Abstract

We present a fully tunable multistage narrowband optical pole-zero notch filter that is fabricated in a silicon complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) foundry. The filter allows for the reconfigurable and independent tuning of the center frequency, null depth, and bandwidth for one or more notches simultaneously. It is constructed using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI) with cascaded tunable all-pass filter (APF) ring resonators in its arms. Measured filter nulling response exhibits ultranarrow notch 3 dB BW of 0.6350 GHz, and nulling depth of 33 dB. This filter is compact and integrated in an area of 1.75$~$mm$^{2}$. Using this device, a novel method to cancel undesired bands of 3 dB bandwidth of $<\,$910 MHz in microwave-photonic systems is demonstrated. The ultranarrow filter response properties have been realized based on our developed low-propagation loss silicon channel waveguide and tunable ring-resonator designs. Experimentally, they yielded a loss of 0.25 dB/cm and 0.18 dB/round trip, respectively.

© 2009 IEEE

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  2. J. Capmany, D. Pastor, "A tutorial on microwave photonic filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 201-229 (2006).
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  6. Y. Yin, X. Che, J. H. Wang, K. Zheng, "Optical-fiber notch filter for storage ring transverse feedback system," Proc. PAC'07, T03 (2007) pp. 4075-4077.
  7. P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricates with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
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  13. J. X. Chen, Y. Wu, J. Hodiak, P. K. L. Yu, "A novel digitally tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using differential group-delay module," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 284-286 (2003).
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2007 (1)

M. S. Rasras, D. M. Gill, S. S. Patel, K.-Y. Tu, Y.-K. Chen, A. E. White, A. T. Pomerene, D. N. Carothers, M. J. Grove, D. K. Sparacin, J. Michel, M. A. Beals, L. C. Kimerling, "Demonstration of a fourth-order pole-zero optical filter integrated using CMOS processes," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 87-92 (2007).

2006 (1)

J. Capmany, D. Pastor, "A tutorial on microwave photonic filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 201-229 (2006).

2005 (1)

D. K. Sparacin, S. J. Spector, L. C. Kimerling, "Silicon waveguide sidewall smoothing by wet chemical oxidation," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2455-2461 (2005).

2004 (2)

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricates with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).

E. H. W. Chan, R. A. Minasian, "Coherence-free photonic notch filter," Elect. Lett. 40, 1375-1377 (2004).

2003 (3)

J. X. Chen, Y. Wu, J. Hodiak, P. K. L. Yu, "A novel digitally tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using differential group-delay module," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 284-286 (2003).

C. A. Barrios, V. R. Almeida, R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, "Electrooptic modulation of silicon-on-insulator submicrometer-size waveguide devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2332-2339 (2003).

V. Almeida, R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, "Nanotaper for compact mode conversion," Opt. Lett. 28, 1302-1304 (2003).

2002 (1)

E. H. W. Chan, K. E. Alameh, R. A. Minasian, "Photonic bandpass filters with high skirt selectivity and stopband attenuation," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1962-1967 (2002).

1999 (1)

W. Zhang, J. A. Williains, I. Bennion, "Optical fiber delay line filter free of limitation imposed by optical coherence," Elect. Lett. 35, 2133-2134 (1999).

1993 (1)

R. A. Soref, "Silicon-based optoelectronics," Proc. IEEE 81, 1687-1706 (1993).

Elect. Lett. (1)

W. Zhang, J. A. Williains, I. Bennion, "Optical fiber delay line filter free of limitation imposed by optical coherence," Elect. Lett. 35, 2133-2134 (1999).

Elect. Lett. (1)

E. H. W. Chan, R. A. Minasian, "Coherence-free photonic notch filter," Elect. Lett. 40, 1375-1377 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. X. Chen, Y. Wu, J. Hodiak, P. K. L. Yu, "A novel digitally tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using differential group-delay module," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 284-286 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricates with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

E. H. W. Chan, K. E. Alameh, R. A. Minasian, "Photonic bandpass filters with high skirt selectivity and stopband attenuation," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1962-1967 (2002).

M. S. Rasras, D. M. Gill, S. S. Patel, K.-Y. Tu, Y.-K. Chen, A. E. White, A. T. Pomerene, D. N. Carothers, M. J. Grove, D. K. Sparacin, J. Michel, M. A. Beals, L. C. Kimerling, "Demonstration of a fourth-order pole-zero optical filter integrated using CMOS processes," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 87-92 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

D. K. Sparacin, S. J. Spector, L. C. Kimerling, "Silicon waveguide sidewall smoothing by wet chemical oxidation," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2455-2461 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

J. Capmany, D. Pastor, "A tutorial on microwave photonic filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 201-229 (2006).

C. A. Barrios, V. R. Almeida, R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, "Electrooptic modulation of silicon-on-insulator submicrometer-size waveguide devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2332-2339 (2003).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

R. A. Soref, "Silicon-based optoelectronics," Proc. IEEE 81, 1687-1706 (1993).

Other (3)

D. M. Gill, M. Rasras, K.-Y. Tu, Y.-K. Chen, A. E. White, S. S. Patel, D. Carothers, A. Pomerene, R. Kamocsai, J. Beattie, A. Kopa, A. Apsel, M. Beals, J. Mitchel, J. Liu, L. C. Kimerling, Silicon Photonics III, Proceedings of SPIE vol. 6898 (SPIE, 2008) pp. 689803-689803-11 .

C. K. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, L. Stulz, A. Wong-Foy, "A tunable ultra-narrowband filter for subcarrier processing and optical monitoring," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. (2004) pp. 431-438, Paper Tul5.

Y. Yin, X. Che, J. H. Wang, K. Zheng, "Optical-fiber notch filter for storage ring transverse feedback system," Proc. PAC'07, T03 (2007) pp. 4075-4077.

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