Abstract

A compact power splitter based on the multimode interference (MMI) effect in photonic crystal waveguides is designed and analyzed. The device size reduction compared with the conventional MMI power splitter can be attributed to the large dispersion of the photonic crystal waveguides. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Photonic-Bands code is used to calculate the band structures of photonic crystal waveguides. The finite-difference time-domain method is adopted to simulate the relevant structures.

© 2004 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, pp. 615-627, Apr. 1995.

J. Yonekura, M. Ikeda and T. Baba, "Analysis of finite 2-D photonic crystals and lightwave devices using the scattering matrix method", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 1500-1508, Aug. 1999.

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (17)

D. S. Levy, K. H. Park, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood Jr., C. Dries, P. Studenkov and S. Forrest, "Fabrication of ultracompact 3-dB 2 x 2 MMI power splitters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 1009-1011, Aug. 1999.

M. L. Masanovic, E. J. Skogen, J. S. Barton, J. M. Sullivan, D. J. Blumenthal and L. A. Coldren, "Multimode interference-based two-stage 1 x 2 light splitter for compact photonic integrated circuits", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 706-708, May 2003.

A. Taflove, Computational Electromagnetics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, Norwood, MA: Artech House, 1995.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, V. Hietala, P. R. Villeneuve and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Experimental demonstration of guiding and bending of electromagnetic waves in a photonic crystal", Science, vol. 282, pp. 274-276, 1998.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi and I. Yokohama, "Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal slabs", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, pp. 736-742, July 2002.

A. Adibi, et al. "Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with singlemode propagation in the photonic bandgap", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 1376-1378, 2000.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals, Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press, 1995.

S. Fan, P. Villeneuve and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Channel drop through localized states", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 80, pp. 960-963, 1998.

D. Zhao, B. Shi, Z. Jiang, Y. Fan and X. Wang, "Silicon-based optical waveguide polarizer using photonic band gap", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 81, pp. 409-411, 2002.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers", Science, vol. 282, pp. 1476-1478, 1998.

S. H. Kim, H. Y. Ryu, H. G. Park, G. H. Kim, Y. S. Khoi, Y. H. Lee and J. S. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal hexagonal waveguide ring laser", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 81, pp. 2499-2501, 2002.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve and J. D. Joannopoulos, "High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 77, pp. 3787-3790, 1996.

K. Hosomi and T. Katsuyama, "A dispersion compensator using coupled defects in a photonic crystal", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, pp. 825-829, July 2002.

L. M. Li, "Two-dimensional photonic crystals: Candidate for wave plates", Appl. Phys. Lett, vol. 78, pp. 3400-3402, 2001.

D. R. Solli, C. F. McCormich, R. Y. Chiao and J. M. Hickmann, "Experimental demonstration of photonic crystal waveplates", Appl. Phys. Lett, vol. 82, pp. 1036-1038, 2003.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio and C. G. Someda, "Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2-D photonic crystal waveguides", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, pp. 47-53, Jan. 2002.

S. Fan, S. G. Hohnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, C. Manolatou and H. A. Haus, "Waveguide branches in photonic crystals", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 18, pp. 162-165, 2001.

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