Abstract

By a proper arrangement of a digital holography setup, that combines off-axis geometry with phase-shifting recording conditions, it is possible to reach the theoretical shot noise limit, in real-time experiments. We studied this limit, and we show that it corresponds to 1 photo-electron per pixel within the whole frame sequence that is used to reconstruct the holographic image. We also show that Monte Carlo noise synthesis onto holograms measured at high illumination levels enables accurate representation of the experimental holograms measured at very weak illumination levels. An experimental validation of these results is done.

© 2010 IEEE

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  35. F. Joud, F. Verpillat, F. Laloe, M. Atlan, J. Hare, M. Gross, "Fringe-free holographic measurements of large-amplitude vibrations," Opt. Lett. 34, 3698-3700 (2009).
  36. M. Atlan, M. Gross, J. Leng, "Laser Doppler imaging of microflow," J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Publ. 1, 06 025-1 (2006).
  37. M. Atlan, M. Gross, B. Forget, T. Vitalis, A. Rancillac, A. Dunn, "Frequency-domain wide-field laser Doppler in vivo imaging," Opt. Lett. 31, 2762-2764 (2006).
  38. M. Atlan, B. Forget, A. Boccara, T. Vitalis, A. Rancillac, A. Dunn, M. Gross, "Cortical blood flow assessment with frequency-domain laser Doppler microscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024019 (2007).
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  42. M. Gross, P. Goy, M. Al-Koussa, "Shot-noise detection of ultrasound-tagged photons in ultrasound-modulated optical imaging," Opt. Lett. 28, 2482-2484 (2003).
  43. M. Atlan, B. Forget, F. Ramaz, A. Boccara, M. Gross, "Pulsed acousto-optic imaging in dynamic scattering media with heterodyne parallel speckle detection," Opt. Lett. 30, 1360-1362 (2005).
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  49. M. Lesaffre, F. Jean, F. Ramaz, A. Boccara, M. Gross, P. Delaye, G. Roosen, "In situ monitoring of the photorefractive response time in a self-adaptive wavefront holography setup developed for acousto-optic imaging," Optics Express 15, 1030-1042 (2007).
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  51. H. Bachor, T. Ralph, S. Lucia, T. Ralph, A Guide to Experiments in Quantum Optics (Wiley-vch, 1998).

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

F. Joud, F. Laloe, M. Atlan, J. Hare, M. Gross, "Imaging a vibrating object by sideband digital holography," Optics Express 17, 2774 (2009).

F. Joud, F. Verpillat, F. Laloe, M. Atlan, J. Hare, M. Gross, "Fringe-free holographic measurements of large-amplitude vibrations," Opt. Lett. 34, 3698-3700 (2009).

2008 (3)

2007 (5)

M. Atlan, B. Forget, A. Boccara, T. Vitalis, A. Rancillac, A. Dunn, M. Gross, "Cortical blood flow assessment with frequency-domain laser Doppler microscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024019 (2007).

M. Lesaffre, F. Jean, F. Ramaz, A. Boccara, M. Gross, P. Delaye, G. Roosen, "In situ monitoring of the photorefractive response time in a self-adaptive wavefront holography setup developed for acousto-optic imaging," Optics Express 15, 1030-1042 (2007).

T. Nomura, B. Javidi, S. Murata, E. Nitanai, T. Numata, "Polarization imaging of a 3D object by use of on-axis phase-shifting digital holography," Opt. Lett. 32, 481-483 (2007).

M. Atlan, M. Gross, E. Absil, "Accurate phase-shifting digital interferometry," Opt. Lett. 32, 1456-1458 (2007).

M. Gross, M. Atlan, "Digital holography with ultimate sensitivity," Optics Letters 32, 909-911 (2007).

2006 (5)

2005 (7)

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

2002 (4)

T. Colomb, P. Dahlgren, D. Beghuin, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, C. Depeursinge, "Polarization imaging by use of digital holography," Appl. Opt. 41, 27-37 (2002).

U. Schnars, W. Juptner, "Digital recording and numerical reconstruction of holograms," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 85-101 (2002).

J. Massig, "Digital off-axis holography with a synthetic aperture," Opt. Lett. 27, 2179-2181 (2002).

I. Yamaguchi, T. Matsumura, J. Kato, "Phase-shifting color digital holography," Optics Letters 27, 1108-1110 (2002).

2001 (3)

2000 (4)

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

1997 (2)

1994 (2)

U. Schnars, W. Jüptner, "Direct recording of holograms by a CCD target and numerical reconstruction," Appl. Opt. 33, 179-181 (1994).

U. Schnars, "Direct phase determination in hologram interferometry with use of digitally recorded holograms," J. OSA A 11, 977 (1994).

