Abstract

We report on the experimental assessment of an all-optical clock-recovery scheme at 40-Gb/s cascading a polarization-insensitive bulk-based self-pulsating (SP) laser and a high spectral purity quantum-dots-based SP laser. It is demonstrated experimentally that such a clock-recovery scheme is polarization insensitive, efficient in the jitter filtering, and tolerant for an input optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) as low as 15 dB/0.1 nm. It is shown theoretically that the jitter-filtering function of the cascade is the product of the transfer functions of both lasers. The contributions of the phase noise of these two lasers to the final jitter are also identified and quantified. The influence of the degradation of the OSNR to the total timing jitter is also analyzed. The approach proposed in this paper offers the real opportunity to realize an all-optical clock recovery with a performance compatible for system applications.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, O. Brox, H. J. Ehrke, D. Hoffmann, R. Ludwig, M. Mohrle, "All-optical clock recovery module based on self-pulsating DFB laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1664-1665 (1998).
  2. W. Mao, Y. Li, M. Al-Mumin, G. Li, "All-optical clock recovery from RZ-format data by using a two-section gain-coupled DFB laser ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1705-1714 (2002).
  3. T. Ohno, K. Sato, T. Shimizu, T. Furuta, H. Ito, "Recovery of 40 GHz optical clock from 160 Gb/s data using regeneratively modelocked semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 453-455 (2003).
  4. G.-H. Duan, B. Lavigne, O. Legouézigou, R. Brenot, J. Renaudier, B. Thedrez, J. Jacquet, O. Leclerc, C. Gosset, "Optical clock recovery for all-optical regeneration," Photonics in Switching Conf. (PIS) VersaillesFrance (2003) Invited paper.
  5. O. Brox, S. Bauer, M. Biletzke, H. Ding, J. Kreissl, H.-J. Wunsche, B. Sartorius, "Self-pulsating DFB for 40 GHz clock-recovery: Impact of intensity fluctuations on jitter ," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper MF55.
  6. H. Bao, Y. J. Wen, H. F. Liu, "Impact of saturable absorption on performance of optical clock recovery using a mode-locked multisection semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1177-1185 (2004).
  7. Z. Hu, H.-F. Chou, K. Nishimura, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical clock recovery circuits using traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillators for 3R regeneration," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 329-337 (2005).
  8. H. K. Lee, J. T. Ahn, M.-Y. Jeon, K. H. Kim, D. S. Lim, C.-H. Lee, "All-optical clock recovery from NRZ data of 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 730-732 (1999).
  9. T. von Lerber, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, S. Honkanen, F. Kueppers, "Multichannel and rate all-optical clock recovery," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1395-1397 (2006).
  10. Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Parashis, S. J .B. Yoo, "10 000-hop cascaded in-line all-optical 3R regeneration to achieve 1 250 000-km 10 Gb/s transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 718-720 (2006).
  11. C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
  12. J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommeau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, G.-H. Duan, "45 GHz self-pulsation with narrow linewidth in quantum-dot Fabry–Pérot semiconductor laser at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 41, 1007-1008 (2005).
  13. J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, F. Lelarge, M. Jourdran, B. Dagens, O. Legouezigou, P. Gallion, G.-H. Duan, "Standard-compliant jitter transfer function of all-optical clock recovery at 40 GHz based on a quantum-dot self-pulsating semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1249-1251 (2006).
  14. B. Lavigne, J. Renaudier, F. Lelarge, O. Legouezigou, H. Gariah, G.-H. Duan, S. Bigo, "OSNR and jitter tolerant all-optical clock recovery at 40 Gb/s using a quantum-dots based self-pulsating laser," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OThG5.
  15. J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, P. Gallion, G.-H. Duan, "Study of phase noise properties and timing jitter of 40 GHz all optical clock recovery using self-pulsating semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3734-3742 (2006).
  16. G.-H. Duan, G. Pham, "Injection locking properties of self-pulsation in semiconductor lasers," Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. 144, 228-234 (1997).

2006

T. von Lerber, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, S. Honkanen, F. Kueppers, "Multichannel and rate all-optical clock recovery," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1395-1397 (2006).

Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Parashis, S. J .B. Yoo, "10 000-hop cascaded in-line all-optical 3R regeneration to achieve 1 250 000-km 10 Gb/s transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 718-720 (2006).

J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, F. Lelarge, M. Jourdran, B. Dagens, O. Legouezigou, P. Gallion, G.-H. Duan, "Standard-compliant jitter transfer function of all-optical clock recovery at 40 GHz based on a quantum-dot self-pulsating semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1249-1251 (2006).

J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, P. Gallion, G.-H. Duan, "Study of phase noise properties and timing jitter of 40 GHz all optical clock recovery using self-pulsating semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3734-3742 (2006).

