Abstract

An autostereoscopic display system which can allow multiple users to see 3D perception of the images without loss of resolution is introduced in this paper. It is a kind of time-sequential 3D systems incorporating eye tracking and directional optical design to realize free viewing. The whole system consists of five main parts: multi-user eye tracker, direct-view LCD, steerable LED array, MCU controller, and a suit of directional optics. It employs the theory of temporal multiplexing by the use of a LCD available to run at 120 Hz and utilizes a multi-user eye tracker to get the viewers' eye positions so as to control the steerable backlight to produce multiple pairs of exit pupils to the viewers' eyes. This paper describes the detailed structure of the system, the operation principle and the results obtained are also described. This approach differs from many existing ones in that it is switchable between 2D and 3D mode both with full resolution and is much thinner compared to other bulky systems with a width less than 20 cm.

© 2014 IEEE

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  2. R. S. Brar, "Laser-based head-tracked 3D display research," J. Display Technol. 6, 531-543 (2010).
  3. N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, "Three-dimensional displays: A review and applications analysis," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 362-371 (2011).
  4. Y. Zhu, T. Zhen, "3D multi-view autostereoscopic display and its key technologies," IEEE Asia–Pacific Conf. on Inf. Process. (2009) pp. 31-35.
  5. N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, S. R. Lang, "50-in. time-multiplexed autostereoscopic display," Int. Soc. Opt. Photon. Electron. Imag. 3957, 177-183 (2000).
  6. T. Salmi, "Critical flicker frequencies in MS patients with normal or abnormal pattern VEP," Act. Neurol. Scandinavica 71, 354-358 (1985).
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  8. P. Surman, R. S. Brar, I. Sexton, K. Hopf, "Muted and helium 3D autostereoscopic displays," 2010 IEEE Int. Conf. on Multimedia and Expo (ICME) (2010) pp. 1594-1599.
  9. Michigan Lighthouse Conservancy“Fresnel lenses,” (2008) http://www.michiganlights.com/fresnel.htm.
  10. D. R. Mills, G. L. Morrison, "Compact linear Fresnel reflector solar thermal power plants," Solar Energy 68, 263-283 (2000).
  11. C. Hembd, R. Stevens, M. Hutley, "Imaging properties of the Gabor Superlens," J. Opt. A: Pure and Appl. Opt. 1, 94-102 (1999).
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  14. C. Yan, "Face detection based on continuous Adaboost algorithm and the cascade structure," Laser & Infrared 39, 1246-1250 (2011).
  15. C. Yan, Y. Q. Wang, "Robust real-time multi-user pupil detection and tracking under various illumination and large-scale head motion," Computer Vision and Image Understanding 115, 1223-1238 (2011).
  16. L. L. Wang, "Crosstalk evaluation in stereoscopic displays," J. Display Technol. 7, 208-214 (2011).
  17. A. Woods, "Understanding crosstalk in stereoscopic displays," Keynote Presentation at the Three-Dimensional Syst. Appl. Conf. (2010) pp. 19-21.
  18. A. Schwartz, "Head tracking stereoscopic display," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices ED-33, 1123-1127 (1986).
  19. P. V. Harman, "Retroreflective screens and their application to autostereoscopic displays," Proc. SPIE (1997) pp. 145-153.
  20. D. Ezra, "New autostereoscopic display system," Proc. SPIE 2409, 31-40 (1995).
  21. R. S. Brar, "Multi-user glasses free 3D display using an optical array," IEEE 3DTV-Conf. True Vision-Capture Transmission and Display of 3D Video (3DTV-CON) (2010) pp. 1-4.

2011 (4)

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, "Three-dimensional displays: A review and applications analysis," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 362-371 (2011).

C. Yan, "Face detection based on continuous Adaboost algorithm and the cascade structure," Laser & Infrared 39, 1246-1250 (2011).

C. Yan, Y. Q. Wang, "Robust real-time multi-user pupil detection and tracking under various illumination and large-scale head motion," Computer Vision and Image Understanding 115, 1223-1238 (2011).

L. L. Wang, "Crosstalk evaluation in stereoscopic displays," J. Display Technol. 7, 208-214 (2011).

2010 (1)

2005 (1)

N. A. Dodgson, "Autostereoscopic 3D displays," IEEE Computer 38, 31-36 (2005).

2000 (2)

N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, S. R. Lang, "50-in. time-multiplexed autostereoscopic display," Int. Soc. Opt. Photon. Electron. Imag. 3957, 177-183 (2000).

