Abstract

Monocular head-mounted displays (HMDs) will be a major tool for ubiquitous computing. However, monocular HMD visibility causes a decrease in the light received from the environment. Fluctuating light from the environment strongly affects the visibility of images presented on the monocular HMD. In the present study, we have studied a method for controlling HMD backlighting to improve visibility at the wearing a monocular HMD under variable lighting conditions. Three backlight control patterns were developed from Experiment I as psychophysical measurements, and their validities were subjectively evaluated in Experiment II. The results suggest increased visibilities at wearing a monocular HMD when controlling the backlight. Moreover, the rules for backlighting control are based on psychophysical theory.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. N. K. Logothetis, J. D. Schall, "Binocular motion rivalry in macaque monkeys: Eye dominance and tracking eye movements," Vision Res. 30, 1409-1419 (1990).
  2. D. Alais, R. Blake, "Grouping visual features during binocular rivalry," Vision Res. 39, 4341-4353 (1999).
  3. F. Crick, "Visual perception: Rivalry and consciousness," Nature 379, 485-486 (1996).
  4. K. Keller, D. Colucci, "Perception in HMDs: What is it in head mounted displays (HMDs) that really make them all so terrible?," Proc. SPIE: Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays III 3362, 46-53 (1998).
  5. R. Patterson, M. Winterbottom, B. Pierce, "Perceptual issues in the use of head-mounted visual displays," Human Factors 48, 555-573 (2006).
  6. R. P. O'Shea, A. J. H. Sims, D. G. Govan, "The effect of spatial frequency and field size on the spread of exclusive visibility in binocular rivalry," Vision Res. 37, 175-183 (1997).
  7. J. S. Crowley, Human factors of night vision devices: anecdotes from the field concerning visual illusions and other effects USAARL Rep. (1991) pp. 91-15.
  8. K. L. Hiatt, M. G. Braithwaite, J. S. Crowley, C. E. Rash, C. V. Pol, The effect of a monocular helmet-mounted display on aircrew health: A cohort study of apache AH MK1 pilots Initial report. USAARL Rep. (2002)002–04.
  9. K. Watanabe, "The motion-induced position shift depends on the visual awareness of motion," Vision Res. 45, 2580-2586 (2005).
  10. L. C. J. van Dam, R. van Ee, "The role of saccades in exerting voluntary control in perceptual and binocular rivalry," Vision Res. 46, 787-799 (2006).
  11. T. L. Ooi, Z. , J. He, "Binocular rivalry and visual awareness: The role of attention," Perception 28, 551-574 (1999).
  12. D. Alais, R. Blake, "Grouping visual features during binocular rivalry," Vision Research 39, 4341-4353 (1999).
  13. M. Hollins, "The effect of contrast on the completeness of binocular rivalry suppression," Perception & Psychophysics 27, 550-556 (1980).
  14. T. Yamazoe, S. Kishi, T. Shibata, T. Kawai, "LCD backlight control for visibility of monocular head-mounted displays," IEEE Industry Appl. Society Annu. Meeting, IAS23 (2009) pp. 2-.
  15. T. Handa, K. Mukuno, H. Uozato, T. Niida, N. Shoji, K. Shimizu, "Effects of dominant and nondominant eyes in binocular rivalry," Optometry and Vision Science 81, 377-383 (2004).
  16. K. Hirasawa, N. Shiramatu, T. Okamoto, Y. Sato, A. Michimori, H. Okuda, M. Hashimoto, T. Makita, "Evaluation of the optical characteristic of monocular head mounted display with the low divergence of the backlight source (in Japanese)," Jpn. J. Ergonomics 40, 315-322 (2004).
  17. R. Kanai, Y. Kamitani, "Time-locked perceptual fading induced by visual transients," J.Cognitive Neurosci. 15, 664-672 (2003).
  18. R. Kanai, F. Moradi, S. Shimojo, F. A. Verstraten, "Perceptual alternation induced by visual transients," Perception 34, 803-822 (2005).

2006 (2)

L. C. J. van Dam, R. van Ee, "The role of saccades in exerting voluntary control in perceptual and binocular rivalry," Vision Res. 46, 787-799 (2006).

R. Patterson, M. Winterbottom, B. Pierce, "Perceptual issues in the use of head-mounted visual displays," Human Factors 48, 555-573 (2006).

2005 (2)

K. Watanabe, "The motion-induced position shift depends on the visual awareness of motion," Vision Res. 45, 2580-2586 (2005).

R. Kanai, F. Moradi, S. Shimojo, F. A. Verstraten, "Perceptual alternation induced by visual transients," Perception 34, 803-822 (2005).

2004 (2)

T. Handa, K. Mukuno, H. Uozato, T. Niida, N. Shoji, K. Shimizu, "Effects of dominant and nondominant eyes in binocular rivalry," Optometry and Vision Science 81, 377-383 (2004).

K. Hirasawa, N. Shiramatu, T. Okamoto, Y. Sato, A. Michimori, H. Okuda, M. Hashimoto, T. Makita, "Evaluation of the optical characteristic of monocular head mounted display with the low divergence of the backlight source (in Japanese)," Jpn. J. Ergonomics 40, 315-322 (2004).

