Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) imaging technologies that have been developed recently are reviewed. In recent years, many new progresses in the 3D imaging have been made but most of them provide more practical solutions to comply with the commercialization efforts of the 3D imaging. Based on time-multiplexing, revisiting the stereoscopic imaging methods is one of the solutions to make possible each view image has the full panel resolution. The rapid progresses of high speed LCDs and the initiation of stereoscopic imaging service to mobile phones have made the method possible. The efforts also encouraged more concerns in evaluating 3-D image quality and identifying factors affecting the quality. In this respect, in-depth analysis has been done for the multiview imaging methods, and other forms of multiview 3D image display methods, such as the focused image/pixel array of multiview images are also analyzed.

© 2010 IEEE

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2009 (6)

R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Progress in 3-D multirespective display by integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 97, 1067-1077 (2009).

C. Chen, Y. Huang, S. Chuang, C. Wu, H. Shieh, W. Mphepo, C. Hsieh, S. Hsu, "Liquid crystal panel for high efficiency barrier type autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays," Appl. Opt. 48, 3446-3454 (2009).

F. Yaras, H. Kang, L. Onural, "Real-time phase-only color holographic video display system using LED illumination," Appl. Opt. 48, H48-H53 (2009).

S.-J. Park, M.-C. Park, J.-Y. Son, "Stereoscopic imaging and displaying for 3-D mobile phones," Appl. Opt. 48, H238-H243 (2009).

U. Vogel, L. Kroker, K. Seidl, J. Knobbe, C. Grillberger, J. Amelung, M. Scholles, "OLED backlight for autostereoscopic displays," SPIE 7237, 72370U-1-9 (2009).

D. M. Hoffman, P. J. W. Hands, A. K. Kirby, G. D. Love, M. S. Bank, "Stereo display with time-multiplexed focal adjustment," SPIE 7237, 72370R-1-12 (2009).

2008 (6)

P. Blanche, S. Tay, R. Voorakaranam, P. Saint-Hilaire, C. Christenson, T. Gu, W. Lin, D. Flores, P. Wang, M. Yamamoto, J. Thomas, R. Norwood, N. Peyghambarian, "An updatable holographic display for 3D visualization," J. Display Technol. 4, 424-430 (2008).

J.-Y. Son, S.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, "Image forming principle of integral photography," J. Display Technol. V4, 324-331 (2008).

V. V. Saveljev, J.-Y. Son, S.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, "Image mixing in multiview 3-D imaging systems," J. Display Technol. V4, 319-323 (2008).

P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, L. Alfieri, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, B. Javidi, "Full color 3D imaging by digital holography and removal of chromatic aberrations," J. Display Technol. 4, 97-100 (2008).

Y.-C. Song, V. V. Saveljev, J.-Y. Son, S.-W. Yeom, Y. A. Vashpanov, "Conditions for moire free contact-type 3 dimensional displays," J. Opt. Soc. Korea V12, (2008).

V. V. Saveljev, J.-Y. Son, K.-H. Cha, "About a moire-less condition in non-square grids," J. Display Technol. V4, 332-339 (2008).

2007 (2)

2006 (6)

T. Balogh, "The HoloVizio system," SPIE 6055, 60550U-1-12 (2006).

J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, K.-D. Kwack, "Methods for displaying 3 dimensional images," Proc. IEEE (Special Issue on: 3-D Technologies for Imaging & Display) 94, 502-523 (2006).

A. Stern, B. Javidi, "3D image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-608 (2006).

T. Honda, Y. Kuboshima, K. Iwane, T. Shiina, "Development of auto-stereoscopic display system," SPIE 6055, 60550V1-8 (2006).

Nakai, K. Hoshino, K. Matsumoto, I. Shimoyama, "Multiview autostereoscopic display with double-sided reflecting scanning micromirrors," SPIE 6055, 60551F-1-9 (2006).

Y. Frauel, T. Naughton, O. Matoba, E. Tahajuerce, B. Javidi, "Three dimensiaonl iamging and display using computational HOLOGRAPHIC imaging," Proc. EEE 94, 636-654 (2006).

2005 (4)

2004 (2)

2003 (3)

M. C. Forman, N. Davies, M. McCormick, "Continuous parallax in discrete pixelated integral three-dimensional displays," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. V20, 411-420 (2003).

