Abstract

Picosecond time-resolved spectroscopy studies are performed on surface plasmon (SP) mediated conjugated polymers. Huang-Rhys factor and photoluminescence (PL) decay time at low temperature were unchanged with the respect to thickness of Ag nanostructures due to a decrease in the surface plasmon coupling rates (Okamoto , Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 87, 07112, 2005). However, Huang-Rhys factor and PL decay time at room temperature were increased with respect to the thickness of the Ag nanostructures. Relatively strong emission from the interchain excitons of surface plasmon (SP) mediated conjugated polymers in the film-like Ag nanostructure was verified by PL decay dynamics from time-resolved photoluminescence (TR-PL) measurement.

© 2012 IEEE

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  4. E. Hutter, J. H. Fendler, "Exploitation of localized surface plasmon resonance," Adv. Mater. 16, 1685-1706 (2004).
  5. K. Y. Yang, K. C. Choi, C. W. Ahn, "Surface plasmon-enhanced spontaneous emission rate in an organic light-emitting device structure: Cathode structure for plasmonic application," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 173301 (2009).
  6. M.-K. Kwon, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 20, 1253-1257 (2008).
  7. S. M. Lee, K. C. Choi, "Enhanced emission from BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ by localized surface plasmon resonance of silver particles," Opt. Express 18, 12144-12152 (2010).
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  19. K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, K. C. Choi, "Surface plasmonic controllable enhanced emission from the intrachain and interchain excitons of a conjugated polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193306 (2010).
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  23. M. Yan, L. J. Rothberg, F. Papadimitrakopoulos, M. E. Galvin, T. M. Miller, "Spatially indirect excitons as primary photoexcitations in conjugated polymers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1104 (1994).
  24. R. Jakubiak, L. J. Rothberg, W. Wan, B. R. Hsieh, "Reduction of photoluminescence quantum yield by interchain interactions in conjugated polymer films," Synth. Metals 101, 230-233 (1999).
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  26. D. McBranch, I. H. Campbell, D. L. Smith, J. P. Ferraris, "Optical determination of chain orientation in electroluminescent polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1175 (1995).
  27. W. L. Barnes, "Fluorescence near interfaces: The role of photonic mode density," J. Modern Opt. 45, 661-699 (1998).

2010

A. Fujiki, T. Uemura, N. Zettsu, M. Akai-Kasaya, A. Saito, Y. Kuwahara, "Enhanced fluorescence by surface plasmon coupling of Au nanoparticles in an organic electroluminescence diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 043307 (2010).

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, K. C. Choi, "Surface plasmonic controllable enhanced emission from the intrachain and interchain excitons of a conjugated polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193306 (2010).

S. M. Lee, K. C. Choi, "Enhanced emission from BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ by localized surface plasmon resonance of silver particles," Opt. Express 18, 12144-12152 (2010).

2009

K. Y. Yang, K. C. Choi, C. W. Ahn, "Surface plasmon-enhanced spontaneous emission rate in an organic light-emitting device structure: Cathode structure for plasmonic application," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 173301 (2009).

R. Bardhan, N. K. Grady, J. R. Cole, A. Joshi, N. J. Halas, "Fluorescence enhancement by Au nanostructures: Nanoshells and nanorods," ACS Nano 3, 744-752 (2009).

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. M\üllen, W. E. Moerner, "Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna," Nature Photon. 3, 654-657 (2009).

H. Lin, "Fate of excitations in conjugated polymers: Single-molecule spectroscopy reveals nonemissive ‘Dark’ regions in MEH-PPV individual chains," Nano Lett. 9, 4456-4461 (2009).

2008

M. A. T. da Silva, "Identification of the optically active vibrational modes in the photoluminescence of MEH-PPV films," J. Chem. Phys. 128, 094902 (2008).

M.-K. Kwon, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 20, 1253-1257 (2008).

2007

S. Günes, H. Neugebauer, N. S. Sariciftci, "Conjugated polymer-based organic solar cells," Chem. Rev. 107, 1324-1338 (2007).

M. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, J. C. Cho, M. Shtein, L. J. Guo, J. Kim, "Flexible conjugated polymer photovoltaic cells with controlled heterojunctions fabricated using nanoimprint lithography," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 123113 (2007).

2005

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, "Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).

2004

E. Hutter, J. H. Fendler, "Exploitation of localized surface plasmon resonance," Adv. Mater. 16, 1685-1706 (2004).

2003

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).

2000

T.-Q. Nguyen, I. B. Martini, J. Liu, B. J. Schwartz, "Controlling interchain interactions in conjugated polymers: The effects of chain morphology on exciton—Exciton annihilation and aggregation in MEH-PPV films," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 237-255 (2000).

Y. Shi, J. Liu, Y. Yang, "Device performance and polymer morphology in polymer light emitting diodes: The control of thin film morphology and device quantum efficiency," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 4254 (2000).

1999

R. Jakubiak, L. J. Rothberg, W. Wan, B. R. Hsieh, "Reduction of photoluminescence quantum yield by interchain interactions in conjugated polymer films," Synth. Metals 101, 230-233 (1999).

H. Sirringhaus, "Two-dimensional charge transport in self-organized, high-mobility conjugated polymers," Nature 401, 685-688 (1999).

T.-Q. Nguyen, V. Doan, B. J. Schwartz, "Conjugated polymer aggregates in solution: Control of interchain interactions," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 4068 (1999).

R. H. Friend, "Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers," Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).

