Abstract

One of the main challenges in 3D integral imaging (InI) is to overcome the limited depth of field of displayed 3D images. Although this limitation can be due to many factors, the phenomenon that produces the strongest deterioration of out-of-focus images is the facet braiding. In fact, the facet braiding is an essential problem, since InI 3D monitors are not feasible if the braiding problem is not solved. In this paper, we propose a very simple method for overcoming the facet braiding effect which is a serious limitation for realization of 3D TV based on InI. Hybrid experiments are presented to verify the theoretical analysis.

© 2010 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Martínez-Cuenca, A. Pons, G. Saavedra, M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Optically-corrected elemental images for undistorted integral image display," Opt. Express 14, 9657-9663 (2006).
  2. B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, M. Levoy, "High performance imaging using large camera arrays," Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH (2005) pp. 765-776.
  3. Y. S. Hwang, S.-H. Hong, B. Javidi, "Free view 3-D visualization of occluded objects by using computational synthetic aperture integral imaging," J. Display Technol. 3, 64-70 (2007).
  4. S.-H. Hong, J.-S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional volumetric object reconstruction using computational integral imaging," Opt. Express 12, 483-491 (2004).
  5. M. Okui, J. Arai, Y. Nojiri, F. Okano, "Optical screen for direct projection of integral imaging," Appl. Opt. 45, 9132-9139 (2006).
  6. M. G. Lippmann, "Epreuves reversibles donnant la sensation du relief," J. Phys. (Paris) 7, 821-825 (1908).
  7. H. E. Ives, "Optical properties of a Lippmann lenticulated sheet," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 21, 171-176 (1931).
  8. C. B. Burckhardt, "Optimum parameters and resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 58, 71-76 (1968).
  9. T. Okashi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques (Academic, 1976).
  10. B. Javidi, F. Okano, Three-Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technology (Springer-Verlag, 2002).
  11. N. Davies, M. McCormick, M. Brewin, "Design and analysis of an image transfer system using microlens arrays," Opt. Eng. 33, 3624-3633 (1994).
  12. F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, I. Yayuma, "Real time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography," Appl. Opt. 36, 1598-1603 (1997).
  13. J. Arai, F. Okano, H. Hoshino, I. Yuyama, "Gradient-index lens-array method based on real-time integral photography for three-dimensional images," Appl. Opt. 37, 2034-2045 (1998).
  14. M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, "Formation of real, orthoscopic integral images by smart pixel mapping," Opt. Express 13, 9175-9180 (2005).
  15. D.-H. Shin, B.-G. Lee, E.-S. Kim, "Modified smart pixel mapping method for displaying orthoscopic 3D images in integral imaging," Optics and Lasers in Engineering 47, 1189-1194 (2009).
  16. L. Erdmann, K. J. Gabriel, "High resolution digital photography by use of a scanning microlens array," Appl. Opt. 40, 5592-5599 (2001).
  17. S. Kishk, B. Javidi, "Improved resolution 3D object sensing and recognition using time multiplexed computational integral imaging," Opt. Express 11, 3528-3541 (2003).
  18. R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Enhanced depth of field integral imaging with sensor resolution constraints," Opt. Express 12, 5237-5242 (2004).
  19. J. S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional synthetic aperture integral imaging," Opt. Lett. 27, 1144-1146 (2002).
  20. J. S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Improved viewing resolution of three-dimensional integral imaging by use of nonstationary micro-optics," Opt. Lett. 27, 324-326 (2002).
  21. J. H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, B. Lee, "Integral imaging with multiple image planes using uniaxial crystal plate," Opt. Express 11, 1862-1875 (2003).
  22. J.-S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Large depth-of-focus time-multiplexed three-dimensional integral imaging by use of lenslets with nonuniform focal lengths and aperture sizes," Opt. Lett. 28, 1924-1926 (2003).
  23. R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Progress in 3-D multiperspective display by integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 97, 1067-1077 (2009).
  24. J. Y. Son, B. Javidi, K. D. Kwack, "Methods for displaying 3 dimensional images," Proc. IEEE 94, 502-523 (2006).
  25. F. Okano, J. Arai, K. Mitani, M. Okui, "Real-time integral imaging based on extremely high resolution video system," Proc. IEEE 94, 490-501 (2006).
  26. S. A. Benton, Selected Papers on Three-Dimensional Displays (SPIE Press, 2001).
  27. R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, A. Pons, B. Javidi, M. Martínez-Corral, "Facet braiding: A fundamental problem in integral imaging," Opt. Lett. 32, 1078-1080 (2007).
  28. J.-S. Jang, F. Jin, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional integral imaging with large depth of focus by use of real and virtual image fields," Opt. Lett. 28, 1421-1423 (2003).
  29. F. Jin, J.-S.- Jang, B. Javidi, "Effects of device resolution on three-dimensional integral imaging," Opt. Lett. 29, 1345-1347 (2004).
  30. H. Hoshino, F. Okano, H. Isono, I. Yuyama, "Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 15, 2059-2065 (1998).
  31. J. Arai, H. Hoshino, M. Okui, F. Okano, "Effects of focusing on the resolution characteristics of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 996-1004 (2003).
  32. M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, "Integral imaging with improved depth of field by use of amplitude modulated microlens array," Appl. Opt. 43, 5806-5813 (2004).

