Abstract

We present multifocus holographic 3-D image fusion based on independent component analysis (ICA). In this paper, the ICA technique is used to fuse multiple reconstructed holographic images at different distances from the image sensor. A hologram of two dice located at distances of 315 and 345 mm, respectively, from the sensor is recorded using phase-shifting digital holography and used in our experiments. The resulting reconstructed fused holographic image shows both dice objects clearly in focus. This is compared with a single reconstructed holographic image in which only one of the die objects is in focus at a particular reconstruction distance.

© 2007 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, B. Javidi, "Compression of digital holograms of three-dimensional objects using wavelets," Opt. Express 14, 2625-2630 (2006).
  2. A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, B. Javidi, "Compression of encrypted digital holograms using artificial neural networks," J. Display Technol. 2, 401-410 (2006).
  3. J. W. Goodman, R. W. Lawrence, "Digital image formation from electronically detected holograms," Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 77-79 (1967).
  4. E. Tajahuerce, O. Matoba, B. Javidi, "Shift-invariance three-dimensional object recognition by means digital holography," Appl. Opt. 40, 3877-3886 (2001).
  5. K. Creath, "Phase-shifting speckle interferometry," Appl. Opt. 24, 3053-3058 (1985).
  6. Handbook of Holographic Interferometry (Wiley-VCH, 2005).
  7. W. Osten, T. Baumbach, W. Jüptner, "Comparative digital holography," Opt. Lett. 27, 1764-1766 (2002).
  8. I. Yamaguchi, T. Zhang, "Phase-shifting digital holography," Opt. Lett. 22, 1268-1270 (1997).
  9. T. Yatagai, K. Ohmura, S. Iwasaki, S. Hasegawa, J. Endo, A. Tonomura, "Quantitative phase analysis in electron holographic interferometry," Appl. Opt. 26, 377-382 (1987).
  10. G. Pedrini, H. J. Tiziani, "Short-coherence digital microscopy by use of a lensless holographic imaging system," Appl. Opt. 41, 4489-4496 (2002).
  11. Three Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technologies (Springer-Verlag, 2002).
  12. D. Kim, B. Javidi, "Distortion-tolerant 3-D object recognition by using single exposure on axis digital holography," Opt. Express 12, 5539-5548 (2004).
  13. O. Matoba, T. J. Naughton, Y. Frauel, N. Bertaux, B. Javidi, "Real-time three-dimensional object reconstruction by use of a phase-encoded digital hologram," Appl. Opt. 41, 6187-6192 (2002).
  14. B. Javidi, E. Tajahuerce, "Three-dimensional object recognition by use of digital holography," Opt. Lett. 25, 610-612 (2000).
  15. F. Sadjadi, Selected Papers on Automatic Target Recognition SPIE-CDROM (1999).
  16. A. Hyvärinen, J. Karhunen, E. Oja, Independent Component Analysis (Wiley, 2001).
  17. P. Hoyer, Independent component analysis in image denoising Master's thesis Dep. Comput. Sci. & Eng. Helsinki Univ. of Technol.HelsinkiSweden (1999).
  18. J. Maycock, C. P. McElhinney, J. B. McDonald, T. J. Naughton, B. M. Hennelly, B. Javidi, "Speckle reduction in digital holography using independent component analysis," Proc. SPIE Photon Management II (2006) pp. 326-337.
  19. N. Mitianoudis, T. Stathaki, "Adaptive image fusion using ICA bases," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Acoust., Speech, Signal Process. (ICASSP) (2006) pp. II-II.
  20. G. Piella, "A general framework for multiresolution image fusion: From pixels to regions," Inf. Fusion 4, 259-280 (2003).
  21. N. Mukhopadhya, Probability and Statistical Inference (Marcel Dekker, 2000).
  22. C. M. Do, S. H. Hong, T. Nomura, B. Javidi, "Multi-wavelength holographic image fusions using discrete wavelet transform," Proc. SPIE Three-Dimensional TV, Video, Display IV (2005) pp.
  23. B. Javidi, C. M. Do, S. H. Hong, T. Nomura, "Multi-spectral holographic three-dimensional image fusion using discrete wavelet transform," J. Display Technol. 2, 411-417 (2006).
  24. L. Kaur, S. Gupta, R. C. Chauhan, "Image denoising using wavelet thresholding," 3rd ICVGIP Conference on Image Processing and Segmentation AhmadabadIndia (2002).
  25. J. S. Walker, A Primer on Wavelets and Their Scientific Applications (CRC, 1999).
  26. B. Javidi, P. Ferraro, S. H. Hong, S. D. Nicola, A. Finizio, D. Alfieri, G. P. , "Three-dimensional image fusion by use of multiwavelength digital holography," Opt. Lett. 30, 144-146 (2005).