1988 (1)

T. M. Kreis, W. P. O. Juptner, J. Geldmacher, "Principles of digital holographic interferometry," SPIE 3478, 45 (1988).

1971 (1)

A. Macovsky, "Consideration of television holography," Opt. Acta 22, 1268 (1971).

1967 (1)

J. W. Goodmann, R. W. Lawrence, "Digital image formation from electronically detected holograms," Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 77 (1967).

1965 (1)

E. Leith, J. Upatnieks, K. Haines, "Microscopy by wavefront reconstruction," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 55, 981-986 (1965).

1949 (1)

D. Gabor, "Microscopy by reconstructed wavefronts," Proc. Roy. Soc. A 197, 454 (1949).

Appl. Opt. (10)

U. Schnars, W. Jüptner, "Direct recording of holograms by a CCD target and numerical reconstruction," Appl. Opt. 33, 179-181 (1994).

L. Wang, X. Zhao, "Ultrasound-modulated optical tomography of absorbing objects buried in dense tissue-simulating turbid media," Appl. Opt. 36, 7277-7282 (1997).

E. Cuche, P. Marquet, C. Depeursinge, "Spatial filtering for zero-order and twin-image elimination in digital off-axis holography," Appl. Opt. 39, 4070-4075 (2000).

E. Cuche, P. Marquet, C. Depeursinge, "Spatial filtering for zero-order and twin-image elimination in digital off-axis holography," Appl. Opt. 39, 4070-4075 (2000).

I. Yamaguchi, J. Kato, S. Ohta, J. Mizuno, "Image formation in phase-shifting digital holography and applications to microscopy," Appl. Opt. 40, 6177-6186 (2001).

T. Colomb, P. Dahlgren, D. Beghuin, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, C. Depeursinge, "Polarization imaging by use of digital holography," Appl. Opt. 41, 27-37 (2002).

P. Massatsch, F. Charrière, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, C. Depeursinge, "Time-domain optical coherence tomography with digital holographic microscopy," Appl. Opt. 44, 1806-1812 (2005).

L. Sui, R. Roy, C. DiMarzio, T. Murray, "Imaging in diffuse media with pulsed-ultrasound-modulated light and the photorefractive effect," Appl. Opt. 44, 4041-4048 (2005).

I. Yamaguchi, T. Ida, M. Yokota, K. Yamashita, "Surface shape measurement by phase-shifting digital holography with a wavelength shift," Appl. Opt. 45, 7610-7616 (2006).

S. Tamano, Y. Hayasaki, N. Nishida, "Phase-shifting digital holography with a low-coherence light source for reconstruction of a digital relief object hidden behind a light-scattering medium," Appl. Opt. 45, 953-959 (2006).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. W. Goodmann, R. W. Lawrence, "Digital image formation from electronically detected holograms," Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 77 (1967).

Applied Optics (1)

M. Gross, M. Atlan, E. Absil, "Noise and aliases in off-axis and phase-shifting holography," Applied Optics 47, 1757-1766 (2008).

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

M. Atlan, B. Forget, A. Boccara, T. Vitalis, A. Rancillac, A. Dunn, M. Gross, "Cortical blood flow assessment with frequency-domain laser Doppler microscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 024019 (2007).

J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Publ. (1)

M. Atlan, M. Gross, J. Leng, "Laser Doppler imaging of microflow," J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Publ. 1, 06 025-1 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

E. Leith, J. Upatnieks, K. Haines, "Microscopy by wavefront reconstruction," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 55, 981-986 (1965).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (1)

Y. Pu, H. Meng, "Intrinsic speckle noise in off-axis particle holography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 21, 1221-1230 (2004).

J. OSA A (1)

U. Schnars, "Direct phase determination in hologram interferometry with use of digitally recorded holograms," J. OSA A 11, 977 (1994).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

U. Schnars, W. Juptner, "Digital recording and numerical reconstruction of holograms," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 85-101 (2002).

A.-F. Doval, "A systematic approach to tv holography," Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 36 (2000).

Opt. Acta (1)

A. Macovsky, "Consideration of television holography," Opt. Acta 22, 1268 (1971).

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (19)

M. Atlan, M. Gross, B. Forget, T. Vitalis, A. Rancillac, A. Dunn, "Frequency-domain wide-field laser Doppler in vivo imaging," Opt. Lett. 31, 2762-2764 (2006).

T. Nomura, B. Javidi, S. Murata, E. Nitanai, T. Numata, "Polarization imaging of a 3D object by use of on-axis phase-shifting digital holography," Opt. Lett. 32, 481-483 (2007).

