Abstract

40-Gb/s return-to-zero (RZ) transmission in strong dispersion maps is limited by single-channel four-wave mixing. Appropriate phase modulation of the signal suppresses generation of the ghost pulses. Duobinary and modified duobinary encoding produce cancellation of nonlinear interaction while carrier-suppressed RZ generates perturbations that add up coherently.

© 2003 IEEE

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References

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  1. J. Conradi, Optical Fiber Communications IV, I. Kaminov, and T. Li, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2002.
  2. R.-J. Essiambre, Optical Fiber Communications IV, I. Kaminov, and T. Li, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2002, p. 232.
  3. M. I. Hayee and A. E. Willner, "NRZ vs RZ in 10-40 Gb/s dispersion-managed WDM transmission systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, p. 991, Aug. 1999.
  4. P. V. Mamyshev and N. A. Mamysheva, "Pulse-overlapped dispersion-managed data transmission and intrachannel four-wave mixing", Opt. Lett, vol. 24, p. 454, 1999.
  5. A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei and D. M. Gill, "2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40 × 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans", in Proc. OFC2002, Anaheim, CA, 2002. pp. -FC-2.
  6. O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, S. Choudhary, G. Castanon, H. Kuwahara, T. Terahara and H. Onaka, "Numerical comparison of NRZ, CS-RZ and IM-DPSK formats in 43 Gb/s WDM transmission", in Proc. LEOS 14 Annu. Meeting, 2001, p. 673.
  7. S. Kumar, J. C. Mauro, S. Raghavan and D. Q. Chowdhury, "Intra-channel nonlinear penalties in dispersion managed systems", IEEE Select. Topics Quantum Electron. , vol. 8, p. 626, May/June 2002.
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  9. Mecozzi, C. B. Clausen and M. Shtaif, "Analysis of intrachannel nonlinear effects in higly dispersed optical pulse transmission", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, p. 392, Apr. 2000.

Other (9)

J. Conradi, Optical Fiber Communications IV, I. Kaminov, and T. Li, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2002.

R.-J. Essiambre, Optical Fiber Communications IV, I. Kaminov, and T. Li, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2002, p. 232.

M. I. Hayee and A. E. Willner, "NRZ vs RZ in 10-40 Gb/s dispersion-managed WDM transmission systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, p. 991, Aug. 1999.

P. V. Mamyshev and N. A. Mamysheva, "Pulse-overlapped dispersion-managed data transmission and intrachannel four-wave mixing", Opt. Lett, vol. 24, p. 454, 1999.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei and D. M. Gill, "2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40 × 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans", in Proc. OFC2002, Anaheim, CA, 2002. pp. -FC-2.

O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, S. Choudhary, G. Castanon, H. Kuwahara, T. Terahara and H. Onaka, "Numerical comparison of NRZ, CS-RZ and IM-DPSK formats in 43 Gb/s WDM transmission", in Proc. LEOS 14 Annu. Meeting, 2001, p. 673.

S. Kumar, J. C. Mauro, S. Raghavan and D. Q. Chowdhury, "Intra-channel nonlinear penalties in dispersion managed systems", IEEE Select. Topics Quantum Electron. , vol. 8, p. 626, May/June 2002.

X. Liu, X. Wei, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xu and L. K. Wickham, "Suppression of intrachannel four-wave-mixing-induced ghost pulses in high-speed transmission by phase inversion between adjacent marker blocks", Opt. Lett., vol. 13, p. 1177, 2002.

Mecozzi, C. B. Clausen and M. Shtaif, "Analysis of intrachannel nonlinear effects in higly dispersed optical pulse transmission", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, p. 392, Apr. 2000.

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