Abstract

A low-power drive method for reducing dissipation power by 75% is developed for cathodoluminescence displays using metal–insulator–metal (MIM) cathodes. The dissipation power is the power consumed in driver circuits for charging and discharging capacitive loads of a display panel. The drive method, called high-impedance (high-Z) drive method, reduces the panel's effective capacitance by connecting non-selected scan lines to high-impedance driver outputs. No visual crosstalk occurred in displayed images on a 3.8-cm-diagonal MIM-cathode display, regardless of significant induced voltages observed on the high-impedance scan lines. This insensitivity to the induced voltages is mainly because the polarity of induced voltages is reverse for electron emission. To reduce the induced voltage, an “enhanced high-Z drive method” is also developed. Analytical formulae to calculate the dissipation power and the amplitude of the induced voltages are devised on the basis of a capacitor model of the MIM-cathode array. Excellent agreement between measured and calculated results validates this model. On the basis of the capacitor model, the total power consumption of a 32-inch diagonal MIM-cathode display is estimated. This estimation indicates the total power consumption would be only 24 W including dissipation power at an average brightness of 200 ${{cd/m}}^{2}$.

© 2013 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Suzuki, T. Kusunoki, M. Sagawa, K. Tsuji, "Field-emission display based on nonformed MIM cathode array," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 49, 1005-1011 (2002).
  2. T. Kusunoki, M. Sagawa, M. Suzuki, E. Nishimura, M. Ikeda, K. Tsuji, "Large-screen displays using metal-insulator-metal cathode arrays," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 1127-1134 (2010).
  3. A. A. Talin, K. A. Dean, J. E. Jaskie, "Field emission displays: A critical review," Solid-State Electron. 45, 963-976 (2001).
  4. S. Itoh, M. Tanaka, "Current status of field-emission displays," Proc. IEEE 90, 514-520 (2002).
  5. K.-H. Park, H.-S. Tae, "Improvement of luminous efficiency using high helium content in full-HD plasma-display panels," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 61-68 (2009).
  6. G. A. Geri, W. D. Morgan, "The effect of FLCoS-display hold time on the perceived blur of moving imagery," J. Soc. Inf. Display 15, 87-91 (2007).
  7. A. A. S. Sluyterman, "What is needed in LCD panels to achieve CRT-like motion portrayal?," J. Soc. Inf. Display 14, 681-686 (2006).
  8. H. Chen, T. Ha, J. Sung, B. Han, "Smooth-frame-insertion method for reducing motion blur on OLED panel," SID 2008 Dig. (2008) pp. 472-475.
  9. L. F. Weber, M. B. Wood, "Energy recovery sustain circuit for the AC plasma display," SID 1987 Dig. (1987) pp. 92-95.
  10. C. A. Mead, "Operation of tunnel-emission devices," J. Appl. Phys. 32, 646-652 (1961).
  11. M. Suzuki, T. Kusunoki, H. Shinada, T. Yaguchi, "Reducing electron energy dispersion of nonformed metal-insulator-metal electron emitters using the near-threshold drive method," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 2201-2205 (1995).
  12. M. Suzuki, M. Sagawa, T. Kusunoki, K. Tsuji, "Characterization of the tunneling insulator in MIM cathodes by low-stress $I-V$ measurement," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 50, 1125-1130 (2003).
  13. K. Yokoo, H. Tanaka, S. Sato, J. Murota, S. Ono, "Emission characteristics of metal-oxide-semiconductor electron tunneling cathode," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 11, 429-432 (1993).
  14. H. Mimura, Y. Neo, H. Shimawaki, Y. Abe, K. Tahara, K. Yokoo, "Improvement of the emission current from a cesiated metal-oxide-semiconductor cathode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, (2006) Art. 123514.
  15. M. Suzuki, M. Sagawa, T. Kusunoki, E. Nishimura, M. Ikeda, K. Tsuji, "Enhancing electron-emission efficiency of MIM tunneling cathodes by reducing insulator trap density," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 59, 2256-2262 (2012).
  16. M. Suzuki, T. Kusunoki, M. Sagawa, K. Tsuji, "Improvement of lifetime and emission current of metal-insulator-metal cathodes for field-emission displays," SID Conf. Rec. Int. Display Res. Conf. 2000 (2000) pp. 390-393.
  17. L. E. Tannas, Jr.Flat-Panel Displays and CRTs (Van Nostrand Reinhold company, 1985).
  18. T. Kusunoki, M. Suzuki, M. Sagawa, Y. Mikami, E. Nishimura, M. Ikeda, T. Hirano, K. Tsuji, "Highly efficient and long life MIM cathodes," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B. 30, 041202-01-041202-08 (2012).

2012 (2)

M. Suzuki, M. Sagawa, T. Kusunoki, E. Nishimura, M. Ikeda, K. Tsuji, "Enhancing electron-emission efficiency of MIM tunneling cathodes by reducing insulator trap density," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 59, 2256-2262 (2012).

T. Kusunoki, M. Suzuki, M. Sagawa, Y. Mikami, E. Nishimura, M. Ikeda, T. Hirano, K. Tsuji, "Highly efficient and long life MIM cathodes," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B. 30, 041202-01-041202-08 (2012).

2010 (1)

T. Kusunoki, M. Sagawa, M. Suzuki, E. Nishimura, M. Ikeda, K. Tsuji, "Large-screen displays using metal-insulator-metal cathode arrays," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 1127-1134 (2010).

2009 (1)

K.-H. Park, H.-S. Tae, "Improvement of luminous efficiency using high helium content in full-HD plasma-display panels," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 61-68 (2009).

