Abstract

We demonstrate imaging of microscopic objects using a lensless in-line 3D digital holographic microscope at vacuum UV wavelength of 193 nm. The absence of microscope objective and a separate reference beam simplifies the setup and reduces the number of UV components required. We also discuss the space-bandwidth considerations in the design of such a system. Experimental results using human blood cells and latex beads are presented.

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  2. P. W. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, R. A. Bartels, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, "Volume extreme ultraviolet holographic imaging with numerical optical sectioning," Opt. Exp. 15, 10622-10628 (2007).
  3. G. Vaschenko, C. Brewer, F. Brizuela, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, Y. Liu, D. T. Attwood, "Sub-38 nm resolution table-top microscopy using 13 nm wavelength laser light," Opt. Lett. 31, 1214-1216 (2006).
  4. G. Vaschenko, F. Brizuela, C. Brewer, M. Grisham, H. Mancini, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, W. Chao, A. Liddle, E. Anderson, D. Attwood, A. V. Vinogradov, I. A. Artioukov, Y. P. Pershyn, V. V. Kondratenko, "Nano-imaging with extreme ultraviolet laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 2095-2097 (2005).
  5. P. W. Wachulak, R. A. Bartels, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, "Sub-400 nm spatial resolution extreme ultraviolet holography with table top laser," Opt. Exp. 14, 9636-9642 (2006).
  6. G. Pedrini, F. Zhang, W. Osten, "Digital holographic microscopy in the deep (193 nm) ultraviolet," Appl. Opt. 46, 7829-7835 (2007).
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  10. L. Repetto, E. Piano, C. Pontiggia, "Lensless digital holographic microscope with light-emitting diode illumination," Opt. Lett. 29, 1132-1134 (2004).
  11. J. Garcia-Sucerquia, W. Xu, S. K. Jericho, P. Klages, M. H. Jericho, H. J. Kreuzer, "Digital in-line holographic microscopy," Appl. Opt. 45, 836-850 (2006).
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  18. W. Xu, M. H. Jericho, I. A. Meinertzhagen, H. J. Kreuzer, "Digital in-line holography for biological applications," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 11301-11305 (2001).
  19. A. Stern, B. Javidi, "Space-bandwidth conditions for efficient phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 25, 736-741 (2008).
  20. I. Yamaguchi, T. Zhang, "Phase-shifting digital holography," Opt. Lett. 22, 1268-1270 (1997).
  21. V. Mico, J. Garcia, Z. Zalevsky, B. Javidi, "Phase-shifting gabor holography," Opt. Lett. 34, 1492-1494 (2009).
  22. P. Ferraro, S. De Nicola, G. Coppola, A. Finizio, D. Alfieri, G. Pierattini, "Controlling image size as a function of distance and wavelength in fresnel-transform reconstruction of digital holograms," Opt. Lett. 29, 854-856 (2004).
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  24. E. N. Leith, J. Upatnieks, "Reconstructed wavefronts and communication theory," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 52, 1123-1130 (1962).
  25. D. Gabor, "A new microscopic principle," Nature 161, 777-778 (1948).
  26. E. Wigner, "On the quantum correction for thermodynamic equilibrium," Phys. Rev. 40, 749-759 (1932).
  27. A. W. Lohmann, R. G. Dorsch, D. Mendlovic, Z. Zalevsky, C. Ferreira, "Space-bandwidth product of optical signals and systems," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 13, 470-473 (1996).
  28. D. Mendlovic, A. W. Lohmann, "Space-bandwidth product adaptation and its application to superresolution: Fundamentals," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 14, 558-562 (1997).
  29. B. M. Hennelly, J. T. Sheridan, "Generalizing, optimizing, and inventing numerical algorithms for the fractional Fourier, fresnel, and linear canonical transforms," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 22, 917-927 (2005).

2009

2008

J. Garcia-Sucerquia, D. C. Alvarez-Palacio, H. J. Kreuzer, "High resolution talbot self-imaging applied to structural characterization of self-assembled monolayers of microspheres," Appl. Opt. 47, 4723-4728 (2008).

