Abstract

One of the main challenges in flexible sensors is their performance degradation under different environmental conditions. In this work, high cycle bending fatigue experiments were conducted on a flexible sensor array deposited on a Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) substrate. These sensors were designed and fabricated for detecting different types of chemical vapors. Molecularly-mediated thin film assemblies of gold nanoparticles were deposited on interdigitated microelectrodes with different line widths and spaces. The behavior of the sensor array was studied under repeated mechanical and thermal loadings. This work focuses on studying the failure modes when such devices are subjected to bending fatigue stresses, high temperature, and high humidity environments. The initial results showed that these devices were very stable under mechanical, thermal, and environmental loadings.

© 2012 IEEE

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  5. Z. Xu, X. Shi, L. Wang, J. Luo, C. J. Zhong, S. Lu, "Pattern recognition for sensor array signals using Fuzzy ARTMAP," Sens. Actuators B 141, 458-464 (2009).
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  14. K. Alzoubi, S. Lu, B. Sammakia, M. Poliks, "Experimental study of the high cyclic bending fatigue of thin film metal on polyethylene terephthalate for flexible electronics applications," Proc. ASME 2009 InterPACK Conf. (IPACK2009) (2009).
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2011 (6)

K. Alzoubi, S. Lu, B. Sammakia, M. Poliks, "Experimental study of the high cycle fatigue of thin film metal on polyethylene terephthalate for flexible electronics applications," IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 1, 43-51 (2011).

K. Alzoubi, S. Lu, B. Sammakia, M. Poliks, "Factor effect study for the high cyclic bending fatigue of thin films on PET substrate for flexible displays applications?," J. Display Technol. 7, 348-355 (2011).

K. Alzoubi, M. M. Hamasha, S. Lu, B. Sammakia, "Bending fatigue study of sputtered ITO on flexible substrate," J. Display Technol. 7, 593-600 (2011).

M. M. Hamasha, K. Alzoubi, S. Lu, S. Desu, "Durability study on sputtered ITO thin film on PET substrate," J. Thin Solid Films 519, 6042-6047 (2011).

M. M. Hamasha, K. Alzoubi, S. Lu, "Behavior of indium-tin-oxide thin film on polyethylene terephthalate substrate under stretching," J. Display Technol. 7, 426-433 (2011).

M. M. Hamasha, K. Alzoubi, J. C. Switzer, IIIS. Lu, S. Desu, M. Poliks, "A study on crack propagation and electrical resistance change of sputtered aluminum thin film on poly ethylene terephthalate substrate under stretching," J. Thin Solid Films 519, 7918-7924 (2011).

2010 (2)

L. Y. Wang, J. Luo, M. J. Schadt, C. J. Zhong, "Thin film assemblies of molecularly-linked metal nanoparticles and multifunctional properties," Langmuir 26, 618-632 (2010).

L. Wang, J. Luo, J. Yin, H. Zhang, J. Wu, X. Shi, E. Crew, Z. Xu, Q. Rendeng, S. Lu, M. Poliks, B. Sammakia, C. J. Zhong, "Flexible chemiresistor sensors: Thin film assemblies of nanoparticles on a polyethylene terephthalate substrate," J. Mater. Chem. 20, 907-915 (2010).

2009 (1)

Z. Xu, X. Shi, L. Wang, J. Luo, C. J. Zhong, S. Lu, "Pattern recognition for sensor array signals using Fuzzy ARTMAP," Sens. Actuators B 141, 458-464 (2009).

2007 (1)

L. Y. Wang, X. Shi, N. N. Kariuki, M. Schadt, G. R. Wang, Q. Rendeng, J. Choi, J. Luo, S. Lu, C. J. Zhong, "Array of molecularly-mediated thin film assemblies of nanoparticles: Correlation of vapor sensing with interparticle spatial properties," J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 129, 2161 (2007).

2006 (2)

L. Y. Wang, N. N. Kariuki, M. Schadt, D. Mott, J. Luo, C. J. Zhong, X. Shi, C. Zhang, W. B. Hao, S. Lu, N. Kim, J. Wang, "Sensing arrays constructed from nanoparticle thin films and interdigitated microelectrodes," Sensors 6, 667 (2006).

X. Shi, L. Y. Wang, N. N. Kariuki, J. Luo, C. J. Zhong, S. Lu, "A multi-module artificial neural network approach to pattern recognition with optimized nanostructured sensor array," Sens. Actuators B 117, 65 (2006).

2005 (2)

L. Han, X. Shi, W. Wu, F. L. Kirk, J. Luo, L. Wang, D. Mott, L. Cousineau, S. I.-I. Lim, S. Lu, C. J. Zhong, "Nanoparticle-structured sensing array materials and pattern recognition for VOC detection," Sens. Actuators B 106, 431 (2005).

D. R. Cairns, G. P. Crawford, "Electromechanical properties of transparent conducting substrates for flexible electronic displays," Proc. IEEE 93, 1451-1458 (2005).

2001 (1)

L. Han, D. R. Daniel, M. M. Maye, C. J. Zhong, "Core-shell nanostructured nanoparticle films as chemically-sensitive interfaces," Anal. Chem. 73, 4441 (2001).