M. Atlan, M. Gross, E. Absil, "Accurate phase-shifting digital interferometry," Opt. Lett. 32, 1456-1458 (2007).

M. Atlan, M. Gross, P. Desbiolles, É. Absil, G. Tessier, M. Coppey-Moisan, "Heterodyne holographic microscopy of gold particles," Opt. Lett. 33, 500-502 (2008).

M. Atlan, M. Gross, T. Vitalis, A. Rancillac, J. Rossier, A. Boccara, "High-speed wave-mixing laser Doppler imaging in vivo," Opt. Lett. 33, 842-844 (2008).

F. Joud, F. Verpillat, F. Laloe, M. Atlan, J. Hare, M. Gross, "Fringe-free holographic measurements of large-amplitude vibrations," Opt. Lett. 34, 3698-3700 (2009).

L. Yu, M. Kim, "Wavelength-scanning digital interference holography for tomographic three-dimensional imaging by use of the angular spectrum method," Opt. Lett. 30, 2092-2094 (2005).

M. Gross, P. Goy, B. Forget, M. Atlan, F. Ramaz, A. Boccara, A. Dunn, "Heterodyne detection of multiply scattered monochromatic light with a multi-pixel detector," Opt. Lett. 30, 1357-1359 (2005).

M. Atlan, B. Forget, F. Ramaz, A. Boccara, M. Gross, "Pulsed acousto-optic imaging in dynamic scattering media with heterodyne parallel speckle detection," Opt. Lett. 30, 1360-1362 (2005).

P. Marquet, B. Rappaz, P. Magistretti, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, "Digital holographic microscopy: A noninvasive contrast imaging technique allowing quantitative visualization of living cells with subwavelength axial accuracy," Opt. Lett. 30, 468-470 (2005).

J. Massig, "Digital off-axis holography with a synthetic aperture," Opt. Lett. 27, 2179-2181 (2002).

M. Gross, P. Goy, M. Al-Koussa, "Shot-noise detection of ultrasound-tagged photons in ultrasound-modulated optical imaging," Opt. Lett. 28, 2482-2484 (2003).

Z. Ansari, Y. Gu, M. Tziraki, R. Jones, P. French, D. Nolte, M. Melloch, "Elimination of beam walk-off in low-coherence off-axis photorefractive holography," Opt. Lett. 26, 334-336 (2001).

F. Le Clerc, M. Gross, L. Collot, "Synthetic-aperture experiment in the visible with on-axis digital heterodyne holography," Opt. Lett. 26, 1550-1552 (2001).

F. LeClerc, L. Collot, M. Gross, "Numerical heterodyne holography using 2d photo-detector arrays," Opt. Lett. 25, 716 (2000).

I. Yamaguchi, T. Zhang, "Phase-shifting digital holography," Opt. Lett. 18, 31 (1997).

L. Wang, G. Ku, "Frequency-swept ultrasound-modulated optical tomography of scattering media," Opt. Lett. 23, 975-977 (1998).

T. Zhang, I. Yamaguchi, "Three-dimensional microscopy with phase-shifting digital holography," Opt. Lett. 23, 1221-1223 (1998).

E. Cuche, F. Belivacqua, C. Depeursinge, "Digital holography for quantitative phase-contrast imaging," Opt. Lett. 24, 291-293 (1999).

Optics Express (2)

M. Lesaffre, F. Jean, F. Ramaz, A. Boccara, M. Gross, P. Delaye, G. Roosen, "In situ monitoring of the photorefractive response time in a self-adaptive wavefront holography setup developed for acousto-optic imaging," Optics Express 15, 1030-1042 (2007).

F. Joud, F. Laloe, M. Atlan, J. Hare, M. Gross, "Imaging a vibrating object by sideband digital holography," Optics Express 17, 2774 (2009).

Optics Letters (2)

I. Yamaguchi, T. Matsumura, J. Kato, "Phase-shifting color digital holography," Optics Letters 27, 1108-1110 (2002).

M. Gross, M. Atlan, "Digital holography with ultimate sensitivity," Optics Letters 32, 909-911 (2007).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Lesaffre, M. Atlan, M. Gross, "Effect of the photon's brownian Doppler shift on the weak-localization coherent-backscattering cone," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 33901 (2006).

Proc. Roy. Soc. A (1)

D. Gabor, "Microscopy by reconstructed wavefronts," Proc. Roy. Soc. A 197, 454 (1949).

SPIE (1)

T. M. Kreis, W. P. O. Juptner, J. Geldmacher, "Principles of digital holographic interferometry," SPIE 3478, 45 (1988).

Other (1)

H. Bachor, T. Ralph, S. Lucia, T. Ralph, A Guide to Experiments in Quantum Optics (Wiley-vch, 1998).

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