Abstract

This paper presents an athermal package to compensate for temperature deviation of a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) with a metal coating. The metal coating is electroless plated onto the optical fiber to function as a thermal compensator. From the cross section of a thermal compensator used for FBG athermal package,an optical fiber and a metal coating appear. Therefore, in theory, the two-phase constant model is applied in designing the metal coating thickness associated with the effective thermal expansion coefficient and the effective Young's modulus in the composite thermal compensator. As a result, the total variation of Bragg wavelength over the temperature ranging from 30 to 80°C is around 0.05 nm in a new package based upon the concept of a bimaterial device. To the authors' knowledge, the configuration proposed in this paper is probably the simplest bimaterial package design there is.

© 2003 IEEE

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  1. F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert and K. O. Hill, "An all-fiber dense-wavelength-division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 388-390, 1995.
  2. I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu and Y. Ibusuki, "Development of optical fiber grating for WDM systems", Furukawa Rev., no. 19, pp. 35 -40, 2000.
  3. W. W. Morey and W. L. Glomb, "Incorporated Bragg filter temperature compensated optical wavelength device", U.S. Patent 5 042 898, Aug. 27, 1991.
  4. R. G. Pfeiffer and Kollegen, "Temperaturkompensiertes Faseroptisches Bragg-Gitter", German Patent DE 197 24 528 A1,
  5. T. E. Hammon, J. Bulman, F. Ouellette and S. B. Poole, "A temperature compensated optical fiber Bragg grating band rejection filter and wavelength reference", in Tech. Dig. 1st Optoelectronics and Communication Conf., Chiba, Japan, 1996, pp. 350- 351.
  6. G. W. Yoffe, P. A. Krug, F. Ouellette and D. A. Thorncraft, "Passive temperature-compensating package for optical fiber gratings", Appl. Opt., vol. 34, no. 30, pp. 6859-6861, 1995.
  7. H. H. Tsai, W. Y. Jang and F. F. Yeh, "Central wavelength tunable mechanism for temperature compensated package of fiber Bragg gratings", IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 86-90, 2001.
  8. Y. L. Lo and C. P. Kuo, "Packaging a fiber Bragg grating without preloading in a simple athermal bimaterial device", IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 50-53, 2002.
  9. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1442-1463, 1997.
  10. Y. L. Lo and F. Y. Xiao, "Measurements of corrosion and temperature using a single-pitch Bragg grating fiber sensor", J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Structures, vol. 9, pp. 800-807, 1998.
  11. S. W. Tsai, Introduction to Composite Materials, Westport, CT: Technomic, 1980.
  12. L. G. Bhatgadde, S. Joseph and S. C. Kulkarni, "Electroless copper/nickel/gold plating of ferrite substrates", Metal Finish., pp. 45 -51, 1996.

Other (12)

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert and K. O. Hill, "An all-fiber dense-wavelength-division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 388-390, 1995.

I. Ota, T. Tsuda, A. Shinozaki, S. Yodo, T. Ota, T. Shigematsu and Y. Ibusuki, "Development of optical fiber grating for WDM systems", Furukawa Rev., no. 19, pp. 35 -40, 2000.

W. W. Morey and W. L. Glomb, "Incorporated Bragg filter temperature compensated optical wavelength device", U.S. Patent 5 042 898, Aug. 27, 1991.

R. G. Pfeiffer and Kollegen, "Temperaturkompensiertes Faseroptisches Bragg-Gitter", German Patent DE 197 24 528 A1,

T. E. Hammon, J. Bulman, F. Ouellette and S. B. Poole, "A temperature compensated optical fiber Bragg grating band rejection filter and wavelength reference", in Tech. Dig. 1st Optoelectronics and Communication Conf., Chiba, Japan, 1996, pp. 350- 351.

G. W. Yoffe, P. A. Krug, F. Ouellette and D. A. Thorncraft, "Passive temperature-compensating package for optical fiber gratings", Appl. Opt., vol. 34, no. 30, pp. 6859-6861, 1995.

H. H. Tsai, W. Y. Jang and F. F. Yeh, "Central wavelength tunable mechanism for temperature compensated package of fiber Bragg gratings", IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 86-90, 2001.

Y. L. Lo and C. P. Kuo, "Packaging a fiber Bragg grating without preloading in a simple athermal bimaterial device", IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 50-53, 2002.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1442-1463, 1997.

Y. L. Lo and F. Y. Xiao, "Measurements of corrosion and temperature using a single-pitch Bragg grating fiber sensor", J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Structures, vol. 9, pp. 800-807, 1998.

S. W. Tsai, Introduction to Composite Materials, Westport, CT: Technomic, 1980.

L. G. Bhatgadde, S. Joseph and S. C. Kulkarni, "Electroless copper/nickel/gold plating of ferrite substrates", Metal Finish., pp. 45 -51, 1996.

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