Anal. Chem. (1)

L. Han, D. R. Daniel, M. M. Maye, C. J. Zhong, "Core-shell nanostructured nanoparticle films as chemically-sensitive interfaces," Anal. Chem. 73, 4441 (2001).

IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. (1)

K. Alzoubi, S. Lu, B. Sammakia, M. Poliks, "Experimental study of the high cycle fatigue of thin film metal on polyethylene terephthalate for flexible electronics applications," IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 1, 43-51 (2011).

J. Display Technol. (1)

M. M. Hamasha, K. Alzoubi, S. Lu, "Behavior of indium-tin-oxide thin film on polyethylene terephthalate substrate under stretching," J. Display Technol. 7, 426-433 (2011).

J. Amer. Chem. Soc. (1)

L. Y. Wang, X. Shi, N. N. Kariuki, M. Schadt, G. R. Wang, Q. Rendeng, J. Choi, J. Luo, S. Lu, C. J. Zhong, "Array of molecularly-mediated thin film assemblies of nanoparticles: Correlation of vapor sensing with interparticle spatial properties," J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 129, 2161 (2007).

J. Display Technol. (2)

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

L. Wang, J. Luo, J. Yin, H. Zhang, J. Wu, X. Shi, E. Crew, Z. Xu, Q. Rendeng, S. Lu, M. Poliks, B. Sammakia, C. J. Zhong, "Flexible chemiresistor sensors: Thin film assemblies of nanoparticles on a polyethylene terephthalate substrate," J. Mater. Chem. 20, 907-915 (2010).

J. Thin Solid Films (2)

M. M. Hamasha, K. Alzoubi, J. C. Switzer, IIIS. Lu, S. Desu, M. Poliks, "A study on crack propagation and electrical resistance change of sputtered aluminum thin film on poly ethylene terephthalate substrate under stretching," J. Thin Solid Films 519, 7918-7924 (2011).

M. M. Hamasha, K. Alzoubi, S. Lu, S. Desu, "Durability study on sputtered ITO thin film on PET substrate," J. Thin Solid Films 519, 6042-6047 (2011).

Langmuir (1)

L. Y. Wang, J. Luo, M. J. Schadt, C. J. Zhong, "Thin film assemblies of molecularly-linked metal nanoparticles and multifunctional properties," Langmuir 26, 618-632 (2010).

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. R. Cairns, G. P. Crawford, "Electromechanical properties of transparent conducting substrates for flexible electronic displays," Proc. IEEE 93, 1451-1458 (2005).

Sens. Actuators B (2)

L. Han, X. Shi, W. Wu, F. L. Kirk, J. Luo, L. Wang, D. Mott, L. Cousineau, S. I.-I. Lim, S. Lu, C. J. Zhong, "Nanoparticle-structured sensing array materials and pattern recognition for VOC detection," Sens. Actuators B 106, 431 (2005).

Z. Xu, X. Shi, L. Wang, J. Luo, C. J. Zhong, S. Lu, "Pattern recognition for sensor array signals using Fuzzy ARTMAP," Sens. Actuators B 141, 458-464 (2009).

Sens. Actuators B (1)

X. Shi, L. Y. Wang, N. N. Kariuki, J. Luo, C. J. Zhong, S. Lu, "A multi-module artificial neural network approach to pattern recognition with optimized nanostructured sensor array," Sens. Actuators B 117, 65 (2006).

Sensors (1)

L. Y. Wang, N. N. Kariuki, M. Schadt, D. Mott, J. Luo, C. J. Zhong, X. Shi, C. Zhang, W. B. Hao, S. Lu, N. Kim, J. Wang, "Sensing arrays constructed from nanoparticle thin films and interdigitated microelectrodes," Sensors 6, 667 (2006).

Other (6)

G. P. Crawford, Flexible Flat Panel Displays (John Wiley & sons, Ltd., 2005).

R. Tummala, Fundamentals of Microsystems Packaging (McGraw-Hill, 2004).

K. Alzoubi, M. M. Hamasha, L. Wang, H. Zhang, J. Yin, J. Luo, S. Lu, B. Sammakia, C. J. Zhong, M. Poliks, "Stability of interdigitated microelectrodes of flexible sensor arrays," 10th Annu. Flexible Electron. Displays Conf. (2011).

K. Alzoubi, S. Lu, B. Sammakia, M. Poliks, "Experimental study of the high cyclic bending fatigue of thin film metal on polyethylene terephthalate for flexible electronics applications," Proc. ASME 2009 InterPACK Conf. (IPACK2009) (2009).

K. Alzoubi, S. Lu, B. Sammakia, M. Poliks, "Factors effect study for the high cyclic bending fatigue of thin films on PET substrate using design of experiments tools," 9th Annu. Flexible Electron. Displays Conf. (2010).

K. Alzoubi, A. Qasaimeh, S. Lu, B. Sammakia, M. Poliks, "Resistance change modeling of sputtered thin films on flexible substrates under fatigue test," 2010 Ind. Eng. Res. Conf. (2010).

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