Abstract

For curve displays, the purpose of this study is to present edge contrast failure analysis (ECFA) method on the vision angle of human eyes. In order to analyze edge contrast of curve display images, a flexible cholesteric liquid crystal display is bent for different radii of curvature by using a flexible-characteristic inspection system. To simulate the human eye factors, a charge-coupled device colorimeter is utilized based on ECFA to analyze a maximum vision angle of human eyes with respect to curve displays under different radii of curvature. According to analysis results, a designer or maker of curve displays can design large-vision-angle and comfortable curve-display products for human being.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. Ergonomic Requirements for Office Work With Visual Display Terminals (VDTs): Ergonomic Requirements and Measurement Techniques for Electronic Visual Displays ISO 9241-300 subseriesInternational Organization for Standardization (2008).
  2. E. Hecht, Optics (Addison Wesley, 2002).
  3. S. Westland, H. Owens, V. Cheung, I. Paterson-Stephens, "Model of luminance contrast-sensitivity function for application to image assessment," Color Res. Appl. 31, 315-319 (2006).
  4. E. Peli, "Contrast sensitivity function and image discrimination," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 18, 283-293 (2001).
  5. Flat Panel Display Measurements Standard Version 2.0FPDM Task GroupVideo Electronics Standards Assoc. (VESA) (2001).
  6. B. A. O'Brien, J. S. Mansfield, G. E. Legge, "The effect of contrast on reading speed in dyslexia," Vision Res. 40, 1921-1935 (2000).
  7. B. C. Skottun, "The magnocellular deficit theory of dyslexia: The evidence from contrast sensitivity," Vision Res. 40, 111-127 (2000).
  8. M. J. Williams, G. W. Stuart, A. Castles, K. I. McAnally, "Contrast sensitivity in subgroups of developmental dyslexia," Vision Res. 43, 467-477 (2003).
  9. K. R. Alexander, X. Wei, D. J. Derlacki, "The effect of contrast polarity on letter identification," Vision Res. 33, 2491-2497 (1993).
  10. D. G. Pelli, C. W. Burns, B. Farell, D. C. Moore-Page, "Feature detection and letter identification," Vision Res. 46, 4646-4674 (2006).
  11. F. L. Ferris, IIIV. Freidlin, A. Kassoff, S. B. Green, R. C. Milton, "Relative letter and position difficulty on visual acuity charts from the early treatment diabetic retinopathy study," Amer. J. Ophthalmol. 116, 735-740 (1993).
  12. D. Regan, D. Neima, "Low-contrast letter charts as a test of visual function," Ophthalmol. 90, 1192-1200 (1983).
  13. D. G. Pelli, J. G. Robson, A. J. Wilkins, "The design of a new letter chart for measuring contrast sensitivity," Clinical Vision Sciences 2, 187-199 (1988).
  14. J. Rabin, "Luminance effects on visual acuity and small letter contrast sensitivity," Optometry and Vision Sci. 71, 685-688 (1994).
  15. I. L. Bailey, M. A. Bullimore, T. W. Raasch, H. R. Taylor, "Clinical grading and the effects of scaling," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 32, 422-432 (1991).
  16. D. B. Elliott, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, "Improving the reliability of the Pelli–Robson contrast sensitivity chart," Clinical Vision Sciences 6, 471-475 (1991).
  17. H. Bouma, "Visual recognition of isolated lower-case letters," Vision Res. 11, 459-474 (1971).
  18. G. E. Legge, D. G. Pelli, G. S. Rubin, M. M. Schleske, "Psychophysics of reading—I. Normal vision," Vision Res. 25, 239-252 (1985).
  19. B. J. Wen, T. S. Liu, "Flexible-characteristics inspection system for flexible substrates by using image feedback control," Displays 32, 296-307 (2011).
  20. C. Ware, Information Visualization: Perception for Design (Morgan Kaufmann, 2000).
  21. R. P. Boyce, Human Factors in Lighting (Taylor & Francis, 2003).
  22. S. Kubota, "Reflectance and contrast measurements of reflective liquid crystal displays," Displays 18, 79-83 (1997).
  23. B. Yost, Y. Haciahmetoglu, C. North, In Proc. CHI 2007 (ACM Press, 2007) pp. 101-110.
  24. Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS)-Surface Texture: Profile Method—Metrological Characteristics of Phase Correct Filters ISO 11562 (1996).

2011 (1)

B. J. Wen, T. S. Liu, "Flexible-characteristics inspection system for flexible substrates by using image feedback control," Displays 32, 296-307 (2011).

2006 (2)

S. Westland, H. Owens, V. Cheung, I. Paterson-Stephens, "Model of luminance contrast-sensitivity function for application to image assessment," Color Res. Appl. 31, 315-319 (2006).

D. G. Pelli, C. W. Burns, B. Farell, D. C. Moore-Page, "Feature detection and letter identification," Vision Res. 46, 4646-4674 (2006).

2003 (1)

M. J. Williams, G. W. Stuart, A. Castles, K. I. McAnally, "Contrast sensitivity in subgroups of developmental dyslexia," Vision Res. 43, 467-477 (2003).

2001 (1)

E. Peli, "Contrast sensitivity function and image discrimination," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 18, 283-293 (2001).

2000 (2)

B. A. O'Brien, J. S. Mansfield, G. E. Legge, "The effect of contrast on reading speed in dyslexia," Vision Res. 40, 1921-1935 (2000).

B. C. Skottun, "The magnocellular deficit theory of dyslexia: The evidence from contrast sensitivity," Vision Res. 40, 111-127 (2000).

