Abstract

A parameter-extraction approach for the quantum-well laser, which combines the analytical approach and the empirical optimization procedure, is developed in this paper. The initial values of the parasitic pad capacitance and the feedline inductance are extracted by using a set of closed-form expressions derived from above-threshold mode input reflection coefficient on wafer measurement, and the extrinsic contact resistance and capacitance determined by using the analytical method are described as functions of the parasitic pad capacitance and the feedline inductance. Advanced Design System (Agilent commercial software) is then used to optimize only the parasitic pad capacitance and the feedline inductance with very small dispersions of initial values. An excellent fit between measured and simulated input reflection coefficients under cutoff and above-threshold biased conditions in the frequency range of 50 MHz–40 GHz is obtained.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. R. S. Tucker, I. P. Kaminow, "High-frequency characteristics of directly modulated InGaAsP ridge waveguide and buried heterostructure lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-2, 385-393 (1984).
  2. N. H. Zhu, C. Chen, E. Y. B. Pun, P. S. Chung, "Extraction of intrinsic response from $S$-parameters of laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 744-746 (2005).
  3. W. I. Way, "Large signal nonlinear distortion prediction for a single-mode laser diode under microwave intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-5, 305-315 (1987).
  4. K. Minoglou, E. D. Kyriakis-Bitzaros, D. Syvridis, G. Halkias, "A compact nonlinear equivalent circuit model and parameter extraction method for packaged high-speed VCSELs," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2823-2827 (2004).
  5. T. Hayashi, K. Katsura, H. Tsunetsugu, "New hybrid integrated laser diode-drivers using microsolder bump bonding: SPICE simulation of high-speed modulation characteristics," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 2823-2827 (1994).
  6. B. P. C. Tsou, D. L. Pulfrey, "A versatile SPICE model for quantum-well lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 246-253 (1997).
  7. M. R. Salehi, B. Cabon, "Circuit modeling of quantum-well lasers for optoelectronic integrated circuits including physical effect of deep-level traps," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1510-1514 (2002).
  8. G. Rossi, R. Paoletti, M. Meliga, "SPICE simulation for analysis and design of fast 1.55 m MQW laser diodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1509-1516 (1998).
  9. J. Gao, X. Li, J. Flucke, G. Boeck, "Direct parameter-extraction method for laser diode rate equation model," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1604-1609 (2004).
  10. J. Gao, B. Gao, C. Liang, "An approach to determining parasitic elements for laser diodes," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 34, 191-193 (2002).

2005 (1)

N. H. Zhu, C. Chen, E. Y. B. Pun, P. S. Chung, "Extraction of intrinsic response from $S$-parameters of laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 744-746 (2005).

2004 (2)

K. Minoglou, E. D. Kyriakis-Bitzaros, D. Syvridis, G. Halkias, "A compact nonlinear equivalent circuit model and parameter extraction method for packaged high-speed VCSELs," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2823-2827 (2004).

J. Gao, X. Li, J. Flucke, G. Boeck, "Direct parameter-extraction method for laser diode rate equation model," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1604-1609 (2004).

2002 (2)

J. Gao, B. Gao, C. Liang, "An approach to determining parasitic elements for laser diodes," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 34, 191-193 (2002).

M. R. Salehi, B. Cabon, "Circuit modeling of quantum-well lasers for optoelectronic integrated circuits including physical effect of deep-level traps," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1510-1514 (2002).

1998 (1)

G. Rossi, R. Paoletti, M. Meliga, "SPICE simulation for analysis and design of fast 1.55 m MQW laser diodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1509-1516 (1998).

1997 (1)

B. P. C. Tsou, D. L. Pulfrey, "A versatile SPICE model for quantum-well lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 246-253 (1997).

1994 (1)

T. Hayashi, K. Katsura, H. Tsunetsugu, "New hybrid integrated laser diode-drivers using microsolder bump bonding: SPICE simulation of high-speed modulation characteristics," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 2823-2827 (1994).

1987 (1)

W. I. Way, "Large signal nonlinear distortion prediction for a single-mode laser diode under microwave intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-5, 305-315 (1987).

1984 (1)

R. S. Tucker, I. P. Kaminow, "High-frequency characteristics of directly modulated InGaAsP ridge waveguide and buried heterostructure lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-2, 385-393 (1984).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

B. P. C. Tsou, D. L. Pulfrey, "A versatile SPICE model for quantum-well lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 246-253 (1997).

M. R. Salehi, B. Cabon, "Circuit modeling of quantum-well lasers for optoelectronic integrated circuits including physical effect of deep-level traps," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1510-1514 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

N. H. Zhu, C. Chen, E. Y. B. Pun, P. S. Chung, "Extraction of intrinsic response from $S$-parameters of laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 744-746 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

W. I. Way, "Large signal nonlinear distortion prediction for a single-mode laser diode under microwave intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-5, 305-315 (1987).

K. Minoglou, E. D. Kyriakis-Bitzaros, D. Syvridis, G. Halkias, "A compact nonlinear equivalent circuit model and parameter extraction method for packaged high-speed VCSELs," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2823-2827 (2004).

T. Hayashi, K. Katsura, H. Tsunetsugu, "New hybrid integrated laser diode-drivers using microsolder bump bonding: SPICE simulation of high-speed modulation characteristics," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 2823-2827 (1994).

G. Rossi, R. Paoletti, M. Meliga, "SPICE simulation for analysis and design of fast 1.55 m MQW laser diodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1509-1516 (1998).

J. Gao, X. Li, J. Flucke, G. Boeck, "Direct parameter-extraction method for laser diode rate equation model," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1604-1609 (2004).

R. S. Tucker, I. P. Kaminow, "High-frequency characteristics of directly modulated InGaAsP ridge waveguide and buried heterostructure lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-2, 385-393 (1984).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Gao, B. Gao, C. Liang, "An approach to determining parasitic elements for laser diodes," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 34, 191-193 (2002).

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