J.-S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Improved viewing resolution of three-dimensional integral imaging with nonstationsary micro-optics," Opt. Lett V28, 324-326 (2003).

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, "Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and IP plates," Opt. Eng. 42, 3326-3333 (2003).

1995 (1)

D. Pasltis, F. Mok, "Holographic memories," Scientific Amer. 273, 70-76 (1995).

J. Display Technol. (2)

R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, "“Extended depth-of- field 3-D display and visualization by combination of amplitude-modulated microlenses and deconvolution tools,” Progress in 3-D multirespective display by integral imaging," J. Display Technol. 1, 321-327 (2005).

V. V. Saveljev, J.-Y. Son, K.-H. Cha, "About a moire-less condition in non-square grids," J. Display Technol. V4, 332-339 (2008).

Appl. Opt. (6)

J. Display Technol. (6)

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

M. C. Forman, N. Davies, M. McCormick, "Continuous parallax in discrete pixelated integral three-dimensional displays," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. V20, 411-420 (2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Y.-C. Song, V. V. Saveljev, J.-Y. Son, S.-W. Yeom, Y. A. Vashpanov, "Conditions for moire free contact-type 3 dimensional displays," J. Opt. Soc. Korea V12, (2008).

Opt. Eng. (1)

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, "Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and IP plates," Opt. Eng. 42, 3326-3333 (2003).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett (1)

J.-S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Improved viewing resolution of three-dimensional integral imaging with nonstationsary micro-optics," Opt. Lett V28, 324-326 (2003).

Proc. EEE (1)

Y. Frauel, T. Naughton, O. Matoba, E. Tahajuerce, B. Javidi, "Three dimensiaonl iamging and display using computational HOLOGRAPHIC imaging," Proc. EEE 94, 636-654 (2006).

Proc. IEEE (2)

A. Stern, B. Javidi, "3D image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-608 (2006).

R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Progress in 3-D multirespective display by integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 97, 1067-1077 (2009).

Proc. IEEE (Special Issue on: 3-D Technologies for Imaging & Display) (1)

J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, K.-D. Kwack, "Methods for displaying 3 dimensional images," Proc. IEEE (Special Issue on: 3-D Technologies for Imaging & Display) 94, 502-523 (2006).

Scientific Amer. (1)

D. Pasltis, F. Mok, "Holographic memories," Scientific Amer. 273, 70-76 (1995).

SPIE (5)

D. M. Hoffman, P. J. W. Hands, A. K. Kirby, G. D. Love, M. S. Bank, "Stereo display with time-multiplexed focal adjustment," SPIE 7237, 72370R-1-12 (2009).

T. Honda, Y. Kuboshima, K. Iwane, T. Shiina, "Development of auto-stereoscopic display system," SPIE 6055, 60550V1-8 (2006).

Nakai, K. Hoshino, K. Matsumoto, I. Shimoyama, "Multiview autostereoscopic display with double-sided reflecting scanning micromirrors," SPIE 6055, 60551F-1-9 (2006).

U. Vogel, L. Kroker, K. Seidl, J. Knobbe, C. Grillberger, J. Amelung, M. Scholles, "OLED backlight for autostereoscopic displays," SPIE 7237, 72370U-1-9 (2009).

T. Balogh, "The HoloVizio system," SPIE 6055, 60550U-1-12 (2006).

Other (23)

J.-Y. Son, 3 dimensional image device based on focused image array Korea Patent (2009).

G. Hamagishi, K. Taira, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashitani, A. Miyazawa, T. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Yoshihara, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, Y. Nakano, "Ergonomics for 3D displays and their standardization," IDW'08, Proc.5th Int. Display Workshops (2008) pp. 1099-1102.

K. Taira, G. Hamagishi, K. Izumi, S. Uehara, T. Nomura, K. Mashitani, A. Miyazawa, T. Koike, A. Yuuki, T. Horikoshi, Y. Hisatake, H. Ujike, Y. Nakano, "Variation of autostereoscopic displays and their measurement," IDW'08, Proc. 15th Int. Display Workshops (2008) pp. 1103-1106.

