Abstract

This paper introduces a new twist on stereoscopic displays —one that has similarities to existing methods in that it utilizes both polarization and color to present different stereo 3D perspectives to each eye, but by combining the use of polarization and color, it avoids weaknesses associated with previous methods. This new method is named Mixed Polarization 3D. Color imbalance artifacts associated with anaglyph methods of 3D are avoided by alternating the colors presented to each eye. Flicker, associated with polarization-sequential 3D, or the need to increase the frame rate to at least 120 Hz to avoid this perceived flicker, is avoided in mixed polarization 3D by presenting both eyes with 3D information in every single frame. It is particularly aimed at use in scanned laser projectors where all three primary colors (R, G, B) are already polarized and simultaneously displayed. Like other polarization-based approaches, it requires the use of a polarization-preserving screen and inexpensive passive polarization glasses. The 3D display needs just a single handheld mobile projector coupled with an active polarization rotator, thus the image registration problems with two projectors is avoided.

© 2012 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Urey, K. Chellappan, E. Erden, P. Surman, "State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays," Proc. IEEE 99, 540-555 (2011).
  2. C. Ellinger, P. Kane, 2D/3D switchable color display apparatus with narrow band emitters U.S. Patent 2011/0285?705 (2011).
  3. H. Jorke, M. Fritz, "Infitec-a new stereoscopic visualisation tool by wavelength multiplex imaging," Proc. Electron. Displays (2003).
  4. C. Lanfranchi, C. Brossier, Method and equipment for producing and displaying stereoscopic images with coloured filters Eur. EP Patent 2 162 794 (2010).
  5. I. Howard, B. Rogers, Perceiving in Depth, Volume 2: Stereoscopic Vision (Oxford Univ Pr, 2012).
  6. A. Woods, C. Harris, "Comparing levels of crosstalk with red/cyan, blue/yellow, and green/magenta anaglyph 3D glasses," Proc. SPIE Stereosc. Displays and Appl. (2010) pp. 75240Q.
  7. S. Kim, E. Kim, "Performance analysis of stereoscopic three-dimensional projection display systems," 3D Res. 1, 1-16 (2010).
  8. K. Jachimowicz, R. Gold, "Stereoscopic (3D) projection display using polarized color multiplexing," Opt. Eng. 29, 838-842 (1990).
  9. M. Cowan, J. Greer, L. Lipton, J. Chiu, Enhanced ZScreen modulator techniques WO Patent WO/2007/067 493 (2007).
  10. I. RealD, "RealD—The new 3D," (2012) http://reald.com/.
  11. L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. De Smet, H. Thienpont, "Design of a compact projection display for the visualization of 3-D images using polarization sensitive eyeglasses," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 603-609 (2009).
  12. S. Faris, "Novel 3D stereoscopic imaging technology," Proc. SPIE (1994) pp. 180.
  13. Y. Wu, Y. Jeng, P. Yeh, C. Hu, W. Huang, "20.2: Stereoscopic 3D display using patterned retarder," (2008) SID.
  14. G. Saitoh, M. Imai, Liquid crystal shutter glasses WO Patent WO/2009/037 940 (2009).
  15. K. Chellappan, E. Erden, H. Urey, "Laser-based displays: A review," Appl. Opt. 49, F79-F98 (2010).
  16. M. Freeman, M. Champion, S. Madhavan, "Scanned laser pico-projectors: Seeing the big picture (with a small device)," Opt. Photon. News 20, 28-34 (2009).
  17. J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (Roberts, 2005).
  18. I. Microvision, "Microvision: A world of display and imaging opportunities," (2012) http://www.microvision.com.
  19. I. M. Technology, "Micron Technology, Inc.—DRAM, NAND flash, NOR flash, MCP, SSD, FLCOS," (2011) http://www.micron.com.
  20. S.-U. GmbH, "SilverFabric—Optical elements for professional 3-D projection," (2011) http://www.silverfabric3d.de/.
  21. J. Kremers, B. Lee, P. Kaiser, "Sensitivity of macaque retinal ganglion cells and human observers to combined luminance and chromatic temporal modulation," JOSA A 9, 1477-1485 (1992).
  22. H. Urey, K. Powell, Optical element that includes a microlens array and related method U.S. Patent Appl. 20 050/248 849 (2005).
  23. A. Woods, "Understanding crosstalk in stereoscopic displays," Keynote Presentation at Three-Dimensional Syst. Appl. (3DSA) Conf. (2010) pp. 19-21.
  24. P. Seuntiëns, L. Meesters, W. IJsselsteijn, "Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images," Displays 26, 177-183 (2005).
  25. I. Tsirlin, L. Wilcox, R. Allison, "The effect of crosstalk on the perceived depth from disparity and monocular occlusions," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 2445-453 (2011).
  26. A. Al-Qasimi, O. Korotkova, D. James, E. Wolf, "Definitions of the degree of polarization of a light beam," Opt. Lett. 32, 1015-1016 (2007).
  27. H. Urey, K. Powell, "Microlens-array-based exit-pupil expander for full-color displays," Appl. Opt. 44, 4930-4936 (2005).

2011 (2)

H. Urey, K. Chellappan, E. Erden, P. Surman, "State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays," Proc. IEEE 99, 540-555 (2011).

I. Tsirlin, L. Wilcox, R. Allison, "The effect of crosstalk on the perceived depth from disparity and monocular occlusions," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 2445-453 (2011).

