Abstract

In recent years, many experimental and theoretical research groups worldwide have actively worked on demonstrating the use of liquid crystals (LCs) as adaptive lenses for image generation, waveform shaping, and non-mechanical focusing applications. In particular, important achievements have concerned the development of alternative solutions for 3D vision. This work focuses on the design and evaluation of the electro-optic response of a LC-based 2D/3D autostereoscopic display prototype. A strategy for achieving 2D/3D vision has been implemented with a cylindrical LC lens array placed in front of a display; this array acts as a lenticular sheet with a tunable focal length by electrically controlling the birefringence. The performance of the 2D/3D device was evaluated in terms of the angular luminance, image deflection, crosstalk, and 3D contrast within a simulated environment. These measurements were performed with characterization equipment for autostereoscopic 3D displays (angular resolution of 0.03$^{\circ}$).

© 2014 IEEE

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2014 (1)

2013 (1)

B. J. Mun, J. H. Baek, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, H. C. Choi, J. H. Kim, G. D. Lee, "Low cell gap polymeric liquid crystal lens for 2-D/3-D switchable auto-stereoscopic display," IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices 60, 3430-3434 (2013).

2012 (3)

V. Urruchi, J. F. Algorri, J. M. Sánchez-Pena, N. Bennis, M. A. Geday, J. M. Otón, "Electrooptic characterization of tunable cylindrical liquid crystal lenses," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 553, 211-219 (2012).

Y. P. Huang, C. W. Chen, "Superzone fresnel liquid crystal lens for temporal scanning auto-stereoscopic display," J. Display Technol. 8, 650-655 (2012).

C. W. Chen, Y. P. Huang, P. C. Chen, "Dual direction overdriving method for fast switching liquid crystal lens on 2D/3D switchable auto-stereoscopic display," J. Display Technol. 8, 559-561 (2012).

2011 (3)

J. G. Lu, X. F. Sun, Y. Song, H. P. D. Shieh, "2-D/3-D switchable display by Fresnel-type LC lens," J. Display Technol. 7, 215-219 (2011).

J. Mather, "3D TV without glasses," Phys. World 24, 33-36 (2011).

M. A. Mohiddon, K. Lakshun Naidu, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, G. Dalba, F. Rocca, "Growth, optical, electrical properties of silicon films produced by the metal-induced crystallization process," J. Nanopart. Res. 13, 5999-6004 (2011).

2010 (3)

2009 (3)

H. K. Hong, S. M. Jung, B. J. Lee, H. H. Shin, "Electric-field-driven LC lens for 3-D/2-D autostereoscopic display," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 399-406 (2009).

H. K. Hong, S. M. Jung, B. J. Lee, H. H. Shin, "Electric-field-driven LC lens for 3D/2D autostereoscopic display," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 399-406 (2009).

P. Boher, T. Leroux, T. Bignon, "A new way to characterize autostereoscopic 3D displays using Fourier optics instrument," Proc. SPIE 7237, (2009).

2008 (2)

M. Ye, B. Wang, S. Sato, "Realization of liquid crystal lens of large aperture and low driving voltages using thin layer of weakly conductive material," Opt. Express 16, 4302-4308 (2008).

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, M. Sluijter, "2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars," J. Soc. Inf. Display 16, 847-855 (2008).

2007 (1)

J. Harrold, G. J. Woodgate, "Autostereoscopic display technology for mobile 3DTV applications," Proc. SPIE 6490, (2007).

2005 (3)

A. I. Oliva Arias, "Nuevas propiedades físicas de materiales nanoestructurados," Ing. Rev. Acad. 9, 39-46 (2005).

R. B. Johnson, G. A Jacobsen, "Advances in lenticular lens arrays for visual display," Proc. SPIE 5874, 1-11 (2005).

Y.-H. Lin, H. Ren, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, W.-K. Choi, S. Gauza, X. Zhu, S.-T. Wu, "Tunable-focus cylindrical liquid crystal lenses," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 243-244 (2005).

2001 (1)

D. Montgomery, G. Woodgate, A. Jacobs, "Analysis of the performance of a flat panel display system convertible between 2D and autostereoscopic 3D modes," Proc. SPIE 4297, (2001).

