Abstract

We propose a color realization method of a reflective display based on quick response-liquid powder display (QR-LPD). We use the particle-moving method in order to address the color particles cyan, magenta, yellow, and black (CMYK) into their respective cells. We fabricated a color addressed reflective display panel using indium–tin–oxide (ITO) glass with a rib width of 15 $\mu$m, a cell size of 300 $\mu$m$\times$300 $\mu$m, an average particle diameter of 8 $\mu$m, and a particle charge to mass ratio (q/m) from ${+}{\hbox{8.5}}\ \mu$C/g to ${-}{\hbox{4}}\ \mu$C/g. Most particles are inserted into their cells on the upper substrate, with non-movable particles removed in a previous step. The fabricated color panel shows a well-addressed CMYK array in microscopic photographs. An additional color display is fabricated using line-by-line addressing in order to facilitate the addressing process.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. A. Mosley, "Liquid crystal displays—An overview," Displays 14, 67-73 (1993).
  2. J. Zhang, S. Sokhansnj, S. Wu, R. Fang, W. Yang, P. Winter, "A transformation technique from RGG signals to the Munsell system for color analysis of tobacco leaves," Computers and Electron. Agriculture 19, 155-166 (1998).
  3. T.-M. Lee, Y.-J. Choi, S.-Y. Nam, C.-W. You, D.-Y. Na, H.-C. Choi, D.-Y. Shin, K.-Y. Kim, K.-I. Jung, "Color filter patterned by screen printing," Thin Solid Films 516, 7875-7880 (2008).
  4. R. W. Sabnis, "Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays," Displays 20, 119-129 (1999).
  5. A. Henzen, "Development of e-paper color display technologies," SID 09 Dig. (2009) pp. 28-30.
  6. D. Davis, A. Kahn, X. Y. Huang, J. W. Deane, "Eight-color high resolution reflective cholesteric LCDs," SID 97 Dig. (1998) pp. 901-904.
  7. D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, J. Glasser, "Cholesteric reflective display: Drive scheme and contrast," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1905-1907 (1994).
  8. K.-M. H. Lenssen, P. J. Baesjou, F. P. M. Budzelaar, M. H. W. M. van Delden, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, A. R. M. Verschueren, "Novel design for full-color electronic paper," SID 08 Dig. (2008) pp. 685-688.
  9. Korea Institute of Industrial TechnologySeoulKoreaMethod and apparatus for injecting particles into electronic paper using laser ROK Patent Appl. 10-2008-0113245 (2008).
  10. M.-K. Kim, Y. J. Lee, S. S. Bhattacharyya, M.-H. Lee, "Control of motion of Fullerene colloidals by dielectrophoretic force for electronic paper-like display," Current Appl. Phys. 11, 1192-1193 (2011).
  11. M. M. R. Williams, "The albedo problem with Fresnel reflection," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiative Transfer 98, 358-359 (2006).
  12. R. Hattori, S. Yamada, Y. Masuda, N. Nihei, "Novel type of bistable reflective display using quick response liquid powder," SID 03 Dig. (2003) pp. 846-849.
  13. R. Hattori, Y. Masuda, N. Nihei, A. Yokoo, S. Yamada, "High-voltage and low power consumption driver for an electronic paper," IMID/IDMC 06 Dig. (2006) pp. 222-223.
  14. R. Hattori, Y. Masuda, N. Nihei, R. Sakurai, S. Yamada, "Power consumption of a quick-response powder display (QR-LPD)," IMID 05 Dig. (2005) pp. 845-849.
  15. H. Jiang, L. Lu, "Measurement of the surface charge of ultrafine particles from laser printers and analysis of their electrostatic force," Atmospheric Environment 44, 3347-3351 (2010).
  16. D.-J. Lee, Y.-M. Oh, S.-W. Park, B.-E. Park, Y.-C. Kim, "Improvement of electric and optical properties of a reflective electronic display by particle-moving method," J. Display Technol. 8, 361-365 (2012).

2012 (1)

D.-J. Lee, Y.-M. Oh, S.-W. Park, B.-E. Park, Y.-C. Kim, "Improvement of electric and optical properties of a reflective electronic display by particle-moving method," J. Display Technol. 8, 361-365 (2012).

2011 (1)

M.-K. Kim, Y. J. Lee, S. S. Bhattacharyya, M.-H. Lee, "Control of motion of Fullerene colloidals by dielectrophoretic force for electronic paper-like display," Current Appl. Phys. 11, 1192-1193 (2011).

