J. Yu, M. Fischer, M. Ling, M. P. Earnshaw, K. Kojima, V. Swaminathan, "DWDM performance of a packaged reconfigurable optical add–drop multiplexer subsystem supporting modular systems growth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1600-1602 (2003).
  19. T. Spott, A. Schumacher, J. Dieckroeger, D. Krabe, W. Schenk, H. Schneider, S. Ramminger, I. Baumann, "Macroscopic and microscopic thermal management of a planar integrated optical device ," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Tech. Dig. (2003) pp. 175-176.
  20. T. Saida, A. Kaneko, T. Goh, M. Okuno, A. Himeno, K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, "Athermal silica-based optical add/drop multiplexer consisting of arrayed waveguide grating and double gate thermo-optical switches," Electron. Lett. 36, 528-529 (2000).

2007 (1)

M. P. Earnshaw, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, "Ultra low power thermo-optic silicon-on-silicon waveguide membrane switch," Electron. Lett. 43, 393-394 (2007).

2005 (2)

M. P. Earnshaw, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. Laskowski, A. Wong-Foy, J. B. D. Soole, "Planar lightwave circuit based reconfigurable optical add–drop multiplexer architectures and reusable subsystem module," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 313-322 (2005).

C. Dragone, C. R. Doerr, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. Gomez, "Low-loss $N\times N$ wavelength router," Electron. Lett. 41, 763-764 (2005).

2004 (1)

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, D. S. Levy, R. Pafchek, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, E. Chen, E. Laskowski, G. Bogert, G. Richards, "Wavelength add–drop node using silica waveguide integration," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2755-2762 (2004).

2003 (4)

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, D. S. Levy, L. Gomez, M. Cappuzzo, J. Bailey, R. Long, A. Wong-Foy, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, S. Patel, T. Murphy, "Eight-wavelength add–drop filter with true reconfigurability," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 138-140 (2003).

J. B. D. Soole, R. Pafchek, C. Narayanan, G. Bogert, L. Jampanaboyana, N. Chand, J. Yu, M. Fischer, M. Ling, M. P. Earnshaw, K. Kojima, V. Swaminathan, "DWDM performance of a packaged reconfigurable optical add–drop multiplexer subsystem supporting modular systems growth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1600-1602 (2003).

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss integrated box-like passband multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 918-920 (2003).

M. P. Earnshaw, J. B. D. Soole, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, A. Paunescu, "8 $\times$ 8 optical switch matrix using generalized Mach–Zehnder interferometers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 810-812 (2003).

2002 (2)

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low-power thermooptic switch and its application to 8$\times$ 8 optical matrix switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss manner of waveguide grating router passband flattening and demonstration in a 64-channel blocker/multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 56-58 (2002).

2000 (1)

T. Saida, A. Kaneko, T. Goh, M. Okuno, A. Himeno, K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, "Athermal silica-based optical add/drop multiplexer consisting of arrayed waveguide grating and double gate thermo-optical switches," Electron. Lett. 36, 528-529 (2000).

1999 (1)

T. Goh, A. Himeno, M. Okuno, H. Takahashi, K. Hattori, "High extinction ratio and low-loss silica-based 8 $\times$ 8 strictly nonblocking thermooptic matrix switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1192-1199 (1999).

1998 (1)

T. Goh, M. Yasu, K. Hattori, A. Himeno, M. Okuno, Y. Ohmori, "Low-loss and high-extinction-ratio silica-based strictly non-blocking 16 $ \times$ 16 thermooptic matrix switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 810-812 (1998).

1997 (1)

K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, Y. Ohmori, "32 $\times$ 32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33, 1865-1866 (1997).

1990 (1)

A. Sugita, K. Jinguji, N. Takato, K. Katoh, M. Kawachi, "Bridge-suspended silica-waveguide thermo-optic phase shifter and its application to Mach–Zehnder type optical switch," Trans. IEICE 73, 105-108 (1990).