2006 (3)

A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, B. Javidi, "Compression of digital holograms of three-dimensional objects using wavelets," Opt. Express 14, 2625-2630 (2006).

A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, B. Javidi, "Compression of encrypted digital holograms using artificial neural networks," J. Display Technol. 2, 401-410 (2006).

B. Javidi, C. M. Do, S. H. Hong, T. Nomura, "Multi-spectral holographic three-dimensional image fusion using discrete wavelet transform," J. Display Technol. 2, 411-417 (2006).

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

G. Piella, "A general framework for multiresolution image fusion: From pixels to regions," Inf. Fusion 4, 259-280 (2003).

2002 (3)

G. Pedrini, H. J. Tiziani, "Short-coherence digital microscopy by use of a lensless holographic imaging system," Appl. Opt. 41, 4489-4496 (2002).

O. Matoba, T. J. Naughton, Y. Frauel, N. Bertaux, B. Javidi, "Real-time three-dimensional object reconstruction by use of a phase-encoded digital hologram," Appl. Opt. 41, 6187-6192 (2002).

W. Osten, T. Baumbach, W. Jüptner, "Comparative digital holography," Opt. Lett. 27, 1764-1766 (2002).

2001 (1)

E. Tajahuerce, O. Matoba, B. Javidi, "Shift-invariance three-dimensional object recognition by means digital holography," Appl. Opt. 40, 3877-3886 (2001).

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

I. Yamaguchi, T. Zhang, "Phase-shifting digital holography," Opt. Lett. 22, 1268-1270 (1997).

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

1967 (1)

J. W. Goodman, R. W. Lawrence, "Digital image formation from electronically detected holograms," Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 77-79 (1967).

Appl. Opt. (3)

E. Tajahuerce, O. Matoba, B. Javidi, "Shift-invariance three-dimensional object recognition by means digital holography," Appl. Opt. 40, 3877-3886 (2001).

O. Matoba, T. J. Naughton, Y. Frauel, N. Bertaux, B. Javidi, "Real-time three-dimensional object reconstruction by use of a phase-encoded digital hologram," Appl. Opt. 41, 6187-6192 (2002).

G. Pedrini, H. J. Tiziani, "Short-coherence digital microscopy by use of a lensless holographic imaging system," Appl. Opt. 41, 4489-4496 (2002).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. W. Goodman, R. W. Lawrence, "Digital image formation from electronically detected holograms," Appl. Phys. Lett. 11, 77-79 (1967).

Inf. Fusion (1)

G. Piella, "A general framework for multiresolution image fusion: From pixels to regions," Inf. Fusion 4, 259-280 (2003).

J. Display Technol. (2)

A. E. Shortt, T. J. Naughton, B. Javidi, "Compression of encrypted digital holograms using artificial neural networks," J. Display Technol. 2, 401-410 (2006).

B. Javidi, C. M. Do, S. H. Hong, T. Nomura, "Multi-spectral holographic three-dimensional image fusion using discrete wavelet transform," J. Display Technol. 2, 411-417 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (2)

W. Osten, T. Baumbach, W. Jüptner, "Comparative digital holography," Opt. Lett. 27, 1764-1766 (2002).

I. Yamaguchi, T. Zhang, "Phase-shifting digital holography," Opt. Lett. 22, 1268-1270 (1997).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (11)

F. Sadjadi, Selected Papers on Automatic Target Recognition SPIE-CDROM (1999).

A. Hyvärinen, J. Karhunen, E. Oja, Independent Component Analysis (Wiley, 2001).

P. Hoyer, Independent component analysis in image denoising Master's thesis Dep. Comput. Sci. & Eng. Helsinki Univ. of Technol.HelsinkiSweden (1999).

J. Maycock, C. P. McElhinney, J. B. McDonald, T. J. Naughton, B. M. Hennelly, B. Javidi, "Speckle reduction in digital holography using independent component analysis," Proc. SPIE Photon Management II (2006) pp. 326-337.

N. Mitianoudis, T. Stathaki, "Adaptive image fusion using ICA bases," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Acoust., Speech, Signal Process. (ICASSP) (2006) pp. II-II.

N. Mukhopadhya, Probability and Statistical Inference (Marcel Dekker, 2000).

C. M. Do, S. H. Hong, T. Nomura, B. Javidi, "Multi-wavelength holographic image fusions using discrete wavelet transform," Proc. SPIE Three-Dimensional TV, Video, Display IV (2005) pp.

Three Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technologies (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

Handbook of Holographic Interferometry (Wiley-VCH, 2005).

L. Kaur, S. Gupta, R. C. Chauhan, "Image denoising using wavelet thresholding," 3rd ICVGIP Conference on Image Processing and Segmentation AhmadabadIndia (2002).

J. S. Walker, A Primer on Wavelets and Their Scientific Applications (CRC, 1999).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.