1997 (1)

S. Kubota, "Reflectance and contrast measurements of reflective liquid crystal displays," Displays 18, 79-83 (1997).

1994 (1)

J. Rabin, "Luminance effects on visual acuity and small letter contrast sensitivity," Optometry and Vision Sci. 71, 685-688 (1994).

1993 (2)

K. R. Alexander, X. Wei, D. J. Derlacki, "The effect of contrast polarity on letter identification," Vision Res. 33, 2491-2497 (1993).

F. L. Ferris, IIIV. Freidlin, A. Kassoff, S. B. Green, R. C. Milton, "Relative letter and position difficulty on visual acuity charts from the early treatment diabetic retinopathy study," Amer. J. Ophthalmol. 116, 735-740 (1993).

1991 (2)

I. L. Bailey, M. A. Bullimore, T. W. Raasch, H. R. Taylor, "Clinical grading and the effects of scaling," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 32, 422-432 (1991).

D. B. Elliott, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, "Improving the reliability of the Pelli–Robson contrast sensitivity chart," Clinical Vision Sciences 6, 471-475 (1991).

1988 (1)

D. G. Pelli, J. G. Robson, A. J. Wilkins, "The design of a new letter chart for measuring contrast sensitivity," Clinical Vision Sciences 2, 187-199 (1988).

1985 (1)

G. E. Legge, D. G. Pelli, G. S. Rubin, M. M. Schleske, "Psychophysics of reading—I. Normal vision," Vision Res. 25, 239-252 (1985).

1983 (1)

D. Regan, D. Neima, "Low-contrast letter charts as a test of visual function," Ophthalmol. 90, 1192-1200 (1983).

1971 (1)

H. Bouma, "Visual recognition of isolated lower-case letters," Vision Res. 11, 459-474 (1971).

Amer. J. Ophthalmol. (1)

F. L. Ferris, IIIV. Freidlin, A. Kassoff, S. B. Green, R. C. Milton, "Relative letter and position difficulty on visual acuity charts from the early treatment diabetic retinopathy study," Amer. J. Ophthalmol. 116, 735-740 (1993).

Clinical Vision Sciences (2)

D. G. Pelli, J. G. Robson, A. J. Wilkins, "The design of a new letter chart for measuring contrast sensitivity," Clinical Vision Sciences 2, 187-199 (1988).

D. B. Elliott, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, "Improving the reliability of the Pelli–Robson contrast sensitivity chart," Clinical Vision Sciences 6, 471-475 (1991).

Color Res. Appl. (1)

S. Westland, H. Owens, V. Cheung, I. Paterson-Stephens, "Model of luminance contrast-sensitivity function for application to image assessment," Color Res. Appl. 31, 315-319 (2006).

Displays (2)

B. J. Wen, T. S. Liu, "Flexible-characteristics inspection system for flexible substrates by using image feedback control," Displays 32, 296-307 (2011).

S. Kubota, "Reflectance and contrast measurements of reflective liquid crystal displays," Displays 18, 79-83 (1997).

Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. (1)

I. L. Bailey, M. A. Bullimore, T. W. Raasch, H. R. Taylor, "Clinical grading and the effects of scaling," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 32, 422-432 (1991).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (1)

E. Peli, "Contrast sensitivity function and image discrimination," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 18, 283-293 (2001).

Ophthalmol. (1)

D. Regan, D. Neima, "Low-contrast letter charts as a test of visual function," Ophthalmol. 90, 1192-1200 (1983).

Optometry and Vision Sci. (1)

J. Rabin, "Luminance effects on visual acuity and small letter contrast sensitivity," Optometry and Vision Sci. 71, 685-688 (1994).

Vision Res. (1)

B. C. Skottun, "The magnocellular deficit theory of dyslexia: The evidence from contrast sensitivity," Vision Res. 40, 111-127 (2000).

Vision Res. (6)

M. J. Williams, G. W. Stuart, A. Castles, K. I. McAnally, "Contrast sensitivity in subgroups of developmental dyslexia," Vision Res. 43, 467-477 (2003).

K. R. Alexander, X. Wei, D. J. Derlacki, "The effect of contrast polarity on letter identification," Vision Res. 33, 2491-2497 (1993).

D. G. Pelli, C. W. Burns, B. Farell, D. C. Moore-Page, "Feature detection and letter identification," Vision Res. 46, 4646-4674 (2006).

B. A. O'Brien, J. S. Mansfield, G. E. Legge, "The effect of contrast on reading speed in dyslexia," Vision Res. 40, 1921-1935 (2000).

H. Bouma, "Visual recognition of isolated lower-case letters," Vision Res. 11, 459-474 (1971).

G. E. Legge, D. G. Pelli, G. S. Rubin, M. M. Schleske, "Psychophysics of reading—I. Normal vision," Vision Res. 25, 239-252 (1985).

Other (7)

Flat Panel Display Measurements Standard Version 2.0FPDM Task GroupVideo Electronics Standards Assoc. (VESA) (2001).

Ergonomic Requirements for Office Work With Visual Display Terminals (VDTs): Ergonomic Requirements and Measurement Techniques for Electronic Visual Displays ISO 9241-300 subseriesInternational Organization for Standardization (2008).

E. Hecht, Optics (Addison Wesley, 2002).

B. Yost, Y. Haciahmetoglu, C. North, In Proc. CHI 2007 (ACM Press, 2007) pp. 101-110.

Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS)-Surface Texture: Profile Method—Metrological Characteristics of Phase Correct Filters ISO 11562 (1996).

C. Ware, Information Visualization: Perception for Design (Morgan Kaufmann, 2000).

R. P. Boyce, Human Factors in Lighting (Taylor & Francis, 2003).

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