Abstract

A multi-domain (12-domain) vertical alignment liquid crystal display (MVA-LCD) device is proposed and its electro-optic characteristics evaluated through a 3-D simulator. The MVA-LCD exhibits advantages in wide viewing angle, high transmittance, fast response time, and small color shift when a pair of wide view crossed circular polarizers is employed. Potential applications of this MVA-LCD for high quality LCD TVs and computer monitors are emphasized.

© 2006 IEEE

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References

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  1. S. T. Wu, D. K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2001).
  2. A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," SID Symp. Dig. (1998) pp. 1077-1100.
  3. Y. Tanaka, Y. Taniguchi, T. Sasaki, A. Takeda, Y. Koibe, K. Okamoto, "A new design to improve performance and simplify the manufacturing process of high-quality MVA TFT-LCD panels," SID Symp. Dig. (1999) pp. 206-209.
  4. A. Lien, C. Cai, R. Runes, R. John, A. Galligan, E. Colgan, J. Wilson, "Ridge and fringe field multi-domain homeotropic liquid crystal display," SID Symp. Dig. (1998) pp. 1123-1126.
  5. A. Lien, C. Cai, R. John, E. Galligan, J. Wilson, "“16.3” QSXGA high resolution wide viewing angle TFT-LCDs based on ridge and fringe-field structures," Displays 22, 9-14 (2001).
  6. A. Lien, R. John, "Multi-domain homeotropic liquid crystal display for active matrix application," EuroDisplay'93 (1993) pp. 21-24.
  7. S. Kim, "Super pva sets new state-of-the-art for LCD-TV," SID Symp. Dig. (2004) pp. 760-763.
  8. S. Kim, "The world's largest (82-in.) TFT LCD," SID Symp. Dig. (2005) pp. 1842-1847.
  9. Y. Iwamoto, Y. Iimura, "Transmittance enhancement for randomly aligned liquid crystal displays with circular polarizers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1383-L1385 (2002).
  10. Y. Iwamoto, Y. Iimura, "Transmitted light enhancement of electric-field-controlled multidomain vertically aligned liquid crystal displays using circular polarizers and a cholesteric liquid crystal film," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L51-L53 (2003).
  11. H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, K. Okamoto, "MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio and wide angle viewing," SID Symp. Dig. (2004) pp. 6-9.
  12. R. Lu, S. T. Wu, Z. Ge, Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, "Bending angle effects on the multi-domain in-plane-switching liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 1, 207-216 (2005).
  13. A. Lien, "A detailed derivation of extended jones matrix representation for twisted nematic liquid crystal displays," Liq. Cryst. (1997) pp. 171-175.
  14. I. C. Khoo, S. T. Wu, Optics and Nonlinear Optics of Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, 1993).
  15. Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, S. T. Wu, "Extraordinary high-contrast and wide-view liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121107-121107 (2005).
  16. Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, S. T. Wu, "Design of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers," Opt. Expr. 13, 8318-8331 (2005).
  17. X. Zhu, Z. Ge, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 1, 15-29 (2005).
  18. Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, S. T. Wu, "A wide-view circular polarizer consisting of a linear polarizer and two biaxial films," Opt. Expr. 13, 10777-10782 (2005).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, S. T. Wu, "Extraordinary high-contrast and wide-view liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121107-121107 (2005).

Displays (1)

A. Lien, C. Cai, R. John, E. Galligan, J. Wilson, "“16.3” QSXGA high resolution wide viewing angle TFT-LCDs based on ridge and fringe-field structures," Displays 22, 9-14 (2001).

J. Display Technol. (1)

R. Lu, S. T. Wu, Z. Ge, Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, "Bending angle effects on the multi-domain in-plane-switching liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 1, 207-216 (2005).

J. Display Technol. (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Iwamoto, Y. Iimura, "Transmittance enhancement for randomly aligned liquid crystal displays with circular polarizers," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1383-L1385 (2002).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Iwamoto, Y. Iimura, "Transmitted light enhancement of electric-field-controlled multidomain vertically aligned liquid crystal displays using circular polarizers and a cholesteric liquid crystal film," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L51-L53 (2003).

Opt. Expr. (1)

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, X. Zhu, R. Lu, S. T. Wu, "Design of wide-view and broadband circular polarizers," Opt. Expr. 13, 8318-8331 (2005).

Opt. Expr. (1)

Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, R. Lu, S. T. Wu, "A wide-view circular polarizer consisting of a linear polarizer and two biaxial films," Opt. Expr. 13, 10777-10782 (2005).

Other (10)

H. Yoshida, Y. Tasaka, Y. Tanaka, H. Sukenori, Y. Koike, K. Okamoto, "MVA LCD for notebook or mobile PCs with high transmittance, high contrast ratio and wide angle viewing," SID Symp. Dig. (2004) pp. 6-9.

A. Lien, "A detailed derivation of extended jones matrix representation for twisted nematic liquid crystal displays," Liq. Cryst. (1997) pp. 171-175.

I. C. Khoo, S. T. Wu, Optics and Nonlinear Optics of Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, 1993).

A. Lien, R. John, "Multi-domain homeotropic liquid crystal display for active matrix application," EuroDisplay'93 (1993) pp. 21-24.

S. Kim, "Super pva sets new state-of-the-art for LCD-TV," SID Symp. Dig. (2004) pp. 760-763.

S. Kim, "The world's largest (82-in.) TFT LCD," SID Symp. Dig. (2005) pp. 1842-1847.

S. T. Wu, D. K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2001).

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, K. Okamoto, "A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology," SID Symp. Dig. (1998) pp. 1077-1100.

Y. Tanaka, Y. Taniguchi, T. Sasaki, A. Takeda, Y. Koibe, K. Okamoto, "A new design to improve performance and simplify the manufacturing process of high-quality MVA TFT-LCD panels," SID Symp. Dig. (1999) pp. 206-209.

A. Lien, C. Cai, R. Runes, R. John, A. Galligan, E. Colgan, J. Wilson, "Ridge and fringe field multi-domain homeotropic liquid crystal display," SID Symp. Dig. (1998) pp. 1123-1126.

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