Abstract

Two designs of high color purity RGB color filter (RGB-CF) using Fabry–Perot etalon were proposed. First, various transmission spectra for corresponding pixel arrays were achieved by optimizing the orientation of fixed polymerized liquid crystal polymers with high birefringence. The designed high color purity RGB-CF is believed to have potential for display applications. Second, three primary transmissive peaks for each pixel were achieved with the optimized air gap. Compensated CFs were adopted to enhance color purity by absorbing undesirable transmissive light. The second design is to overcome the limitation of the cell gap in the first design. Additionally, two approaches to improve light utilization efficiency were discussed.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. G. R. Fowles, Introduction to Modern Optics (Dover, 1975).
  2. P.-L. Chen, K.-C. Lin, W.-C. Chuang, Y.-C. Tzeng, K.-Y. Lee, W.-Y. Lee, "Analysis of a liquid crystal Fabry–Perot etalon filter: A novel model," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 467-469 (1997).
  3. K. Hirabayashi, H. Tsuda, T. Kurokawa, "Narrow-band tunable waveleng th-selective filters of Fabry–Perot interferometers with a liquid crystal intracavity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 213-215 (1991).
  4. M.-M. Cheung, S. D. Durbin, Y. R. Shen, "Optical bistability and self-oscillation of a nonlinear Fabry–Perot interferometer filled with a nematic-liquid-crystal film," Opt. Lett. 8, 39-41 (1983).
  5. J. S. Patel, M. A. Saifi, D. W. Berreman, C. Lin, N. Andreadakis, S. D. Lee, "Electrically tunable optical fnter for infrared wavelength using liquid crystals in a Fabry–Perot etalon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2491-1-3 (1991).
  6. K. Hirabayashi, H. Tsuda, T. Kurokawa, "Tunable liquid-crystal Fabry–Perot interferometer filter for wavelength-division multiplexing communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 2033-2043 (1993).
  7. R. S. Tucker, D. M. Baney, W. V. Sorin, C. A. Flory, "Thermal noise and radiation pressure in MEMS Fabry-Pérot tunable filters and lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 88-97 (2002).
  8. http://www.mirasoldisplays.com.
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  11. T. Schimizu, K. Koyabashi, Color filter U.S. Patent 4 934 791 (1990).
  12. Y. Hirai, H. Katoh, "Requirement on color filter for TFT-LCDs," Proc. IDW (1995) pp. 49-52.
  13. Y. Otsuki, "Color filter fabrication by electrodeposition process," Proc. IDW (1995) pp. 73-77.
  14. H.-H. Lin, C.-H. Lee, M.-H. Lu, "Dye-less color filter fabricated by roll-to-roll imprinting for liquid crystal display applications," Opt. Express 17, 12397-12406 (2009).
  15. T.-L. Chiu, J.-H. Lee, "Color gamut variation of LED-lit LCD at different module temperatures," Opt. Commun. 283, 373-378 (2010).
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  17. F.-C. Lin, Y.-P. Huang, C.-M. Wei, H.-P. D. Shieh, "Color filter-less LCDs in achieving high contrast and low power consumption by stencil field-sequential-color method," J. Display Technol. 6, 98-106 (2010).
  18. C.-C. Chen, C.-P. Hwang, Color filter substrate U.S. Patent 7 811 725 (2010).
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  20. M. Karakawa, Laser illuminated backlight for liquid crystal displays U.S. Patent 20 100 182 536 (2010).
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  23. J. Xu, H. Fang, Z. Lin, "Expanding high reflection range in a dielectric multilayer reflector by disorder and inhomogeneity," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34, 445-449 (2001).
  24. N. Yamada, M. Okamoto, S. Kozaki, Axial symmetric polarizing plate, method for fabricating the same, and liquid crystal display device U.S. Patent 6 175 398 (2001).

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

H.-H. Lin, C.-H. Lee, M.-H. Lu, "Dye-less color filter fabricated by roll-to-roll imprinting for liquid crystal display applications," Opt. Express 17, 12397-12406 (2009).

2006 (1)

K. Kakinuma, "Technology of wide color gamut backlight with light-emitting diode for liquid crystal display television," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4330-4334 (2006).

2002 (1)

R. S. Tucker, D. M. Baney, W. V. Sorin, C. A. Flory, "Thermal noise and radiation pressure in MEMS Fabry-Pérot tunable filters and lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 88-97 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. Xu, H. Fang, Z. Lin, "Expanding high reflection range in a dielectric multilayer reflector by disorder and inhomogeneity," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34, 445-449 (2001).

