Abstract

We demonstrate an all-optical retime, reshape, reamplify (3R) burst-mode receiver (BMR) operating error-free with a 40-Gb/s variable-length asynchronous optical data packets that exhibit up to 9-dB packet-to-packet power variation. The circuit is completely based upon hybrid integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometric (MZI) switches as it employs four cascaded MZIs, each one performing a different functionality. The 3R burst-mode reception is achieved with the combination of two discrete all-optical subsystems. A reshape, reamplify BMR employing a single MZI is used first to perform power equalization of the incoming bursts and provide error-free data reception. This novel approach is experimentally demonstrated to operate error-free, even for a 9-dB dynamic range of power variation between bursty data packets and for a wide range of average input power. The obtained power-equalized data packets are then fed into a 3R regenerator to improve the signal quality by reducing the phase and amplitude jitter of the incoming data. This packet-mode 3R regenerator employs three MZIs that perform wavelength conversion, clock extraction, and data regeneration for every packet separately and operates at 40 Gb/s, exhibiting rms timing jitter reduction from 4 ps at the input to 1 ps at the output and a power penalty improvement of 2.5 dB.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. G. Kramer, G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network ," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, S66-S73 (2002).
  2. C. Su, L.-K. Chen, K.-W. Cheung, "Theory of burst-mode receiver and its applications in optical multi-access networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 590-606 (1997).
  3. H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, K. Habara, T. Ohyama, "Design of a 10-Gb/s burst-mode optical packet receiver module and its demonstration in a WDM optical switching network," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1078-1083 (2002).
  4. S. Kimura, "A 10 Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver unit with a new equalizing amplifier for high-speed optical packet communications," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. RiminiItaly (2003) Paper Th3.3.3.
  5. Y. Shu, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, "Wide dynamic range 10-Gb/s DPSK packet receiver using optical-limiting amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 296-298 (2004).
  6. R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, Y. Akatsu, "40 Gb/s burst-mode optical 2R regenerator," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2194-2196 (2005).
  7. Z. Hu, "40-Gb/s optical 3R regeneration using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based optical clock recovery," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2005) pp. 3.
  8. http://www.ciphotonics.com/cip_optical.htm.
  9. R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, A. J. Poustie, "40 Gb/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer ," Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).
  10. A. E. Kelly, "80-Gb/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).
  11. M. L. Nielsen, "40 Gb/s standard-mode wavelength conversion in all-active MZI with very fast response ," Electron. Lett. 39, 385-386 (2003).
  12. S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, "168-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion with a symmetric-Mach–Zehnder-type switch ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1091-1093 (2001).
  13. X. Song, F. C. Yu, H. Song, M. Sugiyama, Y. Nakano, "All-optical OTDM DEMUX with monolithic SOA-MZI switch by regrowth-free selective area MOVPE ," Proc. Conf. Lasers and Electro-Opt. (2005) pp. 424-425.
  14. F. Ramos, "IST-LASAGNE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2993-3011 (2005).
  15. G. T. Kanellos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s asynchronous data packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
  16. A. V. Trao, C. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Optical packet power equalization with large dynamic range using controlled gain-clamped SOA ," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OME46.
  17. G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, E. Ciaramella, "Reshaping capability of cross-gain compression in semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2523-2525 (2005).
  18. J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, "Power equalisation and signal regeneration with delay interferometer all-optical wavelength converters," Electron. Lett. 38, 1567-1569 (2002).
  19. D. Wolfson, "Experimental investigation at 10 Gb/s of the noise suppression capabilities in a pass-through configuration in SOA-based interferometric structures," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 837-839 (2000).
  20. M. Daikoku, N. Yoshikane, T. Otani, H. Tanaka, "Optical 40-Gb/s 3R regenerator with a combination of the SPM and XAM effects for all-optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1142-1148 (2006).
  21. B. Lavigne, "Low input power all-optical 3R regenerator based on SOA devices for 42.66 Gb/s ULH WDM RZ transmissions with 23 dB span loss and all-EDFA amplification," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2003) pp. PD15-P1-3.
  22. J. Slovak, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, "All-optical 3R regenerator for asynchronous data packets at 40 Gb/s," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (2004) Paper We.2.5.7.
  23. O. Leclerc, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).
  24. http://mufins.cti.gr.

2006 (1)

M. Daikoku, N. Yoshikane, T. Otani, H. Tanaka, "Optical 40-Gb/s 3R regenerator with a combination of the SPM and XAM effects for all-optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1142-1148 (2006).

2005 (3)

F. Ramos, "IST-LASAGNE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2993-3011 (2005).

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, E. Ciaramella, "Reshaping capability of cross-gain compression in semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2523-2525 (2005).