A. Yuuki, S. Uehara, K. Taira, G. Hamagishi, K. Izumi, T. Nomura, K. Mashitani, A. Miyazawa, T. Koike, T. Horikoshi, H. Ujike, "Viewing zones of autostereoscopic displays and their measurement methods," IDW'08, Proc. 15th Int. Display Workshops (2008) pp. 1111-1114.

D.-S. Kim, S. Shestak, K.-H. Cha, J.-P. Koo, S.-D. Hwang, Three-Dimensional Imaging, Visualization, and Display (Springer, 2009) pp. 467-491.

T. Senoh, K. Yamamoto, R. Oi, T. Mishina, M. Okui, "Computer generated electronic holography of natural scene from 2D multi-view images and depth map," 2008 2nd Int. Symp. on Universal Commun. (2008) pp. 126-133.

B. Javidi, F. Okano, J.-Y. Son, Three Dimensional Imaging, Visualization, and Display (Springer, 2009).

H. Nam, B.-S. Kim, C. Y. Park, J. Gu, H. Chung, "3D display in mobile applications," SID Proc. 6th Int. Meeting on Inf. Display (2006) pp. 1561-1564.

D. Suzuki, T. Fukmi, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, K. Nakao, "Crosstalk-free 3D display with time-sequential OCB LCD," SID'09 Dig. (2009) pp. 428-431.

J. Schultz, R. Brott, M. Sykora, W. Bryan, T. Fukami, K. Nakao, A. Takimoto, "Full resolution autostereoscopic 3D display for mobile applications," SID'09 Dig. (2009) pp. 127-130.

S. Kim, B. You, H. Choi, B. Berkeley, D. Kim, N. Kim, "World's first 249 Hz TFT-LCD technology for full-HD LCD-TV and its application to 3D display," SID'09 Dig. (2009) pp. 424-438.

M. A. Klug, C. Newawanger, Q. Huang, M. e. Holzbach, Zebra Imaging Inc.Active digital hologram displays U.S. Patent 7 227 674 (2007).

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, T. Honda, "Ocular accommodation by super multi-view stereogram and 45-view stereoscopic display," IDW'96, Proc. 11th Int. Display Workshops (1996) pp. 489-492.

Y. Takaki, H. Nakanuma, "Improvement of multiple imaging system used for natural 3D display which generates high-density irectional images," Proc. SPIE (2003) pp. 43-49.

S. Wakita, Y. Sumitomo, Y. Kobayashi, H. Yamamoto, S. Suyama, "High-speed liquid-crystal optical deflector for 3-D display," SPIE (2009) pp. 723724-1-7.

Y. Kao, Y. Huang, K. Yang, P. C.-P. Chao, C. Tsai, C. Mo, "An auto-stereoscopic 3D display using tunable liquid crystal lens array that mimics effects of GRIN lenticular lens array," SID'09 Dig. (2009) pp. 111-114.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, L. H. Lin, Opt. Holography (Academic, 1971) pp. 15-21.

J. C. Schultz, R. Brott, M. Sykora, W. Bryan, T. Fukami, K. Nakao, A. Takimoto, "Full resolution autostereoscopic 3D display for mobile application," SID'09 Dig. (2009) pp. 127-130.

S. Uehara, T. Hiroya, K. Shigemura, H. Asada, "Reduction and measurement of 3D moire caused by lenticular sheet and backlight," SID'9 Dig. (2009) pp. 432-435.

F. Okano, J. Arai, K. Mitanim, M. Okui, Three-Dimensional Imaging, Visualization, and Display (Springer, 2009) pp. 3-23.

S. Yano, "Considerations about the development of three-dimensional display systems adopted for human visual field," IMID 2009 Dig. (2009) pp. 1183-1186.

T. Izumi, Fundamental of 3-D Imaging Techniques (NHK Science and Technology Lab., Ohmsa, 1995) pp. 37-69.

J.-T. Lien, M.-D. Chou, F.-C. Lu, C.-C. Chang, C.-L. Tsou, T.-Y. Lin, C.-N. Mo, "Using diffusive adhesives to reduce moiré pattern of autostereoscopic displays," IDW'08, Proc. 15th International Display Workshops (2008) pp. 2083-2086.

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