Abstract

We introduce a general concept for the design of all-optical wavelength converters with pulse reformatting functionality. The novel wavelength converters are based on a single semiconductor optical amplifier followed by an optical filter. A microelectromechanical system-based realization is shown and simultaneous 40 Gb/s wavelength conversion, switching and signal format conversion is demonstrated. The new pulse reformatting optical filter device outperforms current schemes with respect to input-power requirements,input-power dynamic range and signal quality.

© 2004 IEEE

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  1. S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno and K. Tajima, Quebec, QC, Canada,paper pd. 4, July 2000.
  2. J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration", Elec. Lett., vol. 36, no. 13, pp. 1129-1130, June 2000.
  3. W. Idler, M. Schilling, K. Daub, D. Baums, U. Korner, E. Lach, E. Laube and K. Wunstel, "Signal quality and BER performance improvement by wavelength conversion with an integrated three-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer", Elect. Lett., vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 454-455, Mar. 1995.
  4. J. De Merlier, G. Morthier, T. V. Caenegem, R. Baets, I. Moerman and P. Van Daele, "Experimental demonstration of 15 dB extinction ratio improvement in a new 2R optical regenerator based on an MMI-SOA", in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Comm. (ECOC'01), Amsterdam, The Netherlands,Sept. 2001, pp. 574-576.
  5. D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, T. Fjelde, C. Janz, B. Dagens and M. Renaud, "40-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion, regeneration and demultiplexing in an SOA-based all-active Mach-Zehnder interferometer", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 332-334, Mar. 2000.
  6. J.-Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne and A. Dupas, "Optimized 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (< 1 dB) for optical networking applications", presented at the OFC'2001, Anaheim, CA,.
  7. J. Leuthold and M. Kauer, "Power equalization and signal regeneration with delay interferometer all-optical wavelength converters", Elect. Lett. , vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1567-1569, Nov. 2002.
  8. J. Leuthold, R. Ryf and D. Maywar, "Novel all-optical wavelength converter in an add/drop multiplexing network demonstrating transmission over 42 nodes and 16'800 km", presented at the Proc. LEOS'2002 Annu. Meet., Glasgow, U.K.,paper PD 1.3, Nov. 2002.
  9. B. Lavigne, et al. "Cascade of 100 optical 3R regenerators at 40 Gbit/s based on all-active Mach-Zehnder interferometers", in Proc. ECOC'01 , vol. 3, Sept. 2001, pp. 290-293.
  10. J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques and M. Kauer, "40 Gb/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength conversion over one million kilometers", Elect. Lett., vol. 38, no. 16, pp. 890-892, Aug. 2002.
  11. M. Duelk, S.St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens and P. Jeppesen, "Efficient regenerative wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s over C-and L-band using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer with monolithically integrated semiconductor optical amplifier", Elect. Lett. , vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 241-243, Feb. 2001.
  12. C. Joergensen, T. Duurhus, B. Mikkelsen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Wavelength conversion at 2.5 Gb/s using a MZI with SOA's", in Proc. OAA'1993, Yokahama, Japan,July 1993, pp. 154-157.
  13. K. Tajima, "All-optical switch with switch-off time unrestricted by carrier lifetime", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol. 32, no. 12A, pp. L1746-L1749, Dec. 1993.
  14. J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk and M. Kane, "A terahertz optical symmetric demultiplexer (TOAD)", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 787 -790, July 1993.
  15. K. Tajima, S. Nakamura and Y. Sugimoto, "Ultrafast polarization-discriminating Mach-Zehnder all-optical switch", Appl. Phys. Lett, vol. 67, no. 25, Dec. 1995.
  16. K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, "100-Gbit logic", Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 1271-1273, Aug. 1998.
  17. Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima and S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 346 -349, Mar. 1998.
  18. J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer and C. A. Burrus, "Compact and fully packaged wavelength converter with integrated delay interferometer for 40 Gbit-s RZ signals", presented at the Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC'2000), Baltimore, MD, pd. 17, Mar. 2000.
  19. J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner and P. A. Besse, "Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delayed-interference configuration", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 860-862, Aug. 2001.
  20. K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman and M. Klenk, "Optical wavelength converters", in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Comm. ECOC'94, vol. 2, Firence, Italy, 1994, pp. 635-642.
  21. J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner and P. A. Besse, "Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delayed-interference configuration", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 860-862, Aug. 2001.
  22. J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer and R. Behringer, "All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration", Optical Quantum Electron., vol. 33, no. 7-10, pp. 939-952, July 2001.
  23. C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis, New York: Wiley, 1999.
  24. D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, P. R. Kolodner, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, C. A. Bolle, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, C. R. Giles, S.-H. Oh, C. S. Pai, K. Werder, H. T. Soh, G. R. Bogard, E. Ferry, F. P. Klemens, K. Teffeau, J. F. Miner, S. Rogers, H. E. Bower, R. C. Keller and W. Manfield, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 4 switch for 128 WDM channels at 50 GHz spacing", presented at the Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., pd. FB7, 2002.
  25. N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot and C. R. Davidson, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 304-306, Mar. 1993.
  26. B. Mason, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, A. Ougazzaden, C. Lentz, K. Glogovsky, G. Przybylek, L. Peticolas, F. Walters, L. Reynolds, J. Boardman, T. Kercher, M. Rader, D. Monroe and L. Ketelsen, "40 Gb/s photonic integrated receiver with -17 dBm sensitivity", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibit, paper FB10, Mar. 17-22, 2002.