1999 (1)

R. W. Sabnis, "Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays," Displays 20, 119-129 (1999).

1997 (1)

P.-L. Chen, K.-C. Lin, W.-C. Chuang, Y.-C. Tzeng, K.-Y. Lee, W.-Y. Lee, "Analysis of a liquid crystal Fabry–Perot etalon filter: A novel model," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 467-469 (1997).

1993 (1)

K. Hirabayashi, H. Tsuda, T. Kurokawa, "Tunable liquid-crystal Fabry–Perot interferometer filter for wavelength-division multiplexing communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 2033-2043 (1993).

1991 (2)

J. S. Patel, M. A. Saifi, D. W. Berreman, C. Lin, N. Andreadakis, S. D. Lee, "Electrically tunable optical fnter for infrared wavelength using liquid crystals in a Fabry–Perot etalon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2491-1-3 (1991).

K. Hirabayashi, H. Tsuda, T. Kurokawa, "Narrow-band tunable waveleng th-selective filters of Fabry–Perot interferometers with a liquid crystal intracavity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 213-215 (1991).

1990 (1)

S. Gauza, C.-H. Wen, S.-T. Wu, N. Janarthananl, C.-S. Hsu, "Super high birefringence isothiocyanato biphenyl-bistolane liquid crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7634-7638 (1990).

1983 (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. S. Patel, M. A. Saifi, D. W. Berreman, C. Lin, N. Andreadakis, S. D. Lee, "Electrically tunable optical fnter for infrared wavelength using liquid crystals in a Fabry–Perot etalon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2491-1-3 (1991).

Displays (1)

R. W. Sabnis, "Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays," Displays 20, 119-129 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P.-L. Chen, K.-C. Lin, W.-C. Chuang, Y.-C. Tzeng, K.-Y. Lee, W.-Y. Lee, "Analysis of a liquid crystal Fabry–Perot etalon filter: A novel model," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 467-469 (1997).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

R. S. Tucker, D. M. Baney, W. V. Sorin, C. A. Flory, "Thermal noise and radiation pressure in MEMS Fabry-Pérot tunable filters and lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 88-97 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Hirabayashi, H. Tsuda, T. Kurokawa, "Narrow-band tunable waveleng th-selective filters of Fabry–Perot interferometers with a liquid crystal intracavity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 213-215 (1991).

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Xu, H. Fang, Z. Lin, "Expanding high reflection range in a dielectric multilayer reflector by disorder and inhomogeneity," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34, 445-449 (2001).

J. Display Technol. (1)

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

K. Hirabayashi, H. Tsuda, T. Kurokawa, "Tunable liquid-crystal Fabry–Perot interferometer filter for wavelength-division multiplexing communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 2033-2043 (1993).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Gauza, C.-H. Wen, S.-T. Wu, N. Janarthananl, C.-S. Hsu, "Super high birefringence isothiocyanato biphenyl-bistolane liquid crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 7634-7638 (1990).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Kakinuma, "Technology of wide color gamut backlight with light-emitting diode for liquid crystal display television," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4330-4334 (2006).

Opt. Commun. (1)

T.-L. Chiu, J.-H. Lee, "Color gamut variation of LED-lit LCD at different module temperatures," Opt. Commun. 283, 373-378 (2010).

Opt. Express (1)

H.-H. Lin, C.-H. Lee, M.-H. Lu, "Dye-less color filter fabricated by roll-to-roll imprinting for liquid crystal display applications," Opt. Express 17, 12397-12406 (2009).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (11)

R. W. Wake, S. L. Reithel, H. G. McGuckin, Color filter array U.S. Patent 4 876 166 (1989).

T. Schimizu, K. Koyabashi, Color filter U.S. Patent 4 934 791 (1990).

Y. Hirai, H. Katoh, "Requirement on color filter for TFT-LCDs," Proc. IDW (1995) pp. 49-52.

Y. Otsuki, "Color filter fabrication by electrodeposition process," Proc. IDW (1995) pp. 73-77.

G. R. Fowles, Introduction to Modern Optics (Dover, 1975).

http://www.mirasoldisplays.com.

C.-C. Chen, C.-P. Hwang, Color filter substrate U.S. Patent 7 811 725 (2010).

Y. Wang, Low-cost thin-metal-film interference filters U.S. Patent 6 031 653 (2000).

M. Karakawa, Laser illuminated backlight for liquid crystal displays U.S. Patent 20 100 182 536 (2010).

M. Karakawa, Laser illuminated backlight for flat panel displays U.S. Patent, 7 866 869 (2011).

N. Yamada, M. Okamoto, S. Kozaki, Axial symmetric polarizing plate, method for fabricating the same, and liquid crystal display device U.S. Patent 6 175 398 (2001).

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