1999 (3)

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices (1)

B. J. Mun, J. H. Baek, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, H. C. Choi, J. H. Kim, G. D. Lee, "Low cell gap polymeric liquid crystal lens for 2-D/3-D switchable auto-stereoscopic display," IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices 60, 3430-3434 (2013).

Ing. Rev. Acad. (1)

A. I. Oliva Arias, "Nuevas propiedades físicas de materiales nanoestructurados," Ing. Rev. Acad. 9, 39-46 (2005).

J. Display Technol. (1)

Y. P. Huang, C. W. Chen, "Superzone fresnel liquid crystal lens for temporal scanning auto-stereoscopic display," J. Display Technol. 8, 650-655 (2012).

J. Nanopart. Res. (1)

M. A. Mohiddon, K. Lakshun Naidu, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, G. Dalba, F. Rocca, "Growth, optical, electrical properties of silicon films produced by the metal-induced crystallization process," J. Nanopart. Res. 13, 5999-6004 (2011).

J. Display Technol. (2)

J. Soc. Inf. Display (2)

H. K. Hong, S. M. Jung, B. J. Lee, H. H. Shin, "Electric-field-driven LC lens for 3D/2D autostereoscopic display," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 399-406 (2009).

H. K. Hong, S. M. Jung, B. J. Lee, H. H. Shin, "Electric-field-driven LC lens for 3-D/2-D autostereoscopic display," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 399-406 (2009).

J. Soc. Inf. Display (2)

Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. W. Chen, "2-D/3-D switchable autostereoscopic display with multi-electrically driven liquid-crystal (MeD-LC) lenses," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 642-646 (2010).

M. P. C. M. Krijn, S. T. de Zwart, D. K. G. de Boer, O. H. Willemsen, M. Sluijter, "2-D/3-D displays based on switchable lenticulars," J. Soc. Inf. Display 16, 847-855 (2008).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y.-H. Lin, H. Ren, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, W.-K. Choi, S. Gauza, X. Zhu, S.-T. Wu, "Tunable-focus cylindrical liquid crystal lenses," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 243-244 (2005).

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

V. Urruchi, J. F. Algorri, J. M. Sánchez-Pena, N. Bennis, M. A. Geday, J. M. Otón, "Electrooptic characterization of tunable cylindrical liquid crystal lenses," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 553, 211-219 (2012).

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Rev. (1)

S. Sato, "Applications of liquid crystals to variable-focusing lenses," Opt. Rev. 6, 471-485 (1999).

Phys. World (1)

J. Mather, "3D TV without glasses," Phys. World 24, 33-36 (2011).

Proc. SPIE (1)

P. Boher, T. Leroux, T. Bignon, "A new way to characterize autostereoscopic 3D displays using Fourier optics instrument," Proc. SPIE 7237, (2009).

Proc. SPIE (3)

D. Montgomery, G. Woodgate, A. Jacobs, "Analysis of the performance of a flat panel display system convertible between 2D and autostereoscopic 3D modes," Proc. SPIE 4297, (2001).

R. B. Johnson, G. A Jacobsen, "Advances in lenticular lens arrays for visual display," Proc. SPIE 5874, 1-11 (2005).

J. Harrold, G. J. Woodgate, "Autostereoscopic display technology for mobile 3DTV applications," Proc. SPIE 6490, (2007).

Other (5)

Y. P. Huang, "Adaptive liquid crystal lens (LC-Lens) array for 3D display and capturing," DM2C'12 MiamiFLUSA (2012).

Y.-Y. Kao, Y.-P. Huang, K.-X. Yang, P. C.-P. Chao, C.-C. Tsai, C. Mo, "An auto-stereoscopic 3D display using tunable liquid crystal lens array that mimics effects of GRIN lenticular lens array," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. (2009) pp. 111-114.

K. Kusunoki, M. Kaneyasu, H. Harada, H. Katagiri, K. Moriya, H. Ohnuma, Y. Hirakata, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, Y. Shima, D. Kurosaki, "3D Display using active liquid crystal parallax barrier with supersonic position detector," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. (2012) pp. 217-220.

V. Urruchi, J. F. Algorri, M. A. Geday, X. Quintana, N. Bennis, J. M. Sánchez-Pena, "Lenticular arrays based on liquid crystals," CLC'11 MiędzyzdrojePoland (2011).

P. Boher, "Characterization of autostereoscopic 3D displays using Fourier optics viewing angle instrument," IDW '08 NiigataJapan (2008).

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