2010 (1)

H. Jiang, L. Lu, "Measurement of the surface charge of ultrafine particles from laser printers and analysis of their electrostatic force," Atmospheric Environment 44, 3347-3351 (2010).

2008 (1)

T.-M. Lee, Y.-J. Choi, S.-Y. Nam, C.-W. You, D.-Y. Na, H.-C. Choi, D.-Y. Shin, K.-Y. Kim, K.-I. Jung, "Color filter patterned by screen printing," Thin Solid Films 516, 7875-7880 (2008).

2006 (1)

M. M. R. Williams, "The albedo problem with Fresnel reflection," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiative Transfer 98, 358-359 (2006).

1999 (1)

R. W. Sabnis, "Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays," Displays 20, 119-129 (1999).

1998 (1)

J. Zhang, S. Sokhansnj, S. Wu, R. Fang, W. Yang, P. Winter, "A transformation technique from RGG signals to the Munsell system for color analysis of tobacco leaves," Computers and Electron. Agriculture 19, 155-166 (1998).

1994 (1)

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, J. Glasser, "Cholesteric reflective display: Drive scheme and contrast," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1905-1907 (1994).

1993 (1)

A. Mosley, "Liquid crystal displays—An overview," Displays 14, 67-73 (1993).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, J. Glasser, "Cholesteric reflective display: Drive scheme and contrast," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1905-1907 (1994).

Atmospheric Environment (1)

H. Jiang, L. Lu, "Measurement of the surface charge of ultrafine particles from laser printers and analysis of their electrostatic force," Atmospheric Environment 44, 3347-3351 (2010).

Computers and Electron. Agriculture (1)

J. Zhang, S. Sokhansnj, S. Wu, R. Fang, W. Yang, P. Winter, "A transformation technique from RGG signals to the Munsell system for color analysis of tobacco leaves," Computers and Electron. Agriculture 19, 155-166 (1998).

Current Appl. Phys. (1)

M.-K. Kim, Y. J. Lee, S. S. Bhattacharyya, M.-H. Lee, "Control of motion of Fullerene colloidals by dielectrophoretic force for electronic paper-like display," Current Appl. Phys. 11, 1192-1193 (2011).

Displays (2)

R. W. Sabnis, "Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays," Displays 20, 119-129 (1999).

A. Mosley, "Liquid crystal displays—An overview," Displays 14, 67-73 (1993).

J. Display Technol. (1)

D.-J. Lee, Y.-M. Oh, S.-W. Park, B.-E. Park, Y.-C. Kim, "Improvement of electric and optical properties of a reflective electronic display by particle-moving method," J. Display Technol. 8, 361-365 (2012).

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiative Transfer (1)

M. M. R. Williams, "The albedo problem with Fresnel reflection," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiative Transfer 98, 358-359 (2006).

Thin Solid Films (1)

T.-M. Lee, Y.-J. Choi, S.-Y. Nam, C.-W. You, D.-Y. Na, H.-C. Choi, D.-Y. Shin, K.-Y. Kim, K.-I. Jung, "Color filter patterned by screen printing," Thin Solid Films 516, 7875-7880 (2008).

Other (7)

A. Henzen, "Development of e-paper color display technologies," SID 09 Dig. (2009) pp. 28-30.

D. Davis, A. Kahn, X. Y. Huang, J. W. Deane, "Eight-color high resolution reflective cholesteric LCDs," SID 97 Dig. (1998) pp. 901-904.

R. Hattori, S. Yamada, Y. Masuda, N. Nihei, "Novel type of bistable reflective display using quick response liquid powder," SID 03 Dig. (2003) pp. 846-849.

R. Hattori, Y. Masuda, N. Nihei, A. Yokoo, S. Yamada, "High-voltage and low power consumption driver for an electronic paper," IMID/IDMC 06 Dig. (2006) pp. 222-223.

R. Hattori, Y. Masuda, N. Nihei, R. Sakurai, S. Yamada, "Power consumption of a quick-response powder display (QR-LPD)," IMID 05 Dig. (2005) pp. 845-849.

K.-M. H. Lenssen, P. J. Baesjou, F. P. M. Budzelaar, M. H. W. M. van Delden, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, A. R. M. Verschueren, "Novel design for full-color electronic paper," SID 08 Dig. (2008) pp. 685-688.

Korea Institute of Industrial TechnologySeoulKoreaMethod and apparatus for injecting particles into electronic paper using laser ROK Patent Appl. 10-2008-0113245 (2008).

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