R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, Y. Akatsu, "40 Gb/s burst-mode optical 2R regenerator," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2194-2196 (2005).

2004 (1)

Y. Shu, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, "Wide dynamic range 10-Gb/s DPSK packet receiver using optical-limiting amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 296-298 (2004).

2003 (4)

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, A. J. Poustie, "40 Gb/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer ," Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).

M. L. Nielsen, "40 Gb/s standard-mode wavelength conversion in all-active MZI with very fast response ," Electron. Lett. 39, 385-386 (2003).

G. T. Kanellos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s asynchronous data packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).

O. Leclerc, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).

2002 (3)

J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, "Power equalisation and signal regeneration with delay interferometer all-optical wavelength converters," Electron. Lett. 38, 1567-1569 (2002).

H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, K. Habara, T. Ohyama, "Design of a 10-Gb/s burst-mode optical packet receiver module and its demonstration in a WDM optical switching network," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1078-1083 (2002).

G. Kramer, G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network ," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, S66-S73 (2002).

2001 (1)

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, "168-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion with a symmetric-Mach–Zehnder-type switch ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1091-1093 (2001).

2000 (1)

D. Wolfson, "Experimental investigation at 10 Gb/s of the noise suppression capabilities in a pass-through configuration in SOA-based interferometric structures," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 837-839 (2000).

1999 (1)

A. E. Kelly, "80-Gb/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).

1997 (1)

C. Su, L.-K. Chen, K.-W. Cheung, "Theory of burst-mode receiver and its applications in optical multi-access networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 590-606 (1997).

Electron. Lett. (4)

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, A. J. Poustie, "40 Gb/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer ," Electron. Lett. 39, 79-81 (2003).

A. E. Kelly, "80-Gb/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).

M. L. Nielsen, "40 Gb/s standard-mode wavelength conversion in all-active MZI with very fast response ," Electron. Lett. 39, 385-386 (2003).

J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, "Power equalisation and signal regeneration with delay interferometer all-optical wavelength converters," Electron. Lett. 38, 1567-1569 (2002).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

G. Kramer, G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network ," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, S66-S73 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

Y. Shu, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, "Wide dynamic range 10-Gb/s DPSK packet receiver using optical-limiting amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 296-298 (2004).

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, "168-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion with a symmetric-Mach–Zehnder-type switch ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1091-1093 (2001).

G. T. Kanellos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s asynchronous data packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, E. Ciaramella, "Reshaping capability of cross-gain compression in semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2523-2525 (2005).

D. Wolfson, "Experimental investigation at 10 Gb/s of the noise suppression capabilities in a pass-through configuration in SOA-based interferometric structures," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 837-839 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

M. Daikoku, N. Yoshikane, T. Otani, H. Tanaka, "Optical 40-Gb/s 3R regenerator with a combination of the SPM and XAM effects for all-optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1142-1148 (2006).

O. Leclerc, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).

F. Ramos, "IST-LASAGNE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2993-3011 (2005).

R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, Y. Akatsu, "40 Gb/s burst-mode optical 2R regenerator," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2194-2196 (2005).

C. Su, L.-K. Chen, K.-W. Cheung, "Theory of burst-mode receiver and its applications in optical multi-access networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 590-606 (1997).

H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, K. Habara, T. Ohyama, "Design of a 10-Gb/s burst-mode optical packet receiver module and its demonstration in a WDM optical switching network," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1078-1083 (2002).

Other (8)

S. Kimura, "A 10 Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver unit with a new equalizing amplifier for high-speed optical packet communications," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. RiminiItaly (2003) Paper Th3.3.3.

Z. Hu, "40-Gb/s optical 3R regeneration using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based optical clock recovery," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2005) pp. 3.

http://www.ciphotonics.com/cip_optical.htm.

A. V. Trao, C. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Optical packet power equalization with large dynamic range using controlled gain-clamped SOA ," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OME46.

X. Song, F. C. Yu, H. Song, M. Sugiyama, Y. Nakano, "All-optical OTDM DEMUX with monolithic SOA-MZI switch by regrowth-free selective area MOVPE ," Proc. Conf. Lasers and Electro-Opt. (2005) pp. 424-425.

http://mufins.cti.gr.

B. Lavigne, "Low input power all-optical 3R regenerator based on SOA devices for 42.66 Gb/s ULH WDM RZ transmissions with 23 dB span loss and all-EDFA amplification," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2003) pp. PD15-P1-3.

J. Slovak, C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius, "All-optical 3R regenerator for asynchronous data packets at 40 Gb/s," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (2004) Paper We.2.5.7.

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