2003 (1)

R. Kanai, Y. Kamitani, "Time-locked perceptual fading induced by visual transients," J.Cognitive Neurosci. 15, 664-672 (2003).

1999 (3)

T. L. Ooi, Z. , J. He, "Binocular rivalry and visual awareness: The role of attention," Perception 28, 551-574 (1999).

D. Alais, R. Blake, "Grouping visual features during binocular rivalry," Vision Research 39, 4341-4353 (1999).

D. Alais, R. Blake, "Grouping visual features during binocular rivalry," Vision Res. 39, 4341-4353 (1999).

1998 (1)

K. Keller, D. Colucci, "Perception in HMDs: What is it in head mounted displays (HMDs) that really make them all so terrible?," Proc. SPIE: Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays III 3362, 46-53 (1998).

1997 (1)

R. P. O'Shea, A. J. H. Sims, D. G. Govan, "The effect of spatial frequency and field size on the spread of exclusive visibility in binocular rivalry," Vision Res. 37, 175-183 (1997).

1996 (1)

F. Crick, "Visual perception: Rivalry and consciousness," Nature 379, 485-486 (1996).

1990 (1)

N. K. Logothetis, J. D. Schall, "Binocular motion rivalry in macaque monkeys: Eye dominance and tracking eye movements," Vision Res. 30, 1409-1419 (1990).

1980 (1)

M. Hollins, "The effect of contrast on the completeness of binocular rivalry suppression," Perception & Psychophysics 27, 550-556 (1980).

Human Factors (1)

R. Patterson, M. Winterbottom, B. Pierce, "Perceptual issues in the use of head-mounted visual displays," Human Factors 48, 555-573 (2006).

J.Cognitive Neurosci. (1)

R. Kanai, Y. Kamitani, "Time-locked perceptual fading induced by visual transients," J.Cognitive Neurosci. 15, 664-672 (2003).

Jpn. J. Ergonomics (1)

K. Hirasawa, N. Shiramatu, T. Okamoto, Y. Sato, A. Michimori, H. Okuda, M. Hashimoto, T. Makita, "Evaluation of the optical characteristic of monocular head mounted display with the low divergence of the backlight source (in Japanese)," Jpn. J. Ergonomics 40, 315-322 (2004).

Nature (1)

F. Crick, "Visual perception: Rivalry and consciousness," Nature 379, 485-486 (1996).

Optometry and Vision Science (1)

T. Handa, K. Mukuno, H. Uozato, T. Niida, N. Shoji, K. Shimizu, "Effects of dominant and nondominant eyes in binocular rivalry," Optometry and Vision Science 81, 377-383 (2004).

Perception (2)

T. L. Ooi, Z. , J. He, "Binocular rivalry and visual awareness: The role of attention," Perception 28, 551-574 (1999).

R. Kanai, F. Moradi, S. Shimojo, F. A. Verstraten, "Perceptual alternation induced by visual transients," Perception 34, 803-822 (2005).

Perception & Psychophysics (1)

M. Hollins, "The effect of contrast on the completeness of binocular rivalry suppression," Perception & Psychophysics 27, 550-556 (1980).

Proc. SPIE: Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays III (1)

K. Keller, D. Colucci, "Perception in HMDs: What is it in head mounted displays (HMDs) that really make them all so terrible?," Proc. SPIE: Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays III 3362, 46-53 (1998).

Vision Res. (5)

N. K. Logothetis, J. D. Schall, "Binocular motion rivalry in macaque monkeys: Eye dominance and tracking eye movements," Vision Res. 30, 1409-1419 (1990).

D. Alais, R. Blake, "Grouping visual features during binocular rivalry," Vision Res. 39, 4341-4353 (1999).

R. P. O'Shea, A. J. H. Sims, D. G. Govan, "The effect of spatial frequency and field size on the spread of exclusive visibility in binocular rivalry," Vision Res. 37, 175-183 (1997).

K. Watanabe, "The motion-induced position shift depends on the visual awareness of motion," Vision Res. 45, 2580-2586 (2005).

L. C. J. van Dam, R. van Ee, "The role of saccades in exerting voluntary control in perceptual and binocular rivalry," Vision Res. 46, 787-799 (2006).

Vision Research (1)

D. Alais, R. Blake, "Grouping visual features during binocular rivalry," Vision Research 39, 4341-4353 (1999).

Other (3)

T. Yamazoe, S. Kishi, T. Shibata, T. Kawai, "LCD backlight control for visibility of monocular head-mounted displays," IEEE Industry Appl. Society Annu. Meeting, IAS23 (2009) pp. 2-.

J. S. Crowley, Human factors of night vision devices: anecdotes from the field concerning visual illusions and other effects USAARL Rep. (1991) pp. 91-15.

K. L. Hiatt, M. G. Braithwaite, J. S. Crowley, C. E. Rash, C. V. Pol, The effect of a monocular helmet-mounted display on aircrew health: A cohort study of apache AH MK1 pilots Initial report. USAARL Rep. (2002)002–04.

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