Abstract

Integral imaging is an established method for passive three-dimensional (3D) image formation, visualization, and ranging. The applications of integral imaging include significantly improved scene segmentation and the ability to visualize occluded objects. Past demonstrations of this technique have been mainly conducted over short ranges achievable in the laboratory. In this paper, we demonstrate 3D computational integral imaging for ranges out to 2 km using multiple looks from a single moving mid-wave infrared (MWIR) imager. We also demonstrate 3D visualization of occluded objects at ranges over 200 m. To our knowledge, this paper is the first such demonstration at these ranges and the first example of this technique using a mid wave IR imaging system. In addition to presenting results, we also outline our new approach for overcoming the technical challenges unique to long range applications of integral imaging. Future applications of long range 3D integral imaging may include aerospace, search and rescue, satellite 3D imaging, etc.

© 2013 IEEE

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2012 (2)

D. Shin, M. Daneshpanah, B. Javidi, "Generalization of three-dimensional ${N}$ -ocular imaging systems under fixed resource constraints," Opt. Lett. 37, 19-21 (2012).

D. H. Shin, B. Javidi, "Resolution analysis of ${N}$ -ocular imaging systems with tilted image sensors," J. Display Technol. 8, 529-533 (2012).

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

M. DaneshPanah, B. Javidi, "Profilometry and optical slicing by passive three-dimensional imaging," Opt. Lett. 34, 1105-1107 (2009).

R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Progress in 3D multiperspective display by integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 97, 1067-1077 (2009).

2008 (3)

2006 (3)

B. Javidi, I. Moon, S. Yeom, "Three-dimensional identification of biological microorganism using integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 14, 12095-12107 (2006).

A. Stern, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).

F. Okano, J. Arai, K. Mitani, M. Okui, "Real-time integral imaging based on extremely high resolution video system," Proc. IEEE 94, 490-501 (2006).

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

J.-S. Jang, F. Jin, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional integral imaging with large depth of focus by use of real and virtual image fields," Opt. Lett. 28, 1421-1423 (2003).

A. Stern, B. Javidi, "3-D computational synthetic aperture integral imaging (COMPSAII)," J. Opt. Express (2003) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-19-2446.

2002 (2)

J. S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Three dimensional synthetic aperture integral imaging," J. Opt. Lett. 27, 1144-1146 (2002).

B. Lee, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, "Viewing-angle-enhanced integral imaging using lens switching," Opt. Lett. 27, 818-820 (2002).

2001 (1)

S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, S. Y. Kung, "\Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular- and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 18, 1814 (2001).

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, I. Yuyama, "Real-time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography," Appl. Opt. 36, 1598-1603 (1997).

1988 (1)

1968 (1)

C. B. Burckhardt, "Optimum parameters and resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 58, 71-76 (1968).

1908 (1)

G. Lippmann, "La photographie integrale," Comptes-Rendus Academie des Sciences 146, 446-451 (1908).

Appl. Opt. (1)

F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, I. Yuyama, "Real-time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography," Appl. Opt. 36, 1598-1603 (1997).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Comptes-Rendus Academie des Sciences (1)

G. Lippmann, "La photographie integrale," Comptes-Rendus Academie des Sciences 146, 446-451 (1908).

J. Display Technol. (1)

D. H. Shin, B. Javidi, "Resolution analysis of ${N}$ -ocular imaging systems with tilted image sensors," J. Display Technol. 8, 529-533 (2012).

J. Display Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Express (1)

A. Stern, B. Javidi, "3-D computational synthetic aperture integral imaging (COMPSAII)," J. Opt. Express (2003) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-19-2446.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

C. B. Burckhardt, "Optimum parameters and resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 58, 71-76 (1968).

J. Opt. Lett. (1)

J. S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Three dimensional synthetic aperture integral imaging," J. Opt. Lett. 27, 1144-1146 (2002).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (1)

S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, S. Y. Kung, "\Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular- and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 18, 1814 (2001).

Opt. Exp. (1)

B. Tavakoli, B. Javidi, E. Watson, "Three dimensional visualization by photon counting computational integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 16, 4426-4436 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (2)

M. DaneshPanah, B. Javidi, "Profilometry and optical slicing by passive three-dimensional imaging," Opt. Lett. 34, 1105-1107 (2009).

D. Shin, M. Daneshpanah, B. Javidi, "Generalization of three-dimensional ${N}$ -ocular imaging systems under fixed resource constraints," Opt. Lett. 37, 19-21 (2012).

Opt. Exp. (1)

B. Javidi, I. Moon, S. Yeom, "Three-dimensional identification of biological microorganism using integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 14, 12095-12107 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. Stern, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).

Proc. IEEE (2)

F. Okano, J. Arai, K. Mitani, M. Okui, "Real-time integral imaging based on extremely high resolution video system," Proc. IEEE 94, 490-501 (2006).

R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Progress in 3D multiperspective display by integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 97, 1067-1077 (2009).

Other (3)

T. Okoshi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques (Academic, 1976).

B. Javidi, F. Okano, J.-Y. Son, Three-Dimensional Imaging, Visualization, and Display Technologies (Springer Verlag, 2008).

P. F. McManamon, B. Javidi, E. A. Watson, M. Daneshpanah, R. Schulein, "New paradigms for active and passive 3D remote object sensing, visualization, and recognition," Proc. SPIE (2008).

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