Abstract

In this paper, viewing zone-forming geometry of multiview imaging systems and lens image forming principle is applied to prove that the depth sensing mechanism of integral photography (IP) is both parallaxes. The proof is based on the fact that making the cell size of each elemental image the same as a microlens pitch does not change the geometry, because there are no changes in the field-of-view of each microlens. The total number of different view images perceived in the viewing zone of IP, and the compositions of the images and condition of increasing the number are also identified.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. T. Okoshi, 3 Dimensional Imaging Technology (Asakura Book Store, 1991) pp. 15-18.
  2. L. Erdmann, K. J. Gabriel, "High resolution digital integral photography by use of a scanning microlens array," Appl. Opt. 40, 5592-5599 (2001).
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  4. Y. Takaki, H. Nakanuma, "Improvement of multiple imaging system used for natural 3D display which generates high-density directional images," Proc. SPIE V5243 43-49 (2003).
  5. H. Liao, M. Iwahara, N. Hata, T. Dohi, "High quality integral videography by using a multi-projector," Opt. Expr. 12, 1067-1076 (2004).
  6. Fukushima, K. Taira, T. Saishu, Y. Hirayama, "Novel viewing zone control method for computer generated integral 3-D imaging," Proc. SPIE 5291, 81-92 (2004).
  7. J. Kim, Y. Kim, S.-W. Cho, H. Kim, B. Lee, "Analysis on the effect of diffraction ans human factors on the integral imaging system," Proc. 13th Int. Display Workshop, IDW'06 (2006) pp. 1893-1896.
  8. K. Lizuka, "Welcome to the wonderful world of $3D\gg $ introduction, principles and history," OPN (2006) pp. 43-51.
  9. J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, "3-Dimensional imaging systems based on multiview images," J. Display Technol. 1, 125-140 (2005).
  10. J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, S.-K. Kim, K.-T. Kim, "Comparisons of the perceived image in multiview and IP based 3 dimensional imaging systems," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1057-1059 (2007).
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  13. M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, "Multifacet structure of observed reconstructed integral imaging," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 22, 597-603 (2005).
  14. J. S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Large depth-of-focus time-multiplexed three-dimensional integral imaging by use of lenslets with nonuniform focal lengths and aperture sizes," Opt. Lett. 28, 1924-1926 (2003).
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  16. S. S. Kim, V. Saveljev, E. F. Pen, J. Y. Son, "Optical design and analysis for super-multiview three-dimensional imaging systems," SPIE Proc. (2001) pp. 222-226.
  17. J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, K.-D. Kwack, S.-K. Kim, M.-C. Park, "Characteristics of pixel arrangements in various rhombuses for full-parallax 3 dimensional image generation," Appl. Opt. 45, 2689-2696 (2006).
  18. J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, J.-S. Kim, S.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, "Viewing zones in 3-D imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and microlens array plates," Appl. Opt. 43, 4985-4992 (2004).
  19. Fundamental of 3-D Imaging Techniques (Japanese edition) (NHK Sci. Technol.Lab., 1995) pp. 53-56.

2007

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, S.-K. Kim, K.-T. Kim, "Comparisons of the perceived image in multiview and IP based 3 dimensional imaging systems," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1057-1059 (2007).

2006

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, K.-D. Kwack, S.-K. Kim, M.-C. Park, "Characteristics of pixel arrangements in various rhombuses for full-parallax 3 dimensional image generation," Appl. Opt. 45, 2689-2696 (2006).

2005

M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, "Multifacet structure of observed reconstructed integral imaging," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 22, 597-603 (2005).

J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, "3-Dimensional imaging systems based on multiview images," J. Display Technol. 1, 125-140 (2005).

2004

H. Liao, M. Iwahara, N. Hata, T. Dohi, "High quality integral videography by using a multi-projector," Opt. Expr. 12, 1067-1076 (2004).

Fukushima, K. Taira, T. Saishu, Y. Hirayama, "Novel viewing zone control method for computer generated integral 3-D imaging," Proc. SPIE 5291, 81-92 (2004).

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, J.-S. Kim, S.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, "Viewing zones in 3-D imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and microlens array plates," Appl. Opt. 43, 4985-4992 (2004).

2003

J. S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Large depth-of-focus time-multiplexed three-dimensional integral imaging by use of lenslets with nonuniform focal lengths and aperture sizes," Opt. Lett. 28, 1924-1926 (2003).

Y. Takaki, H. Nakanuma, "Improvement of multiple imaging system used for natural 3D display which generates high-density directional images," Proc. SPIE V5243 43-49 (2003).

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, "Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and IP plates," Opt. Eng. 42, 3326-3333 (2003).

M. C. Forman, N. Davies, M. McCormick, "Continuous parallax in discrete pixelated integral three-dimensional displays," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 411-420 (2003).

2001

1997

Appl. Opt.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, K.-D. Kwack, S.-K. Kim, M.-C. Park, "Characteristics of pixel arrangements in various rhombuses for full-parallax 3 dimensional image generation," Appl. Opt. 45, 2689-2696 (2006).

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, J.-S. Kim, S.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, "Viewing zones in 3-D imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and microlens array plates," Appl. Opt. 43, 4985-4992 (2004).

Appl. Opt.

J. Display Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A

M. C. Forman, N. Davies, M. McCormick, "Continuous parallax in discrete pixelated integral three-dimensional displays," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 20, 411-420 (2003).

M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, "Multifacet structure of observed reconstructed integral imaging," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 22, 597-603 (2005).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, S.-K. Kim, K.-T. Kim, "Comparisons of the perceived image in multiview and IP based 3 dimensional imaging systems," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1057-1059 (2007).

Opt. Eng.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, "Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and IP plates," Opt. Eng. 42, 3326-3333 (2003).

Opt. Expr.

H. Liao, M. Iwahara, N. Hata, T. Dohi, "High quality integral videography by using a multi-projector," Opt. Expr. 12, 1067-1076 (2004).

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

Fukushima, K. Taira, T. Saishu, Y. Hirayama, "Novel viewing zone control method for computer generated integral 3-D imaging," Proc. SPIE 5291, 81-92 (2004).

Proc. SPIE V5243

Y. Takaki, H. Nakanuma, "Improvement of multiple imaging system used for natural 3D display which generates high-density directional images," Proc. SPIE V5243 43-49 (2003).

Other

J. Kim, Y. Kim, S.-W. Cho, H. Kim, B. Lee, "Analysis on the effect of diffraction ans human factors on the integral imaging system," Proc. 13th Int. Display Workshop, IDW'06 (2006) pp. 1893-1896.

K. Lizuka, "Welcome to the wonderful world of $3D\gg $ introduction, principles and history," OPN (2006) pp. 43-51.

F. Okano, H. Hosino, J. Arai, M. Yamada, I. Yuyama, Three-Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technique (Springer, 2002).

S. S. Kim, V. Saveljev, E. F. Pen, J. Y. Son, "Optical design and analysis for super-multiview three-dimensional imaging systems," SPIE Proc. (2001) pp. 222-226.

Fundamental of 3-D Imaging Techniques (Japanese edition) (NHK Sci. Technol.Lab., 1995) pp. 53-56.

T. Okoshi, 3 Dimensional Imaging Technology (Asakura Book Store, 1991) pp. 15-18.

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