Abstract

We present here the development of a volumetric display based on the two-frequency, two-step upconversion technique using novel techniques for addressing the imaging volume. Two 1024x768 digital micromirror displays, driven by 30-W lasers at 1532 and 850 nm are utilized to generate fast scanning of the image volume in a 17 mmx17 mmx60 mm 2% erbium-doped lithium yttrium fluoride (YLF) crystal. Experimentally, images at 532 nm were created at 30 (frames)x1024x768 resolution, resulting in almost 23 million voxels, at 500 frames/s, significantly higher than that obtained with three-dimensional (3D) raster scanning (frame is 2D cross-sectional plane of the 3D image). Imaging optics modified from projector systems and fiber-optically coupled to the source, combined with custom designed software for converting two-dimensional (2D) rendering of volumetric images into control signals for the digital micromirror displays allow single-color image generation with no flicker and natural depth cues. Improvements in optical power efficiency and the speed of digital micromirror display controller boards are needed for the system to reach its full potential. The resulting system has the potential to increase resolution to nearly 800 million voxels without viewpoint obstruction and expand to three-color imagery.

© 2009 IEEE

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2008 (1)

A. Schwerdtner, R. Haussler, N. Leister, "Large holographic displays for real-time applications," Proc. SPIE 6912, 69120T-1-69120T-8 (2008).

2007 (1)

S. Hisatake, S. Suda, J. Takahara, T. Kobayashi, "Transparent volumetric three-dimensional image display based on the luminescence of a spinning sheet with dissolved Lanthanide(III) complexes," Opt. Expr. 15, 6635-6642 (2007).

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

N. A. Dodgson, "Autostereoscopic 3D displays," Computer 8, 31-36 (2005).

G. E. Favalora, "Volumetric 3D displays and application infrastructure," Computer 8, 37-44 (2005).

2003 (2)

K. Langhans, C. Guill, E. Rieper, K. Oltmann, D. Bahr, "SOLID FELIX: A static volume 3D-laser display," Proc. SPIE 5006, (2003).

D. Dudley, W. Duncan, J. Slaughter, "Emerging digital micromirror device (DMD) applications," Proc. SPIE 4985, 14-25 (2003).

2002 (1)

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, W. S. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," Proc. SPIE 4712, 300-312 (2002).

2001 (1)

D. R. Gamelin, H. U. Gudel, "Upconversion processes in transition metal and rare earth metal systems," Topics in Current Chemistry 214, 1-56 (2001).

1998 (2)

T. Honda, T. Doumuki, A. Akella, L. Galambos, L. Hesselink, "One-color one beam pumping of Er(3+)-doped ZBLAN glass for a three-dimensional two-step excitation display," Opt. Lett. 23, 108-110 (1998).

V. V. Savelyev, P. E. Tverdokhleb, A. V. Trubetskoi, Y. A. Shchepetkin, "Laser system for real-time visualization of three-dimensional objects," Proc. SPIE 3402, 222-224 (1998).

1996 (2)

I. I. Kim, E. Korevaar, H. Hakakha, "Three dimensional volumetric display in rubidium vapor," Proc. SPIE 2650, 274-284 (1996).

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, R. Macfarlane, "A three-color, solid-state, three dimensional display," Science 273, 1185-1189 (1996).

1982 (1)

M. G. Knights, W. F. Wing, J. W. Baer, E. P. Chicklis, H. P. Jenssen, "High-efficiency deep-red laser pumped by doubled Nd:YAG," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 163-166 (1982).

Computer (2)

N. A. Dodgson, "Autostereoscopic 3D displays," Computer 8, 31-36 (2005).

G. E. Favalora, "Volumetric 3D displays and application infrastructure," Computer 8, 37-44 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. G. Knights, W. F. Wing, J. W. Baer, E. P. Chicklis, H. P. Jenssen, "High-efficiency deep-red laser pumped by doubled Nd:YAG," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 163-166 (1982).

J. Display Technol. (1)

Opt. Expr. (1)

S. Hisatake, S. Suda, J. Takahara, T. Kobayashi, "Transparent volumetric three-dimensional image display based on the luminescence of a spinning sheet with dissolved Lanthanide(III) complexes," Opt. Expr. 15, 6635-6642 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (1)

T. Honda, T. Doumuki, A. Akella, L. Galambos, L. Hesselink, "One-color one beam pumping of Er(3+)-doped ZBLAN glass for a three-dimensional two-step excitation display," Opt. Lett. 23, 108-110 (1998).

Proc. SPIE (6)

V. V. Savelyev, P. E. Tverdokhleb, A. V. Trubetskoi, Y. A. Shchepetkin, "Laser system for real-time visualization of three-dimensional objects," Proc. SPIE 3402, 222-224 (1998).

D. Dudley, W. Duncan, J. Slaughter, "Emerging digital micromirror device (DMD) applications," Proc. SPIE 4985, 14-25 (2003).

A. Schwerdtner, R. Haussler, N. Leister, "Large holographic displays for real-time applications," Proc. SPIE 6912, 69120T-1-69120T-8 (2008).

K. Langhans, C. Guill, E. Rieper, K. Oltmann, D. Bahr, "SOLID FELIX: A static volume 3D-laser display," Proc. SPIE 5006, (2003).

G. E. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. M. Hall, R. K. Dorval, M. G. Giovinco, M. J. Richmond, W. S. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," Proc. SPIE 4712, 300-312 (2002).

I. I. Kim, E. Korevaar, H. Hakakha, "Three dimensional volumetric display in rubidium vapor," Proc. SPIE 2650, 274-284 (1996).

Science (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, R. Macfarlane, "A three-color, solid-state, three dimensional display," Science 273, 1185-1189 (1996).

Topics in Current Chemistry (1)

D. R. Gamelin, H. U. Gudel, "Upconversion processes in transition metal and rare earth metal systems," Topics in Current Chemistry 214, 1-56 (2001).

Other (2)

B. G. Blundell, Enhanced Visualization: Making Space for 3-D Images (Wiley Interscience, 2007).

H. Lee, S. Cho, K. Yun, N. Hur, J. Kim, Three Dimensional Television: Capture, Transmission, Display (Springer Verlag, 2008).

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