Abstract

Limited depth of field (DOF) and low lateral resolution are two main shortages of conventional integral imaging for 3D display. In this paper, we demonstrate an experimental approach to enhancing DOF of an integral imaging system with coded elemental images captured by a cubic phase plate (CPP) coded camera array. After digital process of the coded elemental images, we obtained elemental images with enhanced DOF for 3D display. We employed the elemental images to reconstruct a real 3D image in a 7 x 7 lens array integral imaging system, indicating that proposed method can improve the depth of field and lateral resolution of integral imaging system significantly.

© 2012 IEEE

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2011

M. Cho, M. Daneshpanah, I. Moon, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional optical sensing and visualization using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 99, 556-575 (2011).

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, L. Pockett, "Three dimensional displays a review and applications analysis," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 2362-371 (2011).

2009

2008

M. S. Mirotznik, J. van der Gracht, D. Pustai, S. Mathews, "Design of cubic-phase optical elements using subwavelength microstructures," Opt. Express 16, 1250-1259 (2008).

2007

A. Castro, Y. Frauel, B. Javidi, "Integral imaging with large depth of field using an asymmetric phase mask," Opt. Express 15, 10267-10273 (2007).

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

L. Erdman, K. J. Gabriel, "High resolution digital photography by use of a scanning microlens array," Appl. Opt. 40, 5592-5599 (2001).

1998

H. Hoshino, F. Okano, H. Isono, I. Yuyama, "Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 15, 2059-2065 (1998).

1995

E. R. Dowski, Jr.W. T. Cathey, "Extended depth of field through wave-front coding," Appl. Opt. 34, 1859-1866 (1995).

E. R. Dowski, Jr.W. T. Cathey, "Aspheric optical elements for extended depth of field imaging," Proc. SPIE 2537, 279-288 (1995).

1973

B. R. Hunt, "The application of constrained-least-squares estimation to image restoration by digital computer," IEEE Trans. Computers C-22, 805 (1973).

1951

H. H. Hopkins, "The frequency response of a defocused optical system," Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A 231, 91-103 (1951).

1908

G. Lippmann, "La photographic integral," C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446-451 (1908).

Appl. Opt.

L. Erdman, K. J. Gabriel, "High resolution digital photography by use of a scanning microlens array," Appl. Opt. 40, 5592-5599 (2001).

Appl. Opt.

C. R. Acad. Sci.

G. Lippmann, "La photographic integral," C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446-451 (1908).

IEEE Trans. Computers

B. R. Hunt, "The application of constrained-least-squares estimation to image restoration by digital computer," IEEE Trans. Computers C-22, 805 (1973).

IEEE Trans. Broadcast.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, L. Pockett, "Three dimensional displays a review and applications analysis," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 2362-371 (2011).

J. Display Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer.

J. Arai, H. Hoshino, M. Okui, F. Okano, "Effects on the resolution characteristics of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 20, 996-1004 (2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A

H. Hoshino, F. Okano, H. Isono, I. Yuyama, "Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 15, 2059-2065 (1998).

Opt. Express

A. Castro, Y. Frauel, B. Javidi, "Integral imaging with large depth of field using an asymmetric phase mask," Opt. Express 15, 10267-10273 (2007).

M. S. Mirotznik, J. van der Gracht, D. Pustai, S. Mathews, "Design of cubic-phase optical elements using subwavelength microstructures," Opt. Express 16, 1250-1259 (2008).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

M. Cho, M. Daneshpanah, I. Moon, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional optical sensing and visualization using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 99, 556-575 (2011).

Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A

H. H. Hopkins, "The frequency response of a defocused optical system," Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A 231, 91-103 (1951).

Proc. SPIE

E. R. Dowski, Jr.W. T. Cathey, "Aspheric optical elements for extended depth of field imaging," Proc. SPIE 2537, 279-288 (1995).

Other

R. C. Gonzalez, R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing (Addison-Wesley, 1992) pp. 218.

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