2007 (1)

G. A. Geri, W. D. Morgan, "The effect of FLCoS-display hold time on the perceived blur of moving imagery," J. Soc. Inf. Display 15, 87-91 (2007).

2006 (2)

A. A. S. Sluyterman, "What is needed in LCD panels to achieve CRT-like motion portrayal?," J. Soc. Inf. Display 14, 681-686 (2006).

H. Mimura, Y. Neo, H. Shimawaki, Y. Abe, K. Tahara, K. Yokoo, "Improvement of the emission current from a cesiated metal-oxide-semiconductor cathode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, (2006) Art. 123514.

2003 (1)

M. Suzuki, M. Sagawa, T. Kusunoki, K. Tsuji, "Characterization of the tunneling insulator in MIM cathodes by low-stress $I-V$ measurement," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 50, 1125-1130 (2003).

2002 (2)

M. Suzuki, T. Kusunoki, M. Sagawa, K. Tsuji, "Field-emission display based on nonformed MIM cathode array," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 49, 1005-1011 (2002).

S. Itoh, M. Tanaka, "Current status of field-emission displays," Proc. IEEE 90, 514-520 (2002).

2001 (1)

A. A. Talin, K. A. Dean, J. E. Jaskie, "Field emission displays: A critical review," Solid-State Electron. 45, 963-976 (2001).

1995 (1)

M. Suzuki, T. Kusunoki, H. Shinada, T. Yaguchi, "Reducing electron energy dispersion of nonformed metal-insulator-metal electron emitters using the near-threshold drive method," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 2201-2205 (1995).

1993 (1)

K. Yokoo, H. Tanaka, S. Sato, J. Murota, S. Ono, "Emission characteristics of metal-oxide-semiconductor electron tunneling cathode," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 11, 429-432 (1993).

1961 (1)

C. A. Mead, "Operation of tunnel-emission devices," J. Appl. Phys. 32, 646-652 (1961).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Mimura, Y. Neo, H. Shimawaki, Y. Abe, K. Tahara, K. Yokoo, "Improvement of the emission current from a cesiated metal-oxide-semiconductor cathode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, (2006) Art. 123514.

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices (1)

M. Suzuki, M. Sagawa, T. Kusunoki, E. Nishimura, M. Ikeda, K. Tsuji, "Enhancing electron-emission efficiency of MIM tunneling cathodes by reducing insulator trap density," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 59, 2256-2262 (2012).

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices (1)

M. Suzuki, M. Sagawa, T. Kusunoki, K. Tsuji, "Characterization of the tunneling insulator in MIM cathodes by low-stress $I-V$ measurement," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 50, 1125-1130 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices (1)

M. Suzuki, T. Kusunoki, M. Sagawa, K. Tsuji, "Field-emission display based on nonformed MIM cathode array," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 49, 1005-1011 (2002).

J. Soc. Inf. Display (1)

G. A. Geri, W. D. Morgan, "The effect of FLCoS-display hold time on the perceived blur of moving imagery," J. Soc. Inf. Display 15, 87-91 (2007).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. A. Mead, "Operation of tunnel-emission devices," J. Appl. Phys. 32, 646-652 (1961).

J. Soc. Inf. Display (1)

A. A. S. Sluyterman, "What is needed in LCD panels to achieve CRT-like motion portrayal?," J. Soc. Inf. Display 14, 681-686 (2006).

J. Soc. Inf. Display (2)

T. Kusunoki, M. Sagawa, M. Suzuki, E. Nishimura, M. Ikeda, K. Tsuji, "Large-screen displays using metal-insulator-metal cathode arrays," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 1127-1134 (2010).

K.-H. Park, H.-S. Tae, "Improvement of luminous efficiency using high helium content in full-HD plasma-display panels," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 61-68 (2009).

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (2)

M. Suzuki, T. Kusunoki, H. Shinada, T. Yaguchi, "Reducing electron energy dispersion of nonformed metal-insulator-metal electron emitters using the near-threshold drive method," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 2201-2205 (1995).

K. Yokoo, H. Tanaka, S. Sato, J. Murota, S. Ono, "Emission characteristics of metal-oxide-semiconductor electron tunneling cathode," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 11, 429-432 (1993).

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B. (1)

T. Kusunoki, M. Suzuki, M. Sagawa, Y. Mikami, E. Nishimura, M. Ikeda, T. Hirano, K. Tsuji, "Highly efficient and long life MIM cathodes," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B. 30, 041202-01-041202-08 (2012).

Proc. IEEE (1)

S. Itoh, M. Tanaka, "Current status of field-emission displays," Proc. IEEE 90, 514-520 (2002).

Solid-State Electron. (1)

A. A. Talin, K. A. Dean, J. E. Jaskie, "Field emission displays: A critical review," Solid-State Electron. 45, 963-976 (2001).

Other (4)

H. Chen, T. Ha, J. Sung, B. Han, "Smooth-frame-insertion method for reducing motion blur on OLED panel," SID 2008 Dig. (2008) pp. 472-475.

L. F. Weber, M. B. Wood, "Energy recovery sustain circuit for the AC plasma display," SID 1987 Dig. (1987) pp. 92-95.

M. Suzuki, T. Kusunoki, M. Sagawa, K. Tsuji, "Improvement of lifetime and emission current of metal-insulator-metal cathodes for field-emission displays," SID Conf. Rec. Int. Display Res. Conf. 2000 (2000) pp. 390-393.

L. E. Tannas, Jr.Flat-Panel Displays and CRTs (Van Nostrand Reinhold company, 1985).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.