2009 (2)

D.-H. Shin, B.-G. Lee, E.-S. Kim, "Modified smart pixel mapping method for displaying orthoscopic 3D images in integral imaging," Optics and Lasers in Engineering 47, 1189-1194 (2009).

R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Progress in 3-D multiperspective display by integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 97, 1067-1077 (2009).

2007 (2)

2006 (4)

R. Martínez-Cuenca, A. Pons, G. Saavedra, M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Optically-corrected elemental images for undistorted integral image display," Opt. Express 14, 9657-9663 (2006).

M. Okui, J. Arai, Y. Nojiri, F. Okano, "Optical screen for direct projection of integral imaging," Appl. Opt. 45, 9132-9139 (2006).

J. Y. Son, B. Javidi, K. D. Kwack, "Methods for displaying 3 dimensional images," Proc. IEEE 94, 502-523 (2006).

F. Okano, J. Arai, K. Mitani, M. Okui, "Real-time integral imaging based on extremely high resolution video system," Proc. IEEE 94, 490-501 (2006).

2005 (1)

2004 (4)

2003 (5)

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

1998 (2)

J. Arai, F. Okano, H. Hoshino, I. Yuyama, "Gradient-index lens-array method based on real-time integral photography for three-dimensional images," Appl. Opt. 37, 2034-2045 (1998).

H. Hoshino, F. Okano, H. Isono, I. Yuyama, "Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 15, 2059-2065 (1998).

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

N. Davies, M. McCormick, M. Brewin, "Design and analysis of an image transfer system using microlens arrays," Opt. Eng. 33, 3624-3633 (1994).

1968 (1)

C. B. Burckhardt, "Optimum parameters and resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 58, 71-76 (1968).

1931 (1)

H. E. Ives, "Optical properties of a Lippmann lenticulated sheet," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 21, 171-176 (1931).

1908 (1)

M. G. Lippmann, "Epreuves reversibles donnant la sensation du relief," J. Phys. (Paris) 7, 821-825 (1908).

Appl. Opt. (5)

J. Display Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (2)

H. E. Ives, "Optical properties of a Lippmann lenticulated sheet," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 21, 171-176 (1931).

C. B. Burckhardt, "Optimum parameters and resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 58, 71-76 (1968).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (2)

H. Hoshino, F. Okano, H. Isono, I. Yuyama, "Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 15, 2059-2065 (1998).

J. Arai, H. Hoshino, M. Okui, F. Okano, "Effects of focusing on the resolution characteristics of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 996-1004 (2003).

J. Phys. (Paris) (1)

M. G. Lippmann, "Epreuves reversibles donnant la sensation du relief," J. Phys. (Paris) 7, 821-825 (1908).

Opt. Eng. (1)

N. Davies, M. McCormick, M. Brewin, "Design and analysis of an image transfer system using microlens arrays," Opt. Eng. 33, 3624-3633 (1994).

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Optics and Lasers in Engineering (1)

D.-H. Shin, B.-G. Lee, E.-S. Kim, "Modified smart pixel mapping method for displaying orthoscopic 3D images in integral imaging," Optics and Lasers in Engineering 47, 1189-1194 (2009).

Proc. IEEE (3)

R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Progress in 3-D multiperspective display by integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 97, 1067-1077 (2009).

J. Y. Son, B. Javidi, K. D. Kwack, "Methods for displaying 3 dimensional images," Proc. IEEE 94, 502-523 (2006).

F. Okano, J. Arai, K. Mitani, M. Okui, "Real-time integral imaging based on extremely high resolution video system," Proc. IEEE 94, 490-501 (2006).

Other (4)

S. A. Benton, Selected Papers on Three-Dimensional Displays (SPIE Press, 2001).

T. Okashi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques (Academic, 1976).

B. Javidi, F. Okano, Three-Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technology (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E.-V. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, M. Levoy, "High performance imaging using large camera arrays," Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH (2005) pp. 765-776.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.