N. George, K. Khare, W. Chi, "Infrared holography using a microbolometer array," Appl. Opt. 47, A7-A12 (2008).

A. Stern, B. Javidi, "Space-bandwidth conditions for efficient phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 25, 736-741 (2008).

U. Gopinathan, G. Pedrini, W. Osten, "Coherence effects in digital in-line holographic microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 25, 2459-2466 (2008).

I. Moon, B. Javidi, "3-D visualization and identification of biological microorganisms using partially temporal incoherent light in-line computational holographic imaging," IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 27, 1782-1790 (2008).

2007

P. W. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, R. A. Bartels, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, "Volume extreme ultraviolet holographic imaging with numerical optical sectioning," Opt. Exp. 15, 10622-10628 (2007).

G. Pedrini, F. Zhang, W. Osten, "Digital holographic microscopy in the deep (193 nm) ultraviolet," Appl. Opt. 46, 7829-7835 (2007).

2006

2005

B. Javidi, I. Moon, S. K. Yeom, E. Carapezza, "Three-dimensional imaging and recognition of microorganism using single-exposure on-line (SEOL) digital holography," Opt. Exp. 13, 4492-4506 (2005).

B. M. Hennelly, J. T. Sheridan, "Generalizing, optimizing, and inventing numerical algorithms for the fractional Fourier, fresnel, and linear canonical transforms," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 22, 917-927 (2005).

P. Marquet, B. Rappaz, P. J. Magistretti, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, "Digital holographic microscopy: A noninvasive contrast imaging technique allowing quantitative visualization of living cells with subwavelength axial accuracy," Opt. Lett. 30, 468-470 (2005).

G. Vaschenko, F. Brizuela, C. Brewer, M. Grisham, H. Mancini, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, W. Chao, A. Liddle, E. Anderson, D. Attwood, A. V. Vinogradov, I. A. Artioukov, Y. P. Pershyn, V. V. Kondratenko, "Nano-imaging with extreme ultraviolet laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 2095-2097 (2005).

2004

2003

E. Allaria, S. Brugioni, S. De Nicola, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, R. Meucci, "Digital holography at 10.6 micron," Optics Communications 215, 257-262 (2003).

2001

W. Xu, M. H. Jericho, I. A. Meinertzhagen, H. J. Kreuzer, "Digital in-line holography for biological applications," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 11301-11305 (2001).

1999

1997

D. Mendlovic, A. W. Lohmann, "Space-bandwidth product adaptation and its application to superresolution: Fundamentals," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 14, 558-562 (1997).

I. Yamaguchi, T. Zhang, "Phase-shifting digital holography," Opt. Lett. 22, 1268-1270 (1997).

1996

A. W. Lohmann, R. G. Dorsch, D. Mendlovic, Z. Zalevsky, C. Ferreira, "Space-bandwidth product of optical signals and systems," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 13, 470-473 (1996).

1988

J. J. Barton, "Photoelectron holography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1356-1359 (1988).

1962

E. N. Leith, J. Upatnieks, "Reconstructed wavefronts and communication theory," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 52, 1123-1130 (1962).

1948

D. Gabor, "A new microscopic principle," Nature 161, 777-778 (1948).

1932

E. Wigner, "On the quantum correction for thermodynamic equilibrium," Phys. Rev. 40, 749-759 (1932).

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging

I. Moon, B. Javidi, "3-D visualization and identification of biological microorganisms using partially temporal incoherent light in-line computational holographic imaging," IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 27, 1782-1790 (2008).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer.

E. N. Leith, J. Upatnieks, "Reconstructed wavefronts and communication theory," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 52, 1123-1130 (1962).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A

A. Stern, B. Javidi, "Space-bandwidth conditions for efficient phase-shifting digital holographic microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 25, 736-741 (2008).

U. Gopinathan, G. Pedrini, W. Osten, "Coherence effects in digital in-line holographic microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 25, 2459-2466 (2008).

