Abstract

A transflective polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal display (BP-LCD) using an etched in-plane switching (IPS) structure is proposed. To balance the optical phase retardation between the transmissive <i>(T)</i>- and reflective <i>(R)</i>-regions, IPS electrodes are formed with the same dimensions in both <i>T</i>- and <i>R</i>-regions, and the substrate between the electrodes is etched for generating double-penetrating fringe fields only in the <i>T</i>-region. This display exhibits a reasonably wide viewing angle and well-matched voltage dependent transmittance and reflectance curves.

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  1. S. H. Lee, H. W. Do, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, "A novel transflective liquid crystal display with a periodically patterned electrode," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L1455-L1458 (2003).
  2. X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 1, 15-29 (2005).
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  4. T. Du, L. S. Yao, V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, "Single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display and the use of photoalignment technology," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 421-426 (2010).
  5. H. Y. Kim, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. H. Lee, "Wide-view transflective liquid crystal display for mobile applications," App. Phys. Lett. 91, 231108.1-231108.3 (2007).
  6. J. H. Lee, X. Zhu, S. T. Wu, "Novel color-sequential transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 3, 2-8 (2007).
  7. M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, N. Terashima, "Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors," J. Soc. Inf. Display 7, 257-259 (1999).
  8. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hiskado, H. Yang, T. Kajiyama, "Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases," Nat. Mater. 1, 64-68 (2002).
  9. Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, T. Kajiyama, "Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases," Adv. Mater. 17, 96-98 (2005).
  10. S. W. Choi, S. I. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, H. Kikuchi, "Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043119-043121 (2008).
  11. Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, S. T. Wu, "Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104-1-101104-3 (2009).
  12. Y. Li, M. Jiao, S. T. Wu, "Transflective display using a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal," Opt. Express 18, 16486-16491 (2010).
  13. L. Rao, H. Cheng, S. T. Wu, "Low voltage blue-phase LCDs with double-penetrating fringe fields," J. Disp. Technol. 6, 287-289 (2010).
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  15. J. Kerr, "A new relation between electricity and light: Dielectrified media birefringent," Philos. Mag. 50, 337-348 (1875).
  16. A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystal: Propagation and Control of Laser Retardation (Wiley, 2002).
  17. Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, C. K. Wei, "Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 4, 129-138 (2008).
  18. Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, S. T. Wu, "Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 5, 250-256 (2009).
  19. A. Lien, "Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767-2769 (1990).
  20. Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, S. T. Wu, "Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 22, 966-977 (2005).
  21. J. Yan, M. Jiao, L. Rao, S. T. Wu, "Direct measurement of electric-field-induced birefringence in a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal composite," Opt. Express 18, 11450-11455 (2010).

2010 (4)

T. Du, L. S. Yao, V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, "Single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display and the use of photoalignment technology," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 421-426 (2010).

L. Rao, H. Cheng, S. T. Wu, "Low voltage blue-phase LCDs with double-penetrating fringe fields," J. Disp. Technol. 6, 287-289 (2010).

J. Yan, M. Jiao, L. Rao, S. T. Wu, "Direct measurement of electric-field-induced birefringence in a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal composite," Opt. Express 18, 11450-11455 (2010).

Y. Li, M. Jiao, S. T. Wu, "Transflective display using a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal," Opt. Express 18, 16486-16491 (2010).

2009 (2)

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, S. T. Wu, "Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104-1-101104-3 (2009).

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, S. T. Wu, "Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 5, 250-256 (2009).

2008 (2)

Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, C. K. Wei, "Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 4, 129-138 (2008).

S. W. Choi, S. I. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, H. Kikuchi, "Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043119-043121 (2008).

2007 (2)

H. Y. Kim, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. H. Lee, "Wide-view transflective liquid crystal display for mobile applications," App. Phys. Lett. 91, 231108.1-231108.3 (2007).

J. H. Lee, X. Zhu, S. T. Wu, "Novel color-sequential transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 3, 2-8 (2007).

2005 (3)

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, S. T. Wu, "Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 22, 966-977 (2005).

X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 1, 15-29 (2005).

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, T. Kajiyama, "Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases," Adv. Mater. 17, 96-98 (2005).

2003 (1)

S. H. Lee, H. W. Do, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, "A novel transflective liquid crystal display with a periodically patterned electrode," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L1455-L1458 (2003).

2002 (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hiskado, H. Yang, T. Kajiyama, "Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases," Nat. Mater. 1, 64-68 (2002).

1999 (1)

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, N. Terashima, "Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors," J. Soc. Inf. Display 7, 257-259 (1999).

1995 (1)

M. Ohe, K. Kondo, "Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).

1990 (1)

A. Lien, "Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767-2769 (1990).

1875 (1)

J. Kerr, "A new relation between electricity and light: Dielectrified media birefringent," Philos. Mag. 50, 337-348 (1875).

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, T. Kajiyama, "Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases," Adv. Mater. 17, 96-98 (2005).

App. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Y. Kim, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. H. Lee, "Wide-view transflective liquid crystal display for mobile applications," App. Phys. Lett. 91, 231108.1-231108.3 (2007).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

S. W. Choi, S. I. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, H. Kikuchi, "Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043119-043121 (2008).

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, S. T. Wu, "Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104-1-101104-3 (2009).

M. Ohe, K. Kondo, "Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).

A. Lien, "Extended Jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767-2769 (1990).

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

L. Rao, H. Cheng, S. T. Wu, "Low voltage blue-phase LCDs with double-penetrating fringe fields," J. Disp. Technol. 6, 287-289 (2010).

J. Display Technol. (4)

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (1)

Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, S. T. Wu, "Reflective liquid crystal displays with asymmetric incidence and exit angles," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 22, 966-977 (2005).

J. Soc. Inf. Display (2)

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, N. Terashima, "Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors," J. Soc. Inf. Display 7, 257-259 (1999).

T. Du, L. S. Yao, V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, "Single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display and the use of photoalignment technology," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 421-426 (2010).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. H. Lee, H. W. Do, G. D. Lee, T. H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, "A novel transflective liquid crystal display with a periodically patterned electrode," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L1455-L1458 (2003).

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hiskado, H. Yang, T. Kajiyama, "Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases," Nat. Mater. 1, 64-68 (2002).

Opt. Express (2)

Philos. Mag. (1)

J. Kerr, "A new relation between electricity and light: Dielectrified media birefringent," Philos. Mag. 50, 337-348 (1875).

Other (2)

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystal: Propagation and Control of Laser Retardation (Wiley, 2002).

Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, Transflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2010).

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