2010 (2)

S. Kim, E. Kim, "Performance analysis of stereoscopic three-dimensional projection display systems," 3D Res. 1, 1-16 (2010).

K. Chellappan, E. Erden, H. Urey, "Laser-based displays: A review," Appl. Opt. 49, F79-F98 (2010).

2009 (2)

M. Freeman, M. Champion, S. Madhavan, "Scanned laser pico-projectors: Seeing the big picture (with a small device)," Opt. Photon. News 20, 28-34 (2009).

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. De Smet, H. Thienpont, "Design of a compact projection display for the visualization of 3-D images using polarization sensitive eyeglasses," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 603-609 (2009).

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

H. Urey, K. Powell, "Microlens-array-based exit-pupil expander for full-color displays," Appl. Opt. 44, 4930-4936 (2005).

P. Seuntiëns, L. Meesters, W. IJsselsteijn, "Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images," Displays 26, 177-183 (2005).

2003 (1)

H. Jorke, M. Fritz, "Infitec-a new stereoscopic visualisation tool by wavelength multiplex imaging," Proc. Electron. Displays (2003).

1992 (1)

J. Kremers, B. Lee, P. Kaiser, "Sensitivity of macaque retinal ganglion cells and human observers to combined luminance and chromatic temporal modulation," JOSA A 9, 1477-1485 (1992).

1990 (1)

K. Jachimowicz, R. Gold, "Stereoscopic (3D) projection display using polarized color multiplexing," Opt. Eng. 29, 838-842 (1990).

3D Res. (1)

S. Kim, E. Kim, "Performance analysis of stereoscopic three-dimensional projection display systems," 3D Res. 1, 1-16 (2010).

Appl. Opt. (1)

K. Chellappan, E. Erden, H. Urey, "Laser-based displays: A review," Appl. Opt. 49, F79-F98 (2010).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Displays (1)

P. Seuntiëns, L. Meesters, W. IJsselsteijn, "Perceptual attributes of crosstalk in 3D images," Displays 26, 177-183 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Broadcast. (1)

I. Tsirlin, L. Wilcox, R. Allison, "The effect of crosstalk on the perceived depth from disparity and monocular occlusions," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 2445-453 (2011).

J. Soc. Inf. Display (1)

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. De Smet, H. Thienpont, "Design of a compact projection display for the visualization of 3-D images using polarization sensitive eyeglasses," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 603-609 (2009).

JOSA A (1)

J. Kremers, B. Lee, P. Kaiser, "Sensitivity of macaque retinal ganglion cells and human observers to combined luminance and chromatic temporal modulation," JOSA A 9, 1477-1485 (1992).

Opt. Photon. News (1)

M. Freeman, M. Champion, S. Madhavan, "Scanned laser pico-projectors: Seeing the big picture (with a small device)," Opt. Photon. News 20, 28-34 (2009).

Opt. Eng. (1)

K. Jachimowicz, R. Gold, "Stereoscopic (3D) projection display using polarized color multiplexing," Opt. Eng. 29, 838-842 (1990).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. Electron. Displays (1)

H. Jorke, M. Fritz, "Infitec-a new stereoscopic visualisation tool by wavelength multiplex imaging," Proc. Electron. Displays (2003).

Proc. IEEE (1)

H. Urey, K. Chellappan, E. Erden, P. Surman, "State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays," Proc. IEEE 99, 540-555 (2011).

Other (15)

C. Ellinger, P. Kane, 2D/3D switchable color display apparatus with narrow band emitters U.S. Patent 2011/0285?705 (2011).

H. Urey, K. Powell, Optical element that includes a microlens array and related method U.S. Patent Appl. 20 050/248 849 (2005).

A. Woods, "Understanding crosstalk in stereoscopic displays," Keynote Presentation at Three-Dimensional Syst. Appl. (3DSA) Conf. (2010) pp. 19-21.

C. Lanfranchi, C. Brossier, Method and equipment for producing and displaying stereoscopic images with coloured filters Eur. EP Patent 2 162 794 (2010).

I. Howard, B. Rogers, Perceiving in Depth, Volume 2: Stereoscopic Vision (Oxford Univ Pr, 2012).

A. Woods, C. Harris, "Comparing levels of crosstalk with red/cyan, blue/yellow, and green/magenta anaglyph 3D glasses," Proc. SPIE Stereosc. Displays and Appl. (2010) pp. 75240Q.

M. Cowan, J. Greer, L. Lipton, J. Chiu, Enhanced ZScreen modulator techniques WO Patent WO/2007/067 493 (2007).

I. RealD, "RealD—The new 3D," (2012) http://reald.com/.

J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (Roberts, 2005).

I. Microvision, "Microvision: A world of display and imaging opportunities," (2012) http://www.microvision.com.

I. M. Technology, "Micron Technology, Inc.—DRAM, NAND flash, NOR flash, MCP, SSD, FLCOS," (2011) http://www.micron.com.

S.-U. GmbH, "SilverFabric—Optical elements for professional 3-D projection," (2011) http://www.silverfabric3d.de/.

S. Faris, "Novel 3D stereoscopic imaging technology," Proc. SPIE (1994) pp. 180.

Y. Wu, Y. Jeng, P. Yeh, C. Hu, W. Huang, "20.2: Stereoscopic 3D display using patterned retarder," (2008) SID.

G. Saitoh, M. Imai, Liquid crystal shutter glasses WO Patent WO/2009/037 940 (2009).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.