Other

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno and K. Tajima, Quebec, QC, Canada,paper pd. 4, July 2000.

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration", Elec. Lett., vol. 36, no. 13, pp. 1129-1130, June 2000.

W. Idler, M. Schilling, K. Daub, D. Baums, U. Korner, E. Lach, E. Laube and K. Wunstel, "Signal quality and BER performance improvement by wavelength conversion with an integrated three-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer", Elect. Lett., vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 454-455, Mar. 1995.

J. De Merlier, G. Morthier, T. V. Caenegem, R. Baets, I. Moerman and P. Van Daele, "Experimental demonstration of 15 dB extinction ratio improvement in a new 2R optical regenerator based on an MMI-SOA", in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Comm. (ECOC'01), Amsterdam, The Netherlands,Sept. 2001, pp. 574-576.

D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, T. Fjelde, C. Janz, B. Dagens and M. Renaud, "40-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion, regeneration and demultiplexing in an SOA-based all-active Mach-Zehnder interferometer", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 332-334, Mar. 2000.

J.-Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne and A. Dupas, "Optimized 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (< 1 dB) for optical networking applications", presented at the OFC'2001, Anaheim, CA,.

J. Leuthold and M. Kauer, "Power equalization and signal regeneration with delay interferometer all-optical wavelength converters", Elect. Lett. , vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1567-1569, Nov. 2002.

J. Leuthold, R. Ryf and D. Maywar, "Novel all-optical wavelength converter in an add/drop multiplexing network demonstrating transmission over 42 nodes and 16'800 km", presented at the Proc. LEOS'2002 Annu. Meet., Glasgow, U.K.,paper PD 1.3, Nov. 2002.

B. Lavigne, et al. "Cascade of 100 optical 3R regenerators at 40 Gbit/s based on all-active Mach-Zehnder interferometers", in Proc. ECOC'01 , vol. 3, Sept. 2001, pp. 290-293.

J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques and M. Kauer, "40 Gb/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength conversion over one million kilometers", Elect. Lett., vol. 38, no. 16, pp. 890-892, Aug. 2002.

M. Duelk, S.St. Fischer, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens and P. Jeppesen, "Efficient regenerative wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s over C-and L-band using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer with monolithically integrated semiconductor optical amplifier", Elect. Lett. , vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 241-243, Feb. 2001.

C. Joergensen, T. Duurhus, B. Mikkelsen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Wavelength conversion at 2.5 Gb/s using a MZI with SOA's", in Proc. OAA'1993, Yokahama, Japan,July 1993, pp. 154-157.

K. Tajima, "All-optical switch with switch-off time unrestricted by carrier lifetime", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol. 32, no. 12A, pp. L1746-L1749, Dec. 1993.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk and M. Kane, "A terahertz optical symmetric demultiplexer (TOAD)", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 787 -790, July 1993.

K. Tajima, S. Nakamura and Y. Sugimoto, "Ultrafast polarization-discriminating Mach-Zehnder all-optical switch", Appl. Phys. Lett, vol. 67, no. 25, Dec. 1995.

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, "100-Gbit logic", Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 1271-1273, Aug. 1998.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima and S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 346 -349, Mar. 1998.

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer and C. A. Burrus, "Compact and fully packaged wavelength converter with integrated delay interferometer for 40 Gbit-s RZ signals", presented at the Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC'2000), Baltimore, MD, pd. 17, Mar. 2000.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner and P. A. Besse, "Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delayed-interference configuration", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 860-862, Aug. 2001.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman and M. Klenk, "Optical wavelength converters", in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Comm. ECOC'94, vol. 2, Firence, Italy, 1994, pp. 635-642.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner and P. A. Besse, "Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delayed-interference configuration", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 860-862, Aug. 2001.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer and R. Behringer, "All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration", Optical Quantum Electron., vol. 33, no. 7-10, pp. 939-952, July 2001.

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis, New York: Wiley, 1999.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, P. R. Kolodner, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, C. A. Bolle, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, C. R. Giles, S.-H. Oh, C. S. Pai, K. Werder, H. T. Soh, G. R. Bogard, E. Ferry, F. P. Klemens, K. Teffeau, J. F. Miner, S. Rogers, H. E. Bower, R. C. Keller and W. Manfield, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 4 switch for 128 WDM channels at 50 GHz spacing", presented at the Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., pd. FB7, 2002.

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot and C. R. Davidson, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 304-306, Mar. 1993.

B. Mason, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, A. Ougazzaden, C. Lentz, K. Glogovsky, G. Przybylek, L. Peticolas, F. Walters, L. Reynolds, J. Boardman, T. Kercher, M. Rader, D. Monroe and L. Ketelsen, "40 Gb/s photonic integrated receiver with -17 dBm sensitivity", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibit, paper FB10, Mar. 17-22, 2002.

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