Abstract

This paper describes a new class of saturable absorber device based on single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT)-the saturable absorber incorporating nano tube (SAINT). The device possesses ultrafast optical properties comparable to that of the industrial standard semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). Passively mode-locked picosecond fiber lasers in different configurations are demonstrated using SAINTs as mode lockers. This is the first demonstration of optical pulsed lasers based on the carbon nanotube technology, and the first practical application of carbon nanotubes in the field of applied optics.

© 2004 IEEE

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Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (16)

M. E. Fermann, "Ultrashort-pulse sources based on single-mode rare-earth-doped fibers", J. Appl. Phys. B, vol. B58, pp. 197-209, 1994.

I. N Duling III, Eds. Compact Sources for Ultrashort Pulses, Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

H. A. Haus, "Mode-locking of lasers", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 6, pp. 1173-1185, 2000.

U. Keller, D. Miller, G. Boyd, T. Chiu, J. Ferguson and M. Asorn, "Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: An antiresonant semiconductor Fabry-Perot saturable absorber", Opt. Lett., vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 505-507, 1992.

E. A. De Souza, C. E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, J. R. Simpson and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Saturable absorber modelocked polarization maintaining erbium-doped fiber laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 29, pp. 447-449, 1993.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson and D. J. Payne, "Selfstarting passively mode-locked fiber ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarization rotation", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 1391-1393, 1992.

N. J. Doran and D. Wood, "Non-linear optical loop mirror", Opt. Lett. , vol. 14, pp. 56-58, 1988.

Y.-C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, Y. P. Zhao, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-wall carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 µ m", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 81, pp. 975-977, 2002.

Y. Sakakibara, S. Tatsuura, H. Kataura, M. Tokumoto and Y. Achiba, "Near-infrared saturable absorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes prepared by laser ablation method", Japan. J. Appl. Phys., vol. 42, pp. 494-496, 2003.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications", Adv. Mater., vol. 15, pp. 534-537, 2003.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, Y. Tanaka, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba and K. Kikuchi, "A noise suppressing saturable absorber at 1550 nm based on carbon nanotube technology", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf.'03, Atlanta, GA, 2003,paper FL2.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba and K. Kikuchi, "Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf.'03, Atlanta, GA, 2003,paper PD44.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, K. Kikuchi and S. Yamashita, "A dual-regime mode-locked/Q-switched laser using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes (SAINT)", in Proc. CLEO'03, Baltimore, MD, 2003, paper CThPDA9.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu, Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes", Science, vol. 273, pp. 483-487, 1996.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, Y. Ohtsuka, R. Sen, S. Suzuki and Y. Achiba, "Diameter control of single-walled carbon nanotubes", Carbon, vol. 38, pp. 1691-1697, 2000.

H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka and Y. Achiba, "Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes", Synth. Met., vol. 103, pp. 2555-2558, 1999.

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