Abstract

In graphics, gravure printing is the preferred method for printing high quality, fine dimension graphics using high-speed roll-to-roll or sheet fed presses. Gravure printing typically employs flexible and compressible substrates such as various papers and polymer films. In electronics, glass substrates are a common, if not preferred, substrate in many applications, particularly displays and photovoltaics. In combining printing with glass substrates, challenges exist in adapting contact-based printing methods such as gravure to the mechanical properties of the more rigid substrates. In this work, sheet-fed gravure printing has been successfully used to print silver-based conductive inks on glass substrates. Various features were designed and printed to evaluate conductive layers in terms of their printability and electrical performance. The independent variables include gravure cell dimensions, trace orientation with respect to printing direction and ink type. Results from this work provide an insight into the science of gravure printing on glass by correlating the independent variables to printed feature quality and electrical performance.

© 2010 IEEE

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References

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  1. D. Gamota, P. Brazis, L. Kalyanasunadaram, J. Zhang, Printed Organic and Molecular Electronics (Kluwer Academic, 2004).
  2. M. Tuomikoski, "Manufacturing of polymer light-emitting device structures," Proc SPIE—Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. (2006).
  3. J. Puetz, M. A. Aegerter, "Direct gravure printing of indium tin oxide nanoparticles patterns on polymer foils," Thin Solid Films 516, 4495-4501 (2008).
  4. J. M. Ding, A. F. Vornbrock, C. Ting, V. Subramanian, "Patternable polymer bulk heterojunction photovoltaic cells on plastic by rotogravure printing," Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 459-464 (2009).
  5. M. Rebros, E. Hrehorova, B. J. Bazuin, M. K. Joyce, P. D. Fleming, A. Pekarovicova, "Rotogravure printed UHF RFID antennae directly on packaging materials," Proc TAGA 60th Annu. Tech. Conf. (2008).
  6. E. Hrehorova, M. Rebros, A. Pekarovicova, P. D. Fleming, "Suitability of gravure printing for high volume fabrication of electronics," Proc. IS&T Conf. on Digital Fabrication (2008) pp. 260-264.
  7. E. Hrehorova, A. Pekarovicova, V. N. Bliznyuk, P. D. Fleming, "Polymeric materials for printed electronics and their interactions with paper substrates," Proc IS&T Digital Fabrication (2007) pp. 928-932.
  8. A. F. Vornbrock, J. M. Ding, D. Sung, H. Y. Tseng, V. Subramanian, "Printing and scaling of metallic traces and capacitors using a laboratory-scale rotogravure press," Proc. 2009 Flexible Electron. & Displays Conf. (2009).
  9. Y. Liu, T. Cui, "Polymer-based rectifiying diodes on a glass substrate fabricated by ink-jet printing," Macromolecular Rapid Commun. 26, 289-292 (2005).
  10. M. O'Reilly, "Aerosol jet direct write solutions for photovoltaic and other commercial markets," IDTechEx Conf. on Printed Electron. USA 2009 San JoseCA (2009).
  11. J. Hagberg, M. Pudas, S. Leppavouri, K. Elsey, A. Logan, "Gravure offset printing development for fine line thick film circuits," Microelectron. Int. 18, 32-35 (2001).
  12. F. C. Krebs, "Pad printing as a film forming technique for polymer solar cells," Solar Energy Mater. and Solar Cells 93, 484-490 (2009).
  13. G. Henning, K. H. Selbmann, A. Brocklet, "Laser engraving in gravure industry," Proc SPIE: Workshop on Laser Appl. in Eur. (2006) pp. 6157, 61570C.
  14. K. Gillett, Gravure—Process and Technology (GAA and GEF, 2003) pp. 231-235.
  15. E. Hrehorova, A. Pekarovicova, P. D. Fleming, "Evaluation of gravure printing for printed electronics," Proc TAGA 60th Annu. Tech. Conf. (2008) pp. 324-336.