1998

W. L. Barnes, "Fluorescence near interfaces: The role of photonic mode density," J. Modern Opt. 45, 661-699 (1998).

1997

I. D. W. Samuel, G. Rumbles, C. J. Collison, R. H. Friend, S. C. Moratti, A. B. Holmes, "Picosecond time-resolved photoluminescence of PPV derivatives," Synth. Metals 84, 497-500 (1997).

1995

I. D. W. Samuel, G. Rumbles, C. J. Collison, "Efficient interchain photoluminescence in a high-electron-affinity conjugated polymer," Phys. Rev. B 52, R11573 (1995).

D. McBranch, I. H. Campbell, D. L. Smith, J. P. Ferraris, "Optical determination of chain orientation in electroluminescent polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1175 (1995).

1994

M. Yan, L. J. Rothberg, F. Papadimitrakopoulos, M. E. Galvin, T. M. Miller, "Spatially indirect excitons as primary photoexcitations in conjugated polymers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1104 (1994).

1990

J. H. Burroughes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).

ACS Nano

R. Bardhan, N. K. Grady, J. R. Cole, A. Joshi, N. J. Halas, "Fluorescence enhancement by Au nanostructures: Nanoshells and nanorods," ACS Nano 3, 744-752 (2009).

Adv. Mater.

E. Hutter, J. H. Fendler, "Exploitation of localized surface plasmon resonance," Adv. Mater. 16, 1685-1706 (2004).

M.-K. Kwon, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 20, 1253-1257 (2008).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. McBranch, I. H. Campbell, D. L. Smith, J. P. Ferraris, "Optical determination of chain orientation in electroluminescent polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1175 (1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, Y. Kawakami, "Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).

K. Y. Yang, K. C. Choi, C. W. Ahn, "Surface plasmon-enhanced spontaneous emission rate in an organic light-emitting device structure: Cathode structure for plasmonic application," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 173301 (2009).

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, K. C. Choi, "Surface plasmonic controllable enhanced emission from the intrachain and interchain excitons of a conjugated polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193306 (2010).

M. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, J. C. Cho, M. Shtein, L. J. Guo, J. Kim, "Flexible conjugated polymer photovoltaic cells with controlled heterojunctions fabricated using nanoimprint lithography," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 123113 (2007).

A. Fujiki, T. Uemura, N. Zettsu, M. Akai-Kasaya, A. Saito, Y. Kuwahara, "Enhanced fluorescence by surface plasmon coupling of Au nanoparticles in an organic electroluminescence diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 043307 (2010).

Chem. Rev.

S. Günes, H. Neugebauer, N. S. Sariciftci, "Conjugated polymer-based organic solar cells," Chem. Rev. 107, 1324-1338 (2007).

J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Shi, J. Liu, Y. Yang, "Device performance and polymer morphology in polymer light emitting diodes: The control of thin film morphology and device quantum efficiency," J. Appl. Phys. 87, 4254 (2000).

J. Chem. Phys.

T.-Q. Nguyen, V. Doan, B. J. Schwartz, "Conjugated polymer aggregates in solution: Control of interchain interactions," J. Chem. Phys. 110, 4068 (1999).

J. Chem. Phys.

M. A. T. da Silva, "Identification of the optically active vibrational modes in the photoluminescence of MEH-PPV films," J. Chem. Phys. 128, 094902 (2008).

J. Modern Opt.

W. L. Barnes, "Fluorescence near interfaces: The role of photonic mode density," J. Modern Opt. 45, 661-699 (1998).

J. Phys. Chem. B

T.-Q. Nguyen, I. B. Martini, J. Liu, B. J. Schwartz, "Controlling interchain interactions in conjugated polymers: The effects of chain morphology on exciton—Exciton annihilation and aggregation in MEH-PPV films," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 237-255 (2000).

Nano Lett.

H. Lin, "Fate of excitations in conjugated polymers: Single-molecule spectroscopy reveals nonemissive ‘Dark’ regions in MEH-PPV individual chains," Nano Lett. 9, 4456-4461 (2009).

Nature

R. H. Friend, "Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers," Nature 397, 121-128 (1999).

J. H. Burroughes, "Light-emitting diodes based on conjugated polymers," Nature 347, 539-541 (1990).

H. Sirringhaus, "Two-dimensional charge transport in self-organized, high-mobility conjugated polymers," Nature 401, 685-688 (1999).

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).

Nature Photon.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. M\üllen, W. E. Moerner, "Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna," Nature Photon. 3, 654-657 (2009).

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. B

I. D. W. Samuel, G. Rumbles, C. J. Collison, "Efficient interchain photoluminescence in a high-electron-affinity conjugated polymer," Phys. Rev. B 52, R11573 (1995).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Yan, L. J. Rothberg, F. Papadimitrakopoulos, M. E. Galvin, T. M. Miller, "Spatially indirect excitons as primary photoexcitations in conjugated polymers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1104 (1994).

Synth. Metals

R. Jakubiak, L. J. Rothberg, W. Wan, B. R. Hsieh, "Reduction of photoluminescence quantum yield by interchain interactions in conjugated polymer films," Synth. Metals 101, 230-233 (1999).

I. D. W. Samuel, G. Rumbles, C. J. Collison, R. H. Friend, S. C. Moratti, A. B. Holmes, "Picosecond time-resolved photoluminescence of PPV derivatives," Synth. Metals 84, 497-500 (1997).

Other

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer Verlag, 2007).

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