2005

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommeau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, G.-H. Duan, "45 GHz self-pulsation with narrow linewidth in quantum-dot Fabry–Pérot semiconductor laser at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 41, 1007-1008 (2005).

Z. Hu, H.-F. Chou, K. Nishimura, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical clock recovery circuits using traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillators for 3R regeneration," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 329-337 (2005).

2004

H. Bao, Y. J. Wen, H. F. Liu, "Impact of saturable absorption on performance of optical clock recovery using a mode-locked multisection semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1177-1185 (2004).

2003

T. Ohno, K. Sato, T. Shimizu, T. Furuta, H. Ito, "Recovery of 40 GHz optical clock from 160 Gb/s data using regeneratively modelocked semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 453-455 (2003).

2002

W. Mao, Y. Li, M. Al-Mumin, G. Li, "All-optical clock recovery from RZ-format data by using a two-section gain-coupled DFB laser ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1705-1714 (2002).

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).

1999

H. K. Lee, J. T. Ahn, M.-Y. Jeon, K. H. Kim, D. S. Lim, C.-H. Lee, "All-optical clock recovery from NRZ data of 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 730-732 (1999).

1998

B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, O. Brox, H. J. Ehrke, D. Hoffmann, R. Ludwig, M. Mohrle, "All-optical clock recovery module based on self-pulsating DFB laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1664-1665 (1998).

1997

G.-H. Duan, G. Pham, "Injection locking properties of self-pulsation in semiconductor lasers," Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. 144, 228-234 (1997).

Electron. Lett.

B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, O. Brox, H. J. Ehrke, D. Hoffmann, R. Ludwig, M. Mohrle, "All-optical clock recovery module based on self-pulsating DFB laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1664-1665 (1998).

T. Ohno, K. Sato, T. Shimizu, T. Furuta, H. Ito, "Recovery of 40 GHz optical clock from 160 Gb/s data using regeneratively modelocked semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 453-455 (2003).

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommeau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, G.-H. Duan, "45 GHz self-pulsation with narrow linewidth in quantum-dot Fabry–Pérot semiconductor laser at 1.5 μm," Electron. Lett. 41, 1007-1008 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. Bao, Y. J. Wen, H. F. Liu, "Impact of saturable absorption on performance of optical clock recovery using a mode-locked multisection semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1177-1185 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

Z. Hu, H.-F. Chou, K. Nishimura, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical clock recovery circuits using traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillators for 3R regeneration," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 329-337 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. K. Lee, J. T. Ahn, M.-Y. Jeon, K. H. Kim, D. S. Lim, C.-H. Lee, "All-optical clock recovery from NRZ data of 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 730-732 (1999).

T. von Lerber, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, S. Honkanen, F. Kueppers, "Multichannel and rate all-optical clock recovery," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1395-1397 (2006).

Z. Zhu, M. Funabashi, Z. Pan, L. Parashis, S. J .B. Yoo, "10 000-hop cascaded in-line all-optical 3R regeneration to achieve 1 250 000-km 10 Gb/s transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 718-720 (2006).

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).

J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, F. Lelarge, M. Jourdran, B. Dagens, O. Legouezigou, P. Gallion, G.-H. Duan, "Standard-compliant jitter transfer function of all-optical clock recovery at 40 GHz based on a quantum-dot self-pulsating semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1249-1251 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol.

J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, P. Gallion, G.-H. Duan, "Study of phase noise properties and timing jitter of 40 GHz all optical clock recovery using self-pulsating semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3734-3742 (2006).

W. Mao, Y. Li, M. Al-Mumin, G. Li, "All-optical clock recovery from RZ-format data by using a two-section gain-coupled DFB laser ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1705-1714 (2002).

Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron.

G.-H. Duan, G. Pham, "Injection locking properties of self-pulsation in semiconductor lasers," Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. 144, 228-234 (1997).

Other

B. Lavigne, J. Renaudier, F. Lelarge, O. Legouezigou, H. Gariah, G.-H. Duan, S. Bigo, "OSNR and jitter tolerant all-optical clock recovery at 40 Gb/s using a quantum-dots based self-pulsating laser," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OThG5.

G.-H. Duan, B. Lavigne, O. Legouézigou, R. Brenot, J. Renaudier, B. Thedrez, J. Jacquet, O. Leclerc, C. Gosset, "Optical clock recovery for all-optical regeneration," Photonics in Switching Conf. (PIS) VersaillesFrance (2003) Invited paper.

O. Brox, S. Bauer, M. Biletzke, H. Ding, J. Kreissl, H.-J. Wunsche, B. Sartorius, "Self-pulsating DFB for 40 GHz clock-recovery: Impact of intensity fluctuations on jitter ," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper MF55.

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