2009 (2)

J. M. Ding, A. F. Vornbrock, C. Ting, V. Subramanian, "Patternable polymer bulk heterojunction photovoltaic cells on plastic by rotogravure printing," Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 459-464 (2009).

F. C. Krebs, "Pad printing as a film forming technique for polymer solar cells," Solar Energy Mater. and Solar Cells 93, 484-490 (2009).

2008 (1)

J. Puetz, M. A. Aegerter, "Direct gravure printing of indium tin oxide nanoparticles patterns on polymer foils," Thin Solid Films 516, 4495-4501 (2008).

2005 (1)

Y. Liu, T. Cui, "Polymer-based rectifiying diodes on a glass substrate fabricated by ink-jet printing," Macromolecular Rapid Commun. 26, 289-292 (2005).

2001 (1)

J. Hagberg, M. Pudas, S. Leppavouri, K. Elsey, A. Logan, "Gravure offset printing development for fine line thick film circuits," Microelectron. Int. 18, 32-35 (2001).

Macromolecular Rapid Commun. (1)

Y. Liu, T. Cui, "Polymer-based rectifiying diodes on a glass substrate fabricated by ink-jet printing," Macromolecular Rapid Commun. 26, 289-292 (2005).

Microelectron. Int. (1)

J. Hagberg, M. Pudas, S. Leppavouri, K. Elsey, A. Logan, "Gravure offset printing development for fine line thick film circuits," Microelectron. Int. 18, 32-35 (2001).

Solar Energy Mater. and Solar Cells (1)

F. C. Krebs, "Pad printing as a film forming technique for polymer solar cells," Solar Energy Mater. and Solar Cells 93, 484-490 (2009).

Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells (1)

J. M. Ding, A. F. Vornbrock, C. Ting, V. Subramanian, "Patternable polymer bulk heterojunction photovoltaic cells on plastic by rotogravure printing," Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 93, 459-464 (2009).

Thin Solid Films (1)

J. Puetz, M. A. Aegerter, "Direct gravure printing of indium tin oxide nanoparticles patterns on polymer foils," Thin Solid Films 516, 4495-4501 (2008).

Other (10)

G. Henning, K. H. Selbmann, A. Brocklet, "Laser engraving in gravure industry," Proc SPIE: Workshop on Laser Appl. in Eur. (2006) pp. 6157, 61570C.

K. Gillett, Gravure—Process and Technology (GAA and GEF, 2003) pp. 231-235.

E. Hrehorova, A. Pekarovicova, P. D. Fleming, "Evaluation of gravure printing for printed electronics," Proc TAGA 60th Annu. Tech. Conf. (2008) pp. 324-336.

M. Rebros, E. Hrehorova, B. J. Bazuin, M. K. Joyce, P. D. Fleming, A. Pekarovicova, "Rotogravure printed UHF RFID antennae directly on packaging materials," Proc TAGA 60th Annu. Tech. Conf. (2008).

E. Hrehorova, M. Rebros, A. Pekarovicova, P. D. Fleming, "Suitability of gravure printing for high volume fabrication of electronics," Proc. IS&T Conf. on Digital Fabrication (2008) pp. 260-264.

E. Hrehorova, A. Pekarovicova, V. N. Bliznyuk, P. D. Fleming, "Polymeric materials for printed electronics and their interactions with paper substrates," Proc IS&T Digital Fabrication (2007) pp. 928-932.

A. F. Vornbrock, J. M. Ding, D. Sung, H. Y. Tseng, V. Subramanian, "Printing and scaling of metallic traces and capacitors using a laboratory-scale rotogravure press," Proc. 2009 Flexible Electron. & Displays Conf. (2009).

M. O'Reilly, "Aerosol jet direct write solutions for photovoltaic and other commercial markets," IDTechEx Conf. on Printed Electron. USA 2009 San JoseCA (2009).

D. Gamota, P. Brazis, L. Kalyanasunadaram, J. Zhang, Printed Organic and Molecular Electronics (Kluwer Academic, 2004).

M. Tuomikoski, "Manufacturing of polymer light-emitting device structures," Proc SPIE—Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. (2006).

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