Abstract

The tone rendering distortion index (TRDI), which assesses image quality degradation via the distortion within a display of the tone rendering curve (TRC), is introduced and investigated. The effect of the tone rendering distortion upon image quality is different from the effect of data-loss during image compression. The tone rendering distortion changes the lightness, hue and chroma, which results in degradation of an image into irregular patterns depending upon the shape of the distorted TRC. While peak-signal-to-noise ratio (PNSR) and color differences do not represent the image quality very well, the TRDI shows a strong agreement with the human-perceived image quality, despite its simplicity. The method is useful for developing new display technology as well as for refining the image processing within display systems.

© 2011 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. A. M. Eskicioglu, P. S. Fisher, "Image quality measures and their performance," IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 2959-2965 (1995).
  2. S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K. H. Kim, J. K. Song, "New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance," J. Soc. Inf. Displays 12, 353-359 (2004).
  3. K. H. Kim, J. K. Song, "Technical evolution of liquid crystal displays," NPG Asia Mat. 1, 29-36 (2009).
  4. C. T. Liu, "Revolution of the TFT LCD technology," J. Display Technol. 3, 342-350 (2007).
  5. R. Lu, S.-T. Wu, S. H. Lee, "Reducing the color shift of a multidomain vertical alignment liquid crystal display using dual threshold voltages," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 051114 (2008).
  6. J. J. Lyu, J. Sohn, H. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, "Recent trends on Patterned Vertical Alignment (PVA) and Fringe-Field Switching (FFS) liquid crystal displays for liquid crystal television applications," J. Display Technol. 3, 404-412 (2007).
  7. J. Ma, Y. C. Yang, Z. Zheng, J. Shi, W. Cao, "A multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crystal display to improve the ${\rm V}$โ€“${\rm T}$ property," Displays 30, 185-189 (2009).
  8. Y.-P. Huang, W.-K. Huang, C.-H. Tsao, J.-J. Su, H.-L. Hou, P.-C. Liao, C.-Y. Chiu, C.-Y. Lee, "Advanced-MVA (A-MVA) mode for high quality LC displays," IMID '07 Dig. (2007) pp. 387.
  9. C.-Y. Chien, "72.3: Free color wash-out solution with advanced gamma-control technology," SID '08 Dig. (2008) pp. 1120.
  10. S. B. Park, J. K. Song, Y. Um, K. H. Kim, "Pixel-division technology for high-quality vertical-alignment LCDs," IEEE Electron Device Lett. 31, 987-989 (2010).
  11. H. Mori, "The wide view (WV) film for enhancing the field of view of LCDs," J. Display Technol. 1, 179-186 (2005).
  12. J. Y. Shen, C. Y. Lee, T.-H. Huang, J. T. Lin, Y.-T. Tao, C.-H. Chien, C. Tsai, "High Tg blue emitting materials for electroluminescent devices," J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2455-2463 (2005).
  13. C. H. Park, S. H. Lee, J. Jeong, K. J. Kim, H. C. Choi, "Control of gray scale inversion in a film-compensated twisted nematic liquid crystal display using bean steering optical film," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101119 (2006).
  14. Y. Saitoh, S. Kimura, K. Kusafuka, H. Shimizu, "Optimum film compensation of viewing angle of contrast in In-Plane-Switching-Mode liquid crystal display," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4822-4828 (1998).
  15. W. G. K. Backhaus, R. Kliegl, J. S. Werner, Color Vision: Perspectives From Different Disciplines (Gruyter, 1998).
  16. D. M. Eagleman, "Visual illusions and neurobiology," Nature Rev. 2, 921 (2001).

2010 (1)

S. B. Park, J. K. Song, Y. Um, K. H. Kim, "Pixel-division technology for high-quality vertical-alignment LCDs," IEEE Electron Device Lett. 31, 987-989 (2010).

2009 (2)

K. H. Kim, J. K. Song, "Technical evolution of liquid crystal displays," NPG Asia Mat. 1, 29-36 (2009).

J. Ma, Y. C. Yang, Z. Zheng, J. Shi, W. Cao, "A multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crystal display to improve the ${\rm V}$โ€“${\rm T}$ property," Displays 30, 185-189 (2009).

