Abstract

We demonstrate monolithically integrated four and eight-channel coarse-wavelength-division multiplexers with low insertion loss (IL) and wide flat-top passbands based on integrated-holographic filters. Like thin-film filters (TFFs), integrated-holographic filters function via a multipath interference and thus offer flexible passband control without the IL penalty that passband shaping typically incurs in single-mode angularly dispersive devices. Unlike TFF-based multiplexers, the multiplexers described here are based on the silica-on-silicon planar lightwave circuit platform rather than discrete optics and thus uniquely provide powerful TFF-like filtering function in fully integrated format. The multiplexer performance demonstrated is superior to the integrated solutions demonstrated to date, and competitive with discrete TFF-based devices.

© 2007 IEEE

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2006 (2)

M. Settle, M. Salib, A. Michaeli, T. F. Krauss, "Low loss silicon on insulator photonic crystal waveguides made by 193 nm optical lithography ," Opt. Express 14, 2440-2445 (2006).

M. Davanco, A. Xing, J. W. Raring, E. L. Hu, D. J. Blumenthal, "Compact broadband photonic crystal filters with reduced back-reflections for monolithic InP-based photonic integrated circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1155-1157 (2006).

2005 (3)

T. W. Mossberg, C. Greiner, D. Iazikov, "Interferometric amplitude apodization of integrated gratings," Opt. Express 13, 2419-2426 (2005).

D.-H. Kim, J.-G. Im, S.-S. Lee, S. W. Ahn, K.-D. Lee, "Polymeric microring resonator using nanoimprint techniques based on a stamp incorporating a smoothing buffer layer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2352-2354 (2005).

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, K. McGreer, "Planar lightwave circuit eight-channel CWDM multiplexer with $<$ 3.9-dB insertion loss," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).

2004 (4)

V. I. Tolstikhin, A. Densmore, K. Pimenov, Y. Logvin, F. Wu, S. Laframboise, S. Grabtchak, "Monolithically integrated optical channel monitor for DWDM transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 146-153 (2004).

A. S. Jugessur, P. Pottier, R. M. De La Rue, "Engineering the filter response of photonic crystal microcavity filters," Opt. Express 12, 1304-1312 (2004).

C. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, "Lithographically-fabricated planar holographic Bragg reflectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 136-145 (2004).

C. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, "Fourier transform-limited performance of a lithographically-scribed planar holographic Bragg reflector," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 840-842 (2004).

2003 (1)

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).

2002 (1)

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, D. Taillaert, S. Beckx, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstmann, R. Baets, "Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV photolithography ," J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 928-934 (2002).

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (2)

W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, "Optical waveform processing and routing with structured surface gratings," Opt. Commun. 148, 23-26 (1998).

J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delage, L. Erickson, M. Davies, E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

R. Adar, M. R. Serbin, V. Mizrah, "Less than 1 dB per meter propagation loss of silica waveguides measured using a ring resonator ," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1369-1372 (1994).

1991 (1)

C. Dragone, "An N × N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).

1990 (1)

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, I. Nishi, "Arrayed waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution ," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).

1988 (1)

M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, I. Nishi, "Arrayed waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution ," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

C. Dragone, "An N × N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).

M. Davanco, A. Xing, J. W. Raring, E. L. Hu, D. J. Blumenthal, "Compact broadband photonic crystal filters with reduced back-reflections for monolithic InP-based photonic integrated circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1155-1157 (2006).

C. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, "Fourier transform-limited performance of a lithographically-scribed planar holographic Bragg reflector," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 840-842 (2004).

D.-H. Kim, J.-G. Im, S.-S. Lee, S. W. Ahn, K.-D. Lee, "Polymeric microring resonator using nanoimprint techniques based on a stamp incorporating a smoothing buffer layer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2352-2354 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, K. McGreer, "Planar lightwave circuit eight-channel CWDM multiplexer with $<$ 3.9-dB insertion loss," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).

J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delage, L. Erickson, M. Davies, E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).

V. I. Tolstikhin, A. Densmore, K. Pimenov, Y. Logvin, F. Wu, S. Laframboise, S. Grabtchak, "Monolithically integrated optical channel monitor for DWDM transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 146-153 (2004).

C. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, "Lithographically-fabricated planar holographic Bragg reflectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 136-145 (2004).

R. Adar, M. R. Serbin, V. Mizrah, "Less than 1 dB per meter propagation loss of silica waveguides measured using a ring resonator ," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1369-1372 (1994).

J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, D. Taillaert, S. Beckx, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstmann, R. Baets, "Fabrication of photonic crystals in silicon-on-insulator using 248-nm deep UV photolithography ," J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 928-934 (2002).

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, "Optical waveform processing and routing with structured surface gratings," Opt. Commun. 148, 23-26 (1998).

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

D. Iazikov, C. Greiner, T. W. Mossberg, "Integrated holographic filters for flat-passband optical multiplexers," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2006) Paper PDP11.

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