Abstract

The use of bright and wide field-of-view (FOV) displays in future TV systems will enable us to enjoy TV programs with a rich sense of presence, i.e., a sense of “being there.” However, such displays can strongly stimulate human peripheral vision, which is sensitive to flicker. The recent widespread adoption of hold-type displays such as liquid crystal displays might circumvent the flicker problem in current TV systems. For temporal specification of future TV systems with bright and wide FOV displays, we measured the critical fusion frequency (CFF) in 26 participants, using varying luminance, duty ratios, and FOVs. We showed that CFF depended on the duty ratio and the FOV, and that more than 90 Hz was required to avoid flicker perception with wide FOV displays. Moreover, we demonstrated that flicker was regularly perceived in viewing wide FOV natural images presented at 60 Hz with a 50% duty ratio.

© 2012 IEEE

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References

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  1. M. Kanazawa, "An ultrahigh-definition display using the pixel-offset method," J. SID 12, 93-103 (2004).
  2. M. Sugawara, "Ultrahigh-definition video system with 4000 scanning lines," SMPTE Motion Imag. 112, 339-346 (2003).
  3. T. Hatada, H. Sakata, H. Kusaka, "Psychophysical analysis of the ‘sensation of reality’ induced by a visual wide-field display," SMPTE J. 89, 560-569 (1980).
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  7. J. L. Brown, Flicker and Intermittent Stimulation (Wiley, 1966) pp. 251-320.
  8. A. B. Watson, Temporal Sensitivity (Wiley, 1986).
  9. C. Landis, An Annotated Bibliography of Flicker Fusion Phenomena (Univ. of Michigan Press, 1953) pp. 1740-1952.
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  11. T. Fijine, Y. Yoshida, M. Sugio, "The relationship between preferred luminance and TV screen size," Proc. SPIE, Image Qual. Syst. Perform. (2008) pp. 68080Z.1-68080Z.12.
  12. G. de Haan, M. A. Klompenhouwer, "Temporal aspects of emerging displays," Digest of the ICCE'01 (2001) pp. 42-43.
  13. K. Sueoka, H. Nakamura, T. Taira, "Improving moving-image quality of TFT-LCDs," Dig. Tch. Papers 1997 SID Int. Symp. (1997) pp. 203-207.
  14. Y. Kuroki, T. Nishi, S. Kobayashi, H. Oyaizu, S. Yoshimura, "A psychophysical study of improvements in motion-image quality by using high frame rates," J. SID 15, 61-68 (2007).
  15. J. R. Jennings, "Editorial policy on analyses of variance with repeated measures," Psychophysiol. 24, 474-475 (1987).
  16. J. E. Farrell, B. L. Benson, C. R. Haynie, "Predicting flicker thresholds for video display terminals," Proc. SID (1987) pp. 449-453.
  17. C. W. Tyler, "Analysis of visual modulation sensitivity. III. Meridional variations in peripheral flicker sensitivity," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 4, 1612-1619 (1987).
  18. Test Materials to be Used in Subjective Assessment Rec. ITU-R BT.1210-1ITU (1997).

2007 (1)

Y. Kuroki, T. Nishi, S. Kobayashi, H. Oyaizu, S. Yoshimura, "A psychophysical study of improvements in motion-image quality by using high frame rates," J. SID 15, 61-68 (2007).

2006 (1)

M. Emoto, K. Masaoka, M. Sugawara, Y. Nojiri, "The viewing angle dependency in the presence of wide field image viewing and its relationship to the evaluation indices," Displays 27, 80-89 (2006).

2004 (1)

M. Kanazawa, "An ultrahigh-definition display using the pixel-offset method," J. SID 12, 93-103 (2004).

2003 (1)

M. Sugawara, "Ultrahigh-definition video system with 4000 scanning lines," SMPTE Motion Imag. 112, 339-346 (2003).

1998 (1)

G. F. A. Harding, "TV can be bad for your health," Nat. Med. 4, 265-267 (1998).

1987 (2)

J. R. Jennings, "Editorial policy on analyses of variance with repeated measures," Psychophysiol. 24, 474-475 (1987).

C. W. Tyler, "Analysis of visual modulation sensitivity. III. Meridional variations in peripheral flicker sensitivity," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 4, 1612-1619 (1987).

1980 (1)

T. Hatada, H. Sakata, H. Kusaka, "Psychophysical analysis of the ‘sensation of reality’ induced by a visual wide-field display," SMPTE J. 89, 560-569 (1980).

Displays (1)

M. Emoto, K. Masaoka, M. Sugawara, Y. Nojiri, "The viewing angle dependency in the presence of wide field image viewing and its relationship to the evaluation indices," Displays 27, 80-89 (2006).

J. SID (1)

Y. Kuroki, T. Nishi, S. Kobayashi, H. Oyaizu, S. Yoshimura, "A psychophysical study of improvements in motion-image quality by using high frame rates," J. SID 15, 61-68 (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (1)

C. W. Tyler, "Analysis of visual modulation sensitivity. III. Meridional variations in peripheral flicker sensitivity," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 4, 1612-1619 (1987).

J. SID (1)

M. Kanazawa, "An ultrahigh-definition display using the pixel-offset method," J. SID 12, 93-103 (2004).

Nat. Med. (1)

G. F. A. Harding, "TV can be bad for your health," Nat. Med. 4, 265-267 (1998).

Psychophysiol. (1)

J. R. Jennings, "Editorial policy on analyses of variance with repeated measures," Psychophysiol. 24, 474-475 (1987).

SMPTE Motion Imag. (1)

M. Sugawara, "Ultrahigh-definition video system with 4000 scanning lines," SMPTE Motion Imag. 112, 339-346 (2003).

SMPTE J. (1)

T. Hatada, H. Sakata, H. Kusaka, "Psychophysical analysis of the ‘sensation of reality’ induced by a visual wide-field display," SMPTE J. 89, 560-569 (1980).

Other (10)

G. F. A. Harding, P. M. Jeavons, Photosensitive Epilepsy (New Edition) (MacKeith, 1994).

J. E. Farrell, B. L. Benson, C. R. Haynie, "Predicting flicker thresholds for video display terminals," Proc. SID (1987) pp. 449-453.

Test Materials to be Used in Subjective Assessment Rec. ITU-R BT.1210-1ITU (1997).

J. L. Brown, Flicker and Intermittent Stimulation (Wiley, 1966) pp. 251-320.

A. B. Watson, Temporal Sensitivity (Wiley, 1986).

C. Landis, An Annotated Bibliography of Flicker Fusion Phenomena (Univ. of Michigan Press, 1953) pp. 1740-1952.

E. W. Engstrom, "A study of television image characteristics, part two," Proc. Inst. Radio Eng. (1935) pp. 295-310.

T. Fijine, Y. Yoshida, M. Sugio, "The relationship between preferred luminance and TV screen size," Proc. SPIE, Image Qual. Syst. Perform. (2008) pp. 68080Z.1-68080Z.12.

G. de Haan, M. A. Klompenhouwer, "Temporal aspects of emerging displays," Digest of the ICCE'01 (2001) pp. 42-43.

K. Sueoka, H. Nakamura, T. Taira, "Improving moving-image quality of TFT-LCDs," Dig. Tch. Papers 1997 SID Int. Symp. (1997) pp. 203-207.

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