1986 (1)

R. Spanke, "Architectures for large non-blocking optical space switches," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 964-967 (1986).

Electron. Lett. (4)

K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, Y. Ohmori, "32 $\times$ 32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33, 1865-1866 (1997).

C. Dragone, C. R. Doerr, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, L. Gomez, "Low-loss $N\times N$ wavelength router," Electron. Lett. 41, 763-764 (2005).

M. P. Earnshaw, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, "Ultra low power thermo-optic silicon-on-silicon waveguide membrane switch," Electron. Lett. 43, 393-394 (2007).

T. Saida, A. Kaneko, T. Goh, M. Okuno, A. Himeno, K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, "Athermal silica-based optical add/drop multiplexer consisting of arrayed waveguide grating and double gate thermo-optical switches," Electron. Lett. 36, 528-529 (2000).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Spanke, "Architectures for large non-blocking optical space switches," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 964-967 (1986).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

M. P. Earnshaw, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. Laskowski, A. Wong-Foy, J. B. D. Soole, "Planar lightwave circuit based reconfigurable optical add–drop multiplexer architectures and reusable subsystem module," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 313-322 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

J. B. D. Soole, R. Pafchek, C. Narayanan, G. Bogert, L. Jampanaboyana, N. Chand, J. Yu, M. Fischer, M. Ling, M. P. Earnshaw, K. Kojima, V. Swaminathan, "DWDM performance of a packaged reconfigurable optical add–drop multiplexer subsystem supporting modular systems growth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1600-1602 (2003).

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, D. S. Levy, L. Gomez, M. Cappuzzo, J. Bailey, R. Long, A. Wong-Foy, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, S. Patel, T. Murphy, "Eight-wavelength add–drop filter with true reconfigurability," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 138-140 (2003).

T. Goh, M. Yasu, K. Hattori, A. Himeno, M. Okuno, Y. Ohmori, "Low-loss and high-extinction-ratio silica-based strictly non-blocking 16 $ \times$ 16 thermooptic matrix switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 810-812 (1998).

M. P. Earnshaw, J. B. D. Soole, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, A. Paunescu, "8 $\times$ 8 optical switch matrix using generalized Mach–Zehnder interferometers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 810-812 (2003).

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss manner of waveguide grating router passband flattening and demonstration in a 64-channel blocker/multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 56-58 (2002).

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss integrated box-like passband multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 918-920 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low-power thermooptic switch and its application to 8$\times$ 8 optical matrix switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, D. S. Levy, R. Pafchek, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, E. Chen, E. Laskowski, G. Bogert, G. Richards, "Wavelength add–drop node using silica waveguide integration," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2755-2762 (2004).

T. Goh, A. Himeno, M. Okuno, H. Takahashi, K. Hattori, "High extinction ratio and low-loss silica-based 8 $\times$ 8 strictly nonblocking thermooptic matrix switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1192-1199 (1999).

Trans. IEICE (1)

A. Sugita, K. Jinguji, N. Takato, K. Katoh, M. Kawachi, "Bridge-suspended silica-waveguide thermo-optic phase shifter and its application to Mach–Zehnder type optical switch," Trans. IEICE 73, 105-108 (1990).

Other (4)

T. Spott, A. Schumacher, J. Dieckroeger, D. Krabe, W. Schenk, H. Schneider, S. Ramminger, I. Baumann, "Macroscopic and microscopic thermal management of a planar integrated optical device ," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Tech. Dig. (2003) pp. 175-176.

Y. Li, Optical device having low insertion loss U.S. Patent 5 745 618 (1998).

C. Dragone, Frequency routing device having a wide and substantially flat passband U.S. Patent 5 488 680 (1996).

G. H. B. Thompson, R. Epworth, C. Rogers, S. Day, S. Ojha, "An original low-loss and pass-band flattened SiO2 on Si planar wavelength demultiplexer ," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Tech. Dig. (1998) pp. 73.

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