Abstract

The construction and operation of two laser-based glasses-free 3D (autostereoscopic) displays that have been carried out within the European Union-funded projects MUTED and HELIUM3D is described in this paper. Both use a multi-user head tracker to direct regions viewer's referred to as exit pupils to viewer's eyes. MUTED employs a direct-view LCD whose backlight comprises novel steering optics and in HELIUM3D image information is supplied by a horizontally-scanned fast light valve whose output is controlled by a spatial light modulator (SLM). The principle of operation, construction and results obtained are described.

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  35. P. A. Howarth, "Empirical studies of accommodation, convergence and HMD use," Hoso-Bunka Foundation Symposium (1996).

2009

E. Buckley, P. Surman, I. Sexton, A. Corbett, "Multi-viewer autostereoscopic display with dynamically addressable holographic backlight," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 345-356 (2009).

2008

K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, H. Urey, "Laser based displays: A review," Appl. Opt. (2008).

P. Surman, I. Sexton, K. Hopf, W. K. Lee, F. Neumann, E. Buckley, G. Jones, A. Corbett, R. Bates, S. Talukdar, "Laser-based multi-user 3-D display," J. Soc. Inf. Display 743-753 (2008).

2007

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, C. von Kopylow, "A survey of 3D TV displays: Techniques and technologies," IEEE Trans.. Circuits Syst Video Technol. 17, 1647-1658 (2007).

1999

Y. Freund, R. E. Schapire, "A short introduction to boosting," J. Jpn. Soc. for Artificial Intell. 14, 771-780 (1999).

1998

K. Omura, S. Shiwa, M. Tsutomu, "Lenticular autostereoscopic display system: Multiple images for multiple viewers," Journal of the SID 6/4, 313-324 (1998).

1997

M. Lucente, "Interactive three-dimensional displays; Seeing the future in depth," SIGGRAPH Comput. Graphics—“Current, New and Emerging Display Syst.” (1997).

Appl. Opt.

K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, H. Urey, "Laser based displays: A review," Appl. Opt. (2008).

IEEE Trans.. Circuits Syst Video Technol.

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, C. von Kopylow, "A survey of 3D TV displays: Techniques and technologies," IEEE Trans.. Circuits Syst Video Technol. 17, 1647-1658 (2007).

J. Jpn. Soc. for Artificial Intell.

Y. Freund, R. E. Schapire, "A short introduction to boosting," J. Jpn. Soc. for Artificial Intell. 14, 771-780 (1999).

J. Soc. Inf. Display

P. Surman, I. Sexton, K. Hopf, W. K. Lee, F. Neumann, E. Buckley, G. Jones, A. Corbett, R. Bates, S. Talukdar, "Laser-based multi-user 3-D display," J. Soc. Inf. Display 743-753 (2008).

E. Buckley, P. Surman, I. Sexton, A. Corbett, "Multi-viewer autostereoscopic display with dynamically addressable holographic backlight," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 345-356 (2009).

Journal of the SID

K. Omura, S. Shiwa, M. Tsutomu, "Lenticular autostereoscopic display system: Multiple images for multiple viewers," Journal of the SID 6/4, 313-324 (1998).

SIGGRAPH Comput. Graphics—“Current, New and Emerging Display Syst.”

M. Lucente, "Interactive three-dimensional displays; Seeing the future in depth," SIGGRAPH Comput. Graphics—“Current, New and Emerging Display Syst.” (1997).

Other

B. G. Blundell, A. J. Schwarz, Volumetric Three-Dimensional Display Systems (Wiley, 2000).

G. E. Favalora, "Volumetric three-dimensional display system with rasterization hardware," SPIE Proc., “Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems VIII” (2001) pp. 227-235.

Y. Kajiki, "Hologram-like video images by 45-view stereoscopic display," SPIE Proc. “Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems IV” (1997) pp. 154-166.

S. T. de Zwart, W. L. IJzerman, T. Dekker, W. A. M. Wolter, "A 20-in. Switchable auto-stereoscopic 2D/3D display," Proc. 11th Int. Display Workshops (2004) pp. 1459-1460.