D. R. Mills, G. L. Morrison, "Compact linear Fresnel reflector solar thermal power plants," Solar Energy 68, 263-283 (2000).

1999 (1)

C. Hembd, R. Stevens, M. Hutley, "Imaging properties of the Gabor Superlens," J. Opt. A: Pure and Appl. Opt. 1, 94-102 (1999).

1995 (1)

D. Ezra, "New autostereoscopic display system," Proc. SPIE 2409, 31-40 (1995).

1994 (1)

N. Tetsutani, K. Omura, F. Kishino, "Wide-screen autostereoscopic display system employing head-position tracking," Opt. Eng 33, 3690-3697 (1994).

1986 (1)

A. Schwartz, "Head tracking stereoscopic display," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices ED-33, 1123-1127 (1986).

1985 (1)

T. Salmi, "Critical flicker frequencies in MS patients with normal or abnormal pattern VEP," Act. Neurol. Scandinavica 71, 354-358 (1985).

IEEE Trans. Broadcast. (1)

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, "Three-dimensional displays: A review and applications analysis," IEEE Trans. Broadcast. 57, 362-371 (2011).

Act. Neurol. Scandinavica (1)

T. Salmi, "Critical flicker frequencies in MS patients with normal or abnormal pattern VEP," Act. Neurol. Scandinavica 71, 354-358 (1985).

Computer Vision and Image Understanding (1)

C. Yan, Y. Q. Wang, "Robust real-time multi-user pupil detection and tracking under various illumination and large-scale head motion," Computer Vision and Image Understanding 115, 1223-1238 (2011).

IEEE Computer (1)

N. A. Dodgson, "Autostereoscopic 3D displays," IEEE Computer 38, 31-36 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices (1)

A. Schwartz, "Head tracking stereoscopic display," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices ED-33, 1123-1127 (1986).

Int. Soc. Opt. Photon. Electron. Imag. (1)

N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, S. R. Lang, "50-in. time-multiplexed autostereoscopic display," Int. Soc. Opt. Photon. Electron. Imag. 3957, 177-183 (2000).

J. Display Technol. (2)

J. Opt. A: Pure and Appl. Opt. (1)

C. Hembd, R. Stevens, M. Hutley, "Imaging properties of the Gabor Superlens," J. Opt. A: Pure and Appl. Opt. 1, 94-102 (1999).

Laser & Infrared (1)

C. Yan, "Face detection based on continuous Adaboost algorithm and the cascade structure," Laser & Infrared 39, 1246-1250 (2011).

Opt. Eng (1)

N. Tetsutani, K. Omura, F. Kishino, "Wide-screen autostereoscopic display system employing head-position tracking," Opt. Eng 33, 3690-3697 (1994).

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. Ezra, "New autostereoscopic display system," Proc. SPIE 2409, 31-40 (1995).

Solar Energy (1)

D. R. Mills, G. L. Morrison, "Compact linear Fresnel reflector solar thermal power plants," Solar Energy 68, 263-283 (2000).

Other (8)

Y. Zhu, T. Zhen, "3D multi-view autostereoscopic display and its key technologies," IEEE Asia–Pacific Conf. on Inf. Process. (2009) pp. 31-35.

P. Surman, R. S. Brar, I. Sexton, K. Hopf, "Muted and helium 3D autostereoscopic displays," 2010 IEEE Int. Conf. on Multimedia and Expo (ICME) (2010) pp. 1594-1599.

Michigan Lighthouse Conservancy“Fresnel lenses,” (2008) http://www.michiganlights.com/fresnel.htm.

R. S. Brar, "Multi-user glasses free 3D display using an optical array," IEEE 3DTV-Conf. True Vision-Capture Transmission and Display of 3D Video (3DTV-CON) (2010) pp. 1-4.

P. V. Harman, "Retroreflective screens and their application to autostereoscopic displays," Proc. SPIE (1997) pp. 145-153.

R. S. Brar, P. Surman, I. Sexton, "Helium3D: A laser-based 3D display with ‘3D+’ capability," 2010 IEEE Conf. on Visual Media Production (CVMP) (2010) pp. 123-130.

R. D. Guenther, Modern Optics (Wiley, 1990) pp. 130.

A. Woods, "Understanding crosstalk in stereoscopic displays," Keynote Presentation at the Three-Dimensional Syst. Appl. Conf. (2010) pp. 19-21.

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