A. W. Lohmann, R. G. Dorsch, D. Mendlovic, Z. Zalevsky, C. Ferreira, "Space-bandwidth product of optical signals and systems," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 13, 470-473 (1996).

D. Mendlovic, A. W. Lohmann, "Space-bandwidth product adaptation and its application to superresolution: Fundamentals," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 14, 558-562 (1997).

B. M. Hennelly, J. T. Sheridan, "Generalizing, optimizing, and inventing numerical algorithms for the fractional Fourier, fresnel, and linear canonical transforms," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 22, 917-927 (2005).

Nature

D. Gabor, "A new microscopic principle," Nature 161, 777-778 (1948).

Opt. Exp.

B. Javidi, I. Moon, S. K. Yeom, E. Carapezza, "Three-dimensional imaging and recognition of microorganism using single-exposure on-line (SEOL) digital holography," Opt. Exp. 13, 4492-4506 (2005).

P. W. Wachulak, M. C. Marconi, R. A. Bartels, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, "Volume extreme ultraviolet holographic imaging with numerical optical sectioning," Opt. Exp. 15, 10622-10628 (2007).

P. W. Wachulak, R. A. Bartels, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, "Sub-400 nm spatial resolution extreme ultraviolet holography with table top laser," Opt. Exp. 14, 9636-9642 (2006).

Opt. Lett.

I. Yamaguchi, T. Zhang, "Phase-shifting digital holography," Opt. Lett. 22, 1268-1270 (1997).

P. Ferraro, S. De Nicola, G. Coppola, A. Finizio, D. Alfieri, G. Pierattini, "Controlling image size as a function of distance and wavelength in fresnel-transform reconstruction of digital holograms," Opt. Lett. 29, 854-856 (2004).

L. Repetto, E. Piano, C. Pontiggia, "Lensless digital holographic microscope with light-emitting diode illumination," Opt. Lett. 29, 1132-1134 (2004).

P. Marquet, B. Rappaz, P. J. Magistretti, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, "Digital holographic microscopy: A noninvasive contrast imaging technique allowing quantitative visualization of living cells with subwavelength axial accuracy," Opt. Lett. 30, 468-470 (2005).

G. Vaschenko, F. Brizuela, C. Brewer, M. Grisham, H. Mancini, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, W. Chao, A. Liddle, E. Anderson, D. Attwood, A. V. Vinogradov, I. A. Artioukov, Y. P. Pershyn, V. V. Kondratenko, "Nano-imaging with extreme ultraviolet laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 2095-2097 (2005).

G. Vaschenko, C. Brewer, F. Brizuela, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, Y. Liu, D. T. Attwood, "Sub-38 nm resolution table-top microscopy using 13 nm wavelength laser light," Opt. Lett. 31, 1214-1216 (2006).

A.-S. Morlens, J. Gautier, G. Rey, P. Zeitoun, J.-P. Caumes, M. Kos-Rosset, H. Merdji, S. Kazamias, K. Cassou, M. Fajardo, "Sub-micrometer digital in-line holography at 32 nm with higher order harmonics," Opt. Lett. 31, 3095-3097 (2006).

V. Mico, J. Garcia, Z. Zalevsky, B. Javidi, "Phase-shifting gabor holography," Opt. Lett. 34, 1492-1494 (2009).

Optics Communications

E. Allaria, S. Brugioni, S. De Nicola, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, R. Meucci, "Digital holography at 10.6 micron," Optics Communications 215, 257-262 (2003).

Phys. Rev.

E. Wigner, "On the quantum correction for thermodynamic equilibrium," Phys. Rev. 40, 749-759 (1932).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. J. Barton, "Photoelectron holography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1356-1359 (1988).

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA

W. Xu, M. H. Jericho, I. A. Meinertzhagen, H. J. Kreuzer, "Digital in-line holography for biological applications," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 11301-11305 (2001).

Other

T. Kreis, Handbook of Holographic Interferometry: Optical and Digital Methods (Wiley-VCH, 2005).

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