C. Moller, A. R. L. Travis, "Flat panel time multiplexed auto-stereoscopic display using an optical wedge waveguide," Proc. 11th Int. Display Workshops (2004) pp. 1443-1446.

J. Harrold, D. J. Wilkes, G. J. Woodgate, "Switchable 2D/3D display–solid phase liquid crystal microlens array," Proc. 11th Int. Display Workshops (2004) pp. 1495-1496.

G. J. Woodgate, D. Ezra, J. Harrold, N. S. Holliman, G. R. Jones, R. R. Moseley, "Observer tracking auto-stereoscopic 3D display systems," SPIE Proc. Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems IV (1997) pp. 187-198.

P. Surman, K. Hopf, I. Sexton, W. K. Lee, R. Bates, Three-Dimensional Television, Capture, Transmission, Display (Edited Book) (Springer, 2008) pp. 471-503.

A. Shwartz, "Head tracking stereoscopic display," Proc. IEEE Int. Display Res. Conf. (2005) pp. 141-144.

D. Ezra, G. J. Woodgate, B. A. Omar, N. S. Holliman, J. Harrold, L. S. Shapiro, "New auto stereoscopic display system," SPIE Proc. Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Syst. II (1995) pp. 31-40.

G. J. Woodgate, D. Ezra, J. Harrold, N. Holliman, G. R. Jones, R. R. Moseley, "Observer tracking auto stereoscopic 3D display systems," SPIE Proc. Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Syst. IV (1997) pp. 187-198.

S. A. Benton, T. E. Slowe, A. B. Kropp, S. L. Smith, "Micropolarizer-based multiple-viewer auto-stereoscopic display," SPIE Proc. , Stereoscopic Displays and Applications X (1999) pp. 76-83.

T. Hattori, Sea Phone 3D Display (2000) http://home.att.net/~SeaPhone/3display.htm.

T. Hattori, Sea Phone 3D Display (2000) http://home.att.net/~SeaPhone/3display.htm.

J. Y. Son, S. A. Shestak, S. Kim, Y. J. Choi, "A desktop auto-stereoscopic display with head tracking capability," SPIE Proceedings, Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Syst. VIII (2001) pp. 160-164.

N. Ichinose, N. Tetsutani, M. Ishibashi, "Full-colour stereoscopic video pickup and display technique without special glasses," Proceedings of the SID (1989) pp. 319-323.

HHI3-D Display http://atwww.hhi.de/~blick/3-D_Display/3-d_display.html.

J. Eichenlaub, J. J. Hutchins, "Autostereoscopic projection displays," SPIE Proc. Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Syst. II (1995) pp. 48-54.

N. Tetsutani, S. Ichinose, M. Ishibashi, "3D-TV projection display system with head tracking," Japan Display '89 (1989) pp. 56-59.

P. Harman, "Autostereoscopic teleconferencing system," SPIE Proc. Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems VII (2000) pp. 293-301.

H. Imai, M. Imai, O. Yukio, K. A. Kubot, "Eye-position tracking stereoscopic display using image shifting optics," SPIE Proc. Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Syst. IV (1996) pp. 49-55.

K. Perlin, C. Poultney, J. S. Kollin, D. T. Kristjansson, S. Paxia, "Recent advances in the NYU autostereoscopic display," SPIE Proc. Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Syst. VIII (2001) pp. 196-203.

D. J. Sandin, T. Margolis, G. Dawe, J. Leigh, T. A. DeFanti, "Varrier autostereographic display," SPIE Proceedings Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Syst. VIII (2001) pp. 204-211.

A. Schwerdtner, Video hologram and device for reconstructing video holograms using a Fresnel transform U.S. Patent 20 060 238 843 (2007).

P. Viola, M. Jones, "Rapid object detection using a boosted cascade of simple features," Proc. IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recogn. (2001).

G. Loy, Computer vision to see people: A basis for enhanced human computer interaction Ph.D. dissertaion Australian National Univ.Sydney (2003).

D. Gabor, Imaging properties of Gabor superlens U.K. Patent 541 753 (1940).

P. A. Howarth, "Empirical studies of accommodation, convergence and HMD use," Hoso-Bunka Foundation Symposium (1996).

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