2008 (1)

R. Lu, S.-T. Wu, S. H. Lee, "Reducing the color shift of a multidomain vertical alignment liquid crystal display using dual threshold voltages," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 051114 (2008).

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

C. H. Park, S. H. Lee, J. Jeong, K. J. Kim, H. C. Choi, "Control of gray scale inversion in a film-compensated twisted nematic liquid crystal display using bean steering optical film," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101119 (2006).

2005 (2)

H. Mori, "The wide view (WV) film for enhancing the field of view of LCDs," J. Display Technol. 1, 179-186 (2005).

J. Y. Shen, C. Y. Lee, T.-H. Huang, J. T. Lin, Y.-T. Tao, C.-H. Chien, C. Tsai, "High Tg blue emitting materials for electroluminescent devices," J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2455-2463 (2005).

2004 (1)

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K. H. Kim, J. K. Song, "New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance," J. Soc. Inf. Displays 12, 353-359 (2004).

2001 (1)

D. M. Eagleman, "Visual illusions and neurobiology," Nature Rev. 2, 921 (2001).

1998 (1)

Y. Saitoh, S. Kimura, K. Kusafuka, H. Shimizu, "Optimum film compensation of viewing angle of contrast in In-Plane-Switching-Mode liquid crystal display," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4822-4828 (1998).

1995 (1)

A. M. Eskicioglu, P. S. Fisher, "Image quality measures and their performance," IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 2959-2965 (1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. Lu, S.-T. Wu, S. H. Lee, "Reducing the color shift of a multidomain vertical alignment liquid crystal display using dual threshold voltages," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 051114 (2008).

C. H. Park, S. H. Lee, J. Jeong, K. J. Kim, H. C. Choi, "Control of gray scale inversion in a film-compensated twisted nematic liquid crystal display using bean steering optical film," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101119 (2006).

Displays (1)

J. Ma, Y. C. Yang, Z. Zheng, J. Shi, W. Cao, "A multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crystal display to improve the ${\rm V}$โ€“${\rm T}$ property," Displays 30, 185-189 (2009).

IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

S. B. Park, J. K. Song, Y. Um, K. H. Kim, "Pixel-division technology for high-quality vertical-alignment LCDs," IEEE Electron Device Lett. 31, 987-989 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

A. M. Eskicioglu, P. S. Fisher, "Image quality measures and their performance," IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 2959-2965 (1995).

J. Display Technol. (3)

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

J. Y. Shen, C. Y. Lee, T.-H. Huang, J. T. Lin, Y.-T. Tao, C.-H. Chien, C. Tsai, "High Tg blue emitting materials for electroluminescent devices," J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2455-2463 (2005).

J. Soc. Inf. Displays (1)

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K. H. Kim, J. K. Song, "New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance," J. Soc. Inf. Displays 12, 353-359 (2004).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Saitoh, S. Kimura, K. Kusafuka, H. Shimizu, "Optimum film compensation of viewing angle of contrast in In-Plane-Switching-Mode liquid crystal display," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4822-4828 (1998).

Nature Rev. (1)

D. M. Eagleman, "Visual illusions and neurobiology," Nature Rev. 2, 921 (2001).

NPG Asia Mat. (1)

K. H. Kim, J. K. Song, "Technical evolution of liquid crystal displays," NPG Asia Mat. 1, 29-36 (2009).

Other (3)

Y.-P. Huang, W.-K. Huang, C.-H. Tsao, J.-J. Su, H.-L. Hou, P.-C. Liao, C.-Y. Chiu, C.-Y. Lee, "Advanced-MVA (A-MVA) mode for high quality LC displays," IMID '07 Dig. (2007) pp. 387.

C.-Y. Chien, "72.3: Free color wash-out solution with advanced gamma-control technology," SID '08 Dig. (2008) pp. 1120.

W. G. K. Backhaus, R. Kliegl, J. S. Werner, Color Vision: Perspectives From Different Disciplines (Gruyter, 1998).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.